简明英汉词典

lay waste
v.
损毁

美国传统词典[双解]

lay
lay 1
AHD:[l3]
D.J.[lei]
K.K.[le]
v.(动词)
laid[l3d] lay.inglays
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To cause to lie down:
放下:使躺下:
lay a child in its crib.
将孩子放入小童床

(2)

To place in or bring to a particular state or position.
使处于:放入或使达到一特定状态或位置

(3)

To bury.
埋葬

(4)

To put or set down:
铺设:安装或铺放:
lay new railroad track.
铺设新铁轨

(5)

To produce and deposit:
生产,贮存:
lay eggs.
产蛋

(6)

To cause to subside; calm or allay:
使静下来:使减退;使平静或减轻:
“chas'd the clouds . . . and laid the winds”(John Milton)
“追逐云朵…平息风儿”(约翰·米尔顿)

(7)

To put up to or against:
靠着:贴在之上或紧挨着:
lay an ear to the door.
把耳朵贴在门上(偷听)

(8)

To put forward as a reproach or an accusation:
怪罪:提出谴责或控诉:
They laid the blame on us.
他们责怪我们

(9)

To put or set in order or readiness for use:
安排:安排就绪或准备妥当:
lay the table for lunch.
摆设餐具以备午餐

(10)

To devise; contrive:
拟定:设计;想方法:
lay plans.
制定计划

(11)

To spread over a surface:
涂覆:涂在表面:
lay paint on a canvas.
在画布上涂颜料

(12)

To place or give (importance):
注重:授予或给予(重要性):
lay stress on clarity of expression.
强调清晰表达的重要性

(13)

To impose as a burden or punishment:
使负担:施加负担或处罚:
lay a penalty upon the offender.
对犯规者进行惩罚

(14)

To present for examination:
提呈:呈交以受审查:
lay a case before a committee.
把案件提交委员会审理

(15)

To put forward as a demand or an assertion:
提出:提出要求或主张:
laid claim to the estate.
宣称对地产拥有所有权

(16)

Games To place (a bet); wager.
【游戏】 下注;打赌

(17)

To aim (a gun or cannon).
瞄准(枪或大炮)

(18)

To place together (strands) to be twisted into rope.
编,绞:把(绳子)放在一起以捻成一股绳索

(19)

To make in this manner:
搓:以这种方式制作:
lay up cable.
搓成缆绳

(20)

Vulgar Slang To have sexual intercourse with.
【粗俗用语】 【俚语】 交媾:和…发生性关系
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To produce and deposit eggs.
产卵或下蛋

(2)

To bet; wager.
打赌;下注

(3)

Non-Standard To lie.
【非标准用语】 躺下

(4)

To engage energetically in an action.
全力以赴:精力充沛地投入某一行动

(5)

Nautical To put oneself into the position indicated.
【航海】 就位:把自己放入指定的位置
n.(名词)

(1)

The direction the strands of a rope or cable are twisted in:
绳索绞向:绳子或缆绳的绳束捻合方向:
a left lay.
左搓法

(2)

The amount of such twist.
绳子搓编的数量

(3)

The state of one that lays eggs:
产(卵):下蛋之物的状态:
a hen coming into lay.
母鸡要下蛋了

(4)

Vulgar Slang
【粗俗用语】 【俚语】

(5)

Sexual intercourse.
性交

(6)

A partner in sexual intercourse.
性交时的配偶

常用词组

lay about
To strike blows on all sides.
向四面八方打击

lay aside

(1)

To give up; abandon:
放弃;抛弃:
lay aside all hope of rescue.
放弃援救的希望

(2)

To save for the future.
储备:为将来贮存

lay away

(1)

To reserve for the future; save.
储蓄:为将来储备;贮存

(2)

To put aside and hold for future delivery.
收藏:搁置并保留至以后交付

lay by
To save for future use.
储备:储存供将来之用

lay down

(1)

To give up and surrender:
放弃并投降:
laid down their arms.
缴械投降

(2)

To specify:
规定:
laid down the rules.
制定法规

(3)

To store for the future.
储备:为将来储备

(4)

Non-Standard To lie down.
【非标准用语】 躺下

lay for 【非正式用语】
To be waiting to attack:
等待进行攻击:
Muggers lay for the unsuspecting pedestrian in the dark alley.
拦路抢劫者等候在黑暗的小巷中准备袭击那些毫无防范的行人

lay in
To store for future use:
储备:储存以备将来之用:
lay in supplies for an Arctic winter.
为北极的严冬储备给养

lay into 【俚语】

(1)

To scold sharply.
严厉批评

(2)

To attack physically; beat up.
肉体攻击;痛打

lay off

(1)

To terminate the employment of (a worker), especially temporarily.
暂时解雇员工:停止雇用(工人),尤指暂时性的

(2)

To mark off:
划界线:
lay off an area for a garden.
划出一块区域作为花园

(3)

Slang To stop doing something; quit.
【俚语】 停止做某事;放弃

(4)

Games To place all or a part of an accepted bet with another bookie in order to reduce the risk.
【游戏】 两面下注:把全部或一部分定好的赌注分担给另一赌马者以降低风险

lay on

(1)

To apply (something) by or as if by spreading (it) onto a flat surface:
带有:将某物抹在或好象涂在一平整表面上:
laid on a thick Southern accent.
带有很重的南方口音

(2)

To prepare, usually in an elaborate fashion; arrange:
精心准备:通常指以精心策划的方法准备;安排:
laid on cocktails for 50 at the last minute.
最后时刻才调制好50份鸡尾酒

(3)

Slang To present or reveal to; confront with:
【俚语】 提出或揭露;面临:
“went around talking to people about anything until he could lay his standard question on them”(John Vinocur)
“他在人群中转来转去,谈天说地,直到他最后向他们提出他的权威性问题”(约翰·维诺克)

lay out

(1)

To make a detailed plan for.
设计:为…制定详细计划

(2)

To clothe and prepare (a corpse) for burial.
穿寿衣:为(尸体)穿衣做殡葬准备

(3)

To rebuke harshly:
严厉批评:
She laid me out for breaking the vase.
因为打碎了花瓶,她痛骂我一顿

(4)

To knock to the ground or unconscious.
击到在地,打昏:击倒在地或打得失去知觉

(5)

To expend; spend:
消费;花钱:
lay out a fortune on jewelry.
买珠宝花了一大笔钱

(6)

To display:
展览:
lay out merchandise; lay the merchandise out.
展出商品;展示商品

lay over
To make a stopover in the course of a journey.
落脚:在旅行过程中停留

lay to 【航海】

(1)

To bring (a ship) to a stop in open water.
使(船)在公海上停留

(2)

To remain stationary and face into the wind.
顶着风停止

lay up

(1)

To stock for future use:
储备:为将来之用而储存:
lay up supplies for a long journey.
为漫长的旅途储备给养

(2)

Informal To confine with an illness or injury:
【非正式用语】 在家修养:因病或伤而闭门不出:
was laid up for a month.
在家休养一个月

(3)

Nautical To put (a ship) in dock, as for repairs.
【航海】 使(船)进入船坞,如进行修理

习惯用语

lay down the law
To assert positively and often arrogantly.
发号施令:肯定且通常是傲慢地宣称

lay it on thick【非正式用语】

(1)

To exaggerate; overstate.
夸张;夸大的叙述

(2)

To flatter effusively.
溜须拍马:拼命地恭维拍马

lay of the land
The nature, arrangement, or disposition of something.
某物的性质、排列或布置

lay rubber【俚语】
To accelerate suddenly a motor vehicle from a halt to a high speed, thereby spinning the wheels and depositing on the road a thin film of burned rubber from the rear tire or tires.
留下橡胶:将机动车从静止状态猛然提升到很高的速度时,车轮旋转,后胎或轮胎便会在路上留下一薄层烧尽的橡胶

lay waste
To ravage:
劫掠:
Rebel troops laid waste the town.
叛军洗劫了这座城镇

语源

(1)

Middle English leien
中古英语 leien

(2)

from Old English lecgan * see legh-
源自 古英语 lecgan *参见 legh-

用法

(1)

Lay (“to put, place, or prepare”) and lie (“to recline or be situated”) are frequently confused. Lay is a transitive verb and takes an object. Lay and its principal parts ( laid, laying ) are correctly used in the following examples:
Lay (“放、安置或准备”)和 lie (“躺下或位于”)两词经常被混淆。 Lay 是一及物动词,能接宾语。 在以下的例子中,lay 及它的分词形式( laid,laying )在下列句子中的用法是正确的:
He laid (not lay ) the newspaper on the table.
他已把(而不是 lay ) 报纸放在桌子上。
The table was laid for four.
四个人的餐具已安排好了。

(2)

Lieis an intransitive verb and does not take an object. Lie and its principal parts ( lay, lain, lying ) are correctly used in the following examples:
Lie是一不及物动词, 不接宾语。在以下的例句中,lie 和它的分词形式( lay,lain,lying )的用法是正确的:
She often lies (not lays ) down after lunch.
中饭之后她通常(而不是 lays ) 躺下休息。
When I lay (not laid ) down, I fell asleep.
我一躺倒(不是 laid ) 就睡着了。
The rubbish had lain (not laid ) there a week.
垃圾堆在那里已有(不是 laid ) 一星期了。
I was lying (not laying ) in bed when he called.
他来访时我正躺在(而不是 laying ) 床上 。

(3)

There are a few exceptions to these rules. The phrasal verb lay for and the nautical use of lay, as in lay at anchor, though intransitive, are well established.
对于这些规则也有一些例外。动词词组lay for 及航海用语 lay , 如在lay at anchor (抛锚)中, 虽然为不及物动词,但已被广泛接受了

基本词义

lay
lay 2
AHD:[l3]
D.J.[lei]
K.K.[le]
adj.(形容词)

(1)

Of, relating to, or involving the laity:
世俗的:世俗的、与世俗有关的或包含世俗的:
a lay preacher.
非神职布道者

(2)

Not of or belonging to a particular profession; nonprofessional:
外行的:不是或不属于某一特殊职业的;未经职业训练的:
a lay opinion as to the seriousness of the disease.
关于这种疾病的非专业的意见

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old French lai
源自 古法语 lai

(3)

from Late Latin l3s
源自 后期拉丁语 l3s

(4)

from Greek laikos [of the people]
源自 希腊语 laikos [人民的]

(5)

from laos [the people]
源自 laos [人民]

基本词义

lay
lay 3
AHD:[l3]
D.J.[lei]
K.K.[le]
n.(名词)

(1)

A narrative poem, such as one sung by medieval minstrels; a ballad.
叙事诗:一种叙事诗,如中世纪为吟游诗人所传唱的;民谣

(2)

A song; a tune.
歌曲;曲调

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old French lai
源自 古法语 lai

基本词义

lay
lay 4
AHD:[l3]
D.J.[lei]
K.K.[le]
v.(动词)
Past tense of lie 1
lie的过去式1

现代英汉综合大辞典

waste
[weist]
n.

(1)

浪费

(2)

消耗; 耗损

(3)

废(弃)物, 废料

(4)

废纱, 纱头

(5)

一片荒凉[空旷]; [常用复]荒地; 沙漠; 海洋

(6)

垃圾; 污水; [复]粪便

(7)

被破坏的地方、城镇等; 废墟

(8)

尾矿, 矸石, 岩屑
waste of time
浪费时间
waste and repair
损耗和修复
the wastes of the Sahara
撒哈拉沙漠
kitchen waste
厨房的废物
The city was burnt to a desolate waste.
这城市被焚毁成废墟。

词性变化

waste
adj.

(1)

荒芜[废]的, 荒凉的

(2)

废弃的, 无用的, 多余的; 排泄的

(3)

[喻]贫乏的; 单调的
waste energy
无用的精力
waste heat
余热
waste products
废品

waste
vt.

(1)

浪费

(2)

破坏(农作物); 使荒芜

(3)

消耗, 使衰弱
waste money
浪费钱
All his efforts were wasted.
他的努力全都白费了。
He was wasted by disease.
他因患病而虚弱。
The soldiers wasted the fields.
那些士兵糟蹋了田地。

waste
vi.

(1)

消耗; 瘦弱

(2)

浪费

(3)

(时间)消逝
Turn the water off. Don't let it waste.
把水关上, 别让它白白流掉。
She is -ting away for lack of good food.
她因饮食不佳而渐渐消瘦。

继承用法

wastebasket
[`weIst9bB:skIt; -9bAs-]
n.
[美]废字纸篓

wastebin
[`weIstbIn]
n.
废物箱, 垃圾桶

wastebutt
n.

(1)

客栈(或酒馆)的老板

(2)

[谑]小饭店

waste-disposer
n.
废料堆场, 废石场; 渣堆

wasteland
n.

(1)

荒地; 未开垦的土地; 废墟

(2)

(生活等的)贫乏, 单调

wastepaper
[`weIst9peIpE(r)]
n.
废纸

wasteless
[`weIstlIs]
adj.
用不尽的, 无穷的

waster
[5weistE]
n.

(1)

浪费者, 挥霍者, 浪子; [口]无用的人

(2)

废[次]品

习惯用语

a waste of waters
茫茫大海; 一片汪洋

cut to waste
剪裁得浪费(指衣服); [转]浪费, 糟蹋(时间)

go [run] to waste
糟蹋, 浪费掉; [喻](感情)白费, (工作等)白做

lay waste
糟蹋; 毁坏; 使成废墟

lie waste
(土地等)荒芜, 尚未开垦

Wilful waste makes woeful want.
任意浪费必然招致可悲的贫乏。

W-not, want not.
[谚]不浪费, 不愁缺; 俭以防匮。

waste away
日益消瘦, 日渐衰弱

特殊用法

acid mine drainage waste
矿山酸性排水

acrylonitrile waste
(含)丙烯腈废液

agricultural processing waste
农业加工废物

alpha-emitting waste
α放射性废物

ammonia base sulfite waste
亚硫酸铵废水

atomic waste
原子能(工业)废物

bituminized waste
沥青(固)化废物

body waste
物质损耗

carbon-rich waste
富碳废物

cellulosic waste
纤维质废物

combustible waste
可燃废物

composite waste
混合废水

cool waste
低放射性废物

crumpled waste
揉皱损纸

deleterious waste
有害废物; 有毒废物

dyehouse waste
印染厂废水

economic waste
经济浪费

filament waste
碎片废料

floor waste
洒溅损耗

fluoride waste
含氟废物

gaseous radiation waste
气体辐射废物

gelatin waste
废动物胶

ground waste
压碎的废料; 粉碎的废胶

hard waste
【纺】硬回丝

heat-treating waste
热处理废物

high level waste
强放射性废物

immobilized waste
固定废物

irrigation operation waste
灌溉用水损失

journal box cotton waste
轴箱油棉纱

kier waste
漂煮废物

logging waste
砍伐损失

nuclear waste
原子能工业废料

oxidation waste
氧化损失

oxygen-demanding waste
需氧废物

petroleum processing waste
石油加工废物

printed waste
废印刷纸

radioactive waste
放射性废物

sand waste
砂滩

thawing waste
解冻损耗

thread waste
【纺】回丝

toxic waste
有毒废物

trade waste
工业废水

vat waste
沉积残渣[废料]

voluntary waste
(对租得的不动产的)故意损害

美国传统词典

lay
lay 1
AHD:[l3]
D.J.[lei]
K.K.[le]
v.
laid[l3d] lay.ing, lays
v.tr.

(1)

To cause to lie down:
lay a child in its crib.

(2)

To place in or bring to a particular state or position.

(3)

To bury.

(4)

To put or set down:
lay new railroad track.

(5)

To produce and deposit:
lay eggs.

(6)

To cause to subside; calm or allay:
“chas'd the clouds . . . and laid the winds”(John Milton)

(7)

To put up to or against:
lay an ear to the door.

(8)

To put forward as a reproach or an accusation:
They laid the blame on us.

(9)

To put or set in order or readiness for use:
lay the table for lunch.

(10)

To devise; contrive:
lay plans.

(11)

To spread over a surface:
lay paint on a canvas.

(12)

To place or give (importance):
lay stress on clarity of expression.

(13)

To impose as a burden or punishment:
lay a penalty upon the offender.

(14)

To present for examination:
lay a case before a committee.

(15)

To put forward as a demand or an assertion:
laid claim to the estate.

(16)

Games To place (a bet); wager.

(17)

To aim (a gun or cannon).

(18)

To place together (strands) to be twisted into rope.

(19)

To make in this manner:
lay up cable.

(20)

Vulgar Slang To have sexual intercourse with.
v.intr.

(1)

To produce and deposit eggs.

(2)

To bet; wager.

(3)

Non-Standard To lie.

(4)

To engage energetically in an action.

(5)

Nautical To put oneself into the position indicated.
n.

(1)

The direction the strands of a rope or cable are twisted in:
a left lay.

(2)

The amount of such twist.

(3)

The state of one that lays eggs:
a hen coming into lay.

(4)

Vulgar Slang

(5)

Sexual intercourse.

(6)

A partner in sexual intercourse.

常用词组

lay about
To strike blows on all sides.

lay aside

(1)

To give up; abandon:
lay aside all hope of rescue.

(2)

To save for the future.

lay away

(1)

To reserve for the future; save.

(2)

To put aside and hold for future delivery.

lay by
To save for future use.

lay down

(1)

To give up and surrender:
laid down their arms.

(2)

To specify:
laid down the rules.

(3)

To store for the future.

(4)

Non-Standard To lie down.

lay for Informal
To be waiting to attack:
Muggers lay for the unsuspecting pedestrian in the dark alley.

lay in
To store for future use:
lay in supplies for an Arctic winter.

lay into Slang

(1)

To scold sharply.

(2)

To attack physically; beat up.

lay off

(1)

To terminate the employment of (a worker), especially temporarily.

(2)

To mark off:
lay off an area for a garden.

(3)

Slang To stop doing something; quit.

(4)

Games To place all or a part of an accepted bet with another bookie in order to reduce the risk.

lay on

(1)

To apply (something) by or as if by spreading (it) onto a flat surface:
laid on a thick Southern accent.

(2)

To prepare, usually in an elaborate fashion; arrange:
laid on cocktails for 50 at the last minute.

(3)

Slang To present or reveal to; confront with:
“went around talking to people about anything until he could lay his standard question on them”(John Vinocur)

lay out

(1)

To make a detailed plan for.

(2)

To clothe and prepare (a corpse) for burial.

(3)

To rebuke harshly:
She laid me out for breaking the vase.

(4)

To knock to the ground or unconscious.

(5)

To expend; spend:
lay out a fortune on jewelry.

(6)

To display:
lay out merchandise; lay the merchandise out.

lay over
To make a stopover in the course of a journey.

lay to Nautical

(1)

To bring (a ship) to a stop in open water.

(2)

To remain stationary and face into the wind.

lay up

(1)

To stock for future use:
lay up supplies for a long journey.

(2)

Informal To confine with an illness or injury:
was laid up for a month.

(3)

Nautical To put (a ship) in dock, as for repairs.

习惯用语

lay down the law
To assert positively and often arrogantly.

lay it on thickInformal

(1)

To exaggerate; overstate.

(2)

To flatter effusively.

lay of the land
The nature, arrangement, or disposition of something.

lay rubberSlang
To accelerate suddenly a motor vehicle from a halt to a high speed, thereby spinning the wheels and depositing on the road a thin film of burned rubber from the rear tire or tires.

lay waste
To ravage:
Rebel troops laid waste the town.

语源

(1)

Middle English leien

(2)

from Old English lecgan * see legh-

用法

(1)

Lay (“to put, place, or prepare”) and lie (“to recline or be situated”) are frequently confused. Lay is a transitive verb and takes an object. Lay and its principal parts ( laid, laying ) are correctly used in the following examples:
He laid (not lay ) the newspaper on the table.
The table was laid for four.

(2)

Lieis an intransitive verb and does not take an object. Lie and its principal parts ( lay, lain, lying ) are correctly used in the following examples:
She often lies (not lays ) down after lunch.
When I lay (not laid ) down, I fell asleep.
The rubbish had lain (not laid ) there a week.
I was lying (not laying ) in bed when he called.

(3)

There are a few exceptions to these rules. The phrasal verb lay for and the nautical use of lay, as in lay at anchor, though intransitive, are well established.

基本词义

lay
lay 2
AHD:[l3]
D.J.[lei]
K.K.[le]
adj.

(1)

Of, relating to, or involving the laity:
a lay preacher.

(2)

Not of or belonging to a particular profession; nonprofessional:
a lay opinion as to the seriousness of the disease.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old French lai

(3)

from Late Latin l3s

(4)

from Greek laikos [of the people]

(5)

from laos [the people]

基本词义

lay
lay 3
AHD:[l3]
D.J.[lei]
K.K.[le]
n.

(1)

A narrative poem, such as one sung by medieval minstrels; a ballad.

(2)

A song; a tune.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old French lai

基本词义

lay
lay 4
AHD:[l3]
D.J.[lei]
K.K.[le]
v.
Past tense of lie 1

英汉航海大词典

lay waste
vbl.毁损,荒废

英汉化学大词典

lay waste
vbl.荒芜,尚未开垦

英汉计算机大词典

lay waste
vbl.荒芜(尚未开垦)

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