简明英汉词典

ketchup
[5ketFEp]
n.
调味蕃茄酱

美国传统词典[双解]

ketchup
ketch.up
AHD:[kμch“…p, k2ch“-] 也作 catch.up [k2ch“…p, kμch“-] 或 cat.sup [k2t“s…p, k2ch“…p, kμch“-]
D.J.[6ket.*p, 6k#t.-]也作 catch.up [6k#t.*p, 6ket.-]或 cat.sup [6k#ts*p, 6k#t.*p, 6ket.-]
K.K.[6kWt.*p, 6k#t.-]也作 catch.up [6k#t.*p, 6kWt.-]或 cat.sup [6k#ts*p, 6k#t.*p, 6kWt.-]
n.(名词)
A condiment consisting of a thick, smooth-textured, spicy sauce usually made from tomatoes.
调味番茄酱:含有粘稠且质地平滑的辛辣酱的调味品,通常用番茄制成

语源

(1)

Probably Malay k?p [fish sauce]
可能为 马来语 k?p [鱼酱]

(2)

possibly from Chinese (Cantonese) k?p
可能源自 汉语(广东话) k?p

注释
The word ketchup exemplifies the types of modifications that can take place in the borrowing process, both in the borrowing of a word and in the borrowing of a substance. The source of our word ketchup may be the Malay word k?, possibly taken into Malay from the Cantonese dialect of Chinese. K?, like our word, referred to a kind of sauce, but a sauce without tomatoes; rather, it contained fish brine, herbs, and spices. The sauce seems to have emigrated to Europe by way of sailors, where it was made with locally available ingredients such as the juice of mushrooms or walnuts. At some point, when the juice of tomatoes was first used, ketchup as we know it was born. However, it is important to realize that in the 18th and 19th centuries ketchup was a generic term for sauces whose only common ingredient was vinegar. The word is first recorded in English in 1690 in the form catchup, in 1711 in the form ketchup, and in 1730 in the form catsup. These three spelling variants of a foreign borrowing remain current.
ketchup 这个词显示出在借词过程中的变异, 既发生在借词上又发生物质转借上。ketch up 这个词的来源大约是马来词 kechap , 可能是从中国广东方言变为马来语的。Kechap 也象ketchup一样指一种酱, 但是不含番茄的酱,而是含咸鱼汁、药草和香料。大概是由水手们传到欧洲,在欧洲只能用当地有的调料如蘑菇或胡桃汁制成。当番茄汁初次被被使用时,我们所指的调味番茄酱便产生了。但应注意的是18和19世纪时,ketchup 是表示一般成分只含醋的调料的通用词。 1690年这个词首先以catchup 的形式在英语中出现, 1711年改为ketchup , 1730年又改为catsup 。 这个外来词的三种不同拼法现在都通行

现代英汉词典

ketchup
[5ketFEp]
n.
番茄酱 (亦作: catsup)

现代英汉综合大辞典

ketchup
[5ketFEp]
n.
(=catsup, catchup)番茄酱, 番茄沙司

特殊用法

cocktail ketchup
什锦调味番茄酱

tomato ketchup
调味番茄酱

美国传统词典

ketchup
ketch.up
AHD:[kμch“…p, k2ch“-] also catch.up [k2ch“…p, kμch“-] or cat.sup [k2t“s…p, k2ch“…p, kμch“-]
D.J.[6ket.*p, 6k#t.-]also catch.up [6k#t.*p, 6ket.-]or cat.sup [6k#ts*p, 6k#t.*p, 6ket.-]
K.K.[6kWt.*p, 6k#t.-]also catch.up [6k#t.*p, 6kWt.-]or cat.sup [6k#ts*p, 6k#t.*p, 6kWt.-]
n.
A condiment consisting of a thick, smooth-textured, spicy sauce usually made from tomatoes.

语源

(1)

Probably Malay k?p [fish sauce]

(2)

possibly from Chinese (Cantonese) k?p

注释
The word ketchup exemplifies the types of modifications that can take place in the borrowing process, both in the borrowing of a word and in the borrowing of a substance. The source of our word ketchup may be the Malay word k?, possibly taken into Malay from the Cantonese dialect of Chinese. K?, like our word, referred to a kind of sauce, but a sauce without tomatoes; rather, it contained fish brine, herbs, and spices. The sauce seems to have emigrated to Europe by way of sailors, where it was made with locally available ingredients such as the juice of mushrooms or walnuts. At some point, when the juice of tomatoes was first used, ketchup as we know it was born. However, it is important to realize that in the 18th and 19th centuries ketchup was a generic term for sauces whose only common ingredient was vinegar. The word is first recorded in English in 1690 in the form catchup, in 1711 in the form ketchup, and in 1730 in the form catsup. These three spelling variants of a foreign borrowing remain current.

英汉进出口商品词汇大全

ketchup
[调味]番茄酱,番茄沙司

英汉农牧林大词典

ketchup
n.调味番茄酱,番茄沙司

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