简明英汉词典

internecine
[7intE(:)5ni:sain]
adj.
互相残杀的, 两败俱伤的, 内部冲突的

美国传统词典[双解]

internecine
in.ter.nec.ine
AHD:[1n”t…r-nμs“?n”, -1n, -n?“son”]
D.J.[7int*6nes7i8n, -in, -6ni87sain]
K.K.[7!nt+6nWs7in, -!n, -6ni7sa!n]
adj.(形容词)

(1)

Of or relating to struggle within a nation, an organization, or a group.
内部斗争的:属于或关于一个国家、组织、或团体内部之斗争的

(2)

Mutually destructive; ruinous or fatal to both sides.
自相残杀的:共同破坏的;对双方都有害或致命的

(3)

Characterized by bloodshed or carnage.
血腥的:以流血和大屠杀为特征的

语源

(1)

Latin internecoonus} [destructive]
拉丁语 internecoonus} [破坏性的]

(2)

from internec3e [to slaughter]
源自 internec3e [杀戮]

(3)

inter- [intensive pref.] * see inter-
inter- [加强词意的前缀] *参见 inter-

(4)

nex nec- [death] * see nek- 1
nex nec- [死亡] *参见 nek- 1

注释
In the first edition of the American Heritage Dictionary 91 percent of the Usage Panel approved the use of internecine relating to internal struggle within a nation or organization that did not necessarily imply fatal or destructive conflict. The objection that had been overcome for most of the Panel was that internecine should imply such destruction because it came from the Latin word interneco, a variant of interneco, “fought to the death, murderous,” ultimately derived from nec3, “to kill.” Inter- in this compound is simply an intensive, supplying the notion of “all the way to” in the sense “fought to the death.” Internecine in English, first recorded in 1663, indeed meant “deadly, destructive,” but Samuel Johnson, inserting the word in his dictionary of 1755, thought that inter- meant “mutual” and so defined it as “endeavoring mutual destruction.” This definition set the word incorrectly on its present course, and when internecine was further extended simply to mean “relating to internal struggle,” the original error was compounded. However, the point is that the meaning of words can be changed by mistakes and that mistaken meanings adhere to words. Only an occasional etymologist points out that the emperor's new clothes are patched.
在美国经典辞书 第一版中, 百分之九十一的用法专题使用小组成员赞同internecine 与一个国家或组织内部的斗争有关, 但并不一定是致命的或有破坏性的冲突。为大多数小组成员说服的反对意见为internecine 应该暗指这种破坏, 因为它来源于拉丁词internecinus , 是internecivus 的变体,意为“战至死亡的,谋杀的”, 它最终来源于意为“杀害”的necare 。 在这个复合词中inter- 只是简单的一个强调成分, 在“战至死亡的”这个意义上加上“一直”这个概念。在英语中internecine 最早记载于1663年, 确实意味着“致死的,破坏性的”, 但是塞缪尔·约翰逊在其1755年的字典中插入此词,认为inter- 意为“共同的”, 并且将它定义为“竭力造成共同破坏的”。 这个定义造成此词今日用法的不准确,而且当internecine 更进一步被简单地引申为“关于内部斗争的”时, 其起源的错误就加重了。但是,重要的是词的意思被错误改变并且为错误意思所追随。只有偶尔的一个词源学家指出“皇帝的新衣服打满补丁”

现代英汉词典

internecine
[IntE5ni:saIn]
adj.

(1)

(集团内部)冲突的,内讧的

(2)

两败俱伤的;互相毁灭的

现代英汉综合大辞典

internecine
[7intE(:)5ni:sain]
adj.

(1)

互相残杀的, 互相毁灭的; 两败俱伤的

(2)

致命的; 血腥的
bitter internecine feuds
不共戴天之仇

美国传统词典

internecine
in.ter.nec.ine
AHD:[1n”t…r-nμs“?n”, -1n, -n?“son”]
D.J.[7int*6nes7i8n, -in, -6ni87sain]
K.K.[7!nt+6nWs7in, -!n, -6ni7sa!n]
adj.

(1)

Of or relating to struggle within a nation, an organization, or a group.

(2)

Mutually destructive; ruinous or fatal to both sides.

(3)

Characterized by bloodshed or carnage.

语源

(1)

Latin internecoonus} [destructive]

(2)

from internec3e [to slaughter]

(3)

inter- [intensive pref.] * see inter-

(4)

nex nec- [death] * see nek- 1

注释
In the first edition of the American Heritage Dictionary 91 percent of the Usage Panel approved the use of internecine relating to internal struggle within a nation or organization that did not necessarily imply fatal or destructive conflict. The objection that had been overcome for most of the Panel was that internecine should imply such destruction because it came from the Latin word interneco, a variant of interneco, “fought to the death, murderous,” ultimately derived from nec3, “to kill.” Inter- in this compound is simply an intensive, supplying the notion of “all the way to” in the sense “fought to the death.” Internecine in English, first recorded in 1663, indeed meant “deadly, destructive,” but Samuel Johnson, inserting the word in his dictionary of 1755, thought that inter- meant “mutual” and so defined it as “endeavoring mutual destruction.” This definition set the word incorrectly on its present course, and when internecine was further extended simply to mean “relating to internal struggle,” the original error was compounded. However, the point is that the meaning of words can be changed by mistakes and that mistaken meanings adhere to words. Only an occasional etymologist points out that the emperor's new clothes are patched.

英汉化学大词典

internecine
adj.内部互相冲突,自相残杀的

英汉计算机大词典

internecine
adj.内部互相冲突(自相残杀的)

英汉心理学大词典

internecine
自相残杀的

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