简明英汉词典

keep
[ki:p]
n.
保持, 保养, 生计, 监狱, [史]要塞
vt.
保持, 保存, 遵守, 经营, 看守, 拘留, 维持, 记(日记,帐等)
vi.
保持, 继续不断

美国传统词典[双解]

keep
keep
AHD:[k?p]
D.J.[ki8p]
K.K.[kip]
v.(动词)
kept[kμpt] keep.ingkeeps
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To retain possession of:
拥有,占有:保持对…的拥有:
kept the change; must keep your equanimity.
保管零钱;务必保持冷静

(2)

To have as a supply:
储存:作为供给而拥有:
keep a cord of wood in the shed.
将木材储存在小屋里

(3)

To provide (a family, for example) with maintenance and support:
抚养,赡养:为(如家庭)提供家用和支持:
“There's little to earn and many to keep”(Charles Kingsley)
“赚的钱少,要养的人却多”(查尔斯·金斯利)

(4)

To put customarily; store:
习惯上放在;存放:
Where do you keep your saw?
你把锯放在哪儿?

(5)

To supply with room and board for a charge:
提供食宿:收费并为…提供食宿:
keep boarders.
为寄宿生提供食宿

(6)

To raise:
抚养,饲养:
keep chickens.
养鸡

(7)

To maintain for use or service:
备有:为利用或服务而持有:
a city dweller who didn't keep a car.
没有汽车的城市居民

(8)

To manage, tend, or have charge of:
管理、照管或负责…:
Keep the shop while I'm away.
我不在的时候你要照看商店

(9)

To preserve (food).
保存(食物)

(10)

To cause to continue in a state, condition, or course of action:
维持:使…保持某一状态、情况或过程的动作:
attempted to keep the patient calm.
试图使病人镇静

(11)

To maintain records in:
记载,记入:保存记录于:
keep a yearly diary.
记载年纪

(12)

To enter (data) in a book:
记录(资料)于书里:
keep financial records.
记录财务记录

(13)

To detain:
留住,耽搁:
was kept after school.
放学后被留下来

(14)

To restrain:
控制:
kept the child away from the hot stove; kept the crowd back with barriers.
别让孩子走近热炉子;用屏障挡住人群

(15)

To prevent or deter:
阻止,制止:
tried to keep the ice from melting.
防止冰融化

(16)

To refrain from divulging:
使…不泄露:
keep a secret.
保守秘密

(17)

To save; reserve:
保存;积攒:
keep extra money for emergencies.
攒下多余的钱以备急用

(18)

To maintain:
保持:
keep late hours.
经常晚睡

(19)

To adhere to; fulfill:
坚持;完成:
keep one's word; keep a busy schedule.
履行诺言;按紧张的日程表完成

(20)

To celebrate; observe.
庆祝;欢度
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To remain in a state or condition; stay:
保持,维持:保持某种状态或情况;保持:
keep in line; keep quiet; kept well.
排好队;保持安静;保鲜

(2)

To continue to do:
继续做:
keep on talking; keep guessing.
继续讲话;继续猜

(3)

To remain fresh or unspoiled:
保持新鲜或不腐败:
The dessert won't keep.
沙拉不易久放
n.(名词)

(1)

Care; charge:
照顾;管理:
The child is in my keep for the day.
今天这孩子由我照顾

(2)

The means by which one is supported:
生计:人生存所需物品:
earn one's keep.
挣钱糊口

(3)

The stronghold of a castle.
要塞:城堡的把守要点

(4)

A jail.
监狱

常用词组

keep at
To persevere in work or an action.
坚持做…:继续某项工作或行为

keep down
To prevent from growing, accomplishing, or succeeding:
压制,镇压:阻止…成长、完成或成功:
keep down prices; keep the revolutionaries down.
控制物价;镇压革命

keep off
To stay away from.
躲开,避开

keep to
To adhere to:
坚持,信守:
keep to the original purpose.
遵守原定宗旨

keep up

(1)

To maintain in good condition:
保持良好状态:
kept up the property.
保存财产

(2)

To persevere in; carry on:
保持;继续:
We asked her to stop talking, but she kept up.
我们请她别再说话了,但她依旧说下去

(3)

To continue at the same level or pace.
并行:按相同的水平或步伐继续下去

(4)

To match one's competitors, colleagues, or neighbors in success or lifestyle:
不落后,赶得上:赶上对手、同事或邻居,指在成就或生活方式上:
unsuccessfully tried to keep up with his associates.
没能赶上他的同事们

习惯用语

for keeps

(1)

For an indefinitely long period:
永远地:无限长的一段时间:
gave the ring to me for keeps.
把这个戒指永久性地送给了我

(2)

Seriously and permanently:
严肃而永久地:
We're separating for keeps.
我们从此一刀两断

keep an eye out
To be watchful.
警觉

keep company
To carry on a courtship:
相爱:
a couple who kept company but never married.
彼此相爱却不结婚的一对情侣

keep (one's) chin up
To be stalwart, courageous, or optimistic in the face of difficulty.
乐观,坚定:在困难面前坚定、勇敢或乐观

keep (one's) eyes open或

keep (one's) eyes peeled
To be on the lookout.
警觉,小心

keep (one's) nose clean【非正式用语】
To stay out of trouble.
避开麻烦

keep pace
To stay even with others, as in a contest.
并列:与其他人并驾齐驱,如在比赛中

keep (someone) company
To accompany or remain with.
陪伴:陪伴或与…呆在一起

keep time

(1)

To indicate the correct time.
显示准确时间

(2)

Music To maintain the tempo or rhythm.
【音乐】 保持节奏或旋律

keep to (oneself)

(1)

To shun the company of others:
避开其他人的陪伴:
She kept to herself all morning.
整个上午她自己一个人呆着

(2)

To refrain from divulging:
使…不泄露:
He kept the news to himself.
他对这个消息秘而不宣

语源

(1)

Middle English kepen
中古英语 kepen

(2)

from Old English c?n [to observe, seize]
源自 古英语 c?n [观察,抓住]

参考词汇

(1)

keepretainwithholdreserve

(2)

These verbs mean to have and maintain in one's possession or control.
这些动词都表示“使…作为并保持在自己的所有或控制之下”。

(3)

Keep is the most general:
Keep 是其中最笼统的:
We received a tempting offer for the house but decided to keep it.
我们得到一个很有诱惑力的开价,但还是决定不卖这座房子。
I don't know which is more difficult—to earn money or to keep it.
我不知道挣钱和存钱哪个更难。

(4)

Retain means to continue to hold, especially in the face of possible loss:
Retain 意思是继续持有,尤指在有可能失去的情况下:
“The executor . . . is allowed to pay himself first, by retaining in his hands so much as his debt amounts to” (William Blackstone).
“遗嘱执行人可以先自己支付,但需在手上保存有与自己的债务相当的钱” (威廉·布莱克斯通)。

(5)

Withhold implies reluctance or refusal to give, grant, or allow:
Withhold 暗指不情愿或拒绝给予、赋予或允许:
The tenants withheld their rent until the landlord repaired the boiler. To reserve is to hold back for the future or for a special purpose:
房客等到房东修了锅炉之后才交房租。 Reserve 指为将来或某一特殊目的而保留:
I will reserve my questions for the discussion period.
我把问题保留到讨论的时候。
The farmer reserved two acres for an orchard. See also Synonyms at livelihood, observe
这个农场主留出两亩地做果园 参见同义词 livelihoodobserve

现代英汉词典

keep
[ki:p]
vt., vi.
kept, keeping

(1)

保留;保守
I keep old letters.
我保存旧信。
I'll keep the original copy of your report on file.
我会把你报告的原件归档的。
It's an interesting suggestion and we'll keep it on ice.
"这是一项有趣的建议,我们将留待以后考虑采用。"

(2)

保持;继续
We will keep on trying and, if we get anything done, will notify you.
我们将继续努力,有结果将通知你。
Leaders shouldn't keep themselves aloof from the masses.
领导人决不应该脱离群众。
Keep calm!
安静!
You shouldn't keep chopping and changing like this; you'd better make up your mind right now!
"你不能再这样变化无常了,最好现在就拿定主意!"

(3)

遵守
He keeps to his promise.
他守约。
"Everyone should keep discipline, and you, officers are no exception."
"每个人都应该遵守纪律,你们军官也不例外。"

(4)

保卫;保护
Keep the baby warm.
别把婴儿冻着。

(5)

(常与from连用)防止;抑制
Keep one's temper。
抑制住不发脾气。
Keep a curb on your anger.
请抑制住怒气。

(6)

扣留;留下
Please keep me a place in the queue.
请在队里给我留个位置。

(7)

赡养;饲养
to keep a dog
养狗
Farmers usually keep chickens in their backyard.
农民们通常在自己的后院养鸡。

(8)

经营;经销;管理
to keep a shop
开商店
to keep house
治家

(9)

(常与from连用)远离;不接触
Keep away from the scene of the accident.
勿靠近事故现场。
"Their dog looked dangerous, so we decided to keep our distance from it."
"他们家那条狗样子很凶恶,因此我们决定离它远一点。"
But the stone walls keep the farmer's cows from joining his neighbor's cows.
但是石头墙使这家农民的母牛不会加入到邻居的牛群中去。

(10)

庆祝;纪念
to keep Christmas
庆祝圣诞节

(11)

防卫;防守
to keep a town against the enemy
守城御敌
The police are keeping / standing guard over the house.
警察正派人守护着这幢房子。

(12)

保密;不说
You are keeping something from me.
你对我保密。

习惯用语

keep one's distance
远离;保持远距离
The deer did not trust us and kept their distance.
鹿不相信我们,和我们保持一定的距离。

keep time
走时准确
Does your watch keep time?
你的表走得准吗?

keep up with the Joneses
赶时髦;与他人攀比

keep watch
留意;注意;守望

词性变化

keep
n.
生计
to earn one's keep
谋生

习惯用语

for keeps
永远地;永久地
This gold medal is yours for keeps.
这个金牌永远属于你。

常用词组

keep at
坚持做,不放弃

keep away
使离开,使站开

keep back

(1)

阻止,阻挡
The police tried to keep the crowd back from the injured man.
警察试图挡住人群,不让他们靠近受伤的人。

(2)

隐瞒,保留
He can keep nothing back from his friends.
他向朋友什么也瞒不住。

(3)

扣下;留下
The boss keeps back $50 a month towards my uniform.
老板每月扣我50美元服装费。

keep down

(1)

控制,压制
They are taking steps to keep down the rabbit population.
他们采取步骤控制兔子的繁殖增长。

(2)

卧下;蹲下;不举起
Keep down — they're shooting at us!
趴下,他们向我们开枪呢。

(3)

咽下;不吐出
I feel ill, doctor, and I can't keep any food down.
大夫,我病了,咽不下任何东西。

(4)

压低声音

keep in with
和…保持友谊

keep off
避开;不接近
Keep off the grass!
请勿践踏草地!
My doctor has warned me to keep off sugar.
我的医生劝我别吃糖。
Keep your dog off me.
把你的狗从我这儿拿开!
"Keep off oil, or else it will perish your rubber boots."
"不要碰油,否则会把你的橡胶鞋弄坏的。"

keep on

(1)

继续;保持
He just kept on writing.
他正在继续写。

(2)

(与at连用)纠缠

keep out
关在门外;不准入内
to keep the smoke out
不让烟进来
This coat keeps out the wind.
这大衣挡风。

keep out of
躲开;置身于…之外
Do you try to keep out of trouble!
你得躲开这麻烦。
Keep out of the sun.
避免日照。
Keep out of mischief.
不要再捣蛋了。

keep to
坚持;保持;不离开
He always keeps to his promises.
他总是说话算数的。
We kept to the roads we knew.
我们不离开我们认识的路。

keep to oneself
对…守口如瓶
He kept his conclusions to himself.
他对他的结论守口如瓶。

keep up

(1)

继续;坚持
If this rain keeps up the garden will be ruined.
如果这雨继续下,花园就完蛋了。

(2)

保持;维持
The high cost of materials keeps up prices.
材料的昂贵费用使价格居高不下。
Keep your chin up!
不要气馁!;不要灰心!

keep up with
跟上;不落后;赶上
Don't run — I can't keep up with you.
别跑了,我赶不上你了。
Are wages keeping up with inflation?
工资跟得上通货膨胀吗?

现代英汉综合大辞典

keep
[ki:p]
vt.
(kept [kept])

(1)

保持,保存;保守(秘密)

(2)

保藏,收藏, 防护

(3)

使保持(某种状态)

(4)

履行; 遵守

(5)

庆祝; 过(年、节); 举行(仪式)

(6)

整理; 料理

(7)

备有(商品等); 经售

(8)

记(日记、帐等)

(9)

赡养; 雇用

(10)

饲养

(11)

经营, 开设

(12)

留住, 挽留; 拘留

(13)

保持...(状态, 活动等)

(14)

防止, 预防

(15)

保卫, 保证

(16)

继续遵循
keep a stick in one's hand
手里拿一根棍子
keep a town against the enemy
保卫城市抗击敌人
be kept dry
保持干燥
keep one's head
保持冷静
keepone's temper
强压怒火
keep one's word
履行诺言
keep one's birthday
祝寿
keep a school
开办学校
keep chickens
养鸡
keep a family
养家活口
keep the law
守法
keep sb. long
耽搁某人很久
keep sb. in custody
拘留某人
keep the middle of the road
一直沿着路中间走
keep nothing from sb.
什么事都不瞒某人
keep sb. from hurting himself
防止某人受伤
keep time
合节拍
keep watch
担任警戒
K-the change.
不必找钱了。

词性变化

keep
[ki:p]
vi.

(1)

保持着某种状态

(2)

继续不断

(3)

(食物等)保持不坏

(4)

[口](店铺等)开着; (学校等)上课

(5)

拖延

(6)

[口]逗留, 住, 呆

(7)

保持某种路线(方向, 距离, 活动等)
keep smiling
笑脸常开
keep indoors
留在家中不出来 K-dry! 切勿受潮! K-silent! 别作声。
News of successes keeps pouring in.
捷报频传。
He kept us going in beer.
他长期供应我们啤酒。
Meat doesn't keep in hot weather.
热天, 肉保存不住。
School keeps till four o'clock.
学校上课到四点钟。
The matter will keep till tomorrow.
这件事搁到明天再说。
Traffic keeps to the right.
车辆靠右行驶。
K-straight on.
直向前进。
K-off the grass.
请勿踏草坪。

keep
[ki:p]
n.

(1)

保持; 保养; 管理

(2)

生计, 衣食; 饲料

(3)

【史】要塞; 城堡的高楼(最坚固部分)
be worth one's keep
值得保存[饲养]

习惯用语

earn one's keep

(1)

挣钱维持生活

(2)

值得雇用; 值得豢养

for keeps
[美俚]最后地; 永远地; 认真地; 永远占有

in bad keep
保存得不好

in low keep
保存得不好

in good keep
保存得好

in high keep
保存得好

keepabreast (of, with)
与...并进, 跟上, 不落后于...

keep after

(1)

一直追赶, 不断追踪

(2)

不断地说, 反复地说

keep ahead (of)
保持(对...的)领先地位

keep at

(1)

(=keep on at)纠缠(某人)

(2)

(=keep sb. at sth.) 强迫某人不停地做某事

(3)

坚持不懈地做(某事)

keep at it
[口]加油干, 使劲, 别松劲!

keep away
离开, 避开

keep back
退缩; 隐瞒; 留[扣]下; 阻止

keep clear of
避开, 躲避

keep down
蹲下; 控制; 阻止增长; 缩减; 用小活字排印; 使(食物, 药等)不吐出来

keep from
避开; 禁止; 隐瞒; 克制

keep going

(1)

维持下去

(2)

使继续下去

keep in
扣留; 抑制; 隐瞒; 使(火)不熄灭; 使维持(某种)状态

keep in with sb.
与某人友好相处; 不断讨好

keep indoors
呆在家里, 不外出

keep it up
不松劲, 照原样继续下去

keep off
避开; 不(让)接近; 防止; (雨雪)没有下

keep on

(1)

继续; 穿[戴]着不脱

(2)

继续下去, 坚持下去

(3)

继续雇用(某人)

(4)

(与 about 连用)继续谈论

keep on at
纠缠不休; 继续不断地抱怨(某人)

keep on with
继续(做某事)

keep to oneself
不与人交往, 离群独居

keep out
把...关在外面; 阻止入内; 不参加; 不进去;【刷】疏排

keep out of
置身于...之外, 使不参预或不卷入

keep sb. advised in sth.
使某人随时知道某事的进展情况

keep sb. going in sth.
继续不断地向某人供应某物

keep sth. to oneself
保守秘密, 不告诉别人

keep sb. underfoot
控制某人; 把某人长期踩在脚下; 使某人长期处于从属地位

keep to

(1)

坚持; 坚守; 不违背(诺言、计划等)

(2)

不离开..., 留在...

keep together

(1)

(使)不分散

(2)

(使)动作协调

keep under

(1)

控制, 压住

(2)

压迫, 压制

(3)

使处于麻醉状态

keep up
坚持; 维持; 继续; 不低落; 不为(疾病等)所屈;【刷】用大写正体排印

keep up with

(1)

跟上, 不落后; 与...并肩前进

(2)

与...保持接触

参考词汇
keep     retain     withhold     reserve    
都含“保持”、“保存”的意思。

(1)

keep 系常用词, 指“使继续下去”“使较长时期地置于不脱离控制、掌握、照料或变化之下”, 如:
keep the room clean.
保持室内清洁。

(2)

retain 较正式, 强调“继续保持”, 特指“保持使不失去或被夺走”, 如:
He has managed to retain most of his fortune.
他设法保存了他的大部分财产。

(3)

withhold 强调“保留”、“隐匿”, 指“阻止其离去或泄漏”, 如:
Fear made him withhold the truth.
恐惧使他不敢说实话。

(4)

reserve 指“为一目的保持, 或保存一段时间”, 如:
A great future is reserved for you.
光明的前程在等待着你。
relinquish    

用法词典

keep
中古英语kepen〈古英语cepan保持

英文相关词典

keep
conserve    guard    have    hold    maintain    preserve    protect    save    tend    break    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

keep
持有;维持;坚持;保存

英汉双解计算机词典

keep

版块
In a source document, a collection of lines of text to be printed in the same column. When the vertical space remaining in the current column is insufficient for the block of text, the text is printed in the next column. In the case of single-column format,the next column is on the next page.
在源文件中,打印在相同栏内的若干正文行的集合。在当前栏内所剩余的纵向空间放不 下既定一段正文时,则这段正文从下一栏开始打印[或印刷]。在单栏格式的情况下, 下一栏便是下一页。

美国传统词典

keep
keep
AHD:[k?p]
D.J.[ki8p]
K.K.[kip]
v.
kept[kμpt] keep.ing, keeps
v.tr.

(1)

To retain possession of:
kept the change; must keep your equanimity.

(2)

To have as a supply:
keep a cord of wood in the shed.

(3)

To provide (a family, for example) with maintenance and support:
“There's little to earn and many to keep”(Charles Kingsley)

(4)

To put customarily; store:
Where do you keep your saw?

(5)

To supply with room and board for a charge:
keep boarders.

(6)

To raise:
keep chickens.

(7)

To maintain for use or service:
a city dweller who didn't keep a car.

(8)

To manage, tend, or have charge of:
Keep the shop while I'm away.

(9)

To preserve (food).

(10)

To cause to continue in a state, condition, or course of action:
attempted to keep the patient calm.

(11)

To maintain records in:
keep a yearly diary.

(12)

To enter (data) in a book:
keep financial records.

(13)

To detain:
was kept after school.

(14)

To restrain:
kept the child away from the hot stove; kept the crowd back with barriers.

(15)

To prevent or deter:
tried to keep the ice from melting.

(16)

To refrain from divulging:
keep a secret.

(17)

To save; reserve:
keep extra money for emergencies.

(18)

To maintain:
keep late hours.

(19)

To adhere to; fulfill:
keep one's word; keep a busy schedule.

(20)

To celebrate; observe.
v.intr.

(1)

To remain in a state or condition; stay:
keep in line; keep quiet; kept well.

(2)

To continue to do:
keep on talking; keep guessing.

(3)

To remain fresh or unspoiled:
The dessert won't keep.
n.

(1)

Care; charge:
The child is in my keep for the day.

(2)

The means by which one is supported:
earn one's keep.

(3)

The stronghold of a castle.

(4)

A jail.

常用词组

keep at
To persevere in work or an action.

keep down
To prevent from growing, accomplishing, or succeeding:
keep down prices; keep the revolutionaries down.

keep off
To stay away from.

keep to
To adhere to:
keep to the original purpose.

keep up

(1)

To maintain in good condition:
kept up the property.

(2)

To persevere in; carry on:
We asked her to stop talking, but she kept up.

(3)

To continue at the same level or pace.

(4)

To match one's competitors, colleagues, or neighbors in success or lifestyle:
unsuccessfully tried to keep up with his associates.

习惯用语

for keeps

(1)

For an indefinitely long period:
gave the ring to me for keeps.

(2)

Seriously and permanently:
We're separating for keeps.

keep an eye out
To be watchful.

keep company
To carry on a courtship:
a couple who kept company but never married.

keep (one's) chin up
To be stalwart, courageous, or optimistic in the face of difficulty.

keep (one's) eyes openor

keep (one's) eyes peeled
To be on the lookout.

keep (one's) nose cleanInformal
To stay out of trouble.

keep pace
To stay even with others, as in a contest.

keep (someone) company
To accompany or remain with.

keep time

(1)

To indicate the correct time.

(2)

Music To maintain the tempo or rhythm.

keep to (oneself)

(1)

To shun the company of others:
She kept to herself all morning.

(2)

To refrain from divulging:
He kept the news to himself.

语源

(1)

Middle English kepen

(2)

from Old English c?n [to observe, seize]

参考词汇

(1)

keep, retain, withhold, reserve

(2)

These verbs mean to have and maintain in one's possession or control.

(3)

Keep is the most general:
We received a tempting offer for the house but decided to keep it.
I don't know which is more difficult—to earn money or to keep it.

(4)

Retain means to continue to hold, especially in the face of possible loss:
“The executor . . . is allowed to pay himself first, by retaining in his hands so much as his debt amounts to” (William Blackstone).

(5)

Withhold implies reluctance or refusal to give, grant, or allow:
The tenants withheld their rent until the landlord repaired the boiler. To reserve is to hold back for the future or for a special purpose:
I will reserve my questions for the discussion period.
The farmer reserved two acres for an orchard. See also Synonyms at livelihood, observe

英汉船舶大词典

keep
n.保持,保留,盒底

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

KEEP
保持语句;【NT,WIN】保留

英汉法学大词典

keep
v.保守 ,留置,履行,赡养,保持,保有

英汉航海大词典

keep
n.保存

英汉航空大词典

keep
n.保持,保存;n.保持,保护

英汉化学大词典

keep
vt.保持,经营,扣留,遵守,拿着;n.保持,看守,盒底,生活资料,坚固据点

英汉海运大词典

keep
保持保留记住保防守遵守履行记载

基本词义

keep
保持,维持保养遵守,履行经营,管理记载,记入保持,保存保,看守遵守,履行

基本词义

keep
保持,维护,保养保持,保存保,看守遵守

基本词义

keep
a good offing : 保持离陆地远些航行

基本词义

keep
维持,保养,经营,管理,记入,保存,看守,保持,保留,记住,保,防守,遵守,履行,记载

基本词义

keep
维持保养经营,管理记入保存看守保持保留记住保防守遵守履行记载维护

英汉经贸大词典

keep
n.保存

英汉计算机大词典

keep
vt.保持(经营,扣留;n.保持(看守,盒底

英汉机械大词典

keep
n.保持,拿着

英汉建筑大词典

keep
n.保持,维持,持续

英汉农牧林大词典

keep
n.保存,保持,储藏

英汉水利大词典

keep
n.保持,继续,贮备

英汉心理学大词典

keep
保存

英汉中医大词典

keep
n.保持,使...

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