简明英汉词典

lapse
[lAps]
n.
失误, 下降, 流逝, 丧失, 过失
v.
失检, 背离, 堕入, 流逝, 失效, 下降

美国传统词典[双解]

lapse
lapse
AHD:[l2ps]
D.J.[l#ps]
K.K.[l#ps]
v.(动词)
lapsedlaps.inglaps.es
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To fall from a previous level or standard, as of accomplishment, quality, or conduct:
退步:从先前的水平或标准降下来,如技能、质量或行为的退步:
lapse into bad habits; a team that lapsed into mediocrity halfway through the season.
沾染坏习惯;在一赛季中途变成表现平庸的球队

(2)

To deviate from a prescribed or accepted way:
偏离正道:偏离已经规定的或公认的道路:
lapse into heresy.
陷入异端

(3)

To pass gradually or smoothly; slip:
滑落:逐渐地或平缓地通过;滑落:
lapse into reverie.
陷入冥想

(4)

To come to an end, especially gradually or temporarily:
终止:到达终点,尤指逐渐地或暂时地:
He realized that his attention had lapsed and he hadn't heard the assignment.
他意识到他当时走神了且没听到分派的任务

(5)

To be no longer valid or active; expire:
失效:失效的或不再有效的;满期的:
She allowed her membership to lapse after the first year.
她听任她的会员资格在第一年后失效

(6)

Law To pass to another through neglect or omission. Used of a right or privilege, a benefice, or an estate.
【法律】 转归:通过忽视或省略传给另一个。用于权力或特权、封地或财产

(7)

To go by; elapse:
(时间等)消逝:度过;消逝:
Years had lapsed since we last met.
从我们上次相遇后,几年时间已经过去了
v.tr.(及物动词)
To allow to lapse.
使失效
n.(名词)

(1)

The act or an instance of lapsing, as:
退步,堕落:退步的行为或事例,如:

(2)

A usually minor or temporary failure; a slip:
失误:通常很小或暂时的失败;疏忽:
a lapse of memory; a lapse in judgment.
记忆的错误;判断上的错误

(3)

A deterioration or decline:
后退:退化或下降:
a lapse into barbarism.
倒退到野蛮状态

(4)

A moral fall:
道德上的堕落:
a lapse from grace.
名誉扫地

(5)

A break in continuity; a pause:
间隔:连续性的间断;中断:
a lapse in the conversation.
谈话中的间隔

(6)

A period of time; an interval:
一断时间;间隔:
a lapse of several years between the two revolutions.
两次革命间几年时间的间隔

(7)

Law The termination of a right or privilege through disuse, neglect, or death.
【法律】 失效,终止:通过不用、忽视或死亡而达到的权力或特权的终止

语源

(1)

Middle English lapsen [to deviate from the normal]
中古英语 lapsen [从正常偏离]

(2)

from laps [lapse of time, sin] from Old French [lapse of time] from Latin l3s [from past participle of] l3bo [to lapse]
源自 laps [时间流逝,罪行] 源自 古法语 [时间流逝] 源自 拉丁语 l3s [] 源自l3bo的过去分词 [消逝,终止]

(3)

and from Latin l33re} [frequentative of] l3bo
并源自 拉丁语 l33re} [] l3bo的重复动词

(4)

Latin l3o} l3ps- [to lapse]
拉丁语 l3o} l3ps- [消逝,终止]

继承用法

lapser
n.(名词)

现代英汉词典

lapse
[lAps]
n.

(1)

差错;失误;过失

(2)

(与of连用)(时间的)流逝,推移
after a lapse of several years
事隔几年之后

词性变化

lapse
vi.
lapsed, lapsing

(1)

(与into连用)慢慢陷入;堕入
to lapse into silence
慢慢便沉默了

(2)

失误

(3)

终止;结束
Then the conversation lapsed and all was still and quiet.
"接着谈话声就听不到了,四周万籁俱寂。"

现代英汉综合大辞典

lapse
[lAps]
n.

(1)

(时间的)流逝, 间隔, 推移

(2)

失误; 差错; 笔误

(3)

跌落, 下降, 骤降(尤指气温, 气压等)

(4)

过失; 行为失检; 偏离正道

(5)

废除;【律】(权利等的)终止; 失效

(6)

倒退; 堕落

(7)

【物】垂直梯度
a lapse of the tongue
失言
after a lapse of five years[months]
事隔五年[月]之后

词性变化

lapse
[lAps]
vi.

(1)

(时间)流逝(away)

(2)

失检; 失足

(3)

【律】(权利, 任期等)终止; 失效;【律】转归(to)

(4)

(兴趣等)消失

(5)

背离(from)

(6)

塌陷
lapse from good virtue into vice
堕落, 变坏
lapse into idleness
渐渐变懒
lapse backward
落后
lapse into ruin
塌成 一片废墟
I fear she has lapsed again.
我怕她又失检了。

lapse
[lAps]
vt.
使 失效, 废止
lapse a policy
废止一项政策

继承用法

lapser
n.

习惯用语

with the lapse of time
随着时间的推移; 逐渐

lapse from virtue
堕落; 道德败坏

lapse of memory
遗忘, 记错

lapse of the pen
写错, 笔误

lapse of time
时光的流逝, 一段时间

特殊用法

defensive lapse
防守队员一时的疏忽

fielding lapse
防守失误

temperature lapse
【气】温度递减

time lapse
时滞, 时延; 慢速拍摄

英文相关词典

lapse
decline    go down    sink    slump    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

lapse
终止;失效

美国传统词典

lapse
lapse
AHD:[l2ps]
D.J.[l#ps]
K.K.[l#ps]
v.
lapsed, laps.ing, laps.es
v.intr.

(1)

To fall from a previous level or standard, as of accomplishment, quality, or conduct:
lapse into bad habits; a team that lapsed into mediocrity halfway through the season.

(2)

To deviate from a prescribed or accepted way:
lapse into heresy.

(3)

To pass gradually or smoothly; slip:
lapse into reverie.

(4)

To come to an end, especially gradually or temporarily:
He realized that his attention had lapsed and he hadn't heard the assignment.

(5)

To be no longer valid or active; expire:
She allowed her membership to lapse after the first year.

(6)

Law To pass to another through neglect or omission. Used of a right or privilege, a benefice, or an estate.

(7)

To go by; elapse:
Years had lapsed since we last met.
v.tr.
To allow to lapse.
n.

(1)

The act or an instance of lapsing, as:

(2)

A usually minor or temporary failure; a slip:
a lapse of memory; a lapse in judgment.

(3)

A deterioration or decline:
a lapse into barbarism.

(4)

A moral fall:
a lapse from grace.

(5)

A break in continuity; a pause:
a lapse in the conversation.

(6)

A period of time; an interval:
a lapse of several years between the two revolutions.

(7)

Law The termination of a right or privilege through disuse, neglect, or death.

语源

(1)

Middle English lapsen [to deviate from the normal]

(2)

from laps [lapse of time, sin] from Old French [lapse of time] from Latin l3s [from past participle of] l3bo [to lapse]

(3)

and from Latin l33re} [frequentative of] l3bo

(4)

Latin l3o} l3ps- [to lapse]

继承用法

lapser
n.

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

lapse
失误,小错;递减;失检,偏离

英汉电信大词典

lapse
n.误差,温度下降

英汉地质大词典

lapse
n.下降,温度垂直梯度,温度直减率

英汉法学大词典

lapse
v.背离 ,权利终止 ;n.权利终止 ,失误, 失控行为

英汉航海大词典

lapse
n.期满

英汉航空大词典

lapse
n.误差

英汉化学大词典

lapse
n.经过,错误,下降,失效,垂直梯度;vt.堕入,错误,失效,推移

英汉海运大词典

lapse
期满失效

英汉经贸大词典

lapse
n.期满

英汉计算机大词典

lapse
n.经过(错误,下降;vt.堕入(错误,失效)

英汉机械大词典

lapse
n.垂直梯度,递减

英汉水利大词典

lapse
n.流逝,流动,推移

英汉心理学大词典

lapse
失误

基本词义

lapse
癫痫小发作

英汉中医大词典

lapse
n.陷入,流逝,消失

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