简明英汉词典

lava
[5lB:vE]
n.
熔岩, 火山岩

美国传统词典[双解]

lava
la.va
AHD:[l?“v…, l2v“…]
D.J.[6l$8v*, 6l#v*]
K.K.[6l$v*, 6l#v*]
n.(名词)

(1)

Molten rock that reaches the earth's surface through a volcano or fissure.
火山岩:通过火山口或裂缝溢出地表的岩石融化物

(2)

The rock formed by the cooling and solidifying of molten rock.
熔岩:融化的岩石冷却凝固后形成的岩石

语源

(1)

Italian
意大利语

(2)

perhaps from Latin l3?s} [fall]
可能源自 拉丁语 l3?s} [掉落]

(3)

from Latin l3o} [to fall]
源自 拉丁语 l3o} [落下]

注释
Lava was appropriately named by people living near Mount Vesuvius. The only active volcano on the European mainland, Vesuvius has erupted frequently since Pompeii and Herculaneum were buried by it in a.d. 79. The Neapolitans who lived in the vicinity took a word in Italian, lava, meaning “a stream caused suddenly by rain,” and applied it to the streams of molten rock coming down the sides of Vesuvius. The term was then taken into Standard Italian, where it came to mean the rock in both its molten and its solidified states. The Italian word in all its senses was borrowed into English around the middle of the 18th century (1750 being the earliest date of record).
火山岩这一恰当的名称是由生活在维苏威火山附近的居民命名的。维苏威火山是欧洲大陆唯一的活火山,自从公元 79年庞贝和赫库兰尼姆被它埋没以来,它一直频繁爆发。 生活在附近的那不勒斯人用意大利语中的一个单词lava 指代从维苏威火山上流淌下来的熔化岩石流,而这个词的本意是“由雨水骤然形成的溪流”。 这一词语被纳入标准意大利语,意为处于熔化或凝固状态的岩石。大约在18世纪中期,这一意大利单词和其含义都被借用到英语之中(最早的记录见于1750年)

现代英汉词典

lava
[5lB:vE]
n.

(1)

熔岩

(2)

火山岩

现代英汉综合大辞典

lava
[5lB:vE]
n.
【地质】火山所喷出的熔岩, 火山岩; [pl. ]火山岩层
lava ash
熔岩灰
lava beds
火山岩床

继承用法

lava-flow
n.
溶岩流

特殊用法

acidic lava
酸性熔岩

amygdaloidal lava
杏仁状熔岩

aphrolithic lava
块熔岩

aqueous lava
泥熔岩

aso lava
阿苏熔岩

basaltic lava
玄武岩火山石

basic lavas
基性熔岩

bench lava
台阶熔岩

block lava
熔岩块

ellipsoidal lava
椭球形熔岩

intermediate lava
中性熔岩

pillow lava
枕状熔岩

rhyolitic lava
流纹岩熔岩

ropy lava
绳状熔岩

tuff lava
凝灰熔岩

vitreous lava
玻璃状熔岩

[七国语言]英汉地质大词典

lava
熔岩

[七国语言]英汉地理大词典

lava
熔岩

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

lava
熔岩

[七国语言]英汉化学大词典

lava
熔岩

[七国语言]英汉矿业大词典

lava
熔岩

美国传统词典

lava
la.va
AHD:[l?“v…, l2v“…]
D.J.[6l$8v*, 6l#v*]
K.K.[6l$v*, 6l#v*]
n.

(1)

Molten rock that reaches the earth's surface through a volcano or fissure.

(2)

The rock formed by the cooling and solidifying of molten rock.

语源

(1)

Italian

(2)

perhaps from Latin l3?s} [fall]

(3)

from Latin l3o} [to fall]

注释
Lava was appropriately named by people living near Mount Vesuvius. The only active volcano on the European mainland, Vesuvius has erupted frequently since Pompeii and Herculaneum were buried by it in a.d. 79. The Neapolitans who lived in the vicinity took a word in Italian, lava, meaning “a stream caused suddenly by rain,” and applied it to the streams of molten rock coming down the sides of Vesuvius. The term was then taken into Standard Italian, where it came to mean the rock in both its molten and its solidified states. The Italian word in all its senses was borrowed into English around the middle of the 18th century (1750 being the earliest date of record).

英汉船舶大词典

lava
n.熔岩

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

LAVA
= Look Ahead Variable Acceleration,超前变量加速度

英汉地质大词典

lava
n.熔岩

英汉环境大词典

lava
n.熔岩

英汉航空大词典

lava
n.火山岩,溶岩

英汉化学大词典

lava
n.熔岩,火山岩,熔岩

英汉海运大词典

lava
熔岩(底质熔岩底

基本词义

lava
熔岩(底质)

基本词义

lava
flow : 火山溶岩流

英汉计算机大词典

lava
n.熔岩(火山岩)

英汉机械大词典

lava
n.熔岩,火山岩

英汉建筑大词典

lava
n.火山熔岩

英汉能源大词典

lava
n.火山岩

英汉水利大词典

lava
n.熔岩

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