简明英汉词典

keep under
v.
压制, 控制

现代英汉综合大辞典

keep
[ki:p]
vt.
(kept [kept])

(1)

保持,保存;保守(秘密)

(2)

保藏,收藏, 防护

(3)

使保持(某种状态)

(4)

履行; 遵守

(5)

庆祝; 过(年、节); 举行(仪式)

(6)

整理; 料理

(7)

备有(商品等); 经售

(8)

记(日记、帐等)

(9)

赡养; 雇用

(10)

饲养

(11)

经营, 开设

(12)

留住, 挽留; 拘留

(13)

保持...(状态, 活动等)

(14)

防止, 预防

(15)

保卫, 保证

(16)

继续遵循
keep a stick in one's hand
手里拿一根棍子
keep a town against the enemy
保卫城市抗击敌人
be kept dry
保持干燥
keep one's head
保持冷静
keepone's temper
强压怒火
keep one's word
履行诺言
keep one's birthday
祝寿
keep a school
开办学校
keep chickens
养鸡
keep a family
养家活口
keep the law
守法
keep sb. long
耽搁某人很久
keep sb. in custody
拘留某人
keep the middle of the road
一直沿着路中间走
keep nothing from sb.
什么事都不瞒某人
keep sb. from hurting himself
防止某人受伤
keep time
合节拍
keep watch
担任警戒
K-the change.
不必找钱了。

词性变化

keep
[ki:p]
vi.

(1)

保持着某种状态

(2)

继续不断

(3)

(食物等)保持不坏

(4)

[口](店铺等)开着; (学校等)上课

(5)

拖延

(6)

[口]逗留, 住, 呆

(7)

保持某种路线(方向, 距离, 活动等)
keep smiling
笑脸常开
keep indoors
留在家中不出来 K-dry! 切勿受潮! K-silent! 别作声。
News of successes keeps pouring in.
捷报频传。
He kept us going in beer.
他长期供应我们啤酒。
Meat doesn't keep in hot weather.
热天, 肉保存不住。
School keeps till four o'clock.
学校上课到四点钟。
The matter will keep till tomorrow.
这件事搁到明天再说。
Traffic keeps to the right.
车辆靠右行驶。
K-straight on.
直向前进。
K-off the grass.
请勿踏草坪。

keep
[ki:p]
n.

(1)

保持; 保养; 管理

(2)

生计, 衣食; 饲料

(3)

【史】要塞; 城堡的高楼(最坚固部分)
be worth one's keep
值得保存[饲养]

习惯用语

earn one's keep

(1)

挣钱维持生活

(2)

值得雇用; 值得豢养

for keeps
[美俚]最后地; 永远地; 认真地; 永远占有

in bad keep
保存得不好

in low keep
保存得不好

in good keep
保存得好

in high keep
保存得好

keepabreast (of, with)
与...并进, 跟上, 不落后于...

keep after

(1)

一直追赶, 不断追踪

(2)

不断地说, 反复地说

keep ahead (of)
保持(对...的)领先地位

keep at

(1)

(=keep on at)纠缠(某人)

(2)

(=keep sb. at sth.) 强迫某人不停地做某事

(3)

坚持不懈地做(某事)

keep at it
[口]加油干, 使劲, 别松劲!

keep away
离开, 避开

keep back
退缩; 隐瞒; 留[扣]下; 阻止

keep clear of
避开, 躲避

keep down
蹲下; 控制; 阻止增长; 缩减; 用小活字排印; 使(食物, 药等)不吐出来

keep from
避开; 禁止; 隐瞒; 克制

keep going

(1)

维持下去

(2)

使继续下去

keep in
扣留; 抑制; 隐瞒; 使(火)不熄灭; 使维持(某种)状态

keep in with sb.
与某人友好相处; 不断讨好

keep indoors
呆在家里, 不外出

keep it up
不松劲, 照原样继续下去

keep off
避开; 不(让)接近; 防止; (雨雪)没有下

keep on

(1)

继续; 穿[戴]着不脱

(2)

继续下去, 坚持下去

(3)

继续雇用(某人)

(4)

(与 about 连用)继续谈论

keep on at
纠缠不休; 继续不断地抱怨(某人)

keep on with
继续(做某事)

keep to oneself
不与人交往, 离群独居

keep out
把...关在外面; 阻止入内; 不参加; 不进去;【刷】疏排

keep out of
置身于...之外, 使不参预或不卷入

keep sb. advised in sth.
使某人随时知道某事的进展情况

keep sb. going in sth.
继续不断地向某人供应某物

keep sth. to oneself
保守秘密, 不告诉别人

keep sb. underfoot
控制某人; 把某人长期踩在脚下; 使某人长期处于从属地位

keep to

(1)

坚持; 坚守; 不违背(诺言、计划等)

(2)

不离开..., 留在...

keep together

(1)

(使)不分散

(2)

(使)动作协调

keep under

(1)

控制, 压住

(2)

压迫, 压制

(3)

使处于麻醉状态

keep up
坚持; 维持; 继续; 不低落; 不为(疾病等)所屈;【刷】用大写正体排印

keep up with

(1)

跟上, 不落后; 与...并肩前进

(2)

与...保持接触

参考词汇
keep     retain     withhold     reserve    
都含“保持”、“保存”的意思。

(1)

keep 系常用词, 指“使继续下去”“使较长时期地置于不脱离控制、掌握、照料或变化之下”, 如:
keep the room clean.
保持室内清洁。

(2)

retain 较正式, 强调“继续保持”, 特指“保持使不失去或被夺走”, 如:
He has managed to retain most of his fortune.
他设法保存了他的大部分财产。

(3)

withhold 强调“保留”、“隐匿”, 指“阻止其离去或泄漏”, 如:
Fear made him withhold the truth.
恐惧使他不敢说实话。

(4)

reserve 指“为一目的保持, 或保存一段时间”, 如:
A great future is reserved for you.
光明的前程在等待着你。
relinquish    

英汉航海大词典

keep under
vi.抑制,制服

英汉化学大词典

keep under
vi.控制,抑制

英汉计算机大词典

keep under
vi.控制(抑制,压住)

英汉心理学大词典

keep under
控制

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