简明英汉词典

inform
[in5fC:m]
v.
(~ of/about) 通知, 告诉, 获悉, 告知

美国传统词典[双解]

inform
in.form
AHD:[1n-f?rm“]
D.J.[in6f%8rm]
K.K.[!n6f%rm]
v.(动词)
in.formedin.form.ingin.forms
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To impart information to; make aware of something:
通知:告知信息;使明白某事:
We were informed by mail of the change in plans. The nurse informed me that visiting hours were over.
我们被信告计划的改变。护士告诉我们探视时间已经结束

(2)

To acquaint (oneself) with knowledge of a subject.
使熟悉:使(自己)对某一主题的知识熟悉

(3)

To give form or character to; imbue with a quality or an essence:
鼓吹,灌注:赋特征或形式于;使渗入某种品质或本质:
“A society's strength is measured by . . . its ability to inform a future generation with its moral standards”(Vanity Fair)
“一个社会的力量是依其灌注道德标准给下一代人的能力来衡量的”(名利场)

(4)

To be a pervasive presence in; animate:
弥漫;激活:
“It is this brash, backroom sensibility that informs his work as a novelist”(Jeff Shear)
“正是这种直率而又隐避的敏感性使其作品成为大手笔”(杰夫·希尔)

(5)

Obsolete To form (the mind or character) by teaching or training.
【废语】 形成:通过教育或训练形成(心智和品格)
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To give or provide information.
通知:给或提供信息

(2)

To disclose confidential or incriminating information to an authority:
告发:向官方揭露秘密的或控告的信息:
The defendant informed against the other members of the ring.
被告检举犯罪集团的其他成员

语源

(1)

Middle English enfourmen, informen
中古英语 enfourmen, informen

(2)

from Old French enfourmer
源自 古法语 enfourmer

(3)

from Latin o?rm3re}
源自 拉丁语 o?rm3re}

(4)

in- [in] * see in- 2
in- [在…里] *参见 in-2

(5)

f?3re} [to fashion] from f?a [form]
f?3re} [流行的式样] 源自 f?a [格式]

现代英汉词典

inform
[In5fC:m]
vt., vi.

(1)

通知;告诉
The headmistress informed us that the school would be closed for one day next week.
女校长告诉我们下星期学校将停一天课。
The sales manager asked his men to inform him of everything concerning the sales in time.
销售部经理让他手下的人把关于销售量的情况及时报告他。

(2)

(常与against, on连用)(向警方)告发

现代英汉综合大辞典

inform
[in5fC:m]
vt.

(1)

告诉, 通知; 报告

(2)

使充满; 使活跃; 鼓舞

(3)

【罕】教导
I beg to inform you that ...
谨通知...
be well informed about sth.
精通某事; 对某事消息灵通
Breath informs the body.
呼吸给身体以活力。
These poems are informed with sincerity.
这些诗篇充满真挚的感情。

词性变化

inform
[in5fC:m]
vi.
告发, 告密(against, on)

继承用法

informer
[in5fC:mE]
n.

习惯用语

be informed of
听说; 接到...的通知

be rightly informed
得到正确的[错误的]知识[情报]

be wrongly informed
得到正确的[错误的]知识[情报]

keep ... informed
随时向...报告情况

inform against sb.
告发某人, 检举某人

inform on sb.
告发某人, 检举某人

inform upon sb.
告发某人, 检举某人

参考词汇
inform     notify     acquaint    
都含“告知”、“通知”的意思。

(1)

inform 指“以任何方式直接告知”, 如:
He informed me of your decision.
他把你的决定告诉了我。

(2)

notify指“官方正式通告”, 如:
We've notified our loss to the police.
我们已向警察局报告了损失情况。

(3)

acquaint 指“使某人了解前所未知的事”, 如:
She acquainted us with her problems.
她把她的问题告诉了我们。

用法词典

inform
in 在…内+form形状;在心里造成形状就引申为通知

英文相关词典

inform
accuse    advise    betray    blab    communicate    enlighten    instruct    notify    report    snitch    squeal    tattle    tell    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

inform
传达;通报;报告

美国传统词典

inform
in.form
AHD:[1n-f?rm“]
D.J.[in6f%8rm]
K.K.[!n6f%rm]
v.
in.formed, in.form.ing, in.forms
v.tr.

(1)

To impart information to; make aware of something:
We were informed by mail of the change in plans. The nurse informed me that visiting hours were over.

(2)

To acquaint (oneself) with knowledge of a subject.

(3)

To give form or character to; imbue with a quality or an essence:
“A society's strength is measured by . . . its ability to inform a future generation with its moral standards”(Vanity Fair)

(4)

To be a pervasive presence in; animate:
“It is this brash, backroom sensibility that informs his work as a novelist”(Jeff Shear)

(5)

Obsolete To form (the mind or character) by teaching or training.
v.intr.

(1)

To give or provide information.

(2)

To disclose confidential or incriminating information to an authority:
The defendant informed against the other members of the ring.

语源

(1)

Middle English enfourmen, informen

(2)

from Old French enfourmer

(3)

from Latin o?rm3re}

(4)

in- [in] * see in- 2

(5)

f?3re} [to fashion] from f?a [form]

英汉船舶大词典

inform
n.告知

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

inform
通知,通告

英汉电信大词典

inform
n.传达

英汉法学大词典

inform
v.报告 ,通知,告知

英汉航海大词典

inform
n.通知

英汉航空大词典

inform
n.通知,告诉

英汉化学大词典

inform
vt.通知,鼓舞

英汉海运大词典

inform
通知,向……报告

英汉经贸大词典

inform
n.通知

英汉计算机大词典

inform
vt.通知(鼓舞)

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