简明英汉词典

in force
adv.
大规模地
adj.
有效的

美国传统词典[双解]

force
force
AHD:[f?rs, f?rs]
D.J.[f%8rs, fours]
K.K.[f%rs, fors]
n.(名词)

(1)

The capacity to do work or cause physical change; energy, strength, or active power:
力量:做某事或引起物质变化的能力;力量、力气或充沛的力量:
the force of an explosion.
爆炸的威力

(2)

Power made operative against resistance; exertion:
用力:用来反对抵御的力量;用力:
use force in driving a nail.
用力砸钉子

(3)

The use of physical power or violence to compel or restrain:
武力,暴力:用体力或暴力来强迫或抵制:
a confession obtained by force.
武力下的供认

(4)

Intellectual power or vigor, especially as conveyed in writing or speech.
智力,活力:智慧的力量或精力,尤其指文章或演说所传达的

(5)

Moral strength.
道德力量

(6)

A capacity for affecting the mind or behavior; efficacy:
说服力,有效力:影响思想或行为的力量;有效力:
the force of logical argumentation.
逻辑论证的力量

(7)

One that possesses such capacity:
具有这种力量的人或物:
the forces of evil.
恶势力

(8)

A body of persons or other resources organized or available for a certain purpose:
队,组,人员:因某一目的而调动起来人的身体或其它的资源:
a large labor force.
庞大的劳动大军

(9)

A person or group capable of influential action:
举足轻重的人:能施加重大影响的一个人或一组:
a retired senator who is still a force in national politics.
已退休但仍在国家政治事务中举足轻重的议员

(10)

Military strength.
军事力量

(11)

The entire military strength, as of a nation.
兵力:整个军事力量,如一个国家

(12)

Units of a nation's military personnel, especially those deployed into combat:
军队:国家军事人员的单位,指应征参战者:
Our forces have at last engaged the enemy.
我们的军队最终战胜了敌人

(13)

Law Legal validity.
【法律】 法律效力

(14)

Physics A vector quantity that tends to produce an acceleration of a body in the direction of its application.
【物理学】 力:一个矢量,它可使受力物体沿力的方向产生加速度
v.tr.(及物动词)
forcedforc.ingforc.es

(1)

To compel through pressure or necessity:
强迫:通过压力或需迫使:
I forced myself to practice daily. He was forced to take a second job.
我强迫自己每天练习。他被迫要找第二份工作

(2)

To gain by the use of force or coercion:
逼迫:通过武力或压迫的使用而获得:
force a confession.
逼供

(3)

To move or effect against resistance or inertia:
强行,硬:反对抵制或惯性地运动或影响:
forced my foot into the shoe.
将脚硬塞入鞋中

(4)

To inflict or impose relentlessly:
强加:无情地折磨或强加:
He forced his ideas upon the group.
他把自己的意见强加给别人

(5)

To put undue strain on:
施加过分的压力:
She forced her voice despite being hoarse.
尽管嗓子已哑,她仍使劲提高嗓音

(6)

To increase or accelerate (a pace, for example) to the maximum.
竭力提高或加快:增加或加快(如步伐)至最大限度

(7)

To produce with effort and against one's will:
被迫做:努力和违背本人意愿地做:
force a laugh in spite of pain.
尽管疼痛但强作笑容

(8)

To use (language) with obvious lack of ease and naturalness.
不熟练和不自然地使用(语言)

(9)

To move, open, or clear by force:
强行:用力移动、打开或清扫:
forced our way through the crowd.
强行穿过人群

(10)

To break down or open by force:
用力击垮或打开:
force a lock.
撬开锁

(11)

To rape.
强奸

(12)

Botany To cause to grow or mature by artificially accelerating normal processes.
【植物学】 促成早熟:通过人工加速的正常进程来促进生长

(13)

Baseball
【棒球】

(14)

To put (a runner) out on a force play.
封杀:有力的一击使跑垒员出垒

(15)

To allow (a run) to be scored by walking a batter when the bases are loaded.
强迫取分:当垒已满时通过跑垒员跑垒而允许(跑回本垒)得分

(16)

Games To cause an opponent to play (a particular card).
【游戏】 迫使对手出(特定的牌)

习惯用语

force (someone's) hand
To force to act or speak prematurely or unwillingly.
迫使仓促行动:迫使某人在条件未成熟或不情愿的情况下行动或发言

in force

(1)

In full strength; in large numbers:
大批:大批的;大量的:
Demonstrators were out in force.
大批示威者上街

(2)

In effect; operative:
有效的;操作性的:
a rule that is no longer in force.
不再有效的规则

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old French
源自 古法语

(3)

from Medieval Latin fortia
源自 中世纪拉丁语 fortia

(4)

from neuter pl. of Latin fortis [strong] * see bhergh- 2
源自 拉丁语 fortis的中性复数 [强壮的] *参见 bhergh- 2

继承用法

forceable
adj.(形容词)

forcer
n.(名词)

参考词汇

(1)

forcecompelcoerceconstrainobligeobligate

(2)

These verbs mean to cause a person or thing to follow a prescribed or dictated course.
这些动词表示使某人或某物沿规定的或指定的过程进行。

(3)

Force, the most general, usually implies the exertion of strength, especially physical power, or the operation of circumstances that permit no alternative to compliance:
Force 最为普遍,通常指力量的使用,尤其是体力上,或指不允许任何替代屈从的环境的进行:
Tear gas forced the fugitives out of their hiding place.
催泪弹气体将逃犯从藏身之处呛了出来。
Lack of funds will eventually force him to look for work.
资金缺乏最终将会迫使他找工作。

(4)

Compel is often interchangeable with force, but it applies especially to an act dictated by one in authority:
Compel 常与force 交换使用, 但它尤其用在权威人士命令的行为中:
Say nothing unless you're compelled to.
除非强迫你,否则什么也别说。
His playing compels respect, if not enthusiasm.
如果不是狂热的话,他的表演就是强迫他人予以敬重。

(5)

Coerce invariably implies the use of strength or harsh measures in securing compliance:
Coerce 总是指使用武力或粗暴手段来胁迫服从:
“The way in which the man of genius rules is by persuading an efficient minority to coerce an indifferent and self-indulgent majority” (James Fitzjames Stephen).
“这个天才的管理方式是说服高效率地少数人来强制那些冷漠的、自我放纵的多数人”。 (詹姆斯·菲次詹姆斯·斯蒂芬)。

(6)

Constrain suggests that one is bound to a course of action by physical or moral means or by the operation of compelling circumstances:
Constrain 指某人受体力或道德约束或被所处环境胁迫必须作某事:
“I am your anointed Queen. I will never be by violence constrained to do anything” (Elizabeth I).
“我是你们尊贵的女王。我决不因被胁迫而做任何事情” (伊丽莎白一世)。

(7)

Oblige is applicable when compliance is brought about by the operation of authority, necessity, or moral or ethical considerations:
Oblige 适用于出于权力、需要、道德或伦理的考虑而被迫屈从:
“Work consists of whatever a body is obliged to do” (Mark Twain).
“无论什么样的工作都必须 要做” (马克·吐温)。

(8)

Obligate applies when force is exerted by the terms of a legal contract or promise or by the dictates of one's conscience or sense of propriety:
Obligate 适用于在法律合约或承诺或某人受正当的良心或良知的支配下施加压力做的:
I am obligated to repay the loan. See also Synonyms at strength
我必须还清贷款 参见同义词 strength

现代英汉词典

force
[fC:s]
n.

(1)

力,力量
the force of the explosion
爆炸力
You must use force to open that bottle.
你必须用力打开那个瓶子。
The porter had to force the window open every morning.
每天早晨门房只好用力硬把窗户打开。
New emerging forces are invincible.
新生力量是不可战胜的。

(2)

暴力
The thief took the money from the old man by force.
小偷用暴力夺走了老人的钱。

(3)

〈物〉力
the force of gravity
地心引力
The force of gravity makes things fall to earth.
地心引力使物体落向地面。

(4)

威力;势力
the forces of evil
邪恶势力
the forces of nature
自然力

(5)

说服力
force of example
榜样的力量
There is force in what he said.
他的话有说服力。

(6)

部队;兵力
the police force
警察部队

(7)

(pl) 三军武装力量
The air force is one of the armed forces.
空军是武装部队的一种。

习惯用语

in force
大批地
The police were there in force.
大批警察驻守在那儿。

in force
生效;在施行中 (= into force)

join forces (with)
联合;合作

词性变化

force
vt.
forced, forcing

(1)

强制;迫使
The rider forced his horse on through the storm.
骑士迫使他的马在暴风雨中前进。
It's not proper to force your idea upon others.
把自己的想法强加于人是不恰当的。
The enemy was forced to ground arms.
敌人被迫放下武器。

(2)

用力推
force the window open
用力推开窗

(3)

勉强做出
forced laughter
强颜欢笑

(4)

促成生长

习惯用语

force the pace
加速快跑

现代英汉综合大辞典

force
[fC:s]
n.

(1)

势力, 力量

(2)

武力, 兵力

(3)

威力;【律】效力, 约束力; 实施

(4)

[常用复]部队, 军队

(5)

暴力, 压力

(6)

(从事某种活动的)队、组、人员

(7)

(语言、文学等的)确切意义; (精神)实质; 要点; 影响力; 说服力; 控制力

(8)

【物】力, 势能, 强度, 压强, 过载

(9)

冲头, 阳[阴, 上, 下]模; (冲床滑板底部特别装置的)杆, 板
brutal force
暴力
the force of habit
习惯势力
the forces of nature
自然力
the force of public opinion
舆论的压力
the air force
空军
an assault force
【军】突击队
explain the force of a phrase
解释一个短语的确切意义
a scene described with much force
描写得栩栩如生的景象

词性变化

force
vt.

(1)

强制, 迫使

(2)

强行, 强加

(3)

强力夺取, 攻克; 强渡

(4)

推动

(5)

竭力提高, 抬高, 加快

(6)

(通过温室栽培等)促成(植物)早熟[发育, 生长]; 加速(学生的)学业

(7)

迫使(对手)出某张牌

(8)

勒索; 强奸

(9)

加压[力, 速, 强], 过[超]加载, (挤, 辗)压

(10)

【计】人工转移(程序)
force the enemy to surrender [into surrendering]
迫使敌人投降
force an entry
强行进入
force a passage
强行通过
force a smile
强颜欢笑, 苦笑
force one's voice
提高嗓门

继承用法

force-account
adj.
计工的

force-circulation
n.
压力循环[环流]

force-feed
n.
【机】压力润滑, 压力进给

词性变化

force
vt.
强喂(食物), 强灌(食物)(尤指直插管灌送食物); 强迫接受

force-in-being
n.
(pl. forces-in-being)可随时作战的军事力量

force-land
[`fR:slAnd]
vi.
强迫降落; 强行登陆

forcemeat
[5fC:smi:t]
n.
加调料的[五香]碎肉

force-out
[`fR:saJt]
n.
(棒球)封死

force-pump
n.
压力泵

forceup
n.
迫于形式而采取的行动

forceless
[`fR:slIs]
adj.
无力的, 软弱的

习惯用语

a force to be reckoned with
不可忽视的力量

be in force
生效, 有效

be forced into
被迫

bring into force
使生效, 实施...

by (main) force
用蛮力, 全靠气力; 以最大的力气

by force
用暴力; 强迫地

by (the) force of
由于; 凭借

by force and arms
用武力

with force and arms
用武力

cease to be in force
失效

come into force
生效, 实行

enter into force
生效, 实行

in force
有效, 在有效期; 大批地; 大规模地

in full force
用全力; 发挥充分威力

in great force
大举, 大批地; 精力充沛地

join force with
(军队)会师; (与人)联合, 通力合作

of no force
无效

put a force upon
对...加以强制; 曲解, 对...牵强附会

put in force
施行, 实施

put into force
施行, 实施

remain in force
在有效期中, 仍然有效

resort to force
诉诸武力

surface force

(1)

地面部队

(2)

水面部队; 水面舰艇

take by force
【军】夺取, 武力侵占

with all one's force
尽全力, 竭力

with much force
极有力地, 效力卓著地

forcedown
迫使下降; 压低(价格)

force on
强加于, 强迫...接受

force upon
强加于, 强迫...接受

force up
迫使上升

特殊用法

acting force
作用力

active force
有效力, 活力, 主动力

additional electromotive force
附加电动势

additional internal force
附加内力

adhesive force
粘着力, 粘附力

aerodynamic force
空气动力

adhesive force
粘着力, 粘附力

aggregate breaking force
钢丝破断拉力总和

aggregation force
聚合[凝聚, 附着, 粘着]力

air force
空军; 航空队

allowable force
许用加载, 许可力

alternating electromotive force
交变电动势

anchorage force
锚固力

angular force
角向力

anharmonic force
非谐力

apparent force
惯性力, 外力

applied force
外加力; 作用力

applied electromotive force
外加电动势, 外施电动势

antenna electromotive force
天线电动势

armature magnetomotive force
电枢磁动势

ascensional force
升力

axial compressive force
轴向压力

back electromotive force
反电动势

back office force
内勤人员

bar force
杆力

bathmic force
(进化)控制力

bearing force of soil
土壤承压力

Beaufort force
【气】蒲福级

bending force
挠曲力, 弯曲力

biasing magnetizing force
偏磁化力(以 Hb表示)

binding force
约束力

bonding force
键力; 结合力

bottom force
下[阴]模; 底冲床

brake cylinder force
制动缸鞲鞲推力

breakaway force
起步阻力

brute force
强力

bulging force
膨胀力

buoyancy force
浮力

central force
辏力, 有心力; 中心力

centrifugal force
离心力

centripetal force
向心力

chord force
弦向分力, 平行于基准线的力

chordwise force

(1)

弦向分力

(2)

连系座标系切向(空气动力分)力

(3)

弹体座标系切向(空气动力分)力

circumferential force
切线力, (沿着圆周作用的)切向力

civilian labour force
民用劳动力

clamp force
夹紧力

closing force
闭合力, 断流力(断流阀的)

co-acting force
强制力, 促进力; 互相作用力

coercive force
矫顽(磁)力

cohesive force
内聚力; 粘合力; 粘结力

collapsing force
破坏力

collinear force
共线力

combined air force
空气动力合力

commutating electromotive force
(电机)整流电动势

compelling force
外加力, 强制力

component force
分力

composite force
合力

concurrent force
共点力, 汇交力

confining force
保持力

conservative force
守恒力

constant force
恒力, 常力

constraint reacting force
约束反(作用)力

constructional force
工程队, 施工队

contact force
触点压力

contact electromotive force
接触电动势

controlling force
控制力

coplanar force
共(平)面力

cornering force
回转力; 侧向反力

crack extension force
裂纹扩展力

crimp force
卷曲力

cross force
横向力

cross magnetizing force
正交磁化力

crushing force
压毁力

cutting force (cutting resistance)
切削阻力

cylinder tractive force
汽缸牵引力

cymomotive force
波动势

damping force
阻尼力

debunching force
分散[散焦, 散束]力

Debye force
德拜力(感应力)

induction force
德拜力(感应力)

deceleration force
减速力

deck force
舱面人员, 帆缆兵

deflecting force
偏转力, 致偏力

delta electromotive force
三角形连结电动势

dipole-dipole force
【物化】偶极-偶极力

direct electromotive force
直流电动势

direct sales forces
工业企业、商号的贸易代表, 推销员

directive force
定向力

dispersion force
【物化】分散力

disrupture force
破裂力

disturbing force
干扰力

downward force
向下力

drag force
曳力

driving force
驱[传, 主]动力

dynamic force
动力

dynamic electromotive force
动能电动势(在直流电动机中一般叫作反电动势或逆电动势)

eccentric force
偏心力

economic force
经济力量

effective driving force
有效传[原]动力

elastic force
弹力

elastic restoring force
弹性恢复力

electrode force
电极力

electromagnetic ponderomotive force
电磁有质动力

electromotive force
电动势

electrophoretic force
电泳力

electrostatic force
静电力

elevating force
升[起重, 浮]力

employed labour force
就业劳动力

end force
端面压力

endogenous force
内力

engine tractive force
发动机牵引力, 机车牵引力

equivalent force
等效力

equivalent tensile force
当量拉力

evolutionary force
进化动力

exciting force
激振力

expansionary force
扩张力

expansive force
膨涨[伸胀]力

experienced labor force
熟练劳动力

expulsive force
斥力, 排出力

external electromotive force
外电动势

extrusion force
挤压力

feed force
进刀力, 进给力

field magnetomotive force
磁场磁动势

final prestressing force
最终预应力

flange force
轮缘力

fluid force
流体力

focusing force
聚焦作用力

four-force force
【物】四元力

friction force
摩擦力

full-scale deflecting force
满刻度偏转力(仪表)

generalized force
总合成力

gram force
克力

gravitational force
引力, 重力, 地心吸力

gravity force
重力

guiding force
导向力

gyroscopic force
回转力

harmonic force
谐(和)力

Heisenberg force
【核】海森伯力

hereditary force
遗传力量

holding force
矫顽力; 自持力

horizontal force
横向力, 水平力

horizontal pressure force
【地物】水平压力

hydrodynamic force
液体动力

hydrostatic force
静水力, 流体静力

image force
象力

impact force
冲击[压]力

impersonal forces
非人力(指自然力等)

impressed electromotive force
外加电动势

impulse force
冲击力, 推力

incentive force
鼓动力

inclined force
斜力

induced electromotive force
感应电动势

inductive electromotive force
感应电动势

induction force
感应力

industrial reserve force
工业后备军

inertia force
惯性力

inertia shaking force
摇动惯性力

infinitesimal force
无穷小力

inflationary force
物价上涨压力

inner force
内力

inside force
内侧力

interatomic force
原子间力

interfacial force
界面力; 界面张力

internal force
内力

intramolecular force
分子内力

Keesom force
【物化】基桑力, 取向力

kilogram force
千克力

kinetic force
动能力

latent force
潜力

lateral force
侧力

lattic force on dislocation
加于位错上的点阵力

lattice force
晶格[点阵]力

level guidance force
水平导向力

levitating force
浮力

lift force
升力

locking force
锁紧力; 闭合力

locomotive tractive force
机车牵引力

London force
伦敦力, 色散力

dispersion force
伦敦力, 色散力

long range force
长程力

longitudinal compressive force
纵向压力

magnetic coercive force
磁矫顽力

magnetizing force
磁化力

magnetomotive force
磁动势, 磁通势

main cutting force
主(切削)分力

maintenance force
维修养护工队

male force
模塞; 阳模

manual steering force
手操纵力, 手动转向力

manybody force
多体力

market force
市场力量

mass force
质量力; 体力

body force
质量力; 体力

mold clamping force
合模力

mold locking force
模型闭合力

molecular magnetic force
分子磁力

monetary forces
货币因素; 货币数额

motional electromotive force
动生电动势

motive force
原动力

moving force
(活)动力

natural internal force
固有内力

naval air force
海军航空兵

newly emerging forces
新兴力量

nominal induced electromotive force
标称感应电动势

non-central exchange force
非辏交换力

non-concurrent force
非共点力

normal force
法向力, 正交力

nuclear force
【原物】核力

oblique force
斜力

operating force
操纵力, 控制力

opposing electromotive force
反电动势

opposite forces
对向力

opposite acting force
反向作用力

orientation force
定向力

overall driving force
总推进力, 总推动力

overturning force
倾覆力

parallel force
平行力

parasitic thermoelectromotive force
寄生温差电动势

passive frictional force
被动磨擦力

peripheral force
圆周力

perturbative force
摄动力

photomotive force
光动势

physical force
物质力量

pick-up force
吸引力

piston force
活塞力

plunger force
柱塞力

polarization force
极化力

pole-fleeing force
离极力(向赤道)

ponderomotive force
有质动力

portative force
吸力

primary inertia force
原惯(性)力

pre-applied force
预加力

prestressing force
预应力

pretightening force
预紧力

productive forces
生产力

propelling force
推进力

propulsive force
推进力

proton-proton exchange force
质子间交换力

pseudogravitational force
赝引力

psophometric electromotive force
估量噪声电动势

pulsating electromotive force
脉动电动势

pushing and pulling forces
推挽力

quasi-elastic force
准弹性力

radial force
径向力

radial-thrust force
吃刀抗力, 径向抗力

radiation damping force
辐射阻尼力

reaction force
反作用力

reactive electromotive force
无功电动势

reciprocating force
往复力

recovery forces
失事救援队

redundant force
冗余力, 超静定力

redundant unknown force
冗余未知力

regular labor forces
企业工人干部

relative force
相对推力

repulsion force
排斥力, 斥力, 推斥力

reserve force
后备力量

reserve tractive force
储备牵引力

residual valence force
剩余价力

resisting force
抗力, 阻力

resultant radial force
辐向合力, 径向合力

resulting force
合力

retarded force
减速力

retarding force
减速力

reversible electromotive force
可逆电动势

rising force
浮力, 上升力

roll force
轧制力

rotary force
旋转力

sales force
销货力量[人员]

saturation force
饱和力

scouring force
冲刷力

sealing force
密封力

secondary inertia force
二次惯性力

section forces
维修养护队

seepage force
渗流压力

seismic force
地震力

self-demagnetizing force
自去磁力

self-induction electromotive force
自感电动势

semi-able-bodied labour force
半劳动力

Serber force
【核】赛培尔力

setback force
后退力

set forward force
前冲力

shearing force
剪切力

short-circuit magnetomotive force
短路磁通势

short-range nuclear forces
短程核力

side force
侧力

sideways force
横向力

signal maintenance force
信号维修队

simple harmonic electromotive force
简谐电动势

single force
集中力

skid force
溜滑力, 滑移力

skin-friction force
表面摩擦力

sliding force
滑动力

social productive forces
社会生产力

space-charge force
空间电荷力

specific accelerating force
单位加速力

specific body force
单位体力

specific resultant force of a train
列车单位合力

speed electromotive force
速率电动势

speeding-up force
起动力, 加速力

spin dependent force
【物】自旋相关力

spin-orbit force
自旋-轨道力

spontaneous forces
自发势力

spreading force
铺展力

spurious force
乱真力

standard work force
标准工时

star electromotive force
星形电动势

starting tractive force
起动牵引力

static electromotive force
静态电动势

static lift force
静升力

station force
车站职工

steam bending force
蒸汽弯力

stick force
粘附力, 杆力

strain forces
变形力

stress-producing force
引起应力的外力

stretching force
张力, 拉力

strike force
打击力量

stylus force
唱针(压)力

submarine striking force
【军】核攻击潜艇舰队

suction force
吸取力

surging force
涌浪力; 脉冲力; 冲击力

supporting force
支承力

surface force
表面力

sustaining force
持续力

symmetric force
对称力

tail force
尾力

tangent friction force
切线摩擦力

tangential grinding force
切向磨削力

tangential inertial force
切向惯性力

task force
工作小组, 专门小组

tearing force
撕力

telluric magnetic force
地磁力

tensile force
拉力, 张力

thermal electromotive force
温差电动势

thermodynamic system force
热力学系统力

thermoelectric force
热电势, 温差电(动)势

thermoelectromotive force
温差电动势, 热电动势

thrust force
推力

tide-producing force
【地物】起潮力

tide-generating force
生潮力

tight locking force
锁紧力

top force
顶柱塞

toroidal inductor force
环形电感线圈

torque force
扭力

torsion(al) force
扭力

total normal force
总法向力; 总正交力

tour de force
[5tuEdE5fC:s]
[法]绝招

towing force
拉力, 牵引力

track forces
养路队

traction force
牵引力, 拉力

tractive force at the wheel rim
轮周牵引力

tractor forces
拖拉机总数

transient driving force
瞬态推(动)力

transmutative force
引起变形的力

transversal force
横力

tripping force
启动力, 解脱力, 释放力

true tractive force
真实牵引力

turbulent shear force
湍流剪切力

twisting force

(1)

圆周力, 切向力

(2)

扭力

two-body force
【物】二体力

unbalanced centrifugal force
不均衡离心 力

uniaxial compressive force
单轴压力

uniplanar force
共(平)面力

unit acceleration force
单位加速力

unsteady force
非稳定力

upsetting force
顶锻压力

upward force
向上力

valence force
【原物】价力

variable force
变力, 变量

vectorial force
矢量力

vertical resisting force
垂直抗力

vertical upward force
垂直上升力

vibromotive force
起振力

virtual force
虚力

vital force
生活力

viscosity force
粘性力

viscous force
粘性力

volume force
体(积)力

welding force

(1)

阻焊加压

(2)

电极压力

wheel-rail contact force
轮轨接触力

Wigner forces
维格纳力(非交换核力)

work force
劳动力

working force
作用力

yawing force
侧(向)力

Yukawa force
【核】汤川力

force of adhesion
粘着力

force of agreement
协议(协定)效力

force of flocculation
絮凝力

force of percussion
撞击力

force of periphery
切线方向的力

force of restitution
恢复力

force of restraint
约束力

参考词汇
force     strength     power     energy    
都含“力”的意思。

(1)

force强调“力所产生的实际效果”, 如:
The law should remain in force.
法律应当有效力。

(2)

strength 指“体力”、“力量”、“强度”, 如:
He is a man of great strength。

(3)

他是 个大力士。power 指“能力”、“权力”, 着重“行动所根据的能力或职权”, 如:
It's beyond my power.
它超出了我的职权。

(4)

energy 原是物理学上的术语“能量”, 用于人时则指“精力”, 如:
He worked with great energy.
他以巨大的精力工作。
weakness     powerlessness     debility    

美国传统词典

force
force
AHD:[f?rs, f?rs]
D.J.[f%8rs, fours]
K.K.[f%rs, fors]
n.

(1)

The capacity to do work or cause physical change; energy, strength, or active power:
the force of an explosion.

(2)

Power made operative against resistance; exertion:
use force in driving a nail.

(3)

The use of physical power or violence to compel or restrain:
a confession obtained by force.

(4)

Intellectual power or vigor, especially as conveyed in writing or speech.

(5)

Moral strength.

(6)

A capacity for affecting the mind or behavior; efficacy:
the force of logical argumentation.

(7)

One that possesses such capacity:
the forces of evil.

(8)

A body of persons or other resources organized or available for a certain purpose:
a large labor force.

(9)

A person or group capable of influential action:
a retired senator who is still a force in national politics.

(10)

Military strength.

(11)

The entire military strength, as of a nation.

(12)

Units of a nation's military personnel, especially those deployed into combat:
Our forces have at last engaged the enemy.

(13)

Law Legal validity.

(14)

Physics A vector quantity that tends to produce an acceleration of a body in the direction of its application.
v.tr.
forced, forc.ing, forc.es

(1)

To compel through pressure or necessity:
I forced myself to practice daily. He was forced to take a second job.

(2)

To gain by the use of force or coercion:
force a confession.

(3)

To move or effect against resistance or inertia:
forced my foot into the shoe.

(4)

To inflict or impose relentlessly:
He forced his ideas upon the group.

(5)

To put undue strain on:
She forced her voice despite being hoarse.

(6)

To increase or accelerate (a pace, for example) to the maximum.

(7)

To produce with effort and against one's will:
force a laugh in spite of pain.

(8)

To use (language) with obvious lack of ease and naturalness.

(9)

To move, open, or clear by force:
forced our way through the crowd.

(10)

To break down or open by force:
force a lock.

(11)

To rape.

(12)

Botany To cause to grow or mature by artificially accelerating normal processes.

(13)

Baseball

(14)

To put (a runner) out on a force play.

(15)

To allow (a run) to be scored by walking a batter when the bases are loaded.

(16)

Games To cause an opponent to play (a particular card).

习惯用语

force (someone's) hand
To force to act or speak prematurely or unwillingly.

in force

(1)

In full strength; in large numbers:
Demonstrators were out in force.

(2)

In effect; operative:
a rule that is no longer in force.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old French

(3)

from Medieval Latin fortia

(4)

from neuter pl. of Latin fortis [strong] * see bhergh- 2

继承用法

forceable
adj.

forcer
n.

参考词汇

(1)

force, compel, coerce, constrain, oblige, obligate

(2)

These verbs mean to cause a person or thing to follow a prescribed or dictated course.

(3)

Force, the most general, usually implies the exertion of strength, especially physical power, or the operation of circumstances that permit no alternative to compliance:
Tear gas forced the fugitives out of their hiding place.
Lack of funds will eventually force him to look for work.

(4)

Compel is often interchangeable with force, but it applies especially to an act dictated by one in authority:
Say nothing unless you're compelled to.
His playing compels respect, if not enthusiasm.

(5)

Coerce invariably implies the use of strength or harsh measures in securing compliance:
“The way in which the man of genius rules is by persuading an efficient minority to coerce an indifferent and self-indulgent majority” (James Fitzjames Stephen).

(6)

Constrain suggests that one is bound to a course of action by physical or moral means or by the operation of compelling circumstances:
“I am your anointed Queen. I will never be by violence constrained to do anything” (Elizabeth I).

(7)

Oblige is applicable when compliance is brought about by the operation of authority, necessity, or moral or ethical considerations:
“Work consists of whatever a body is obliged to do” (Mark Twain).

(8)

Obligate applies when force is exerted by the terms of a legal contract or promise or by the dictates of one's conscience or sense of propriety:
I am obligated to repay the loan. See also Synonyms at strength

英汉法学大词典

in force
adj.有效 ,现行

英汉航海大词典

in force
prep.有效,在有效期中

英汉环境大词典

in force
n.实施中,有效

英汉化学大词典

in force
adj.有效的,大批地

英汉经贸大词典

in force
n.实施中,有效;n.有效

英汉计算机大词典

in force
adj.有效的

英汉能源大词典

in force
n.实施中,有效

英汉中医大词典

in force
n.在有效期中,有效

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