简明英汉词典

keep watch
值班

现代英汉词典

keep
[ki:p]
vt., vi.
kept, keeping

(1)

保留;保守
I keep old letters.
我保存旧信。
I'll keep the original copy of your report on file.
我会把你报告的原件归档的。
It's an interesting suggestion and we'll keep it on ice.
"这是一项有趣的建议,我们将留待以后考虑采用。"

(2)

保持;继续
We will keep on trying and, if we get anything done, will notify you.
我们将继续努力,有结果将通知你。
Leaders shouldn't keep themselves aloof from the masses.
领导人决不应该脱离群众。
Keep calm!
安静!
You shouldn't keep chopping and changing like this; you'd better make up your mind right now!
"你不能再这样变化无常了,最好现在就拿定主意!"

(3)

遵守
He keeps to his promise.
他守约。
"Everyone should keep discipline, and you, officers are no exception."
"每个人都应该遵守纪律,你们军官也不例外。"

(4)

保卫;保护
Keep the baby warm.
别把婴儿冻着。

(5)

(常与from连用)防止;抑制
Keep one's temper。
抑制住不发脾气。
Keep a curb on your anger.
请抑制住怒气。

(6)

扣留;留下
Please keep me a place in the queue.
请在队里给我留个位置。

(7)

赡养;饲养
to keep a dog
养狗
Farmers usually keep chickens in their backyard.
农民们通常在自己的后院养鸡。

(8)

经营;经销;管理
to keep a shop
开商店
to keep house
治家

(9)

(常与from连用)远离;不接触
Keep away from the scene of the accident.
勿靠近事故现场。
"Their dog looked dangerous, so we decided to keep our distance from it."
"他们家那条狗样子很凶恶,因此我们决定离它远一点。"
But the stone walls keep the farmer's cows from joining his neighbor's cows.
但是石头墙使这家农民的母牛不会加入到邻居的牛群中去。

(10)

庆祝;纪念
to keep Christmas
庆祝圣诞节

(11)

防卫;防守
to keep a town against the enemy
守城御敌
The police are keeping / standing guard over the house.
警察正派人守护着这幢房子。

(12)

保密;不说
You are keeping something from me.
你对我保密。

习惯用语

keep one's distance
远离;保持远距离
The deer did not trust us and kept their distance.
鹿不相信我们,和我们保持一定的距离。

keep time
走时准确
Does your watch keep time?
你的表走得准吗?

keep up with the Joneses
赶时髦;与他人攀比

keep watch
留意;注意;守望

词性变化

keep
n.
生计
to earn one's keep
谋生

习惯用语

for keeps
永远地;永久地
This gold medal is yours for keeps.
这个金牌永远属于你。

常用词组

keep at
坚持做,不放弃

keep away
使离开,使站开

keep back

(1)

阻止,阻挡
The police tried to keep the crowd back from the injured man.
警察试图挡住人群,不让他们靠近受伤的人。

(2)

隐瞒,保留
He can keep nothing back from his friends.
他向朋友什么也瞒不住。

(3)

扣下;留下
The boss keeps back $50 a month towards my uniform.
老板每月扣我50美元服装费。

keep down

(1)

控制,压制
They are taking steps to keep down the rabbit population.
他们采取步骤控制兔子的繁殖增长。

(2)

卧下;蹲下;不举起
Keep down — they're shooting at us!
趴下,他们向我们开枪呢。

(3)

咽下;不吐出
I feel ill, doctor, and I can't keep any food down.
大夫,我病了,咽不下任何东西。

(4)

压低声音

keep in with
和…保持友谊

keep off
避开;不接近
Keep off the grass!
请勿践踏草地!
My doctor has warned me to keep off sugar.
我的医生劝我别吃糖。
Keep your dog off me.
把你的狗从我这儿拿开!
"Keep off oil, or else it will perish your rubber boots."
"不要碰油,否则会把你的橡胶鞋弄坏的。"

keep on

(1)

继续;保持
He just kept on writing.
他正在继续写。

(2)

(与at连用)纠缠

keep out
关在门外;不准入内
to keep the smoke out
不让烟进来
This coat keeps out the wind.
这大衣挡风。

keep out of
躲开;置身于…之外
Do you try to keep out of trouble!
你得躲开这麻烦。
Keep out of the sun.
避免日照。
Keep out of mischief.
不要再捣蛋了。

keep to
坚持;保持;不离开
He always keeps to his promises.
他总是说话算数的。
We kept to the roads we knew.
我们不离开我们认识的路。

keep to oneself
对…守口如瓶
He kept his conclusions to himself.
他对他的结论守口如瓶。

keep up

(1)

继续;坚持
If this rain keeps up the garden will be ruined.
如果这雨继续下,花园就完蛋了。

(2)

保持;维持
The high cost of materials keeps up prices.
材料的昂贵费用使价格居高不下。
Keep your chin up!
不要气馁!;不要灰心!

keep up with
跟上;不落后;赶上
Don't run — I can't keep up with you.
别跑了,我赶不上你了。
Are wages keeping up with inflation?
工资跟得上通货膨胀吗?

现代英汉综合大辞典

watch
[wCtF]
vt.

(1)

注视; 注意

(2)

密切地观察; 为...守卫[监视]

(3)

看守; 照顾; 看护

(4)

注意等待
watch a game
观看一场比赛
watch television
看电视
watch the development of affairs
注意局势的发展
watch a baby
看护婴儿
watch a patient
护理病人
watch a flock of sheep
看守一群羊
watch a chance (an opportunity)
等待时机
He was watch ing the crowd go by.
他注视着人群走过。
The man is being watched by the police.
警方正监视那个人。

词性变化

watch
[wCtF]
vi.

(1)

注意, 注视

(2)

照看; 监视

(3)

注意等待

(4)

守夜
He sat there watching, but said nothing.
他坐在那里看着, 但没说什么。
We cannot just watch with fold arms.
我们不能袖手旁观。
Watch out!
留神!
The old man watched for a chance to cross the street.
老人注意等待机会过街。
The nurse watches with the sick.
护士在看护病人。

watch
[wCtF]
n.

(1)

(手)表

(2)

看守; 守夜

(3)

注意; 警戒; 谨防; 监视

(4)

值班人员; 值班时间

(5)

[古]更夫, 值夜人
set a watch
将表对准
a watch beside a sick-bed
在病床旁守夜
keep watch at night
值夜
watch and ward
看管或守夜
keep watch against thieves
谨防小偷
keep a good watch over a child
好好照看小孩
I was on duty during the morning watch.
我值早班。

继承用法

watchband
[`wCtFbAnd, `wR:-]
n.
表带

watchcase
[`wCtFkeIs, `wR:-]
n.
表壳

watchcry
n.
(=-word)口号, 口令, 标语

watchdog
[5wRtFdR^]
n.

(1)

看家狗

(2)

警犬

(3)

监视 人

watch-hour
n.
值班时间

watchhouse
n.
哨所, 岗亭; 拘留所

watch-keeper
n.
值班员, 看守人

watch-keeping
n.
值班

watchmaker
n.
钟表制造或修理者

watchman
[5wRtFmEn]
n.

(1)

看守人, 警卫员

(2)

[古]更夫

watchnight
adj.
除夕的

watchroom
n.
值班室

watchtower
n.
岗楼, 了望塔

watchword
[5wRtFw\:d]
n.

(1)

口号, 标语

(2)

【军】口令

(3)

暗语[号]

watchwork
[`wCtFw\:k, `wR:-]
n.
手表机构

watchable
[`wCtFEbl, `wR:-]
adj.

习惯用语

in the night watches
晚上焦虑不眠的时候

keep watch
[watch and ward]值班, 看守, 照料

keep (a)close [careful] watch on
密切注视, 严密监视

on the watch for
密切注意, 守候着; 监视着, 提防

on watch
值班, 监视

pass as a watch in the night
很快地过去, 很快地被忘掉

set a watch on
派人看守; 对...监视

thewatches of the night
夜间; 焦虑不眠的时候; 失眠时刻

watch for
等待, 留意, 当心

watch in
除夕的晚上不睡迎接(新年)

watch out [for]
当心, 提防; 注意!

watch over
照看, 看守; 监视

特殊用法

accumulator watch
电池手表

acorn watch
橡子形手表

alarm watch
带闹手表

analog-type quartz crystal watch
模拟[指针]式石英电子手表

assembled watch
成品表

astronomical watch
天文表

aviator's watch
飞行表

balance-wheel watch
摆轮游丝表

bicentennial watch
[美]二百周年纪念手表

blindman's watch
盲人手表

chronograph watch
精密计时表

chronometer watch
测天表; 精密航海表

comparing watch
比较表; 精密航海表

complicated watch
多用表(指除走时外还添上诸如打点, 秒表, 日历等附加装置的表)

crystal-oscillator watch
石英(电子)手表

cylinder escapement watch
工字轮式擒纵机构(手)表

decimal watch
十进位指示式(手)表

deck watch
测天表; 精密航海表; 甲板值班

digital-type quartz crystal watch
数字式石英电子表

dive watch
潜水手表

economical watch
经济(手)表

eighteen-carat white gold watch18
钻白金表

electromagneticwatch
电磁手表

electronicswatch
电子手表, 电子钟

elegant watch
宝饰(手)表, 装饰精美的(手)表

form watch
造型(手)表

game watch
比赛计时表

hack watch
航行表; 精密航海表

hurricane watch
飓风监视

hybrid watch
混合式电子表(指针与数字混合指示)

jewel wrist watch
宝石手表

lady dress watch
女式表, 坤表

liquid crystal television watch
液晶电视手表

moon watch
月球观察

Murrell quartz analogue watch
默雷尔石英模拟(手)表

navigator watch
领航(手)表; 航海值班

pedometer watch
里程(手)表

pendant watch
怀表

perpetual calendar watch
永久日历(手)表

precision watch
精密表

radio watch
无线电值班

repeating watch
打簧表

sidereal watch
恒星表, 天文表, 测天表

solar energy watch
太阳能(手)表

time-out watch
暂停(换人)计时表

tourbillon watch
旋转机构表

water polo stop watch
水球计时表

wireless watch
无线电值班(时间)

World Weather watch
世界天气监视网

英汉法学大词典

keep watch
防范

英汉航海大词典

keep watch
vi.看守,值班

英汉环境大词典

keep watch
n.留心,注意,看守

英汉化学大词典

keep watch
vt.留心,注意,看守

英汉经贸大词典

keep watch
n.留心,注意,看守

英汉计算机大词典

keep watch
vt.留心(注意,看守)

英汉能源大词典

keep watch
n.留心,注意,看守

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