简明英汉词典

landscape
[5lAndskeip]
n.
风景, 山水画, 地形, 前景
v.
美化

美国传统词典[双解]

landscape
land.scape
AHD:[l2nd“sk3p”]
D.J.[6l#nd7skeip]
K.K.[6l#nd7skep]
n.(名词)

(1)

An expanse of scenery that can be seen in a single view:
风景:能从某一个角度看到的一片广阔的景色:
a desert landscape.
荒凉的景色

(2)

A picture depicting an expanse of scenery.
风景画:描绘这种景色的图片

(3)

The branch of art dealing with the representation of natural scenery.
风景绘画:涉及表现自然风景的一个艺术分支

(4)

The aspect of the land characteristic of a particular region:
地貌:特定地区陆地特点的某些方面:
a bleak New England winter landscape.
荒凉的新英格兰冬季地貌

(5)

An extensive mental view; an interior prospect:
心田:广阔的内心视野;内心的展望:
“They occupy the whole landscape of my thought”(James Thurber)
“他们占据了我的整个心田”(詹姆斯·瑟伯)
v.(动词)
land.scapedland.scap.ingland.scapes
v.tr.(及物动词)
To adorn or improve (a section of ground) by contouring and by planting flowers, shrubs, or trees.
美化:通过规划和种植花草、灌木或树木的方法美化或改进(一个地区)
v.intr.(不及物动词)
To arrange grounds artistically as a profession.
从事园艺设计:以园艺设计为职业

语源

(1)

Dutch landschap
荷兰语 landschap

(2)

from Middle Dutch landscap [region]
源自 中古荷兰语 landscap [地区]

(3)

land [land] * see lendh-
land [土地] *参见 lendh-

(4)

-scap [state, condition (collective suff.)]
-scap [情况,状况(集合的后缀)]

继承用法

landscaper
n.(名词)

注释
It would seem that in the case of the word landscape we have an example of nature imitating art, in so far as sense development is concerned. Landscape, first recorded in 1598, was borrowed as a painters' term from Dutch during the 16th century, when Dutch artists were on the verge of becoming masters of the landscape genre. The Dutch word landschap had earlier meant simply “region, tract of land,” but had acquired the artistic sense, which it brought over into English, of “a picture depicting scenery on land.” The fascinating thing is that 34 years pass after the first recorded use of landscape in English before the word is used of a view or vista of natural scenery. This delay suggests that people were first introduced to landscapes in paintings and then saw landscapes in real life.
从landscape 这个词,我们似乎能看到一个模仿自然艺术的例子, 单就这个词的意思发展来说。Landscape 首次记载于1598年, 它是在16世纪期间作为一个绘画术语从荷兰传过来的,当时的荷兰艺术家正在成为自然风景绘画的大师。荷兰语中landscape 这个词早期仅仅意味着“地区,一片地”, 但它后来传入英国时已经有了艺术上的含义“描绘陆上风景的绘画”。 有趣的是,从landscape 这个词第一次见于英语文字到这个词表示自然景色的风光,经历了34年。 这一时间上的延迟暗示了人们首先是在绘画时接触自然,然后才是在现实生活中去欣赏风景

现代英汉词典

landscape
[5lAndskeIp]
n.

(1)

风景
The trees and the mountains made the landscape very beautiful.
树木和山脉使风景变得很美。

(2)

风景画

词性变化

landscape
vt.
-scaped, -scaping
美化环境

现代英汉综合大辞典

landscape
[5lAndskeip]
n.

(1)

陆上风景, 山水

(2)

山水风景画[摄影]

(3)

地表[形、貌]

(4)

前景展望
the spring landscape
春天的风景
a landscape of snow
雪景
a landscape in oil
风景油画

词性变化

landscape
[5lAndskeip]
vt.
环境美化, 使风景宜人
vi.
搞风景设计, 做环境美化工作

继承用法

landscapist
[`lAnd9skeIpIst]
n.

(1)

风景画家

(2)

庭园设计师

特殊用法

civic landscape
城市风景

composite landscape
复合景观

cultivated landscape
培植景观

geographic landscape
地理景观

home landscape
家庭园景

natural landscape
天然景观

park-like landscape
稀树景观, 公园式景观

private landscape
私人庭园

vegetative landscape
植物景观

用法词典

landscape
land+scape

[七国语言]英汉地质大词典

landscape
景观

[七国语言]英汉地理大词典

landscape
景观

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

landscape
风景画;风景

[七国语言]英汉农业大词典

landscape
景观

[七国语言]英汉生物学大词典

landscape
景观

美国传统词典

landscape
land.scape
AHD:[l2nd“sk3p”]
D.J.[6l#nd7skeip]
K.K.[6l#nd7skep]
n.

(1)

An expanse of scenery that can be seen in a single view:
a desert landscape.

(2)

A picture depicting an expanse of scenery.

(3)

The branch of art dealing with the representation of natural scenery.

(4)

The aspect of the land characteristic of a particular region:
a bleak New England winter landscape.

(5)

An extensive mental view; an interior prospect:
“They occupy the whole landscape of my thought”(James Thurber)
v.
land.scaped, land.scap.ing, land.scapes
v.tr.
To adorn or improve (a section of ground) by contouring and by planting flowers, shrubs, or trees.
v.intr.
To arrange grounds artistically as a profession.

语源

(1)

Dutch landschap

(2)

from Middle Dutch landscap [region]

(3)

land [land] * see lendh-

(4)

-scap [state, condition (collective suff.)]

继承用法

landscaper
n.

注释
It would seem that in the case of the word landscape we have an example of nature imitating art, in so far as sense development is concerned. Landscape, first recorded in 1598, was borrowed as a painters' term from Dutch during the 16th century, when Dutch artists were on the verge of becoming masters of the landscape genre. The Dutch word landschap had earlier meant simply “region, tract of land,” but had acquired the artistic sense, which it brought over into English, of “a picture depicting scenery on land.” The fascinating thing is that 34 years pass after the first recorded use of landscape in English before the word is used of a view or vista of natural scenery. This delay suggests that people were first introduced to landscapes in paintings and then saw landscapes in real life.

[名词委审定]英汉地理学名词(1988)

landscape
景观

[名词委审定]英汉计算机名词(第二版, 2002)

landscape
横向

[名词委审定]英汉土壤学名词(定义版, 1998)

landscape

(1)

景观

(2)

一定区域地球表面上能够清楚观察和区分自然界特征(如地貌、植被、水域等)的全貌及类型。

英汉船舶大词典

landscape
n.风景

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

landscape
横向

英汉地质大词典

landscape
n.景观,自然景色

英汉广播大词典

landscape
n.风景摄影

英汉航海大词典

landscape
n.风景

英汉环境大词典

landscape
n.景观

英汉航空大词典

landscape
n.风景,景色

英汉化学大词典

landscape
n.风景画,景色,地表,前景展望;vt.环境美化,风景设计

英汉海运大词典

landscape
陆上风景

英汉经贸大词典

landscape
n.风景

英汉计算机大词典

landscape
n.风景画(景色,地表;vt.环境美化(风景设计)

英汉水利大词典

landscape
n.景观,地形,地貌

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