简明英汉词典

kind
[kaind]
n.
种类, 性质
adj.
仁慈的, 和蔼的, 亲切的, 友爱的

美国传统词典[双解]

kind
kind 1
AHD:[kond]
D.J.[kaind]
K.K.[ka!nd]
adj.(形容词)
kind.erkind.est

(1)

Of a friendly, generous, or warm-hearted nature.
友善的,好心的:友好的、宽宏大量的或热情的天性

(2)

Showing sympathy or understanding; charitable:
宽厚的,温和:表示同情或理解的;温和的:
a kind word.
宽厚的话语

(3)

Humane; considerate:
仁慈的;体贴的:
kind to animals.
对动物很仁慈

(4)

Forbearing; tolerant:
宽容的;容忍的:
Our neighbor was very kind about the window we broke.
我们的邻居对我们打破玻璃表现得很宽容

(5)

Generous; liberal:
宽宏大量的;慷慨的:
kind words of praise.
毫不吝啬的赞美

(6)

Agreeable; beneficial:
令人愉悦的;有益的:
a dry climate kind to asthmatics.
干燥的天气有益于气喘病患者

语源

(1)

Middle English [natural, kind]
中古英语 [自然的,友好的]

(2)

from Old English gecynde [natural] * see gen-
源自 古英语 gecynde [自然的] *参见 gen-

参考词汇

(1)

kindkindlykindheartedbenignbenevolent

(2)

These adjectives apply to persons and their actions and mean having or showing a tender, considerate, and helping nature.
这些形容词适用于具有或表现出亲切的、体贴的和乐于助人的本性的人及他们的行为和方式。

(3)

Kind and kindly are the least specific:
Kind 和kindly 最接近:
is kind to sick patients;
对病人亲切;
thanked her for her kind letter;
感谢她的热情的信;
a kindly gentleman;
仁慈的绅士;
Ckindly criticism.
宽厚的批评。

(4)

Kindhearted especially suggests an innately kind disposition:
Kindhearted 特别暗示出天生的仁慈个性:
a generous and kindhearted teacher.
宽容仁慈的老师。

(5)

Benign implies gentleness and mildness:
Benign 暗示文雅和温和:
a benign smile;
文雅的微笑;
benign intentions;
好的意图;
a benign ruler of millions.
仁慈的千百万人的统治者。

(6)

Benevolent suggests charitableness and a desire to promote the welfare or happiness of others:
Benevolent 暗示慈善和希望促使他人的幸福或快乐:
has a benevolent nature;
具有宽厚的天性;
a benevolent contributor.
一位慈善捐助者

基本词义

kind
kind 2
AHD:[kond]
D.J.[kaind]
K.K.[ka!nd]
n.(名词)

(1)

A group of individuals linked by traits held in common.
同种,同类:因具有共同的特性而联系在一起的个体的集合

(2)

A particular variety; a sort:
特定的种类;类别:
What kind of soap do you like best?See Synonyms at type
你最喜欢哪一种肥皂?参见 type

(3)

Fundamental, underlying character as a determinant of the class to which a thing belongs; nature or essence.
本质,天性:基础的和根本的特性,如一种事物归属种类的决定因素;天性或本质

(4)

A doubtful or borderline member of a given category:
类似,某类:指定种类的不确定的或难以抉择的成员:
fashioned a kind of shelter; a kind of bluish color.
形成了一点掩蔽;类似蓝色的颜色

(5)

Archaic Manner.
【古语】 方式

习惯用语

all kinds of【非正式用语】
Plenty of; ample:
大量的;足够的:
We have all kinds of time to finish the job.
我们有充足的时间完成这项工作

in kind

(1)

With produce or commodities rather than with money:
以实物、货物贷款:用产品或商品而不是用钱:
pay in kind.
用实物支付

(2)

In the same manner or with an equivalent:
以同样方法:用同样的方法或用等价物:
returned the slight in kind.
用同样方式还以蔑视

kind of【非正式用语】
Rather; somewhat:
相当;有一些:
I'm kind of hungry.
我有些饿了

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old English gecynd [race, offspring, kind] * see gen-
源自 古英语 gecynd [人种,子孙,种类] *参见 gen-

用法

(1)

The use of the plural demonstratives these and those with kind and sort, as in these kind (or sort ) of films, has been a traditional bugbear of American grammarians. By and large, British grammarians have been more tolerant, and the construction can be found in the works of British writers from Pope to Dickens to Churchill. Grammatically, the question boils down to whether kind and sort should be treated as head nouns (analogous to species or variety, for example) or whether they have become semantically weakened to the status of a sort of phrasal quantifier that functions like an adjective, analogous in some ways to bunch and number in expressions such as a bunch of friends, a number of reasons. If kind and sort are unambiguously nouns, one would expect to see only singular demonstratives and singular verbs accompanying them:
复数形式的指示代词these 和 those 与 kind 和 sort 的用法, 如these kind (或 sort ) of films, 成为美国语法专家长期感到头痛的问题。 总的说来,英国语法专家对此更能容忍,这一句法结构可以在从蒲柏到狄更斯以至丘吉尔这些英国作家的著作中找到。在语法上,问题归结起来是,是否kind 和 sort 应当作中心词名词(例如,与 species 或 variety 类似), 或者是否他们语义上减弱到一种数量词短语的地位,其功能像一个形容词,某些方面类似于bunch 和 number , 其表述例如一群朋友,一大堆理由。 如果kind 和 sort 是明确的名词, 人们应该希望只看到单数指示代词和与之相伴的单数动词:
This kind of films is popular (compare This species of spider is found only in the New World ).
这种电影很流行(与 这种蜘蛛只在西半球界发现过 比较)。

(2)

If they are functioning as adjectives, however, the plural demonstrative and plural verb should be acceptable:
然而,如果它们的功能象形容词,那么复数指示代词和复数动词是能够接受的:
These kind of films are popular.
这种电影很流行。

(3)

In fact, the kind of construction can be plausibly analyzed either way, which is doubtless why writers have mixed and matched the number of demonstratives and verbs in just about every possible combination. We find reputable precedent for this kind of films are, these kind of films are, this kind of films is, these kind of films is, and so on. There are only two reliable regularities: when the plural kinds is used, the demonstrative and the verb must also be plural:
实际上,kind of 结构可以用任一方式分析, 这毫无疑问是作家混用了指示代词和动词的每一种可能的结合,并且每一种结合的数量大致相等的原因。我们找到规范的先例,如this kind of films are, these kind of films are, this kind of films is, these kind of films is 等等。 只有两种可信赖的规律:当复数kinds 使用时, 指示代词和动词也只是复数:
These (not this ) kinds of films are (not is ) popular.
These(不是 this ) kinds of films are (不是 is ) popular。

(4)

By the same token, when both kind and the noun following it are singular, the verb must be singular:
由于同样的原因,当kind 和它后面跟的名词都是单数时, 动词必须是单数:
This kind of film is (not are ) popular.
This kind of film is(不是 are ) popular。

(5)

To this may be added a word of caution to American writers: despite the existence of ample literary precedent for these kind of films, the construction has been so thoroughly stigmatized by native grammarians that its use would have to be reckoned indiscreet, if not strictly incorrect.
关于这一点也许可以给美国作家加上一句警告:尽管有大量的像these kind of films 一样的文学上的先例存在, 这一结构已被本国的语法专家彻底否定掉,以至于它的用法即使不认为是严格的错误,也会被认作不慎重

现代英汉词典

kind
[kaInd]
n.

(1)

种;类
people of many kinds
多种类型的人
the only one of its kind
其中的一种
Try to find out what kind of people have the most need of help?
研究一下看看哪种人最需要帮助。
The same kinds of things are produced and sold by many different companies in the U.S.
美国许多不同的公司生产和出售着同类产品。

(2)

性质;属
They differ in degree but not in kind.
他们是程度不同, 而不是性质不同。

习惯用语

in kind
用实物(支付)

kind of
有点儿,有几分
She kind of hoped to be invited.
她有被邀请的希望。

of a kind
同类的;(质量)低劣的
coffee of a kind
质量低劣的咖啡

词性变化

kind
adj.
仁慈的;善良的;好心的
Be kind to animals
爱护动物
She was kind to me when I was unhappy.
当我不高兴的时候,她对我很好。
How kind of Bill to get our board and lodging ready.
"约翰真好,给我们安排好了食宿。"
Be kind enough to reply early.
请早日答复。

现代英汉综合大辞典

kind
[kaind]
adj.

(1)

仁慈的; 和蔼的; 友爱的

(2)

亲切的

(3)

善良的, 好心的

(4)

容易处理的

(5)

(毛)柔软的; (矿石)易采的
a kind heart
仁慈的心
be kind to
对...慈爱, 对...厚道
be so kind as to do (=be kind enough to do)
请; 承蒙...不胜感激
It's very kind of you to help us.
承蒙惠助, 不胜感激。
Will you be kind enough to open the door?
请您把门打开, 好吗?
Give my kind regards to ....
请代我向...问好。

继承用法

kindless
[`kaIndlIs]
adj.

kindlessly
adv.

参考词汇
kind     kindly     benevolent     gracious    
都含“善良的”、“慈善的”、“和蔼的”意思。

(1)

kind 指“心地善良、真诚、有同情体贴之心的”, 如:
That kind old man offered me some money.
那位善良的老人给了我一些钱。

(2)

kindly 语气比kind轻, 指“亲切的”、“有同情心的”, 主要指“性格善良的”, 特指“做善事的”, 如:
He gave me some kindly advice.
他给了我一些友善的忠告。

(3)

benevolent 指“慈善的”、“仁慈的”、“施舍的”, 如:
They organized a benevolent institution to help the poor and disabled.
他们组织了一个慈善机构帮助穷人和残疾人。

(4)

gracious 指“态度和蔼可亲的”、“彬彬有礼的”, 如:
She is a gracious lady.
她是位和蔼可亲的女士。
unkind     cruel     ungracious    

用法词典

kind
中古英语kynd〈古英语 cynd小孩,古挪威语kundr儿子

英文相关词典

kind
considerate    decent    friendly    generous    gentle    make    nature    sort    species    sympathetic    tender    thoughtful    type    variety    warmhearted    unkind    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

kind
种类

[七国语言]英汉生物学大词典

kind
种类

美国传统词典

kind
kind 1
AHD:[kond]
D.J.[kaind]
K.K.[ka!nd]
adj.
kind.er, kind.est

(1)

Of a friendly, generous, or warm-hearted nature.

(2)

Showing sympathy or understanding; charitable:
a kind word.

(3)

Humane; considerate:
kind to animals.

(4)

Forbearing; tolerant:
Our neighbor was very kind about the window we broke.

(5)

Generous; liberal:
kind words of praise.

(6)

Agreeable; beneficial:
a dry climate kind to asthmatics.

语源

(1)

Middle English [natural, kind]

(2)

from Old English gecynde [natural] * see gen-

参考词汇

(1)

kind, kindly, kindhearted, benign, benevolent

(2)

These adjectives apply to persons and their actions and mean having or showing a tender, considerate, and helping nature.

(3)

Kind and kindly are the least specific:
is kind to sick patients;
thanked her for her kind letter;
a kindly gentleman;
Ckindly criticism.

(4)

Kindhearted especially suggests an innately kind disposition:
a generous and kindhearted teacher.

(5)

Benign implies gentleness and mildness:
a benign smile;
benign intentions;
a benign ruler of millions.

(6)

Benevolent suggests charitableness and a desire to promote the welfare or happiness of others:
has a benevolent nature;
a benevolent contributor.

基本词义

kind
kind 2
AHD:[kond]
D.J.[kaind]
K.K.[ka!nd]
n.

(1)

A group of individuals linked by traits held in common.

(2)

A particular variety; a sort:
What kind of soap do you like best?See Synonyms at type

(3)

Fundamental, underlying character as a determinant of the class to which a thing belongs; nature or essence.

(4)

A doubtful or borderline member of a given category:
fashioned a kind of shelter; a kind of bluish color.

(5)

Archaic Manner.

习惯用语

all kinds ofInformal
Plenty of; ample:
We have all kinds of time to finish the job.

in kind

(1)

With produce or commodities rather than with money:
pay in kind.

(2)

In the same manner or with an equivalent:
returned the slight in kind.

kind ofInformal
Rather; somewhat:
I'm kind of hungry.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old English gecynd [race, offspring, kind] * see gen-

用法

(1)

The use of the plural demonstratives these and those with kind and sort, as in these kind (or sort ) of films, has been a traditional bugbear of American grammarians. By and large, British grammarians have been more tolerant, and the construction can be found in the works of British writers from Pope to Dickens to Churchill. Grammatically, the question boils down to whether kind and sort should be treated as head nouns (analogous to species or variety, for example) or whether they have become semantically weakened to the status of a sort of phrasal quantifier that functions like an adjective, analogous in some ways to bunch and number in expressions such as a bunch of friends, a number of reasons. If kind and sort are unambiguously nouns, one would expect to see only singular demonstratives and singular verbs accompanying them:
This kind of films is popular (compare This species of spider is found only in the New World ).

(2)

If they are functioning as adjectives, however, the plural demonstrative and plural verb should be acceptable:
These kind of films are popular.

(3)

In fact, the kind of construction can be plausibly analyzed either way, which is doubtless why writers have mixed and matched the number of demonstratives and verbs in just about every possible combination. We find reputable precedent for this kind of films are, these kind of films are, this kind of films is, these kind of films is, and so on. There are only two reliable regularities: when the plural kinds is used, the demonstrative and the verb must also be plural:
These (not this ) kinds of films are (not is ) popular.

(4)

By the same token, when both kind and the noun following it are singular, the verb must be singular:
This kind of film is (not are ) popular.

(5)

To this may be added a word of caution to American writers: despite the existence of ample literary precedent for these kind of films, the construction has been so thoroughly stigmatized by native grammarians that its use would have to be reckoned indiscreet, if not strictly incorrect.

英汉船舶大词典

kind
n.种类

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

kind
种类,类别

英汉法学大词典

kind
n.实物 ,种,种类

英汉航海大词典

kind
n.种

英汉环境大词典

kind
n.种类,性质

英汉海运大词典

kind
种类性质

基本词义

kind
种类性质亲切的

基本词义

kind
种类性质亲切的友好的

英汉经贸大词典

kind
n.种

英汉计算机大词典

kind
n.种类(性质);adj.和气的(易采的)

英汉机械大词典

kind
n.类,软

航空英语缩写词典

KIND
INDIANAPOLIS/INT 印第安纳波利斯/国际机场

英汉中医大词典

kind
n.种类,仁慈,好意

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