简明英汉词典

industry
[5indEstri]
n.
工业, 产业, 行业, 勤奋

美国传统词典[双解]

industry
in.dus.try
AHD:[1n“d…-str?]
D.J.[6ind*stri8]
K.K.[6!nd*stri]
n.(名词)
【复数】 in.dus.tries缩写 indus.ind.

(1)

Commercial production and sale of goods.
产业,工业:商业性生产和货物的销售

(2)

A specific branch of manufacture and trade:
行业:制造业或商业中具体的分支:
the textile industry.See Synonyms at business
纺织行业参见 business

(3)

The sector of an economy made up of manufacturing enterprises:
工业企业资方人员:经济中的一部分,由工业企业组成:
government regulation of industry.
政府对资方的规定

(4)

Industrial management.
工业管理

(5)

Energetic devotion to a task or an endeavor; diligence:
勤劳,勤勉:对某个任务或劳作热情地投入;勤奋:
demonstrated great intelligence and industry as a prosecutor.
如检察官般表现出睿智与勤奋

(6)

Ongoing work or study associated with a specified subject or figure:
专题研究:从事与某个具体的课题或人物有关的工作或研究:
the Civil War industry; the Hemingway industry.
美国内战史研究;海明威研究

语源

(1)

Middle English industrie [skill]
中古英语 industrie [技巧]

(2)

from Old French
源自 古法语

(3)

from Latin industria [diligence] [from feminine of] industrius [diligent] * see ster- 2
源自 拉丁语 industria [勤奋] [] 源自industrius的阴性词 [勤奋的] *参见 ster- 2

注释
A clear indication of the way in which human effort has been harnessed as a force for the commercial production of goods and services is the change in meaning of the word industry. Coming from the Latin word industria, meaning “diligent activity directed to some purpose,” and its descendant, Old French industrie, with the senses “activity,” “ability,” and “a trade or occupation,” our word (first recorded in 1475) originally meant “skill,” “a device,” and “diligence” as well as “a trade.” As more and more human effort over the course of the Industrial Revolution became involved in producing goods and services for sale, the last sense of industry as well as the slightly newer sense “systematic work or habitual employment” grew in importance, to a large extent taking over the word. We can even speak now of the Shakespeare industry, rather like the garment industry. The sense “diligence, assiduity,” lives on, however, perhaps even to survive industry itself.
industry 有一个明显的含义,即指将人力组织转化成进行货物商业性生产和进行商业性服务的方法,而在有此含义前,这个词经历了多次变化。 这个词来源于拉丁文industria , 意思是“为某种目的而进行的勤奋的活动”;后来这个拉丁字发展成古法语单词industrie , 其意思是“活动性”、“能力”和“一种行业和职业”。英文单词(最早的记载是1475年)原意是“技巧”、“方法”、“勤奋”,也有“一种行业”之意。随着产业革命的开展,越来越多的人力被用于进行货物生产和商业服务,industry 最新的含义及其较新的意思“有组织的劳动或习惯性的雇佣”变得重要起来, 并逐渐成为这个词最主要的意思。现在,我们甚至在提到莎士比亚研究时,就象提及成衣制造业。不过,“勤劳、勤奋”这层含义仍在使用,也许只要这个单词存在,这层含义就不会消失

现代英汉词典

industry
[5IndEstrI]
n.
-tries

(1)

工业;企业
the cotton and woolen industries
棉毛工业
"But when industry became more important than agriculture in American life, families became smaller."
"但是,在美国人的生活中当工业比农业更为重要时,家庭开始变小了。"

(2)

工业界

(3)

制造业
machine-driven industry
机器制造业

(4)

勤奋

现代英汉综合大辞典

industry
[5indEstri]
n.

(1)

工[行, 实]业

(2)

勤劳; 勤奋

(3)

有组织的劳动; 经常的工作[努力]

(4)

[总称]工业资方; 企业; 产业
the heavy industry
重工业
the tourist industry
旅游业
expand industry and commerce
发展工商业
His success was due to his industry and thrift.
他取得成功是由于他的勤俭。

特殊用法

advertising industry
广告业

aerospace industry
航空和航天工业

agricultural industry
农业生产

aircraft industry
飞机制造工业

airline industry
航空公司; 航线

alcoholic beverage industry
酒精饮料工业, 甜酒-白酒工业

animal industry
畜牧业

anti-pollution industry
反污染工业

appliance industry
器械工业

armament industry
军火工业

arms industry
军需工业

artificial petroleum industry
人造石油工业

artisan industry
手工业生产

assembly industry
组装[装配]工业

atomic industry
原子工业

baking industry
焙烤食品工业; 面包工业

basic industry
基础工业, 重工业

bay scallop industry
海湾扇贝养殖业

bituminous industry
沥青工业

book industry
图书出版业

bottleneck industry
薄弱环节产业

brain industry
头脑产业

brewing industry
啤酒酿造工业; 酿造工业

broiler-fryer industry
肉用仔鸡鸭养殖业[场]

building industry
建筑工业

business industry
商办工业

by-product industry
副产物加工业

canned foods industry
罐头食品工业

capital-intensive industry
资本密集[集约]工业; 资本密集型的工业; 耗费资金的工业

car industry
汽车制造工业

cement industry
水泥工业

ceramic industry
陶瓷工业

clothing industry
服装工业, 缝纫业

coal industry
煤炭工业

cold storage industry
冷藏工业

competitive industry
竞争性产业

confectionery industry
糖食工业, 糖果工业

consumer goods industry
消费品工业

cottage industry
家庭手工业

data processing industry
资料数据处理行业

defense industrys
国防工业

domestic industry
家庭工业; 手工业生产

electric industry
电气制造工业

electric utility industry
电力工业

electronic industry
电子工业

electronic computer industry
电子计算机工业

energy industrys
动力工业

engineering industry
机器制造业

entertainment industry
娱乐业

fabricated metal industry
金属制品工业

farming industry
农业生产

fisheries industry
渔业, 水产业

food service industry
食品行业

foundry industry
铸造工业

fuel industry
燃料工业

furniture industry
家具工业

gas industry
煤气工业

glass industry
玻璃工业

goods-producing industry
工业和建筑业

hard carbide industry
硬质合金工业

hard metal industry
硬质合金工业

heavy clay industry
重粘土工业, 砖瓦工业

heavy machine building industry
重型机器制造工业

hog industry
养猪业

home industry
本国工业; 手工业生产; 家庭工业

home petroleum industry
本国石油工业

horological industry
钟表[计时器]工业

hotel industry
旅馆业

infant industry
新生工业

information industry
信息产业, 情报企业

instrument industryes
仪表制造业

insurance industry
保险业

knowledge industry
知识产业, 知识界

knowledge concentrated industry
知识密集型产业

labour concentrated industry
劳动密集型产业

leading industry
主导产业

leisure industry
娱乐产业

light industry
轻工业

local industry
地方工业

machine-building industry
机器制造业

marine products industry
水产业

meat-packing industry
肉类加工业

metal-processing industry
金属加工业

metallurgical industry
冶金工业

microbiological industry
微生物工业

mineral industry
采掘工业

most advanced industry
尖端产业

motor industry
汽车制造业

munitions industry
军火工业, 军事工业

neighbourhood industry
街道工业

non-ferrous metals industry
有色金属工业

offshore oil industry
海上石油开采业

oil prodution industry
油脂工业

opportunity industry
机会产业

paper manufacturing industry
造纸工业

petro-chemical industry
石油化学工业

petroleum industry
石油工业

plastics industry
塑料工业

power industry
电力工业

powder metallurgy industry
粉末冶金工业

rising sun industry
朝阳产业

rubber industry
橡胶工业

ship-building industry
造船工业

shipping industry
航运业

silk textile industry
丝绸工业

social development industry
社会开发产业

space industry
航天工业

speciality industry
特产产业

state-operated industry
国营工业

steel industry
钢铁工业

sunsetting industry
夕阳产业

synthetic fiber industry
合成纤维工业

tannery industry
皮革工业

textile industry
纺织工业

trade industry
商业部门

travel industry
旅游业

war industry
军事工业

wood industry
木材工业

yeast industry
酵母工业

用法词典

industry
来自拉丁语industria

英文相关词典

industry
business    concern    labor    manufacture    trade    work    

[七国语言]英汉地理大词典

industry
工业, 产业

[七国语言]英汉电子工程大词典

industry
工业, 产业

[七国语言]英汉建筑大词典

industry
工业

[七国语言]英汉矿业大词典

industry
工业

美国传统词典

industry
in.dus.try
AHD:[1n“d…-str?]
D.J.[6ind*stri8]
K.K.[6!nd*stri]
n.
pl. in.dus.triesAbbr. indus., ind.

(1)

Commercial production and sale of goods.

(2)

A specific branch of manufacture and trade:
the textile industry.See Synonyms at business

(3)

The sector of an economy made up of manufacturing enterprises:
government regulation of industry.

(4)

Industrial management.

(5)

Energetic devotion to a task or an endeavor; diligence:
demonstrated great intelligence and industry as a prosecutor.

(6)

Ongoing work or study associated with a specified subject or figure:
the Civil War industry; the Hemingway industry.

语源

(1)

Middle English industrie [skill]

(2)

from Old French

(3)

from Latin industria [diligence] [from feminine of] industrius [diligent] * see ster- 2

注释
A clear indication of the way in which human effort has been harnessed as a force for the commercial production of goods and services is the change in meaning of the word industry. Coming from the Latin word industria, meaning “diligent activity directed to some purpose,” and its descendant, Old French industrie, with the senses “activity,” “ability,” and “a trade or occupation,” our word (first recorded in 1475) originally meant “skill,” “a device,” and “diligence” as well as “a trade.” As more and more human effort over the course of the Industrial Revolution became involved in producing goods and services for sale, the last sense of industry as well as the slightly newer sense “systematic work or habitual employment” grew in importance, to a large extent taking over the word. We can even speak now of the Shakespeare industry, rather like the garment industry. The sense “diligence, assiduity,” lives on, however, perhaps even to survive industry itself.

英汉船舶大词典

industry
n.产业,工业

英汉电信大词典

industry
n.工业

英汉法学大词典

industry
n.产业 ,工业

英汉航海大词典

industry
n.工业

英汉环境大词典

industry
n.工业

英汉航空大词典

industry
n.工业;n.工业,产业

英汉化学大词典

industry
n.工业,勤劳

英汉海运大词典

industry
工业,产业勤奋,勤勉

基本词义

industry
工业

基本词义

industry
产业,工业,企业勤奋,勤勉

基本词义

industry
工业,企业

英汉经贸大词典

industry
n.工业

英汉计算机大词典

industry
n.工业(勤劳)

英汉机械大词典

industry
n.工业

英汉农牧林大词典

industry
n.工业,产业

英汉能源大词典

industry
n.工业,勤劳

英汉汽车大词典

industry
n.工业,产业

英汉水利大词典

industry
n.工业,生产,勤劳

英汉消防大词典

industry
工业

英汉中医大词典

industry
n.工业,业,行业

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