简明英汉词典

in case of
adv.
假设, 万一

美国传统词典[双解]

case
case 1
AHD:[k3s]
D.J.[keis]
K.K.[kes]
n.(名词)

(1)

An instance of something; an occurrence; an example:
事例:事例;事件;例子:
a case of mistaken identity.See Synonyms at example
一个身份有误的例子参见 example

(2)

An occurrence of a disease or disorder:
病例:一种疾病或不适的例子:
a mild case of flu.
轻度流感的病例

(3)

A set of circumstances or a state of affairs; a situation:
情况,状况:一系列情况或事件的一种状态;状况:
It may rain, in which case the hike will be canceled.
天或许会下雨,如果是那样的话,徒步旅行将会被取消

(4)

Actual fact; reality:
事实:实际情况;现实:
We suspected the walls were hollow, and this proved to be the case.
我们怀疑墙是空的,这证明是事实

(5)

A question or problem; a matter:
问题;事情:
It is simply a case of honor.
这纯粹是一个荣誉的问题

(6)

A situation that requires investigation, especially by a formal or official body.
需调查的情况:一种需要调查,尤其是需要一个正式或官方机构调查的情况

(7)

Law
【法律】

(8)

An action or a suit or just grounds for an action.
诉讼,讼案:诉讼或诉讼的正当理由

(9)

The facts or evidence offered in support of a claim.
证据:所提供的支持一项诉讼的事实或者证据

(10)

A set of reasons or supporting facts; an argument:
理由,论据:一系列理由或支持性的事实;论据:
presented a good case for changing the law.
提出了一条很好的变更法律的理由

(11)

A person or group of persons being assisted, treated, or studied, as by a physician, lawyer, or social worker.
病人,委托人:被医生、律师或社会工作者援助、治疗或研究的一个人或一群人

(12)

Informal A peculiar or eccentric person; a character.
【非正式用语】 怪人:一个奇特或怪癖的人;怪人

(13)

Linguistics
【语言学】

(14)

The syntactic relationship of a noun, a pronoun or a determiner to the other words of a sentence, indicated by declensional endings, by the position of the words within the sentence, by prepositions, or by postpositions.
格:一个名词、代词或一个限定词与一个句子中其它词的句法关系,通过词尾变化、这些词在句子中的位置、介词或者后置词表示出来

(15)

The form or position of a word that indicates this relationship.
格的字形或位置:表示这一关系的一个词的形式或者位置

(16)

Such forms, positions, and relationships considered as a group.
一组格的字形或位置:被认为是一组的这样的形式、位置和关系

(17)

A pattern of inflection of nouns, pronouns, and adjectives to express different syntactic functions in a sentence.
词形变化形式:名词、代词和形容词在一个句子中表示不同的句法功能的词形屈折变化的形式

(18)

The form of such an inflected word.
变形词:这样一个词形发生屈折变化的词的形式
v.tr.(及物动词)
casedcas.ingcas.es【非正式用语】
To examine carefully, as in planning a crime:
踩点:仔细检查,如策划一项犯罪时:
cased the bank before robbing it.
在抢劫银行前对其踩点

习惯用语

in any case
Regardless of what has occurred or will occur.
无论如何,总之:不管已经或将要发生什么

in case

(1)

If it happens that; if.
如果发生;如果

(2)

As a precaution:
以防万一:
took along an umbrella, just in case.
随身带一把伞,以防万一

in case of
If there should happen to be:
如果发生:
a number to call in case of emergency.
万一发生意外打的号码

语源

(1)

Middle English cas
中古英语 cas

(2)

from Old French
源自 古法语

(3)

from Latin c3s [from past participle of] cadere [to fall] * see kad-
源自 拉丁语 c3s [] 源自cadere的过去分词 [坠落] *参见 kad-

基本词义

case
case 2
AHD:[k3s]
D.J.[keis]
K.K.[kes]
n.(名词)

(1)

A container; a receptacle:
容器:
a jewelry case; meat-filled cases of dough.
珠宝盒;塞肉的面团

(2)

Abbr. c., C., cs.A container with its contents.
缩写 c.C.cs.一盒之物:一个容器与其所盛的东西

(3)

A decorative or protective covering or cover.
罩子:一个装饰性或保护性的罩或盖

(4)

A set or pair:
一组;一对:
a case of pistols.
一对手枪

(5)

The frame or framework of a window, door, or stairway.
框子:窗、门或楼梯的框子或架子

(6)

The surface or outer layer of a metal alloy.
外层:金属合金的表面或外层
v.tr.(及物动词)
casedcas.ingcas.es
To put into or cover with a case; encase.
把…装箱:放进一个容器或盖上一个盖;把…装进箱子

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Norman French casse
源自 诺曼法语 casse

(3)

from Latin capsa
源自 拉丁语 capsa

现代英汉词典

case 1
[keIs]
n.

(1)

事;事例
a case of stupidity
愚笨的事
This is a case of stupidity, not dishonesty.
这只是个愚蠢的例子,并非不诚实。

(2)

情形;场合;状况
'Well, in that case, I would prefer to stay on the bus,' I answered.
`唉,那样的话,我宁愿留在车上啦,'我回答说。
a case of poverty
穷苦的情形

(3)

病症;病例
This is a case of fever.
这是一发烧的病例。

(4)

病人;患者
There are three cases of fever in school.
学校有三个发烧病人了。

(5)

案件;诉讼
a difficult case to prove
一个很难办的案子
In this case I'm acting for my friend Mr Smith.
我在这次诉讼中代表我的朋友史密斯的利益。
The case against Mr. White is said to be heard tomorrow.
据说怀特先生被起诉一案定于明天开庭。
The case was settled out of court.
这案件在庭外解决。

(6)

(受警方及社会监管的)个案

(7)

判例;讼案

(8)

事实;实情
The police have a clear case against the prisoner.
警察有充足的事实对付那个囚犯。
Is that the case? No, that's not the case.
事实是那样吗?不,事实并非如此。

(9)

〈语法〉格
the nominative case
主格

习惯用语

in case
以防;可能;倘若
Take a hat with you in case the sun is very hot.
倘若太阳很利害,你就把帽子戴上。

in case of
如果;万一
In case of rain they can't go.
万一下雨,他们就不能去了。

基本词义

case 2
[keIs]
n.

(1)

箱;盒;容器
He took a case full of clothes with him.
他把一个装满衣服的箱子带在身边。

(2)

框子;架子

(3)

套子;壳子
the case of a watch
表壳

词性变化

case
vt.

(1)

装箱,装盒
The goods have been cased up for transport.
货物已装箱待运。

(2)

(与with连用)包装

(3)

(行窃前)查勘,踩道儿

现代英汉综合大辞典

case
[keis]
n.

(1)

情况, 状况

(2)

真相, 事实

(3)

事例, 实例

(4)

案件, 判例

(5)

论据, 论辩, 立场

(6)

病例, 病症, 患者

(7)

[美口]怪僻的人, 迷恋的对象

(8)

【语】格

(9)

[美俚]100元

(10)

箱, 盒; 壳; 套; 框, 框架

(11)

活字分格盘

(12)

数据组
a typical case
典型事例
a concrete case
具体的事例
a civil case
民事诉讼
a criminal case
刑事案件
an urgent case
急症病例
the nominative case
【语】主格
a window case
窗框
the upper [lower] case
【刷】大写[小写]字盘
As the case stands, you must leave here at once.
照现在情况看, 你必须马上离开这里。
He has a strong case.
他有充足的理由(可为自己辩护)。

词性变化

case
[keis]
vt.

(1)

装于箱[盒]中

(2)

[美俚]事前勘察(打算抢劫的地方)

(3)

糊裱(墙壁等)

(4)

包围(over, up)
The bank was carefully cased before the robbery.
银行在抢劫案发生之前被彻底勘察过。

继承用法

casebook
[`keIsbJk]
n.
专题资料[案例]汇编; ?覆?

casebound
[`keIsbaJnd]
adj.
(书籍)精装的

caseload
[`keIslEJd]
n.
处理案例量; 病例量

casework
[5keIsw\:k]
n.
社会福利机关的调研、指导工作, 对社会问题的研究与改善

习惯用语

a case in point
左证; 恰当的例子

a case of conscience
良心问题

a case of crabs
[常与 come off, turn out, turn up 连用][美俚]失败

a case of dog eat dog
残酷的竞争; 损人利已的角逐

a gone case
[美俚]无可救药的事[人]

a hard case

(1)

无可救药或顽固不化的人; 难对付的人

(2)

处境困难或可怜的人

(3)

难办的事; 难治之症

(4)

古里古怪冒冒失失的家伙

agreed case
【律】两起(对于诉讼事实)都无异议的案件

as is often the case
这是常有的事

as the case may be
看情况, 根据具体情况而定

as the case might be
看情况, 根据具体情况而定

as the case stands
在目前的情况下, 就现有的情况而论

basket case

(1)

截去手脚的人

(2)

手脚瘫痪的人

be the case with
...的情况是

get down to cases
[美、口]开始谈正经事

Hard cases make bad law.
[谚]难以处理的案件造成法律上的例外。

have a case on
[俚]迷上[爱上]某人

in any case
无论如何, 总之

in case
假使, 如果, 万一

in case of
万一..., 如果发生...

in evil case
身体不好, 境况不佳

in good case
健康, 生活富裕

in nine cases out of ten
十之八九

in no case
决不

in that case
如果是那样的话

in the case of
就...来说, 关于

in this case
假如这样的话

It is not the case.
情况不是这样; 并非事实。

This is not the case.
情况不是这样; 并非事实。

That is not the case.
情况不是这样; 并非事实。

just in case
以防(万一)

leading case
【律】经常被援引的案件

make out a case for
为...进行辩护

make out one's case
证明自已有理

meet the case
恰当, 符合要求, 解决问题

mentalcase
[口]精神病患者

open and shutcase
一目了然的案件, 显而易见

out of case
不健康; 境况不好

put the case for
为...辩护

put the case (that)
假定, 推测

stretcher case
重伤员

such being the case
在这种情况下, 既然如此

test case

(1)

【律】判例

(2)

[美]试诉

vanity case
女人盛化妆品的小手提包[小脂粉盒]

walking case
【医】门诊病人; 轻伤员

特殊用法

absolute case
独立格

accessory case
附件箱

accumulator case
蓄电池箱, 电池箱

acid blow case
吹气扬酸箱

adjusting spring case
调准簧盒

agentive case
施事格

air-compressor crank case
空气压缩机曲柄箱

air-tight case
密封壳

alarm signal case
报警信号盒

ambiguous case
二义情况

antennal case
触角盒

attache case
手提箱

baking case
焙烤(面包的)模子

ballistic case
【军】弹道壳

banjo case
不可分箱体

booster case
助推器壳体

border-line cases
接近低能者

bow case
弓袋

brain case

buffer case
缓冲筒, 减震器

cam case
凸轮盒

camshaft case
凸轮轴箱

carrying case
携带式仪器箱; 弹药箱

cartridge case
弹壳

catalog case
卡片柜, 卡片箱

catalyst case
催化剂室, 反应室, 反应器

cell case
电瓶壳

centering spring case
复原弹簧盒

centre-board case
挡水板套

check-valve case
止回阀箱

clutch driving case
离合器主动盖

common case
共同格

commuting case
交换箱

comparative case
比较格

composition battery case
胶质电池壳

core lifter case
岩芯提取器

cracking case
裂化反应器

crank case
曲轴箱; 曲拐箱; 拐肘箱; 握柄架

crankshaft case
曲(柄)轴箱

cut-out case
熔线盒(保险盒)

deep-drawing motor case
深压延发动机壳体

Dennison early waterproof case
丹尼森防水表壳(1871年丹尼森将手表装入"防水"表壳内, 为世界第一只防水表)

diaphragm case
隔膜套

differential case
差动齿轮箱, 差速器箱, 分速器箱

differential pinion case
差速器小齿轮箱

differential side case
差速器侧箱

distributor case
分配箱; 配电箱

dollar case
金库; 财源; 能赚钱的设施和商店

drawn-shell case
压制外壳

dust-free case
防尘箱

egg case
卵鞘

emergency case
急症病例; 紧急病例

engine timing case
发动机定时齿轮壳

equative case
等同格

exceptional case
例外情况

favorable case
顺利场合

first-aid case
急救箱

float case
沉箱

frozen food display case
冷冻食品展示柜

glass filament case
玻璃纤维壳体

gristcase
(酿造用的)麦芽粉贮仓;谷物粗粉贮仓

gyrocase
陀螺组合件的外壳

hardenedcase
表面渗炭硬化

high-frequency group and low frequency group equalizer case
高低群均衡器盒

inactive case
非主动格

indeterminate case
不定情况

index case
索引患者, 指示病例

individual cases
个案

ingot case
锭型

instruction case
仪器柜

lantern case
灯框, 灯室

leather case
球壳

location case
信号机的设备箱

low temperature frozen food case
冷藏货柜

magnet case
线圈盒(电磁阀上)

marquise shape case
蛋形表壳

massive case
厚重表壳

mechanism case
机构箱

meter case
仪表外壳, 电表外壳

microphone case
传声器外壳

moisture-proof case
防潮外壳

mo(u)lded bakelife case
塑料(电木)盒

monolithic case
整体外壳

mummy case
古代装木乃伊的箱(外面雕刻并绘有死者形象)

nitration case
氮化层

non-Archimedean case
非阿基米德情形

objective case
宾格

oblique case
间接格(非原格)

open-type display case
(无人售货的)敞开式陈列柜

outstanding case
悬案

oval shape case
卵形壳, 蛋形表壳

particular case
特别情况, 特例

patient case
被动格

pending case
悬案

plunger case
柱塞缸

pocket watch case
怀表壳

portfolio watch case
皮盒式表壳

possessive case
属(有)格, 所有格, 领属格

racket case
球拍套

radiator case
散热器箱

rear case
表壳后盖, 猎表内盖; 后盖

receiver case
接收机箱; 电话室

reduction case
减速器箱体

refrigerated multishelf open case
敞开台架式冷藏橱窗

reinforced plastic case
加固塑料壳体

relay case
继电器柜, 继电器箱

rudder case
舵杆管

sealed case
密封盒

shaped waterproof watch case
定型防水表壳

sheathing case
包装箱, 包装套

shielding case
隔离罩

shipping case
装运箱

show case
陈列柜, 橱窗

shower case
簇射事例

slide valve case
滑阀箱

slip case
纸条盒(邮政车)

solid case
(滚动轴承的)实心护圈

spiral wound plastic-reinforced case
螺旋缠绕式塑料加固壳体

sporadic case
散发病例

steering gear case
转向装置箱

step transmission case
有级传动器

strainer case
滤尘器盒

swab case
油盒

syncretic case
辑合格

take-off case
(功率)输出器

take-up case
卷带盒, 卷带箱

tank-valve stuffing-box case
柜阀填料函盖

thin-wall case
簿壁壳体

throttle valve case
总汽门箱

timing-gear case
定时齿轮箱

top case
上型箱

transfer case
分动箱; 变速箱

transformer case
变压器外壳

transmission case
传动箱; 齿轮箱

transport case
运输箱, 装运箱

type case
活字箱, 铅字盘

unsplit crank case
整式曲柄箱

valve case
阀心座, 活门体

variable speed case
变速箱, 传动箱; 无级变速器

ventilated case
通风柜, 排汽柜

vibrating case
振动箱

watch case
表壳

water-tight case
不透水外壳, 耐水外壳

weight case
液压箱

winch brake case
绞车闸箱

Ywing case
鞘翅(鞘翅目昆虫)

worm-gear case
蜗轮箱

美国传统词典

case
case 1
AHD:[k3s]
D.J.[keis]
K.K.[kes]
n.

(1)

An instance of something; an occurrence; an example:
a case of mistaken identity.See Synonyms at example

(2)

An occurrence of a disease or disorder:
a mild case of flu.

(3)

A set of circumstances or a state of affairs; a situation:
It may rain, in which case the hike will be canceled.

(4)

Actual fact; reality:
We suspected the walls were hollow, and this proved to be the case.

(5)

A question or problem; a matter:
It is simply a case of honor.

(6)

A situation that requires investigation, especially by a formal or official body.

(7)

Law

(8)

An action or a suit or just grounds for an action.

(9)

The facts or evidence offered in support of a claim.

(10)

A set of reasons or supporting facts; an argument:
presented a good case for changing the law.

(11)

A person or group of persons being assisted, treated, or studied, as by a physician, lawyer, or social worker.

(12)

Informal A peculiar or eccentric person; a character.

(13)

Linguistics

(14)

The syntactic relationship of a noun, a pronoun or a determiner to the other words of a sentence, indicated by declensional endings, by the position of the words within the sentence, by prepositions, or by postpositions.

(15)

The form or position of a word that indicates this relationship.

(16)

Such forms, positions, and relationships considered as a group.

(17)

A pattern of inflection of nouns, pronouns, and adjectives to express different syntactic functions in a sentence.

(18)

The form of such an inflected word.
v.tr.
cased, cas.ing, cas.esInformal
To examine carefully, as in planning a crime:
cased the bank before robbing it.

习惯用语

in any case
Regardless of what has occurred or will occur.

in case

(1)

If it happens that; if.

(2)

As a precaution:
took along an umbrella, just in case.

in case of
If there should happen to be:
a number to call in case of emergency.

语源

(1)

Middle English cas

(2)

from Old French

(3)

from Latin c3s [from past participle of] cadere [to fall] * see kad-

基本词义

case
case 2
AHD:[k3s]
D.J.[keis]
K.K.[kes]
n.

(1)

A container; a receptacle:
a jewelry case; meat-filled cases of dough.

(2)

Abbr. c., C., cs.A container with its contents.

(3)

A decorative or protective covering or cover.

(4)

A set or pair:
a case of pistols.

(5)

The frame or framework of a window, door, or stairway.

(6)

The surface or outer layer of a metal alloy.
v.tr.
cased, cas.ing, cas.es
To put into or cover with a case; encase.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Norman French casse

(3)

from Latin capsa

英汉航海大词典

in case of
prep.如果,在...时

英汉环境大词典

in case of
n.在...情况下,要是,万一

英汉化学大词典

in case of
n.在...情况下,要是,万一

英汉经贸大词典

in case of
n.在...情况下,要是,万一

英汉计算机大词典

in case of
万一(在...情况下,要是)

英汉能源大词典

in case of
n.在...情况下,要是,万一

电子邮件: 版权所有 一切网及原始资料出版社Copyright © 2004