简明英汉词典

instinct
[5instiNkt]
n.
本能

美国传统词典[双解]

instinct
in.stinct
AHD:[1n“st1ngkt”]
D.J.[6in7sti0kt]
K.K.[6!n7st!0kt]
n.(名词)

(1)

An inborn pattern of behavior that is characteristic of a species and is often a response to specific environmental stimuli:
本能:一种天生的行为方式,其因物种不同而各异,通常是对某一具体环境刺激的反应:
the spawning instinct in salmon; altruistic instincts in social animals.
鱼产卵的本能;群居动物的本能

(2)

A powerful motivation or impulse.
冲动:一种强烈的动机或冲动

(3)

An innate capability or aptitude:
天资:天生的能力或才能:
an instinct for tact and diplomacy.
在机智和外交方面的天份
adj.(形容词)
AHD:[1n-st1ngkt“]

(1)

Deeply filled or imbued:
深深地充满着:
words instinct with love.
充满爱意的言辞

(2)

Obsolete Impelled from within.
【废语】 受内部动因驱使的

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Latin oonctus} [impulse] [from past participle of] onstinguere [to incite]
源自 拉丁语 oonctus} [冲动] [] 源自onstinguere的过去分词 [激励]

(3)

in- [intensive pref.] * see in- 2
in- [加强语意的前缀] *参见 in-2

(4)

stinguere [to prick] * see steig-
stinguere [刺] *参见 steig-

现代英汉词典

instinct
[5InstINkt]
n.

(1)

本能
Birds learn to fly by instinct.
鸟学飞出自本能。

(2)

直觉
We sometimes act on instinct.
我们有时凭直觉而行动。
Trust your instincts and do what you think is right. (喻)
"相信你的直觉,按你自已认为对的去做。"

词性变化

instinct
[In5stINkt]
adj.
(常与with连用)充满…的

现代英汉综合大辞典

instinct
[5instiNkt]
n.

(1)

本能, 直觉

(2)

天性, 天才
Suckling is an instinct in mammals.
哺乳是哺乳动物的本能。
Birds learn to fly by instinct.
鸟儿学飞是出于本能。

词性变化

instinct
[5instiNkt]
adj.
[in5stiNkt]充满的(with)
be instinct with life and beauty
充满生命和美

继承用法

instinctive
[In5stINktIv]
adj.

instinctively
adv.

习惯用语

act on instinct
凭直觉行动

by instinct
出于本能

have an instinct for
生来就有...的本能, 生性爱好, 天性就会

instinct with
充满着...; 受...的鼓舞

特殊用法

acquisition instinct
获得本能

art instinct
艺术本能(艺术起源之一说, 认为人类具有艺术活动之本能)

business instincts
经营中的直觉作用

chain instincts
连锁本能

class instinct
阶级本能

collecting instinct
收集本能

death instinct
死的本能

delayed instinct
迟熟本能

gregarious instinct
群集本能

herd instinct
群集[居]本能

homing instinct
返巢本能

human instinct
人类本能

life instinct
求生本能

maternal instinct
母性本能

migratory instinct
迁移本能

natural instincts
天性

parental instinct
亲体本能

social instinct
社交本能

instinct of appropriation
占有的本能

instinct of curiosity
好奇本能

instinct of self-preservation
自卫本能

instinct of workmanship
改进技艺的本能

用法词典

instinct
in-+stinct源自古英语stingan刺。原义是给予刺激以促使其行动

[七国语言]英汉地理大词典

instinct
本能

[七国语言]英汉生物学大词典

instinct
本能

[七国语言]英汉医学大词典

instinct
本能

美国传统词典

instinct
in.stinct
AHD:[1n“st1ngkt”]
D.J.[6in7sti0kt]
K.K.[6!n7st!0kt]
n.

(1)

An inborn pattern of behavior that is characteristic of a species and is often a response to specific environmental stimuli:
the spawning instinct in salmon; altruistic instincts in social animals.

(2)

A powerful motivation or impulse.

(3)

An innate capability or aptitude:
an instinct for tact and diplomacy.
adj.
AHD:[1n-st1ngkt“]

(1)

Deeply filled or imbued:
words instinct with love.

(2)

Obsolete Impelled from within.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Latin oonctus} [impulse] [from past participle of] onstinguere [to incite]

(3)

in- [intensive pref.] * see in- 2

(4)

stinguere [to prick] * see steig-

[名词委审定]英汉动物学名词(1996)

instinct
本能

[名词委审定]英汉生理学名词(1989)

instinct
本能

[名词委审定]英汉心理学名词(1999)

instinct
本能

英汉法学大词典

instinct
n.下意识行为

英汉航海大词典

instinct
n.本能

英汉环境大词典

instinct
n.本性

英汉化学大词典

instinct
n.本能,直觉;adj.充满...的,生动的

英汉经贸大词典

instinct
n.本能

英汉计算机大词典

instinct
n.本能(直觉);adj.充满...的(生动的)

英汉农牧林大词典

instinct
n.本能

英汉心理学大词典

instinct
本能

英汉医学大词典

instinct
n.本能

英汉中医大词典

instinct
n.本能,天性

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