简明英汉词典

lack
[lAk]
n.
缺乏, 短缺的东西
vt.
缺乏, 没有, 需要
vi.
缺乏, 没有

美国传统词典[双解]

lack
lack
AHD:[l2k]
D.J.[l#k]
K.K.[l#k]
n.(名词)

(1)

A deficiency or an absence:
缺乏或没有:
a lack of money.
缺乏金钱

(2)

Something needed or wanted.
欠缺的事物:缺乏或寻求的某物
v.(动词)
lackedlack.inglacks
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To be entirely without or have very little of.
缺乏:根本就没有或仅有一点

(2)

To be in need of.
需要
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To be wanting or deficient:
缺乏:处于匮乏或不足状态:
You will not be lacking in support from me.
你将得到我的帮助

(2)

To be in need of something:
需要:需要某物:
I lacked for nothing.
我不需要任何东西

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

perhaps from Middle Dutch lac [deficiency, fault]
可能源自 中古荷兰语 lac [缺乏,缺陷]

参考词汇

(1)

lackwantneed

(2)

These verbs mean to be without something, especially something that is necessary or desirable.
这些动词的意思是没有某物,尤指该物是必须的或是合乎需要的。

(3)

Lack emphasizes the absence of the thing in question or the inadequacy of its supply:
Lack 强调的必须品的缺乏或其供应的不足:
She lacks the money to buy new shoes.
她没钱买新鞋。
The plant died because it lacked moisture.
这株植物因为缺乏水分而死。
What he lacks in courage he compensates for in bravado.
他用虚张声势来弥补自己勇气的匮乏。

(4)

Want and need stress the urgent necessity for filling a void or remedying an inadequacy:
Want 和need 强调的是填补空白或弥补不足的迫切性:
“Her pens were uniformly bad and wanted fixing” (Bret Harte).
“她的钢笔都坏了,需要修理” (布莱特·哈特)。
I need help.
我需要帮助。
The garden needs care.
花园需要人照管。
“Only when he has ceased to need things can a man truly be his own master and so really exist” (Anwar el-Sadat).
“只有当一个人惭惭地对外物无所求时,他才可能成为他自己真正的主人并因此而真实地存在” (安瓦尔·埃尔·萨达特)

用法

(1)

As an intransitive verb in the sense “to be wanting or deficient,” lack is used chiefly in the present participle with in:
作为一个不及物动词,用于“缺乏或缺少”之意的lack 主要和 in一起用于现在分词中:
You will not be lacking in support from me.
你会得到我的帮助。

(2)

In the sense “to be in need of something” it is often used with for:
当意思是“需要某物”时,它经常与for连用:
“In the terrible, beautiful age of my prime,/I lacked for sweet linen but never for time” (E.B. White).
“在我可怕而又美丽的壮年岁月中,/我需要的是亚麻布而从来不是时间” (E.B.怀特)

现代英汉词典

lack
[lAk]
n.
(常与of连用)缺乏;需要
There is no lack of vegetable.
蔬菜不缺。
The lack of rain aggravated the serious lack of food.
"由于干旱少雨,缺粮问题更加严重。"
It was lack of current capital that defeated their business.
"因为缺少流动资本,他们的企业才告失败。"
Serious lack of circulating fund forced the closure of the company.
公司因缺严重乏流动资金而被迫关闭。

词性变化

lack
vt.

(1)

缺乏;不足;没有
He lacks courage.
他缺乏勇气。
Owing to lack of time, we cannot do more than what we have done.
由于时间不够,我们只能做到这样。
Their actions lack consistency; they say one thing and do another.
"他们言行不一,说的是一回事,做的又是另一回事。"
These photographs lack definition. You'd better have them taken again.
"这些照片不够清晰,你最好得重拍。"

(2)

短少;不足;需要
Something is lacking.
缺少点什么东西。
Is she lacking in courage?
她缺乏勇气吗?

现代英汉综合大辞典

lack
[lAk]
n.

(1)

缺乏; 不足

(2)

缺少[需要]的东西
lack of rest
缺乏休息

词性变化

lack
vi.
缺乏[少]; 没有
She is lacking in responsibility.
她不够负责任。

lack
vt.

(1)

缺乏[少], 没有

(2)

需要
A coward lacks courage.
怯懦者缺乏勇气。
What do you lack ?
你要买点什么?

习惯用语

for lack of
因缺乏...; 因无...

by lack of
因缺乏...; 因无...

from lack of
因缺乏...; 因无...

through lack of
因缺乏...; 因无...

no lack of
不缺乏, 很多

supply the lack
补缺

lack in
在...缺少[不足]

特殊用法

oxygen lack
氧不足; 缺氧

lack of alignment
准线偏斜, 中心线偏斜, 未对准

lack of appetite
食欲不振

lack of demand
需要不足

lack of filling power
(木器漆)塌渗; 瘪瘦; 枯瘦(漆膜丰满度差)

lack of focus
不清楚, 聚焦不良

lack of fuel oil signal lamp
缺燃料油信号灯

lack of fusion
未熔合

lack of homogeneity
无均匀性, 均匀性差

lack of necessities
生活必需品缺乏

lack of packing
缺少包装

lack of penetration
未焊透, 未熔穿

lack of proportion
比例失调

lack of resolution
清晰度欠佳, 析象力不足, 鉴别力损耗

lack of time
缺乏时间

lack of true colour rendering
彩色重现不真实

lack of uniformity
均匀性[均衡性, 平衡性]不足[差]

用法词典

lack
中古英语lac<印欧语词于leg滴,漏

英文相关词典

lack
need    require    want    fill    

[七国语言]英汉地质大词典

lack
缺乏

[七国语言]英汉地理大词典

lack
缺乏

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

lack
缺乏, 不够;缺乏

[七国语言]英汉生物学大词典

lack
缺少, 缺乏

美国传统词典

lack
lack
AHD:[l2k]
D.J.[l#k]
K.K.[l#k]
n.

(1)

A deficiency or an absence:
a lack of money.

(2)

Something needed or wanted.
v.
lacked, lack.ing, lacks
v.tr.

(1)

To be entirely without or have very little of.

(2)

To be in need of.
v.intr.

(1)

To be wanting or deficient:
You will not be lacking in support from me.

(2)

To be in need of something:
I lacked for nothing.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

perhaps from Middle Dutch lac [deficiency, fault]

参考词汇

(1)

lack, want, need

(2)

These verbs mean to be without something, especially something that is necessary or desirable.

(3)

Lack emphasizes the absence of the thing in question or the inadequacy of its supply:
She lacks the money to buy new shoes.
The plant died because it lacked moisture.
What he lacks in courage he compensates for in bravado.

(4)

Want and need stress the urgent necessity for filling a void or remedying an inadequacy:
“Her pens were uniformly bad and wanted fixing” (Bret Harte).
I need help.
The garden needs care.
“Only when he has ceased to need things can a man truly be his own master and so really exist” (Anwar el-Sadat).

用法

(1)

As an intransitive verb in the sense “to be wanting or deficient,” lack is used chiefly in the present participle with in:
You will not be lacking in support from me.

(2)

In the sense “to be in need of something” it is often used with for:
“In the terrible, beautiful age of my prime,/I lacked for sweet linen but never for time” (E.B. White).

英汉船舶大词典

lack
n.缺少

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

lack
缺乏,不够,不足

英汉法学大词典

lack
v.缺乏, 不足 ;n.不足

英汉纺织大词典

lack
n.一簇,毛撮,不足

英汉航海大词典

lack
n.不足

英汉航空大词典

lack
n.缺乏,不够;n.缺乏,不足

英汉化学大词典

lack
vt.缺乏,不足,没有,缺少的东西;n.缺乏,不足,没有,缺少的东西

英汉海运大词典

lack
缺乏,不足缺乏,不足

基本词义

lack
缺乏,不足

英汉经贸大词典

lack
n.不足

英汉计算机大词典

lack
vt.缺乏(不足,没有;n.缺乏(不足,没有

英汉建筑大词典

lack
vt.缺乏,不足

英汉水利大词典

lack
n.缺乏,不足,没有

英汉心理学大词典

lack
缺乏

英汉冶金大词典

lack
n.缺少,不足

英汉医学大词典

lack
n.不足

英汉中医大词典

lack
n.缺乏,不足,缺少的东西

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