简明英汉词典

janitor
[5dVAnitE]
n.
看门人

美国传统词典[双解]

janitor
jan.i.tor
AHD:[j2n“1-t…r]
D.J.[6d9#nit*]
K.K.[6d9#n!t+]
n.(名词)

(1)

One who attends to the maintenance or cleaning of a building.
大楼管理员:照看或打扫建筑物的人

(2)

A doorman.
看门人,门房

语源

(1)

Latin i3r [doorkeeper]
拉丁语 i3r [管门人]

(2)

from i3a [door]
源自 i3a [门]

(3)

from i3s [archway] * see ei-
源自 i3s [拱门] *参见 ei-

继承用法

janitorial
AHD:[-t?r“?-…l, -t?r“-] (形容词)

注释
A holiday for janitors ought to take place in January, for both words are linked. In Latin i3s was the word for “archway, gateway, or covered passage” and also for the god of gates, doorways, and beginnings in general. As many schoolchildren know, our month January—a month of beginnings—is named for the god. Latin i3, the source of our word janitor and ultimately also from i3, meant “doorkeeper or gatekeeper.” Probably because i3r was common in Latin records and documents, it was adopted into English, first being recorded in the sense “doorkeeper” around 1567 in a Scots text. In an early quotation Saint Peter is called “the Janitor of heaven.” The term can still mean “doorkeeper,” but in Scots usage janitor also referred to a minor school official. Apparently this position at times involved maintenance duties and doorkeeping, and the maintenance duties took over the more exalted tasks, giving us the position of janitor as we know it today.
看门人的假日应该放在一月,因为以下两个词都同一月有联系。拉丁文中的ianus 表示的是“拱门、道路或走廊”, 也是通常所说的门神、门口和开始。正如许多小学生知道的那样,我们的一月——最初的一个月——是以神的名字命名的。拉丁文ianitor 是单词 janitor 的来源, 追根溯源它也来自ianus, 意思是“看门人或管门人”。也许因为ianitor 这个词在拉丁文记录和文件中很普遍, 它才被英语所采用,最早被记录为“看门人”之意时大约在1567年的一篇苏格兰文章中。圣彼得在早期的引文中被称为“天堂守护神”。这个词仍然是“看门人”的意思,但在苏格兰用法中janitor 也指代低层的学校公务员。 显然这个职位时不时地也包含着维护的责任和守门的义务,这种维护的责任吸取了更为崇高的任务,于是就有了正如我们今天所知道的看门人这个职务

现代英汉词典

janitor
[5dVAnItE(r)]
n.

(1)

(房屋)管理员

(2)

看门人

现代英汉综合大辞典

janitor
[5dVAnitE]
n.
(fem.-tress)

(1)

看门人, 守门人

(2)

学校工友

(3)

照管一建筑物或办公室的工人

继承用法

janitorial
[7dVAni5tC:riEl]
adj.

[七国语言]英汉医学大词典

janitor
幽门

美国传统词典

janitor
jan.i.tor
AHD:[j2n“1-t…r]
D.J.[6d/#nit*]
K.K.[6d/#n!t+]
n.

(1)

One who attends to the maintenance or cleaning of a building.

(2)

A doorman.

语源

(1)

Latin i3r [doorkeeper]

(2)

from i3a [door]

(3)

from i3s [archway] * see ei-

继承用法

janitorial
AHD:[-t?r“?-…l, -t?r“-] adj.

注释
A holiday for janitors ought to take place in January, for both words are linked. In Latin i3s was the word for “archway, gateway, or covered passage” and also for the god of gates, doorways, and beginnings in general. As many schoolchildren know, our month January—a month of beginnings—is named for the god. Latin i3, the source of our word janitor and ultimately also from i3, meant “doorkeeper or gatekeeper.” Probably because i3r was common in Latin records and documents, it was adopted into English, first being recorded in the sense “doorkeeper” around 1567 in a Scots text. In an early quotation Saint Peter is called “the Janitor of heaven.” The term can still mean “doorkeeper,” but in Scots usage janitor also referred to a minor school official. Apparently this position at times involved maintenance duties and doorkeeping, and the maintenance duties took over the more exalted tasks, giving us the position of janitor as we know it today.

英汉化学大词典

janitor
n.照管房屋的工友,看门的工人

英汉计算机大词典

janitor
n.照管房屋的工友(看门的工人)

英汉建筑大词典

janitor
n.房屋管理员,看门人

英汉能源大词典

janitor
n.照管房屋的工友,看门的工人

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