简明英汉词典

incumbent
[in5kQmbEnt]
adj.
职责所在的, 负有...义务的

美国传统词典[双解]

incumbent
in.cum.bent
AHD:[1n-k?m“b…nt]
D.J.[in6k(mb*nt]
K.K.[!n6k(mb*nt]
adj.(形容词)

(1)

Imposed as an obligation or a duty; obligatory:
有义务的:强加责任或任务的;有义务的:
felt it was incumbent on us all to help.
感到我们大家都来帮助是义不容辞的

(2)

Lying, leaning, or resting on something else:
凭依的,依靠的:躺、靠或放在其它物上的:
incumbent rock strata.
依附的岩石层

(3)

Currently holding a specified office:
在职的:当前任某一特定职位的:
the incumbent mayor.
在职的市长
n.(名词)
A person who holds an office or ecclesiastical benefice:
任职者:行政部门或教会中的任职者:
defeated the incumbent in a close election.
在一场势均力敌的选举中击败在职者

语源

(1)

Middle English [holder of an office]
中古英语 [在职者]

(2)

from Medieval Latin incumb?s incumbent-
源自 中世纪拉丁语 incumb?s incumbent-

(3)

from Latin [present participle of] incumbere [to lean upon, apply oneself to]
源自 拉丁语 [] incumbere的现在分词 [靠在…上,致力于]

(4)

in- [on] * see in- 2
in- [在…上] *参见 in-2

(5)

-cumbere [to recline]
-cumbere [斜倚,向后靠]

继承用法

incumbently
adv.(副词)

现代英汉词典

incumbent
[In5kQmbEnt]
adj.
(常与on连用)负有职责的;负有义务的
It's incumbent on you to advise your son before he leaves home.
在你儿子离家前给他忠告是你义不容辞的事。

词性变化

incumbent
n.

(1)

(英国教会的)牧师

(2)

(从政的)在职者,现任者

现代英汉综合大辞典

incumbent
[in5kQmbEnt]
adj.

(1)

成为责任的; 义不容辞的

(2)

躺卧的; 凭依的

(3)

现任的; 现职的

(4)

弯垂下来的

(5)

(地层)重叠的; 覆盖在上面的
incumbent posture
躺卧的姿势
the incumbent governor
现任州长
It is incumbent upon you to warn them.
你有责任警告他们。

词性变化

incumbent
[in5kQmbEnt]
n.

(1)

[美](政府、团体等的)在职者; [英]在职牧师

(2)

居住者; 房客
the present incumbent of the presidential chair of this company
本公司现任董事长

习惯用语

be incumbent upon sb.
不容某人推辞(做某事的)责任; 对某人(做某事)是责无旁贷的

be incumbent to do sth.
不容某人推辞(做某事的)责任; 对某人(做某事)是责无旁贷的

用法词典

incumbent
来自拉丁语incumbere
美国传统词典

incumbent
in.cum.bent
AHD:[1n-k?m“b…nt]
D.J.[in6k(mb*nt]
K.K.[!n6k(mb*nt]
adj.

(1)

Imposed as an obligation or a duty; obligatory:
felt it was incumbent on us all to help.

(2)

Lying, leaning, or resting on something else:
incumbent rock strata.

(3)

Currently holding a specified office:
the incumbent mayor.
n.
A person who holds an office or ecclesiastical benefice:
defeated the incumbent in a close election.

语源

(1)

Middle English [holder of an office]

(2)

from Medieval Latin incumb?s incumbent-

(3)

from Latin [present participle of] incumbere [to lean upon, apply oneself to]

(4)

in- [on] * see in- 2

(5)

-cumbere [to recline]

继承用法

incumbently
adv.

英汉地质大词典

incumbent
adj.上覆的;n.上覆的,叠覆的,叠置的

英汉法学大词典

incumbent
adj.在职

英汉化学大词典

incumbent
adj.负有责任的,压在上面的,在职的

英汉计算机大词典

incumbent
adj.负有责任的(压在上面的,在职的)

英汉建筑大词典

incumbent
n.在职者,居住者,房客

英汉农牧林大词典

incumbent
n.内曲的

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