简明英汉词典

keep up with
v.
跟上

现代英汉词典

keep
[ki:p]
vt., vi.
kept, keeping

(1)

保留;保守
I keep old letters.
我保存旧信。
I'll keep the original copy of your report on file.
我会把你报告的原件归档的。
It's an interesting suggestion and we'll keep it on ice.
"这是一项有趣的建议,我们将留待以后考虑采用。"

(2)

保持;继续
We will keep on trying and, if we get anything done, will notify you.
我们将继续努力,有结果将通知你。
Leaders shouldn't keep themselves aloof from the masses.
领导人决不应该脱离群众。
Keep calm!
安静!
You shouldn't keep chopping and changing like this; you'd better make up your mind right now!
"你不能再这样变化无常了,最好现在就拿定主意!"

(3)

遵守
He keeps to his promise.
他守约。
"Everyone should keep discipline, and you, officers are no exception."
"每个人都应该遵守纪律,你们军官也不例外。"

(4)

保卫;保护
Keep the baby warm.
别把婴儿冻着。

(5)

(常与from连用)防止;抑制
Keep one's temper。
抑制住不发脾气。
Keep a curb on your anger.
请抑制住怒气。

(6)

扣留;留下
Please keep me a place in the queue.
请在队里给我留个位置。

(7)

赡养;饲养
to keep a dog
养狗
Farmers usually keep chickens in their backyard.
农民们通常在自己的后院养鸡。

(8)

经营;经销;管理
to keep a shop
开商店
to keep house
治家

(9)

(常与from连用)远离;不接触
Keep away from the scene of the accident.
勿靠近事故现场。
"Their dog looked dangerous, so we decided to keep our distance from it."
"他们家那条狗样子很凶恶,因此我们决定离它远一点。"
But the stone walls keep the farmer's cows from joining his neighbor's cows.
但是石头墙使这家农民的母牛不会加入到邻居的牛群中去。

(10)

庆祝;纪念
to keep Christmas
庆祝圣诞节

(11)

防卫;防守
to keep a town against the enemy
守城御敌
The police are keeping / standing guard over the house.
警察正派人守护着这幢房子。

(12)

保密;不说
You are keeping something from me.
你对我保密。

习惯用语

keep one's distance
远离;保持远距离
The deer did not trust us and kept their distance.
鹿不相信我们,和我们保持一定的距离。

keep time
走时准确
Does your watch keep time?
你的表走得准吗?

keep up with the Joneses
赶时髦;与他人攀比

keep watch
留意;注意;守望

词性变化

keep
n.
生计
to earn one's keep
谋生

习惯用语

for keeps
永远地;永久地
This gold medal is yours for keeps.
这个金牌永远属于你。

常用词组

keep at
坚持做,不放弃

keep away
使离开,使站开

keep back

(1)

阻止,阻挡
The police tried to keep the crowd back from the injured man.
警察试图挡住人群,不让他们靠近受伤的人。

(2)

隐瞒,保留
He can keep nothing back from his friends.
他向朋友什么也瞒不住。

(3)

扣下;留下
The boss keeps back $50 a month towards my uniform.
老板每月扣我50美元服装费。

keep down

(1)

控制,压制
They are taking steps to keep down the rabbit population.
他们采取步骤控制兔子的繁殖增长。

(2)

卧下;蹲下;不举起
Keep down — they're shooting at us!
趴下,他们向我们开枪呢。

(3)

咽下;不吐出
I feel ill, doctor, and I can't keep any food down.
大夫,我病了,咽不下任何东西。

(4)

压低声音

keep in with
和…保持友谊

keep off
避开;不接近
Keep off the grass!
请勿践踏草地!
My doctor has warned me to keep off sugar.
我的医生劝我别吃糖。
Keep your dog off me.
把你的狗从我这儿拿开!
"Keep off oil, or else it will perish your rubber boots."
"不要碰油,否则会把你的橡胶鞋弄坏的。"

keep on

(1)

继续;保持
He just kept on writing.
他正在继续写。

(2)

(与at连用)纠缠

keep out
关在门外;不准入内
to keep the smoke out
不让烟进来
This coat keeps out the wind.
这大衣挡风。

keep out of
躲开;置身于…之外
Do you try to keep out of trouble!
你得躲开这麻烦。
Keep out of the sun.
避免日照。
Keep out of mischief.
不要再捣蛋了。

keep to
坚持;保持;不离开
He always keeps to his promises.
他总是说话算数的。
We kept to the roads we knew.
我们不离开我们认识的路。

keep to oneself
对…守口如瓶
He kept his conclusions to himself.
他对他的结论守口如瓶。

keep up

(1)

继续;坚持
If this rain keeps up the garden will be ruined.
如果这雨继续下,花园就完蛋了。

(2)

保持;维持
The high cost of materials keeps up prices.
材料的昂贵费用使价格居高不下。
Keep your chin up!
不要气馁!;不要灰心!

keep up with
跟上;不落后;赶上
Don't run — I can't keep up with you.
别跑了,我赶不上你了。
Are wages keeping up with inflation?
工资跟得上通货膨胀吗?

现代英汉综合大辞典

keep
[ki:p]
vt.
(kept [kept])

(1)

保持,保存;保守(秘密)

(2)

保藏,收藏, 防护

(3)

使保持(某种状态)

(4)

履行; 遵守

(5)

庆祝; 过(年、节); 举行(仪式)

(6)

整理; 料理

(7)

备有(商品等); 经售

(8)

记(日记、帐等)

(9)

赡养; 雇用

(10)

饲养

(11)

经营, 开设

(12)

留住, 挽留; 拘留

(13)

保持...(状态, 活动等)

(14)

防止, 预防

(15)

保卫, 保证

(16)

继续遵循
keep a stick in one's hand
手里拿一根棍子
keep a town against the enemy
保卫城市抗击敌人
be kept dry
保持干燥
keep one's head
保持冷静
keepone's temper
强压怒火
keep one's word
履行诺言
keep one's birthday
祝寿
keep a school
开办学校
keep chickens
养鸡
keep a family
养家活口
keep the law
守法
keep sb. long
耽搁某人很久
keep sb. in custody
拘留某人
keep the middle of the road
一直沿着路中间走
keep nothing from sb.
什么事都不瞒某人
keep sb. from hurting himself
防止某人受伤
keep time
合节拍
keep watch
担任警戒
K-the change.
不必找钱了。

词性变化

keep
[ki:p]
vi.

(1)

保持着某种状态

(2)

继续不断

(3)

(食物等)保持不坏

(4)

[口](店铺等)开着; (学校等)上课

(5)

拖延

(6)

[口]逗留, 住, 呆

(7)

保持某种路线(方向, 距离, 活动等)
keep smiling
笑脸常开
keep indoors
留在家中不出来 K-dry! 切勿受潮! K-silent! 别作声。
News of successes keeps pouring in.
捷报频传。
He kept us going in beer.
他长期供应我们啤酒。
Meat doesn't keep in hot weather.
热天, 肉保存不住。
School keeps till four o'clock.
学校上课到四点钟。
The matter will keep till tomorrow.
这件事搁到明天再说。
Traffic keeps to the right.
车辆靠右行驶。
K-straight on.
直向前进。
K-off the grass.
请勿踏草坪。

keep
[ki:p]
n.

(1)

保持; 保养; 管理

(2)

生计, 衣食; 饲料

(3)

【史】要塞; 城堡的高楼(最坚固部分)
be worth one's keep
值得保存[饲养]

习惯用语

earn one's keep

(1)

挣钱维持生活

(2)

值得雇用; 值得豢养

for keeps
[美俚]最后地; 永远地; 认真地; 永远占有

in bad keep
保存得不好

in low keep
保存得不好

in good keep
保存得好

in high keep
保存得好

keepabreast (of, with)
与...并进, 跟上, 不落后于...

keep after

(1)

一直追赶, 不断追踪

(2)

不断地说, 反复地说

keep ahead (of)
保持(对...的)领先地位

keep at

(1)

(=keep on at)纠缠(某人)

(2)

(=keep sb. at sth.) 强迫某人不停地做某事

(3)

坚持不懈地做(某事)

keep at it
[口]加油干, 使劲, 别松劲!

keep away
离开, 避开

keep back
退缩; 隐瞒; 留[扣]下; 阻止

keep clear of
避开, 躲避

keep down
蹲下; 控制; 阻止增长; 缩减; 用小活字排印; 使(食物, 药等)不吐出来

keep from
避开; 禁止; 隐瞒; 克制

keep going

(1)

维持下去

(2)

使继续下去

keep in
扣留; 抑制; 隐瞒; 使(火)不熄灭; 使维持(某种)状态

keep in with sb.
与某人友好相处; 不断讨好

keep indoors
呆在家里, 不外出

keep it up
不松劲, 照原样继续下去

keep off
避开; 不(让)接近; 防止; (雨雪)没有下

keep on

(1)

继续; 穿[戴]着不脱

(2)

继续下去, 坚持下去

(3)

继续雇用(某人)

(4)

(与 about 连用)继续谈论

keep on at
纠缠不休; 继续不断地抱怨(某人)

keep on with
继续(做某事)

keep to oneself
不与人交往, 离群独居

keep out
把...关在外面; 阻止入内; 不参加; 不进去;【刷】疏排

keep out of
置身于...之外, 使不参预或不卷入

keep sb. advised in sth.
使某人随时知道某事的进展情况

keep sb. going in sth.
继续不断地向某人供应某物

keep sth. to oneself
保守秘密, 不告诉别人

keep sb. underfoot
控制某人; 把某人长期踩在脚下; 使某人长期处于从属地位

keep to

(1)

坚持; 坚守; 不违背(诺言、计划等)

(2)

不离开..., 留在...

keep together

(1)

(使)不分散

(2)

(使)动作协调

keep under

(1)

控制, 压住

(2)

压迫, 压制

(3)

使处于麻醉状态

keep up
坚持; 维持; 继续; 不低落; 不为(疾病等)所屈;【刷】用大写正体排印

keep up with

(1)

跟上, 不落后; 与...并肩前进

(2)

与...保持接触

参考词汇
keep     retain     withhold     reserve    
都含“保持”、“保存”的意思。

(1)

keep 系常用词, 指“使继续下去”“使较长时期地置于不脱离控制、掌握、照料或变化之下”, 如:
keep the room clean.
保持室内清洁。

(2)

retain 较正式, 强调“继续保持”, 特指“保持使不失去或被夺走”, 如:
He has managed to retain most of his fortune.
他设法保存了他的大部分财产。

(3)

withhold 强调“保留”、“隐匿”, 指“阻止其离去或泄漏”, 如:
Fear made him withhold the truth.
恐惧使他不敢说实话。

(4)

reserve 指“为一目的保持, 或保存一段时间”, 如:
A great future is reserved for you.
光明的前程在等待着你。
relinquish    

英汉航海大词典

keep up with
vt.跟上,不落后于

英汉化学大词典

keep up with
vt.跟得上,不落后于

英汉计算机大词典

keep up with
vt.跟上(赶上,不落后于)

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