简明英汉词典

kudos
[5kju:dRs; (?@) 5ku:dRs]
n.
名望, 荣誉, 声誉

美国传统词典[双解]

kudos
ku.dos
AHD:[k?“d?z”, -d?s”, -d?s”, ky?“-]
D.J.[6ku87douz, -7dous, -7d%s, 6kju8-]
K.K.[6ku7doz, -7dos, -7d$s, 6kju-]
n.(名词)
Acclaim or praise for exceptional achievement.
名声,威信:对杰出成就所作的称赞或颂扬

语源
Greek [magical glory]
希腊语 [神奇的荣耀]

用法
Kudos is one of those words like congeries that look like plurals but are etymologically singular: correctness requires Kudos is (not are ) due her for her brilliant work on the score. Some writers have tried to defend the use of kudos with a plural verb, or even the introduction of a new singular form of kudo, on the grounds that these innovations follow the pattern whereby the English words pea and cherry were re-formed from nouns ending in -s that were thought to be plural. Perhaps the singular kudo would have to be acknowledged as a legitimate formation if it came to be widely adopted in the popular language in the way that cherry and pea have. But at present kudos is still regarded as a slightly pretentious variant for praise and can scarcely claim to be part of the linguistic folkways of the community. When writers reach for an unfamiliar Greek word for the sake of elegance, it is fair to ask that they get it right. Still, it is worth noting that even people who are careful to treat the word syntactically as a singular often pronounce it as if it were a plural: etymology would require that the final consonant be pronounced as a voiceless (s), rather than as a voiced (z).
Kudos 和 congeries 那些词一样, 看上去好象是复数,但从词源上看是单数:因此正确的用法应该是Kudos is (不是 are ) due her for her brilliant work on the score 。 许多作者为kudos 后跟动词复数形式的做法辩护, 他们甚至发明了一个新的词kudo 作为该词的单数形式,他们这样做是以英语单词 pea 和 cherry 的形成模式为依据的, 这些词都是从原先结尾带-s 的复数形式名词演化而来。 kudo 这种单数形式只有在象 cherry 和 pea 这样为大众语言所普遍接受之后才能被认可为一种正确的形式。 但是现在kudos 这个词仍被看作是 praise 这个词稍稍有些做作的变体, 还很难成为社群的习惯用语的一部份。当一个作家为了行文的优雅用一个生僻的希腊词的时候,他应该正确地使用它。但是值得注意的是,即使是那些非常仔细的人,他们在句子中把它用作单数,但在读的时候却读成复数的形式:根据词源来看,这个词最后一个辅音应该发成清辅音(s),而不是浊辅音(z)

现代英汉词典

kudos
[5kju:dRs; (?@) 5ku:dRs]
n.
赞扬;感谢
He received kudos from everyone on his performance.
他的表演受到大家的称赞。

美国传统词典

kudos
ku.dos
AHD:[k?“d?z”, -d?s”, -d?s”, ky?“-]
D.J.[6ku87douz, -7dous, -7d%s, 6kju8-]
K.K.[6ku7doz, -7dos, -7d$s, 6kju-]
n.
Acclaim or praise for exceptional achievement.

语源
Greek [magical glory]

用法
Kudos is one of those words like congeries that look like plurals but are etymologically singular: correctness requires Kudos is (not are ) due her for her brilliant work on the score. Some writers have tried to defend the use of kudos with a plural verb, or even the introduction of a new singular form of kudo, on the grounds that these innovations follow the pattern whereby the English words pea and cherry were re-formed from nouns ending in -s that were thought to be plural. Perhaps the singular kudo would have to be acknowledged as a legitimate formation if it came to be widely adopted in the popular language in the way that cherry and pea have. But at present kudos is still regarded as a slightly pretentious variant for praise and can scarcely claim to be part of the linguistic folkways of the community. When writers reach for an unfamiliar Greek word for the sake of elegance, it is fair to ask that they get it right. Still, it is worth noting that even people who are careful to treat the word syntactically as a singular often pronounce it as if it were a plural: etymology would require that the final consonant be pronounced as a voiceless (s), rather than as a voiced (z).

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