简明英汉词典

larva
[5lB:vE]
n.
幼虫

美国传统词典[双解]

larva
lar.va
AHD:[l?r“v…]
D.J.[6l$8v*]
K.K.[6l$v*]
n.(名词)
【复数】 lar.vae[-v?] 或 lar.vas

(1)

The newly hatched, wingless, often wormlike form of many insects before metamorphosis.
幼虫:许多昆虫在变形前的,刚孵化出来的,没有翅膀的,通常象蛆虫般的形状

(2)

The newly hatched, earliest stage of any of various animals that undergo metamorphosis, differing markedly in form and appearance from the adult.
幼体:某些动物在刚刚孵化出来并完成变形之后的最初阶段,在形体和外貌上与成体大不相同

(3)

Roman Mythology A malevolent spirit of the dead; a lemur.
【罗马神话】 死人变成的恶鬼;狐猴

语源
Latin l3a [specter, mask (because it acts as a specter of or a mask for the adult form)]
拉丁语 l3a [幽灵,面具(因为它以幽灵或成人形式的面具出现)]

继承用法

larval
adj.(形容词)

注释
The word larva referring to the newly hatched form of insects before they undergo metamorphosis comes from the Latin word l3, meaning “evil spirit, demon, devil.” To understand why this should be so, we need to know that the Latin word also was used for a terrifying mask, and it is this sense of the word that has come down to us. In Medieval Latin larva could mean “mask or visor.” Larva is therefore an appropriate term for that stage of an insect's life during which its final form was still hidden or masked, and New Latin l3a was thus applied by Carolus Linnaeus, the Swedish botanist who originated our system of classifying plants and animals. The word larva is first recorded in English in its scientific sense in 1768, although it had been used in its “spirit” sense in 1651 and in a way that foreshadowed the usage by Linnaeus in 1691.
larva 一词指昆虫在变形前刚孵化出来的幼虫, 来源于拉丁词 larva , 意为“邪恶的精灵,鬼怪,恶魔”。 为了了解为什么,我们需要知道这个拉丁词语还用于指一种令人恐惧的面具,而且正是该词的这一层含义流传了下来。在中世纪的拉丁语中,larva 有“面具或面甲”的意思。 Larva 在形容昆虫成熟之前被隐藏或遮盖的这一段时期的时候,成为一个适合的名称, 这样现代拉丁语的larva 一词首先由瑞典植物学家卡罗拉斯里纽斯赋予以上含义, 卡罗拉斯是首创动植物分类系统的第一人。虽然larva 一词在1651年曾经以其“精灵”一层意思被使用并在一定程度上预示了于1691年出现的里纽斯的用法,但是于1768年才以科学术语的形式首先在英语中出现的

现代英汉词典

larva
[5lB:ve]
n.
-vae
幼虫
The tadpole is the larva of the frog.
蝌蚪是蛙的幼体。

现代英汉综合大辞典

larva
[5lB:vE]
n.
(pl. larvas, larvae[-vi:])

(1)

【动】幼虫; 幼体

(2)

动态时期的动物

(3)

[废]恶鬼

继承用法

larvarium
n.
幼虫巢

larvascope
n.
幼虫检查镜

[七国语言]英汉地质大词典

larva
幼虫

[七国语言]英汉地理大词典

larva
幼虫

[七国语言]英汉农业大词典

larva
幼虫

[七国语言]英汉轻工业大词典

larva
幼虫

[七国语言]英汉生物学大词典

larva
动蛹, 稚虫

[七国语言]英汉医学大词典

larva
蚴 , 幼虫

美国传统词典

larva
lar.va
AHD:[l?r“v…]
D.J.[6l$8v*]
K.K.[6l$v*]
n.
pl. lar.vae[-v?] or lar.vas

(1)

The newly hatched, wingless, often wormlike form of many insects before metamorphosis.

(2)

The newly hatched, earliest stage of any of various animals that undergo metamorphosis, differing markedly in form and appearance from the adult.

(3)

Roman Mythology A malevolent spirit of the dead; a lemur.

语源
Latin l3a [specter, mask (because it acts as a specter of or a mask for the adult form)]

继承用法

larval
adj.

注释
The word larva referring to the newly hatched form of insects before they undergo metamorphosis comes from the Latin word l3, meaning “evil spirit, demon, devil.” To understand why this should be so, we need to know that the Latin word also was used for a terrifying mask, and it is this sense of the word that has come down to us. In Medieval Latin larva could mean “mask or visor.” Larva is therefore an appropriate term for that stage of an insect's life during which its final form was still hidden or masked, and New Latin l3a was thus applied by Carolus Linnaeus, the Swedish botanist who originated our system of classifying plants and animals. The word larva is first recorded in English in its scientific sense in 1768, although it had been used in its “spirit” sense in 1651 and in a way that foreshadowed the usage by Linnaeus in 1691.

[名词委审定]英汉动物学名词(1996)

larva
幼体

[名词委审定]英汉海洋科学名词(1989)

larva
幼体

[名词委审定]英汉昆虫学名词(2000)

larva

(1)

①幼虫 ②幼螨 ③幼蜱

(2)

①幼蟲 ②幼蟎 ③幼蜱

英汉地质大词典

larva
n.幼虫

英汉纺织大词典

larva
n.幼虫,幼体

英汉环境大词典

larva
n.幼虫

英汉化学大词典

larva
n.幼虫,蚴

英汉医学大词典

larva
n.幼虫;n.幼虫,蚴

英汉中医大词典

larva
n.幻虫,幻体,蚴

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