简明英汉词典

in advance
adv.
预先

美国传统词典[双解]

advance
ad.vance
AHD:[2d-v2ns“]
D.J.[#d6v#ns]
K.K.[#d6v#ns]
v.(动词)
ad.vancedad.vanc.ingad.vanc.es
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To move or cause to move forward.
向前:向前移动或使向前移动

(2)

To put forward; propose or suggest:
提出,提议:提出;提议或建议:
advanced a novel theory during the seminar.
在讨论会上提出新奇的理论

(3)

To aid the growth or progress of.
促进:帮助…的生长或进步

(4)

To raise in rank; promote.
提升,晋升:在职务上提高;提拔

(5)

To cause to occur sooner:
使提前发生:
advance a deadline by one week.
把期限提前一星期

(6)

To raise in amount or rate; increase.
提高,增加:在数量或效率上提高;增加

(7)

To pay (money or interest) before due.
预先垫付:在规定时间之前付(钱或利息)

(8)

To supply or lend, especially on credit.
贷款,赊帐:特指以赊帐形式提供或借与

(9)

To serve as an advance person for (a trip to be made by a politician or a dignitary):
做先遣人员,先行准备:作为(政治家或政界要人预期行程的)先遣人员:
“advanced the China trip during which the first trade agreements . . . were signed”(Suzanne Perney)
“在首次签署贸易协议的中国之行中做先遣人员”(苏珊·佩尔内)

(10)

Archaic To lift.
【古语】 举起;提起
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To go or move forward or onward.
向前,前移:前进,向前移动或向前推移

(2)

To move against another, as when attacking:
进击:推进对方,如在进攻时:
advance on the enemy's position.
向敌人的阵地进击

(3)

To make progress; improve.
取得进步;改善

(4)

To rise in rank, position, or value.
提升,晋升:在地位,职位或价值方面提高

(5)

To serve as an advance person for a trip to be made by a politician or a dignitary.
做先遣人员;先行准备:作为政治家或政界要人预期行程的先遣人员
n.(名词)

(1)

The act or process of moving or going forward.
前进:向前移动、前进的动作或过程

(2)

A forward move, as toward an objective; progress:
进展:向目标所做的前移;进步:
an advance in genetic engineering.
遗传工程学方面的进展

(3)

An increase of price or value.
涨价,增值:价格或价值方面的增长

(4)

advances Opening approaches made to secure acquaintance, favor, or an agreement; overtures.
advances 主动姿态:为保证相识,利益或协议而提出的初步建议;主动的表示

(5)

The furnishing of funds or goods on credit.
预付,贷款:以赊帐形式提供资金和货物

(6)

The funds or goods so furnished; a loan.
贷款额:预先提供的资金或货物;贷款

(7)

Payment of money before due:
预付款,预交货:到期之前支付钱:
an advance on next week's salary.
预付下星期的工资
adj.(形容词)

(1)

Made or given ahead of time:
预先的:提前完成或提前给予的:
an advance payment.
预付款项

(2)

Going before, in front, or forward.
先行的:走在前面的,在前面的或向前的

习惯用语

in advance
Ahead of time; beforehand.
提前;预先

in advance of
In front of; ahead of.
在…前面;在…之前

语源

(1)

Middle English avauncen
中古英语 avauncen

(2)

from Old French avauncer
源自 古法语 avauncer

(3)

from Vulgar Latin *abanti3e
源自 俗拉丁语 *abanti3e

(4)

from Latin abante [from before]
源自 拉丁语 abante [源自在…之前]

(5)

ab- [ab-]
ab- [前缀ad-,朝向]

(6)

ante [before] * see ant-
ante [在…之前] *参见 ant-

继承用法

advancer
n.(名词)

参考词汇

(1)

advanceforwardfosterfurtherpromote

(2)

The central meaning shared by these verbs is “to cause to move ahead, as toward a goal”:
这些动词共有的中心意思为“使向前移动,使向目标移动”:
advance a worthy cause;
促进有价值的事业;
forwarding their own interests;
增强他们的兴趣;
fostered friendly relations;
增进友好关系;
furthering your career;
促进你事业的发展;
efforts to promote sales. retard
促销的努力 retard

用法

(1)

Advance, as a noun, is used for forward movement (
Advance 作为名词, 用以指向前的移动(
the advance of the army)
部队的前进)

(2)

or for progress or improvement in a figurative sense. Advancement is used mainly in the figurative sense:
或指比喻意义上的进步或提高。Advancement 主要用于比喻义:
career advancement.
职业上的进展。

(3)

In the figurative sense, moreover, there is a distinction between the two terms deriving from the transitive and intransitive forms of the verb advance. The noun advancement (unlike advance ) often implies the existence of an agent or outside force. Thus, the advance of science means simply the progress of science, whereas the advancement of science implies progress resulting from the action of an agent or force:
然而,在比喻义上,源自动词advance 的及物和不及物形态的两个词之间具有差别。 名词advancement (不象 advance )通常暗含行为或外部力量的存在。 因此科学的进步 简单地意味着在科学上取得的进步, 而科学的进展 暗指源自行为和力量的进步:
The purpose of the legislation was the advancement of science.
立法的目的就是使科学进展

现代英汉词典

advance
[Ed5vB:ns; (?@) Ed5vAns]
vt., vi.
advanced, advancing

(1)

前进;增进
The troops advanced.
部队向前开进。
The Allied troops are advancing on the camp of the enemy.
盟军正在向敌军营地挺进。

(2)

提高;提 升
to advance to a higher position
提升到较高的职位

(3)

提前;提前支付

(4)

进展;发展
The work is not advancing.
工作没有进展。

词性变化

advance
n.

(1)

前进;进展
His advance was slow.
他的前进速度缓慢。
The strength and success of the German advance had surprised everybody.
德军前进的势头和顺利使人人惊恐失色。

(2)

发展;进展

(3)

预支;预付 款
advance rental payment
租金预付款

习惯用语

in advance

(1)

预先
You must pay for the book in advance.
你必须预先付书的钱。

(2)

(常与of连用)在…之前

现代英汉综合大辞典

advance
[Ed5vB:ns]
vt.

(1)

使前进; 推进

(2)

使进步; 增进; 发展

(3)

促进, 助长

(4)

提升; 使升级

(5)

提高(物价等)

(6)

增加(数量、价钱等)

(7)

提前; 加速; 拨快(时针)

(8)

预付, 预支; 贷款

(9)

提出[提倡](理论、看法等)

(10)

前去(某地)做(先遣工作)

(11)

【机】进给,走刀

(12)

【采矿】钻进, 掘进
advance production energetically
大力发展生产
further advance the friendly relations between the two countries
进一步增进两国的友好关系
advance the growth of rice
促进水稻生长
advance money to sb.
预先付钱(或贷款)给某人
He was advanced to the rank of captain.
他被提升为上尉。
The Government of Iran advanced the price of petroleum last week.
上星期伊朗政府提高了石油价格。
They advanced many reasonable proposals.
他们提出了许多合理化建议。

词性变化

advance
[Ed5vB:ns]
vi.

(1)

前进; 发展; 往前走;【军】挺进, 进攻

(2)

进行

(3)

(物价等)上涨; (数量等)增加; (地位等)提高

(4)

长进; 进步; 生长

(5)

晋升

(6)

(颜色等)醒目
As the wages advanced, so did the cost of living.
随着工资的提高, 生活费用也提高了。
Deep colors advance.
深的颜色显得醒目。

advance
[Ed5vB:ns]
n.

(1)

前进; 进攻; 进程(against, on, upon)

(2)

进步, 进展

(3)

(物价)上涨

(4)

预付; 借贷; 贷出的款项与贷物予付款

(5)

升级; 晋升

(6)

[pl.]友好表示; 接近, 求爱

(7)

事先写好的报道

(8)

【机】走刀; 进尺; 钻进

(9)

超前量[角]; 提前点火

(10)

向上, 上升
advance of knowledge
知识的进步
make a mighty advance
取得很大进展
an advance in rank
职务晋升
advance on cottons
棉织品涨价
an attitude that discouraged all advances
一种阻碍任何解决办法的态度
Can I have an advance on my salary?
我可以预支薪水吗?

advance
[Ed5vB:ns]
adj.

(1)

在前的, 事先的; 预先的

(2)

先行的, 先头的

(3)

前进的
advance information
预告; 超前信息

继承用法

advance-trenches
n.
[pl.]火线上的战壕, 前哨壕沟

advanceable
adj.

advancer
[Ed5vB:nsE]
n.
前进者

习惯用语

in advance

(1)

在前头

(2)

预先, 事先

in advance of
在...前面; 比...进步; 超过

make advances

(1)

垫款

(2)

设法接近(某人), 拉关系

(3)

(向女人)献殷勤

on the advance
(物价)在上涨

with the advance of
随着...的增加; 随着(时间)的推移

advance on
朝...前进, 向...推进; 进击

advance towards
朝...前进, 向...推进; 进击

advance upon
朝...前进, 向...推进; 进击

特殊用法

additional advance
追加垫款

all-out advance
市价全面上涨

all outstanding advance
全部尚未归还的放款

angular advance
角度提前(量)

annual advance
年进度

automatic advance
自动前进[推进, 送料]

automatic spark advance
自动火花提前

average advance
平均进度

bank advances
银行贷(出)款

cash advance
现金垫款

deficiency advance
预算不敷垫款

double advance
前进两路

exhaust advance
提前排气

export advance
出口预付款[贷款]

film advance
影片传送

first advance
超前工作面

full advance
完全提前点火

genetic advance
遗传进度

glacial advance
【地质】冰川前进

ignition advance
点火提前

injection advance
喷射提前(量); 提前喷油

intake advance
进气提前

item advance
【自】项目转移(法)

loan and advance
借款与预付

magneto spark advance
磁电火花提前

money advance
货币贷款

odds favoring advance
利跌率

original advances
原始垫付

phase advance
相位提前[超前]

pilot advance
超前导航

price advance
涨价, 提价

primitive advance
原始垫款

propeller advance
螺旋桨进距

pulse advance
脉冲通过

punch advance
冲杆冲程

recent advance
新发展

secured advance
担保[抵押]信贷

selective advance
选择增效

sound track advance
声迹超前(声画不同步)

spark advance
火花提前

supply advances
供给垫款

temporary advance
暂垫款

trade credit and advances
贸易信贷及预付款

travel advance
出差预借款

uncovered advance
信用放款

vacuum-controlled advance
负压控制提前(点火)

vertical advance
(磁带录象机)垂直超前电路

advance by overdraft
透支

advance in living standard
提高生活水平

advance of admission
提前进气

advance of release
提前排气

advance of return fee
预付复信回执费

advance of salary
预支薪金

advance of the face
工作面推进[进度]

advance of the perigee
近地点前移

advance of the perihelion
近日点前移

advance of tool
进刀, 走刀

advance of wages
提高工资

advance on a promissory note
期票信贷

advance to affiliates
预付联属公司款

advance to employees
职工预支

advance to subcontractor
分包人预支款

参考词汇
advance     promote     progress     proceed    
都含有“前进”的意思。

(1)

advance 指“向某一目标或方向前进的运动或效果, 并常强调前进的终点”, 如:
Our soldiers advanced bravely against the enemy.
我们的士兵勇敢地向敌人挺进。

(2)

promote 作“提升”解时可与advance 通用; 它强调“促使某种事业向前发展以达到预期的结果, 并侧重于对该人或事物(尤指公开性质)的赞助和鼓励”, 如:
John was promoted [advanced] from a clerk to a manager.
约翰由职员晋升为经理。
A sound forest economy promotes the prosperity of agriculture and rural life.
完善的森林经济可以促进农业和农村生活的兴旺与繁荣。

(3)

progress 则指“稳定、经常的进步”, 这种进步可能有间隔, 常用于抽象事物, 如:
Our research work is progressing steadily.
我们的研究工作正在稳步地取得进展。

(4)

proceed 多指“继续前进”, 如:
This being done, let's proceed to the next.
这项工作已做完了, 让我们干下一个。
retart     check     retreat    

美国传统词典

advance
ad.vance
AHD:[2d-v2ns“]
D.J.[#d6v#ns]
K.K.[#d6v#ns]
v.
ad.vanced, ad.vanc.ing, ad.vanc.es
v.tr.

(1)

To move or cause to move forward.

(2)

To put forward; propose or suggest:
advanced a novel theory during the seminar.

(3)

To aid the growth or progress of.

(4)

To raise in rank; promote.

(5)

To cause to occur sooner:
advance a deadline by one week.

(6)

To raise in amount or rate; increase.

(7)

To pay (money or interest) before due.

(8)

To supply or lend, especially on credit.

(9)

To serve as an advance person for (a trip to be made by a politician or a dignitary):
“advanced the China trip during which the first trade agreements . . . were signed”(Suzanne Perney)

(10)

Archaic To lift.
v.intr.

(1)

To go or move forward or onward.

(2)

To move against another, as when attacking:
advance on the enemy's position.

(3)

To make progress; improve.

(4)

To rise in rank, position, or value.

(5)

To serve as an advance person for a trip to be made by a politician or a dignitary.
n.

(1)

The act or process of moving or going forward.

(2)

A forward move, as toward an objective; progress:
an advance in genetic engineering.

(3)

An increase of price or value.

(4)

advances Opening approaches made to secure acquaintance, favor, or an agreement; overtures.

(5)

The furnishing of funds or goods on credit.

(6)

The funds or goods so furnished; a loan.

(7)

Payment of money before due:
an advance on next week's salary.
adj.

(1)

Made or given ahead of time:
an advance payment.

(2)

Going before, in front, or forward.

习惯用语

in advance
Ahead of time; beforehand.

in advance of
In front of; ahead of.

语源

(1)

Middle English avauncen

(2)

from Old French avauncer

(3)

from Vulgar Latin *abanti3e

(4)

from Latin abante [from before]

(5)

ab- [ab-]

(6)

ante [before] * see ant-

继承用法

advancer
n.

参考词汇

(1)

advance, forward, foster, further, promote

(2)

The central meaning shared by these verbs is “to cause to move ahead, as toward a goal”:
advance a worthy cause;
forwarding their own interests;
fostered friendly relations;
furthering your career;
efforts to promote sales. retard

用法

(1)

Advance, as a noun, is used for forward movement (
the advance of the army)

(2)

or for progress or improvement in a figurative sense. Advancement is used mainly in the figurative sense:
career advancement.

(3)

In the figurative sense, moreover, there is a distinction between the two terms deriving from the transitive and intransitive forms of the verb advance. The noun advancement (unlike advance ) often implies the existence of an agent or outside force. Thus, the advance of science means simply the progress of science, whereas the advancement of science implies progress resulting from the action of an agent or force:
The purpose of the legislation was the advancement of science.

英汉船舶大词典

in advance
n.先期,先行,预

英汉法学大词典

in advance
adv.提前 ,事前 ,预先,早

英汉航海大词典

in advance
prep.在前,预先

英汉环境大词典

in advance
n.预先,事先,在前

英汉化学大词典

in advance
prep.预先,在前面,事先

英汉海运大词典

in advance
预先,在前头预付

基本词义

in advance
预先,在前头,预付

英汉经贸大词典

in advance
n.提前;n.预先,事先,在前

英汉计算机大词典

in advance
prep.预先(事前,在前面

英汉能源大词典

in advance
n.预先,事先,在前

英汉心理学大词典

in advance
提前

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