简明英汉词典

infant
[5infEnt]
n.
婴儿, 幼儿
adj.
婴儿的, 幼稚的

美国传统词典[双解]

infant
in.fant
AHD:[1n“f…nt]
D.J.[6inf*nt]
K.K.[6!nf*nt]
n.(名词)

(1)

A child in the earliest period of life, especially before he or she can walk.
婴儿,幼儿:处于生命早期阶段的小孩,尤指他或她还不会走路之时

(2)

Law A person under the legal age of majority; a minor.
【法律】 未成年人:未达到法定年龄的人;未成年者
adj.(形容词)

(1)

Of or being in infancy.
婴儿期的:属于或处在婴儿期的

(2)

Intended for infants or young children.
供婴儿使用的:为婴儿或年龄很小的儿童设计的

(3)

Newly begun or formed:
初期的:刚刚开始的或新创建的:
an infant enterprise.
新兴的企业

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old French enfant
源自 古法语 enfant

(3)

from Latin o3ns} onfant-
源自 拉丁语 o3ns} onfant-

(4)

from o3ns} [not able to speak, young]
源自 o3ns} [不会说话,年龄小]

(5)

in- [not] * see in- 1
in- [不] *参见 in-1

(6)

f3s [present participle of] f3ro [to speak] * see bh3- 2
f3s [] f3ro的现在分词 [说] *参见 bh3- 2

注释
Anyone who has ever responded to the cries of a howling infant may find it difficult to believe the etymology of the word infant. The source of our word is the Latin word o3ns} (stem form, or form to which inflections are added, o- ), meaning “a little child; strictly, one who does not yet speak.” The noun is from the adjective o3ns,} meaning “not having the power of speech” and “newly born” and made up of the negative prefix in- and the present participle f3, “speaking,” of the verb f3o,} “to speak.” Latin o3ns} and its Old French descendant enfant could both be used to refer to a speaking child, and the earliest recorded use (around 1384) of their Middle English descendant infaunte, the ancestor of our word, is in the sense “child.” This use gave rise to our legal sense of infant, “a minor,” thus reminding us of individuals who can be very talkative indeed.
只要是听过婴儿啼哭声的人,就难以相信infant 的词源是这样来的: 这个词的词源是拉丁文infans (派生形式,即加了词尾的变体, infant- ), 意思是“一个小孩子;严格地说,是指还不会说话的幼儿”。 名词是由形容词infans 演化而来的, 它的意思是“不会说话的”“新生的”,由反义前缀in 和现在分词 fans “说话的”构成的, 其动词原形为fari 意思是“说话”。 拉丁字infans 及它的古法语派生字 enfant 都可以用来指会说话的幼儿; 它们的派生词、我们这个字的鼻祖是中古英语字infaunte ,其最早的记载约在1384年左右, 那时的意思是“儿童”。 这样,我们这个字的法定意义infant “未成年人”就出现了; 这使我们想起那些十分健谈的人

现代英汉词典

infant
[5InfEnt]
n.
婴儿;幼儿
Infant mortality has been dramatically reduced because of modern medicine.
由于现代医学婴儿死亡率已经极大地降低了。
An infant school is a school for children from about five to seven years of age.
幼儿园是五岁至七岁儿童的学校。

现代英汉综合大辞典

infant
[5infEnt]
n.

(1)

婴儿; 幼儿

(2)

(法定)未成年者(即末满21岁)

(3)

生手

词性变化

infant
[5infEnt]
adj.

(1)

婴儿的; 幼儿的; 幼稚的; 初期的

(2)

未成年的

(3)

为婴儿[幼儿]设置的
infant fruit
末成熟的水果
an infant school
[英]幼儿园

继承用法

infant-asylum
[5infEntE5sailEm]
n.
育儿院, 育婴堂

infanthood
n.

infantlike
adj.

用法词典

infant
来自拉丁语的in fans: in (=not)+fari(=to speak)其原义是“不会说话”

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

infant
幼儿;小儿

美国传统词典

infant
in.fant
AHD:[1n“f…nt]
D.J.[6inf*nt]
K.K.[6!nf*nt]
n.

(1)

A child in the earliest period of life, especially before he or she can walk.

(2)

Law A person under the legal age of majority; a minor.
adj.

(1)

Of or being in infancy.

(2)

Intended for infants or young children.

(3)

Newly begun or formed:
an infant enterprise.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old French enfant

(3)

from Latin o3ns} onfant-

(4)

from o3ns} [not able to speak, young]

(5)

in- [not] * see in- 1

(6)

f3s [present participle of] f3ro [to speak] * see bh3- 2

注释
Anyone who has ever responded to the cries of a howling infant may find it difficult to believe the etymology of the word infant. The source of our word is the Latin word o3ns} (stem form, or form to which inflections are added, o- ), meaning “a little child; strictly, one who does not yet speak.” The noun is from the adjective o3ns,} meaning “not having the power of speech” and “newly born” and made up of the negative prefix in- and the present participle f3, “speaking,” of the verb f3o,} “to speak.” Latin o3ns} and its Old French descendant enfant could both be used to refer to a speaking child, and the earliest recorded use (around 1384) of their Middle English descendant infaunte, the ancestor of our word, is in the sense “child.” This use gave rise to our legal sense of infant, “a minor,” thus reminding us of individuals who can be very talkative indeed.

[名词委审定]英汉心理学名词(1999)

infant
婴儿

[名词委审定]英汉医学名词(四, 心血管病学等, 1996)

infant
婴儿

英汉法学大词典

infant
n.未成年 ,婴儿,幼年,法定未成年人 ,幼儿 ;adj.未成年 ,婴儿,幼年

英汉航海大词典

infant
n.法定未成年人

英汉环境大词典

infant
n.婴儿

英汉航空大词典

Infant
n.伊洛魁夜间战斗机和夜间跟踪系统;n.婴儿,幼儿

英汉化学大词典

infant
n.婴儿;adj.幼小的,初期的

英汉经贸大词典

infant
n.法定未成年人

英汉计算机大词典

infant
n.婴儿;adj.幼小的(初期的)

英汉建筑大词典

infant
n.幼儿,法定未成年者

英汉心理学大词典

infant
婴儿

英汉医学大词典

infant
n.婴儿,幼儿

英汉中医大词典

infant
n.婴儿

电子邮件: 版权所有 一切网及原始资料出版社Copyright © 2004