简明英汉词典

kidnap
[5kidnAp]
vt.
诱拐(小孩), 绑架, 勒赎

美国传统词典[双解]

kidnap
kid.nap
AHD:[k1d“n2p”]
D.J.[6kid7n#p]
K.K.[6k!d7n#p]
v.tr.(及物动词)
kid.napped或 kid.naped kid.nap.ping或 kid.nap.ing kid.naps或 kid.naps
To seize and detain unlawfully and usually for ransom.
绑架:非法地通常为得赎金而劫持

语源

(1)

Probably kid
可能为 kid

(2)

nap [to snatch] perhaps variant of nab [or of Scandinavian origin]
nap [夺,夺走] 可能为 nab的变体 [或许源于斯堪的纳维亚语]

继承用法

kidnap
n.(名词)

kidnapper 或

kidnaper
n.(名词)

注释
Kidnapper seems to have originated appropriately enough among those who perpetrate this crime. We know this because kid and napper, the two parts of the compound, were slang of the sort that criminals might use. Kid, which some still find slangy, was considered low slang when kidnapper was formed, and napper is obsolete slang for a thief, coming from the verb nap, “to seize a person or thing, steal.” Nap is possibly a variant of nab, which still has a slangy ring to it. In 1678, the year in which the word is first recorded, kidnappers plied their trade on behalf of plantations in colonies such as the ones in North America. The term later took on the broader sense that it has today. The verb kidnap is recorded later (1682) than the noun and so is possibly a back-formation, that is, people have assumed that a kidnapper kidnaps.
Kidnapper 似乎恰好源于犯这种罪的人。 我们知道这个复合词的两个部分kid 和 napper 是这种罪犯们可能用的俚语。 Kidnapper 形成时 kid 被认为是低等的俚语,现在kid仍有俚语性质, napper 是指小偷的废弃的俚语, 从动词nap 而来, 指“抓住人或东西,偷。”Nap 可能是nab 的变体, 它也仍有俚语的性质。1678年这个词在英语中第一次记录时,绑架者为了如北美的殖民地种植园的利益进行了大量绑架。这个词后来又有象今天这么广的含义,动词kidnap 比名词记录要晚(1682年), 所以可能是逆构词,也就是人们认为“绑架者”会绑架

现代英汉词典

kidnap
[5kIdnAp]
vt.
-pp-; (AmE.) -p-

(1)

绑架;绑票

(2)

诱拐(儿童)

现代英汉综合大辞典

kidnap
[5kidnAp]
vt.
([英]kidnap(p)ed; kidnap(p)ing )绑架, 拐骗

继承用法

kidnapee
[9kIdnA`pi:]
n.
[美]被绑架的人, 肉票

kidnap(p)er
n.
拐骗者; 绑架者

英文相关词典

kidnap
abduct    carry off    snatch    

美国传统词典

kidnap
kid.nap
AHD:[k1d“n2p”]
D.J.[6kid7n#p]
K.K.[6k!d7n#p]
v.tr.
kid.nappedor kid.naped kid.nap.pingor kid.nap.ing kid.napsor kid.naps
To seize and detain unlawfully and usually for ransom.

语源

(1)

Probably kid

(2)

nap [to snatch] perhaps variant of nab [or of Scandinavian origin]

继承用法

kidnap
n.

kidnapper or

kidnaper
n.

注释
Kidnapper seems to have originated appropriately enough among those who perpetrate this crime. We know this because kid and napper, the two parts of the compound, were slang of the sort that criminals might use. Kid, which some still find slangy, was considered low slang when kidnapper was formed, and napper is obsolete slang for a thief, coming from the verb nap, “to seize a person or thing, steal.” Nap is possibly a variant of nab, which still has a slangy ring to it. In 1678, the year in which the word is first recorded, kidnappers plied their trade on behalf of plantations in colonies such as the ones in North America. The term later took on the broader sense that it has today. The verb kidnap is recorded later (1682) than the noun and so is possibly a back-formation, that is, people have assumed that a kidnapper kidnaps.

英汉法学大词典

kidnap
v.绑架 ,拐骗 ,拐骗,绑票,诱拐 ;n.绑架

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