简明英汉词典

lean
[li:n]
n.
倾斜, 倾斜度, 倚靠, 倾向
adj.
瘦的, 贫乏的, 歉收的
vi.
倚靠, 倾斜, 依赖, 倾向, 偏向
vt.
使倾斜

美国传统词典[双解]

lean
lean 1
AHD:[l?n]
D.J.[li8n]
K.K.[lin]
v.(动词)
leanedlean.ingleans
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To bend or slant away from the vertical.
斜:从垂直的位置弯曲或倾斜

(2)

To incline the weight of the body so as to be supported:
靠,倚:倾斜身体的重量以便获得支撑:
leaning against the railing.See Synonyms at slant
倚在栏杆上参见 slant

(3)

To rely for assistance or support:
依靠:依靠以获取帮助或支持:
Lean on me for help.
依赖我的帮助

(4)

To have a tendency or preference:
倾向,喜好:有…的趋向或喜好:
a government that leans toward fascism.
有法西斯主义倾向的政府

(5)

Informal To exert pressure:
【非正式用语】 施加压力:
The boss is leaning on us to meet the deadline.
老板要求我们在截止限期前完成
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To set or place so as to be resting or supported.
使依靠:安置或放置以便休息或获得支撑

(2)

To cause to incline.
使倾斜
n.(名词)
A tilt or an inclination away from the vertical.
倾斜:偏离垂直位置的倾斜或斜坡

语源

(1)

Middle English lenen
中古英语 lenen

(2)

from Old English hleonian * see klei-
源自 古英语 hleonian *参见 klei-

基本词义

lean
lean 2
AHD:[l?n]
D.J.[li8n]
K.K.[lin]
adj.(形容词)
lean.erlean.est

(1)

Not fleshy or fat; thin.
消瘦的:没有肉或脂肪的;瘦的

(2)

Containing little or no fat.
含有很少的,不含脂肪的

(3)

Not productive or prosperous; meager:
收益差的:不生产或不繁荣的;贫瘠的:
lean years.
歉收的年月

(4)

Containing little excess or waste; spare:
无多余的:包含很少富余或损耗的;少量的:
a lean budget.
不宽裕的预算

(5)

Thrifty in management; economical:
节约的:在管理中节俭的;节约的:
“Company leaders know their industries must be lean to survive”(Christian Science Monitor)
“公司首脑们知道他们必须节俭才能维持事业”(基督教科学箴言报)

(6)

Metallurgy Low in mineral contents:
【冶金学】 低含矿量的:矿物成分含量低的:
lean ore.
贫矿

(7)

Chemistry Lacking in combustible material:
【化学】 缺乏可燃性物质的:
lean fuel.
低含量燃油
n.(名词)
Meat with little or no fat.
瘦肉:常有很少或没有脂肪的肉

语源

(1)

Middle English lene
中古英语 lene

(2)

from Old English hl?e
源自 古英语 hl?e

继承用法

leanly
adv.(副词)

leanness
n.(名词)

参考词汇

(1)

leanspareskinnyscrawnylanklankyrawbonedgaunt

(2)

These adjectives mean lacking excess flesh.
这些形容词都指缺少富余的肉。

(3)

Lean emphasizes absence of fat:
Lean 强调缺少脂肪:
The farmer tried to fatten the lean cattle for market.
农夫试图把瘦牛养肥以上市。

(4)

Spare sometimes suggests trimness and good muscle tone:
Spare 有时暗指肌肉整洁且状况很好:
“an old man, very tall and spare, with an ascetic aspect” (William H. Mallock).
“一位很高也很精瘦的老人,一副苦行僧的样子” (威廉·H·马尔洛克)。
She has the spare figure of a marathon runner.
她有副马拉松运动员般瘦削的身材。

(5)

Skinny and scrawny imply unattractive thinness, as that associated with undernourishment:
Skinny 和Scrawny 暗示一种不美的瘦削,与营养不良有关系:
The child has skinny, freckled legs with prominent knees.
那孩子的腿很瘦,长有斑痕,膝盖突出”。
“He [had] a long, scrawny neck that rose out of a very low collar” (Winston Churchill).
“他 瘦长的脖子,从开口很低的衣领中伸出来” (温斯顿·丘吉尔)。

(6)

Lank describes one who is thin and tall, and lanky one who is thin, tall, and ungraceful:
Lank 用来形容瘦而高的人,而lanky 则指瘦高而且难看的人:
“He was . . . exceedingly lank, with narrow shoulders” (Washington Irving).
“他…非常瘦,两肩窄小” (华盛顿·欧文)。
She was transformed from a lanky adolescent into a willowy young woman.
她从一个瘦削的少女变成一位苗条的少妇。

(7)

Rawboned suggests a thin, bony, gangling build:
Rawboned 暗示瘦削、憔悴、难看的体格:
a rawboned cowhand with a weather-beaten, tanned face.
一位瘦弱的牛仔,脸晒得黑黑的,看起来饱经风霜。

(8)

Gaunt implies thinness and boniness and a haggard appearance; it may suggest illness or hardship:
Gaunt 暗示瘦削、骨头突出而且憔悴的外表;也暗示有病或历经艰辛:
a white-haired pioneer, her face gaunt from overwork and worry.
一位白发苍苍的拓荒者,由于过度劳累和担忧而面容憔悴

基本词义

Lean
Lean
AHD:[l?n] David (Born 1908)
D.J.[li8n]
K.K.[lin]
NONE(无词性)
British filmmaker. His works include The Bridge on the River Kwai (1957) and Lawrence of Arabia (1962), both of which won Academy Awards.
里恩,戴维:(生于 1908) 英国电影制片人,他的作品包括桂河大桥 (1957年)和 阿拉伯的劳伦斯 (1962年),两片均获得学院奖

现代英汉词典

lean 1
[li:n]
vi., vt.
leant 或 leaned, leaning

(1)

斜靠,斜依
She leaned against his shoulder.
她靠在他的肩上。

(2)

靠置;靠在…上
Lean it against the wall.
把它靠在墙上。

习惯用语

lean over backwards
尽力而为;尽一切努力

基本词义

lean 2
[li:n]
adj.

(1)

瘦的(肉); 瘦骨嶙峋的(人)
lean meat
瘦肉
a lean man
瘦人

(2)

贫乏的;无价值的

词性变化

lean
n.
瘦肉

现代英汉综合大辞典

lean
[li:n]
adj.

(1)

瘦的, 无脂肪的

(2)

贫乏的, 乏味的

(3)

不毛的, 瘠薄的, 歉收的

(4)

质劣的, 不合算的

(5)

(文体等)简朴而紧凑的
lean coal
低级煤
lean ore
贫矿
a lean diet
粗食

词性变化

lean
n.
【冶】缺肉(铸造缺陷), 未充满; 瘦肉

继承用法

leanly
adv.

leanness
n.

参考词汇
thin    

用法词典

lean
由cline省掉c而成cli- 倾斜

英文相关词典

lean
bend    incline    lanky    meager    narrow    rest    scant    scrawny    skinny    slant    slender    slight    slim    slope    spare    thin    tip    fat    fertile    plump    rich    stout    

[七国语言]英汉矿业大词典

lean

[七国语言]英汉轻工业大词典

lean
瘦肉

美国传统词典

lean
lean 1
AHD:[l?n]
D.J.[li8n]
K.K.[lin]
v.
leaned, lean.ing, leans
v.intr.

(1)

To bend or slant away from the vertical.

(2)

To incline the weight of the body so as to be supported:
leaning against the railing.See Synonyms at slant

(3)

To rely for assistance or support:
Lean on me for help.

(4)

To have a tendency or preference:
a government that leans toward fascism.

(5)

Informal To exert pressure:
The boss is leaning on us to meet the deadline.
v.tr.

(1)

To set or place so as to be resting or supported.

(2)

To cause to incline.
n.
A tilt or an inclination away from the vertical.

语源

(1)

Middle English lenen

(2)

from Old English hleonian * see klei-

基本词义

lean
lean 2
AHD:[l?n]
D.J.[li8n]
K.K.[lin]
adj.
lean.er, lean.est

(1)

Not fleshy or fat; thin.

(2)

Containing little or no fat.

(3)

Not productive or prosperous; meager:
lean years.

(4)

Containing little excess or waste; spare:
a lean budget.

(5)

Thrifty in management; economical:
“Company leaders know their industries must be lean to survive”(Christian Science Monitor)

(6)

Metallurgy Low in mineral contents:
lean ore.

(7)

Chemistry Lacking in combustible material:
lean fuel.
n.
Meat with little or no fat.

语源

(1)

Middle English lene

(2)

from Old English hl?e

继承用法

leanly
adv.

leanness
n.

参考词汇

(1)

lean, spare, skinny, scrawny, lank, lanky, rawboned, gaunt

(2)

These adjectives mean lacking excess flesh.

(3)

Lean emphasizes absence of fat:
The farmer tried to fatten the lean cattle for market.

(4)

Spare sometimes suggests trimness and good muscle tone:
“an old man, very tall and spare, with an ascetic aspect” (William H. Mallock).
She has the spare figure of a marathon runner.

(5)

Skinny and scrawny imply unattractive thinness, as that associated with undernourishment:
The child has skinny, freckled legs with prominent knees.
“He [had] a long, scrawny neck that rose out of a very low collar” (Winston Churchill).

(6)

Lank describes one who is thin and tall, and lanky one who is thin, tall, and ungraceful:
“He was . . . exceedingly lank, with narrow shoulders” (Washington Irving).
She was transformed from a lanky adolescent into a willowy young woman.

(7)

Rawboned suggests a thin, bony, gangling build:
a rawboned cowhand with a weather-beaten, tanned face.

(8)

Gaunt implies thinness and boniness and a haggard appearance; it may suggest illness or hardship:
a white-haired pioneer, her face gaunt from overwork and worry.

基本词义

Lean
Lean
AHD:[l?n] David (Born 1908)
D.J.[li8n]
K.K.[lin]
NONE
British filmmaker. His works include The Bridge on the River Kwai (1957) and Lawrence of Arabia (1962), both of which won Academy Awards.

英汉船舶大词典

lean
n.倾斜

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

lean
使倾斜;贫乏

英汉地质大词典

lean
n.贫,低品位,倾斜

英汉航海大词典

lean
n.依靠

英汉航空大词典

lean
n.贫油的

英汉海运大词典

lean
a. 贫(乏)的偏倾依靠

基本词义

lean
贫(乏)的,瘦削的偏倾依靠

英汉经贸大词典

lean
n.依靠

英汉计算机大词典

lean
vt.偏斜(使...依靠,使...贫化);adj.瘦的(歉收的)

英汉机械大词典

lean
n.倾斜,倾向

英汉建筑大词典

lean
vt.倾斜,歪曲,倾向于

英汉汽车大词典

lean
n.希薄,倾斜,倾向,缺肉

英汉水利大词典

lean
n.低品位,华侨,倾向

英汉冶金大词典

lean
n.缺肉,未充满

英汉医学大词典

lean
n.倚,倚靠

英汉中医大词典

lean
n.倚,倚靠,倾斜

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