简明英汉词典

knowledge
[5nClidV]
n.
知识, 学问, 认识, 知道, <古>学科

美国传统词典[双解]

knowledge
knowl.edge
AHD:[n?l“1j]
D.J.[6n%lid9]
K.K.[6n$l!d9]
n.(名词)

(1)

The state or fact of knowing.
知道:知晓的状态或事实

(2)

Familiarity, awareness, or understanding gained through experience or study.
熟知,知觉:通过经验或学习而对某物的熟悉、意识或理解

(3)

The sum or range of what has been perceived, discovered, or learned.
知识:被理解、发现、知道的事物的总和或范围

(4)

Learning; erudition:
学问;博学:
teachers of great knowledge.
博学的老师

(5)

Specific information about something.
消息:关于某一事物的专门的信息

(6)

Carnal knowledge.
性交

语源

(1)

Middle English knowlech
中古英语 knowlech

(2)

knowen [to know] * see know
knowen [了解] *参见 know

(3)

-leche [n. suff]
-leche [名词后缀]

参考词汇

(1)

knowledgeinformationlearningeruditionlorescholarship

(2)

These nouns refer to what is known, as by having been acquired through study or experience.
这些名词都是指已经了解的东西,比如通过学习或经验获得的。

(3)

Knowledge is the broadest;it includes facts and ideas, understanding, and the totality of what is known:
Knowledge 含义最广;它包括事实和思想观念,对事物的理解和已知事物的总体:
“A knowledge of Greek thought and life, and of the arts in which the Greeks expressed their thought and sentiment, is essential to high culture” (Charles Eliot Norton).
“对希腊的思想和生活方式,及希腊人用以表现他们的思想和感情的艺术的理解,对严肃文化是非常重要的” (查尔斯·艾略特·诺顿)。
“Science is organized knowledge” (Herbert Spencer).
“科学是被组织起来的知识” (赫伯特·斯宾塞)。

(4)

Information is usually construed as being narrower in scope than knowledge ; it often implies a collection of facts and data:
Information 这个词,人们一般认为它所指的范围要比knowledge 窄; 它经常指事实和数据的总和:
“Obviously, a man's judgment cannot be better than the information on which he has based it” (Arthur Hays Sulzberger).
“很显然,一个人的判断不可能超越作为这种判断基础的信息” (阿瑟·海斯·舒尔茨伯格)。

(5)

Learning usually refers to knowledge that is gained by schooling and study:
Learning 通常指通过上学和研究获得的知识:
“Learning is not attained by chance, it must be sought for with ardor and attended to with diligence” (Abigail Adams).
“学问不是随随便便就来的,必须热情地去追求,努力地去获得” (阿比盖尔·亚当斯)。

(6)

Erudition implies profound knowledge, often in a specialized area:
Erudition 暗示深奥的知识,通常用于特殊地方:
“Some have criticized his poetry as elitist, unnecessarily impervious to readers who do not share his erudition” (Elizabeth Kastor).
“有人批评他的诗是精英主义的诗歌,那些没有他那种学识的人根本看不懂,这完全没有必要” (伊丽莎白·卡斯特)。

(7)

Lore is usually applied to knowledge about a particular subject that is gained through tradition or anecdote:
Lore 通常用来指通过传说和轶闻获得的关于某一专门方面的知识:
Early peoples passed on plant and animal lore through legend.
古代的人通过传说把他们知道的关于动植物的知识传给后代。

(8)

Scholarship is the knowledge of a scholar whose mastery of a particular area of learning is reflected in the scope, thoroughness, and quality of his or her work:
Scholarship 是指一个学者的知识,他(她)对某一专门的学术领域的理解可在他(她)著作的视野、深度和质量中得到反映:
a book that gives ample evidence of the author's scholarship.
一本充分显示著者学术水平的书

现代英汉词典

knowledge
[5nRlIdV]
n.

(1)

知道;了解
a knowledge of French
懂法语

(2)

熟悉
She has a good knowledge of London.
她对伦敦的情形很熟悉。

(3)

知识
We go to school to get knowledge about many different things.
我们上学是为了得到关于各种事物的知识。

现代英汉综合大辞典

knowledge
[5nClidV]
n.

(1)

知识; 学识

(2)

认识

(3)

知道, 了解; 消息

(4)

[古]学科

(5)

[古]性关系
book knowledge
书本知识
perceptual [rational] knowledge
感性[理性]知识
the theory of knowledge
【哲】认识论
have no knowledge of London
对伦敦一无所知
within(one's) knowledge
在我们所能了解的范围内
knowledge of the victory
胜利的消息
knowledge factory
[美]学校(尤指高等院校); 教育机构
branches of knowledge
学科
carnal knowledge
性交

继承用法

knowledge-transference
n.
知识传授

knowledgeless
adj.

习惯用语

A little knowledge is a dangerous thing.
[谚]一知半解是危险的。

bring to sb.'s knowledge
告诉某人

come to sb.'s knowledge
被某人知道, 为某人所熟悉

grow out of knowledge
忘记[掉], 变得不为人知

grow out of sb.'s knowledge
忘记[掉], 变得不为人知

have carnal knowledge of
【律】与...发生性的关系

not to my knowledge
据我所知并不是那样

out of all knowledge
无法辨认的; (变得)认不出来

to sb.'s certain knowledge
据某人所知

to the best of my knowledge
就我所知

without sb.'s knowledge
背着某人; 不告诉某人

K-is power.
[谚]知识就是力量。

特殊用法

apriori knowledge
先验知识, 验前知识

conceptual knowledge
理性知识

control knowledge
控制性知识

cumulative knowledge
递加知识

declarative knowledge
陈述性知识

experimental knowledge
实验知识

general polytechnical knowledge
一般的综合技术知识

genuine knowledge
真知

global knowledge
全局知识

half-baked knowledge
一知半解

health knowledge
保健知识

local knowledge
局部知识

mediate knowledge
间接知识

native knowledge
乡土知识

partial knowledge
不完全知识

pedagogical knowledge
教育知识

procedural knowledge
过程性知识

professional knowledge
专业知识, 专门知识

rudimentary knowledge
初步知识

sales knowledge
售货知识

speculative knowledge
理论知识

universal knowledge
常识

参考词汇
information    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

knowledge
知识

美国传统词典

knowledge
knowl.edge
AHD:[n?l“1j]
D.J.[6n%lid/]
K.K.[6n$l!d/]
n.

(1)

The state or fact of knowing.

(2)

Familiarity, awareness, or understanding gained through experience or study.

(3)

The sum or range of what has been perceived, discovered, or learned.

(4)

Learning; erudition:
teachers of great knowledge.

(5)

Specific information about something.

(6)

Carnal knowledge.

语源

(1)

Middle English knowlech

(2)

knowen [to know] * see know

(3)

-leche [n. suff]

参考词汇

(1)

knowledge, information, learning, erudition, lore, scholarship

(2)

These nouns refer to what is known, as by having been acquired through study or experience.

(3)

Knowledge is the broadest;it includes facts and ideas, understanding, and the totality of what is known:
“A knowledge of Greek thought and life, and of the arts in which the Greeks expressed their thought and sentiment, is essential to high culture” (Charles Eliot Norton).
“Science is organized knowledge” (Herbert Spencer).

(4)

Information is usually construed as being narrower in scope than knowledge ; it often implies a collection of facts and data:
“Obviously, a man's judgment cannot be better than the information on which he has based it” (Arthur Hays Sulzberger).

(5)

Learning usually refers to knowledge that is gained by schooling and study:
“Learning is not attained by chance, it must be sought for with ardor and attended to with diligence” (Abigail Adams).

(6)

Erudition implies profound knowledge, often in a specialized area:
“Some have criticized his poetry as elitist, unnecessarily impervious to readers who do not share his erudition” (Elizabeth Kastor).

(7)

Lore is usually applied to knowledge about a particular subject that is gained through tradition or anecdote:
Early peoples passed on plant and animal lore through legend.

(8)

Scholarship is the knowledge of a scholar whose mastery of a particular area of learning is reflected in the scope, thoroughness, and quality of his or her work:
a book that gives ample evidence of the author's scholarship.

[名词委审定]英汉计算机名词(第二版, 2002)

knowledge
知识

英汉船舶大词典

knowledge
n.学识,知识

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

knowledge
知识

英汉法学大词典

knowledge
n.认识 ,知识

英汉航海大词典

knowledge
n.知识

英汉航空大词典

knowledge
n.知识,了解

英汉化学大词典

knowledge
n.知识,知道

英汉经贸大词典

knowledge
n.知识

英汉计算机大词典

knowledge
n.知识(知道)

英汉机械大词典

knowledge
n.知识,经验

英汉建筑大词典

knowledge
n.知道,了解,通晓

英汉能源大词典

knowledge
n.知道,知识

英汉心理学大词典

knowledge
知识

英汉医学大词典

knowledge
n.知识,学问

英汉中医大词典

knowledge
n.知识,学问,认识

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