简明英汉词典

junk
[dVQNk]
n.
垃圾, 舢板

美国传统词典[双解]

junk
junk 1
AHD:[j?ngk]
D.J.[d9(0k]
K.K.[d9(0k]
n.(名词)

(1)

Discarded material, such as glass, rags, paper, or metal, that may be reused in some form.
破烂,垃圾:丢弃的东西,如玻璃、碎布、纸片或金属等可以用某种方式重复使用的东西

(2)

Informal
【非正式用语】

(3)

Articles that are worn-out or fit to be discarded:
废旧杂物:破旧的、不能再用的或应该抛弃的物件:
broken furniture and other junk in the attic.
阁楼里的破旧家具和其它废旧杂物

(4)

Cheap or shoddy material.
便宜的、廉价的东西

(5)

Something meaningless, fatuous, or unbelievable:
胡说八道、乌七八糟的东西:毫无意义的、愚昧的或不可信的东西:
nothing but junk in the annual report.
年度报告中除了一些废话什么都没有

(6)

Slang Heroin.
【俚语】 海洛因

(7)

Hard salt beef for consumption on board a ship.
硬咸牛肉:在船上吃的硬咸牛肉
v.tr.(及物动词)
junkedjunk.ingjunks
To throw away or discard as useless; scrap.
扔掉,丢弃:当作废物抛弃,废弃;抛弃
adj.(形容词)

(1)

Cheap, shoddy, or worthless:
廉价的:便宜的、以次充好的或没有价值的:
junk jewelry.
廉价珠宝

(2)

Having a superficial appeal or utility, but lacking substance:
徒有其表的:表面上看来很吸引人或有用但缺乏内容或实质的:
“the junk issues that have dominated this year's election”(New Republic)
“支配本年度选举的华而不实的议题”(新共和国)

语源
Middle English jonk [an old cable or rope]
中古英语 jonk [旧的缆绳或绳子]

注释
The word junk is an example of the change in meaning known as generalization, and very aptly too, since the amount of junk in the world seems to be generalizing and proliferating rapidly. The Middle English word jonk, ancestor of junk, originally had a very specific meaning restricted to nautical terminology. First recorded in 1353, the word meant “an old cable or rope.” On a sailing ship it made little sense to throw away useful material since considerable time might pass before one could get new supplies. Old cable was used in a variety of ways, for example, to make fenders, that is, material hung over the side of the ship to protect it from scraping other ships or wharves. Junk came to refer to this old cable as well. The big leap in meaning taken by the word seems to have occurred when junk was applied to discarded but useful material in general. This extension may also have taken place in a nautical context, for the earliest, more generalized use of junk is found in the compound junk shop, referring to a store where old materials from ships were sold. Junk has gone on to mean useless waste as well.
Junk 一词是被称为词义扩大化的例子;由于世界上垃圾的数量正在迅速扩散和激增,该词词义的扩大也是很适宜的。 junk 一词源自古英语单词 jonk , 其最初的意思只限于航海术语当中。1353年首次记载下来时,该词义为“旧缆绳或旧绳子”。在帆船上,扔掉有用的东西是不明智的,因为也许要过去好长一段时间才有可能得到新的供应品。旧缆绳可用在很多不同的方面,例如用来做防撞物,即悬在船舷上保护船舷不受其它船只或码头刮擦的材料。Junk 同样也用来指旧缆绳。 当junk 普遍地被用来指丢弃了的然而有用的材料时,该词的词义发生了巨大的变化。 该词的词义延伸也可能已经出现在与航海有关的背景中,因为junk 一词最早的、更为概括性的使用是在 junk shop 这一复合词中发现的。 该词指出售船上旧材料的商店。Junk 仍继续用来指没用的废旧物品

基本词义

junk
junk 2
AHD:[j?ngk]
D.J.[d9(0k]
K.K.[d9(0k]
n.Nautical (名词)【航海】
A Chinese flatbottomed ship with a high poop and battened sails.
中国式帆船:一种中国式平底帆船,有高高的艉楼和固定的船帆

语源

(1)

Portuguese junco
葡萄牙语 junco

(2)

or Dutch jonk
或 荷兰语 jonk

(3)

both from Javanese djong
都源自 爪哇语 djong

现代英汉词典

junk 1
[dVQNk]
n.

(1)

废物;废旧货
The room is full of junk.
那间屋子里满是破烂儿。

(2)

质量低劣的东西
His writing is all junk.
他的书法作品一文不值。
His latest novel is junk.
他最近的一本小说很差劲。

(3)

毒品;海洛因

基本词义

junk 2
[dVQNk]
n.
(中国的)平底帆船,舢板

现代英汉综合大辞典

junk
[dVQNk]
n.

(1)

(金属、肉类等的)大块, 厚片

(2)

(填缝隙用的)旧绳絮

(3)

[古](船上用的)干咸肉

(4)

[口]零碎废物, 旧货

(5)

[俚]麻醉品, 毒品(尤指海洛因)

(6)

便宜货, 假货; 废话, 哄骗

(7)

抹香鲸头部的脂肪组织

(8)

中国平底帆船, 舢板船
a junk of mutton
一大块羊肉
a yard full of junk
堆满废弃物的场地
junk art
(用废料制成“艺术品”的)废料艺术
junk food
[美俚](无大营养价值的)填肚子食品(常指爆米花等小吃)
junk jewelry
假珠宝, [口]不值钱的服饰珠宝
junk dealer
废旧品[船具]商人
junk heap
[美俚]废旧汽车
junk mail
(不写收件人姓名、地址的)邮寄宣传品
junk shop
旧船具商店; [贬]古董商店
junk price
赔本价钱

词性变化

junk
[dVQNk]
vt.

(1)

把...当作废物丢掉

(2)

把...分成块
He junked all his old furniture before moving into his new home.
他在搬入新居之前把所有的旧家具都当废物丢掉了。

继承用法

junkman
[`dVQNkmAn]
n.

(1)

废旧品商人

(2)

船工

用法词典

junk
来自葡萄牙语junco芦苇〈拉丁语juncus芦苇

英文相关词典

junk
debris    litter    rubbish    scrap    ship    trash    

英汉双解计算机词典

junk

无用数据,无意义信号
A computer description of a garbled or otherwise unintelligible sequence of signals or other data.
描述被歪曲或不能理解的信号或其它数据序列的计算机用语。

美国传统词典

junk
junk 1
AHD:[j?ngk]
D.J.[d/(0k]
K.K.[d/(0k]
n.

(1)

Discarded material, such as glass, rags, paper, or metal, that may be reused in some form.

(2)

Informal

(3)

Articles that are worn-out or fit to be discarded:
broken furniture and other junk in the attic.

(4)

Cheap or shoddy material.

(5)

Something meaningless, fatuous, or unbelievable:
nothing but junk in the annual report.

(6)

Slang Heroin.

(7)

Hard salt beef for consumption on board a ship.
v.tr.
junked, junk.ing, junks
To throw away or discard as useless; scrap.
adj.

(1)

Cheap, shoddy, or worthless:
junk jewelry.

(2)

Having a superficial appeal or utility, but lacking substance:
“the junk issues that have dominated this year's election”(New Republic)

语源
Middle English jonk [an old cable or rope]

注释
The word junk is an example of the change in meaning known as generalization, and very aptly too, since the amount of junk in the world seems to be generalizing and proliferating rapidly. The Middle English word jonk, ancestor of junk, originally had a very specific meaning restricted to nautical terminology. First recorded in 1353, the word meant “an old cable or rope.” On a sailing ship it made little sense to throw away useful material since considerable time might pass before one could get new supplies. Old cable was used in a variety of ways, for example, to make fenders, that is, material hung over the side of the ship to protect it from scraping other ships or wharves. Junk came to refer to this old cable as well. The big leap in meaning taken by the word seems to have occurred when junk was applied to discarded but useful material in general. This extension may also have taken place in a nautical context, for the earliest, more generalized use of junk is found in the compound junk shop, referring to a store where old materials from ships were sold. Junk has gone on to mean useless waste as well.

基本词义

junk
junk 2
AHD:[j?ngk]
D.J.[d/(0k]
K.K.[d/(0k]
n.Nautical
A Chinese flatbottomed ship with a high poop and battened sails.

语源

(1)

Portuguese junco

(2)

or Dutch jonk

(3)

both from Javanese djong

[名词委审定]英汉石油名词(1994)

junk
落物

英汉船舶大词典

junk
n.报废,绳屑;n.中国式帆船

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

junk
无意义信号;无用数据

英汉电信大词典

junk
n.无意义信号,碎片

英汉地质大词典

junk
n.废物,废料,废料堆

英汉纺织大词典

junk
n.绳索的片段,绳索下脚,回丝

英汉广播大词典

junk
n.无意义信号,碎片,假货

英汉航海大词典

junk
n.废物

英汉环境大词典

junk
n.废料,团粒,圆木

英汉航空大词典

junk
n.中国式平底帆船,可再生的废物

英汉化学大词典

junk
n.大块,废物,旧汽车,冒充物,帆船;vt.丢弃,当作废物,废料

英汉海运大词典

junk
(捻缝用)绳屑n.废绳,废料,废绳,废铁大号木帆船(中国沿海)

基本词义

junk
废料,废绳,废铁大号木帆船(中国海)

基本词义

junk
废绳,(捻缝用)绳屑废料,废铁

基本词义

junk
废绳,废料,废铁

英汉进出口商品词汇大全

junk
舢板

英汉经贸大词典

junk
n.废物

英汉计算机大词典

junk
n.大块(废物,旧汽车;vt.丢弃(当作废物)

英汉机械大词典

junk
n.零碎废物,碎片

英汉建筑大词典

junk
n.碎片,废料,小块废铁

英汉农牧林大词典

junk
n.木帆船,废物,废料,废料堆

英汉能源大词典

junk
n.废物,废料

英汉汽车大词典

junk
n.破旧汽车,废物,零碎废物,碎片,块

英汉水利大词典

junk
n.木帆船,舢板船,丢弃

英汉冶金大词典

junk
n.废料,废料堆

英汉造纸大词典

junk
n.废料堆,垃圾

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