简明英汉词典

injure
[5indVE]
vt.
损害, 伤害
v.
伤害

美国传统词典[双解]

injure
in.jure
AHD:[1n“j…r]
D.J.[6ind9*]
K.K.[6!nd9+]
v.tr.(及物动词)
in.juredin.jur.ingin.jures

(1)

To cause physical harm to; hurt.
伤害,使受伤:造成肉体上的伤害;损害

(2)

To cause damage to; impair.
造成破坏;损伤

(3)

To cause distress to; wound:
伤感情:使感情上受伤害;伤害:
injured their feelings.
伤害了他们的感情

(4)

To commit an injustice or offense against; wrong.
中伤,诽谤:不公正地对待或对…犯下罪行;错误对待

语源

(1)

Middle English injuren [to wrong, dishonor]
中古英语 injuren [错误对待,损坏名誉]

(2)

from Old French injurier
源自 古法语 injurier

(3)

from Latin ini?3ro}
源自 拉丁语 ini?3ro}

(4)

from ini?a [a wrong] * see injury
源自 ini?a [一项错误] *参见 injury

继承用法

injurer
n.(名词)

参考词汇

(1)

injureharmhurtdamageimpairmarspoil

(2)

These verbs mean to affect detrimentally.
这些动词都表示不利地影响。

(3)

Injure can refer to acts that have an adverse effect on health, appearance, prospects, or well-being:
injure 可以指对健康、外表、前景或生活的舒适带来反面影响:
She was badly injured in an accident.
她在一次事故中被重伤。
Malicious gossip could injure his chances of success. It can also mean to treat another unjustly or wrongfully:
恶意的流言会危及他成功的希望。 它也用于不公平地或错误地对待另一个人:
“Those that are not favored will think themselves injured” (Samuel Johnson).
“那些没有得到利益的人仍会认为自己受到了亏待” (塞缪尔·约翰逊)。

(4)

Harm and hurt refer principally to what causes pain, distress, diminution, or loss:
Harm 与hurt 主要指那些带来痛苦、悲伤、损失或损害的:
Gypsy moths harm foliage.
蛾对叶子有害。
Failure to pay his bills has harmed his credit.
无法付帐会对他的信用带来损害。
A hailstorm hurt the apple crop.
一场风暴损坏了种植的苹果。
My feelings are hurt.
我的感情收到了伤害。

(5)

Damage usually implies injury that decreases value, usefulness, desirability, or effectiveness:
Damage 一词通常指那种使价值、有用性和有效性减少的损害:
A falling tree damaged the roof.
一棵倒下的树损坏了屋顶。
The scandal seriously damaged the senator's reputation.
那丑闻严重损害了参议员的名声。

(6)

Impair refers to what diminishes, as in quality:
Impair 一词指的是减低,减损:
The patient's intelligence has been impaired by a brain injury. Tomar is to impair by or as if by disfiguring:
由于脑伤,病人的智力受损。 mar 是指通过或好象通过破坏使受损:
Faulty intonation marred the performance. To spoil is to impair and ultimately destroy the value, excellence, or strength of:
吟颂中的缺欠影响了演出效果。 spoil 是损坏和彻底摧毁价值、优点和力量。
Worrying about business spoiled our evening.
由于对生意的担心,我整个晚上都给毁掉了

现代英汉词典

injure
[5IndVE(r)]
vt.
injured, injuring

(1)

伤害
There were two people injured in the car accident.
有两个人在车祸中受了伤。
She was injured badly in an accident during the work.
她在一次工伤事故中受了重伤。

(2)

刺伤(感情)
to injure a man's pride
伤某人的自尊心

现代英汉综合大辞典

injure
[5indVE]
vt.

(1)

损害; 伤害; 毁坏

(2)

伤(感情); 使冤枉
injure an arm in a car accident
在车祸中伤了一只手臂
injure a man's pride
伤害某人的自尊心

继承用法

injurer
n.

用法词典

injure
来自拉丁语injurius错的,不对的
英文相关词典

injure
damage    harm    hurt    impair    wound    wrong    cure    heal    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

injure
损害;损坏, 损份

美国传统词典

injure
in.jure
AHD:[1n“j…r]
D.J.[6ind/*]
K.K.[6!nd/+]
v.tr.
in.jured, in.jur.ing, in.jures

(1)

To cause physical harm to; hurt.

(2)

To cause damage to; impair.

(3)

To cause distress to; wound:
injured their feelings.

(4)

To commit an injustice or offense against; wrong.

语源

(1)

Middle English injuren [to wrong, dishonor]

(2)

from Old French injurier

(3)

from Latin ini?3ro}

(4)

from ini?a [a wrong] * see injury

继承用法

injurer
n.

参考词汇

(1)

injure, harm, hurt, damage, impair, mar, spoil

(2)

These verbs mean to affect detrimentally.

(3)

Injure can refer to acts that have an adverse effect on health, appearance, prospects, or well-being:
She was badly injured in an accident.
Malicious gossip could injure his chances of success. It can also mean to treat another unjustly or wrongfully:
“Those that are not favored will think themselves injured” (Samuel Johnson).

(4)

Harm and hurt refer principally to what causes pain, distress, diminution, or loss:
Gypsy moths harm foliage.
Failure to pay his bills has harmed his credit.
A hailstorm hurt the apple crop.
My feelings are hurt.

(5)

Damage usually implies injury that decreases value, usefulness, desirability, or effectiveness:
A falling tree damaged the roof.
The scandal seriously damaged the senator's reputation.

(6)

Impair refers to what diminishes, as in quality:
The patient's intelligence has been impaired by a brain injury. Tomar is to impair by or as if by disfiguring:
Faulty intonation marred the performance. To spoil is to impair and ultimately destroy the value, excellence, or strength of:
Worrying about business spoiled our evening.

英汉船舶大词典

injure
n.损害

英汉法学大词典

injure
v.毁坏 ,伤,伤害,损害,损伤,残 ,施害

英汉航海大词典

injure
n.伤害

英汉航空大词典

injure
n.伤害,损害

英汉化学大词典

injure
vt.伤害,损害,毁坏

英汉经贸大词典

injure
n.伤害,伤害,损害,毁坏

英汉计算机大词典

injure
vt.伤害(损害,毁坏)

英汉心理学大词典

injure
损伤

英汉冶金大词典

injure
n.伤害成分

英汉医学大词典

injure
n.损害,伤害

英汉中医大词典

injure
n.损害,伤害

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