简明英汉词典

jungle
[5dVQN^l]
n.
丛林, 生死关头

美国传统词典[双解]

jungle
jun.gle
AHD:[j?ng“g…l]
D.J.[6d9(0g*l]
K.K.[6d9(0g*l]
n.(名词)

(1)

Land densely overgrown with tropical vegetation.
热带植丛:长满了密集的热带植物的地带

(2)

A dense thicket or growth.
丛林,密林:茂密的灌木丛或生长物

(3)

A dense, confused mass; a jumble.
混乱:杂乱、混乱的一堆;混乱

(4)

Something made up of many confused elements; a bewildering complex or maze:
复杂之物:由许多混乱的因素构成的物件,令人迷惑的集合体或错综复杂的事物:
sorting through the jungle of regulations.
把一堆错综复杂的规则加以分类整理

(5)

A place or milieu characterized by intense, often ruthless competition or struggle for survival:
弱肉强食的地方:为生存而残酷竞争或斗争的地方:
the corporate jungle.
公司竞争

(6)

Slang A place where hoboes camp.
【俚语】 流浪汉的宿营地

语源

(1)

Ultimately from Sanskrit jaòm [desert, wasteland, uncultivated area]
最终源自 梵文 jaòm [沙漠,荒原,未开垦的地域]

(2)

from jaò- [desert, waste]
源自 jaò- [荒漠,不毛之地]

继承用法

jungly
AHD:[-gl?] (形容词)

注释
One might be surprised to learn that the word jungle is not African in origin nor does it come from a word that only meant “land densely overgrown with tropical vegetation and trees.” Jungle goes back to the Sanskrit word jaò, meaning “desert, wasteland,” and also “any kind of uncultivated area, such as heavily forested land.” The Sanskrit word jaò- passed into various Indian languages and from one or more of these languages into English. In English jungle was used for land overgrown with vegetation, for the vegetation itself, and for such land outside India. The word was also extended figuratively in various ways. We have, for example, asphalt jungles, concrete jungles, blackboard jungles, academic jungles, corporate jungles, and, in a February 1972 issue of the Guardian, the government official who “lit up some lurid corners of the taxation jungle.”
jungle 一词的词源不是非洲语,也不是来自仅仅意为“长满茂密的热带植物和树木的地带”的单词;知道这一点也许会让人吃惊。 Jungle 可追溯到梵语词 jangalam, , 其意为“荒漠,荒原”,也指“任何未开垦的地域,如茂密的森林”。 梵语词jangala- 传入多种印度语中, 又从这其中的一种或多种语言再传入英语。在英语中jungle 用来指长满植物的地带, 指植物本身,也指印度以外的类似地带。该词也在多方面引申为比喻意义。例如,我们有柏油丛林、水泥丛林、黑板丛林、学术丛林、公司丛林,此外在1972年2月发行的一期卫报 上, 还出现了“揭露税收丛林中鲜为人知的龌龊勾当”的政府官员

现代英汉词典

jungle
[5dVQN^(E)l]
n.

(1)

丛林;莽丛

(2)

一堆杂乱之物
A jungle of wrecked automobiles.
一堆破汽车。

现代英汉综合大辞典

jungle
[5dVQN^l]
n.

(1)

丛林, 丛林地带; 薮地

(2)

一堆杂乱无章的东西; 错综复杂难以理解的东西

(3)

弱肉强食的社会关系

(4)

[the Jungle ][俚](伦敦证券交易所内的)西非洲矿业股票市场; 西非洲矿业股票交易人

(5)

[美俚](无业游民的)露营地, 集合处; 城市中人口稠密的居民区[工业区]

(6)

激烈的竞争场合
jungle warfare
丛林战
jungle law
弱肉强食的原则

词性变化

jungle
[5dVQN^l]
adj.

(1)

丛林的, 蛮荒的, 野性的

(2)

(以奏出丛林原始声响为特征的)丛林爵士音乐的
vi.

(1)

在丛林中居住

(2)

住在无业游民或流动工人露营地

习惯用语

asphalt jungle
“柏油铺地的野兽世界”(指资本主义国家竞争激烈, 弱肉强食的大城市)

blackboard jungle
无纪律的学校

concrete jungle
“混凝土建成的野兽世界”(指资本主义国家弱肉强食的大城市)

hobo jungle
[美俚]流浪汉和失业者出没、留宿的地方

sea jungle
海藻场, 海中丛林

用法词典

jungle
印地语jangal荒漠,丛林

[七国语言]英汉地质大词典

jungle
热带丛林

[七国语言]英汉地理大词典

jungle
热带丛林

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

jungle
密林

[七国语言]英汉农业大词典

jungle
热带丛林

[七国语言]英汉生物学大词典

jungle
热带原始林

美国传统词典

jungle
jun.gle
AHD:[j?ng“g…l]
D.J.[6d/(0g*l]
K.K.[6d/(0g*l]
n.

(1)

Land densely overgrown with tropical vegetation.

(2)

A dense thicket or growth.

(3)

A dense, confused mass; a jumble.

(4)

Something made up of many confused elements; a bewildering complex or maze:
sorting through the jungle of regulations.

(5)

A place or milieu characterized by intense, often ruthless competition or struggle for survival:
the corporate jungle.

(6)

Slang A place where hoboes camp.

语源

(1)

Ultimately from Sanskrit jaòm [desert, wasteland, uncultivated area]

(2)

from jaò- [desert, waste]

继承用法

jungly
AHD:[-gl?] adj.

注释
One might be surprised to learn that the word jungle is not African in origin nor does it come from a word that only meant “land densely overgrown with tropical vegetation and trees.” Jungle goes back to the Sanskrit word jaò, meaning “desert, wasteland,” and also “any kind of uncultivated area, such as heavily forested land.” The Sanskrit word jaò- passed into various Indian languages and from one or more of these languages into English. In English jungle was used for land overgrown with vegetation, for the vegetation itself, and for such land outside India. The word was also extended figuratively in various ways. We have, for example, asphalt jungles, concrete jungles, blackboard jungles, academic jungles, corporate jungles, and, in a February 1972 issue of the Guardian, the government official who “lit up some lurid corners of the taxation jungle.”

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

jungle
【WIN】蛙鸣

英汉地质大词典

jungle
n.热带植丛,热带丛林,密林

英汉航空大词典

jungle
n.丛林

英汉化学大词典

jungle
n.丛林,稠密的居住区,错综复杂难以解决的事

英汉经贸大词典

jungle
n.丛林,稠密的居住区,错综复杂难以解决的事

英汉计算机大词典

jungle
n.丛林(稠密的居住区,错综复杂难以解决的事)

英汉建筑大词典

jungle
n.业林,密林,稠密居住区

英汉农牧林大词典

jungle
n.热带植丛,热带丛林,热带丛薄

英汉能源大词典

jungle
n.丛林,稠密的居住区,错综复杂难以解决的事,热带植丛,热带丛林,密林

英汉水利大词典

jungle
n.丛林,密林,稠密居住区

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