简明英汉词典

impeach
[im5pi:tF]
vt.
[律]控告, 检举, <主美>弹劾, 怀疑

美国传统词典[双解]

impeach
im.peach
AHD:[1m-p?ch“]
D.J.[im6pi8t.]
K.K.[!m6pit.]
v.tr.(及物动词)
im.peachedim.peach.ingim.peach.es

(1)

To make an accusation against.
控告,告发

(2)

To charge (a public official) with improper conduct in office before a proper tribunal.
弹劾:在适宜的法庭上指控(官员)在职期间有不正当行为

(3)

To challenge the validity of; try to discredit:
怀疑:怀疑…的合法性;试图使丧失信用:
impeach a witness's credibility.
怀疑证人的可信性

语源

(1)

Middle English empechen [to impede, accuse]
中古英语 empechen [阻止,指责]

(2)

from Anglo-Norman empecher
源自 英法语 empecher

(3)

from Late Latin impedic3e [to entangle]
源自 后期拉丁语 impedic3e [牵连]

(4)

Latin in- [in] * see in- 2
拉丁语 in- [在…里面] *参见 in-2

(5)

Latin pedica [fetter] * see ped-
拉丁语 pedica [束缚] *参见 ped-

继承用法

impeacher
n.(名词)

impeachment
n.(名词)

注释
Nothing hobbles a President so much as impeachment, and there is an etymological as well as procedural reason for this. The word impeach can be traced back through Anglo-Norman empecher to Late Latin impedic3, “to catch, entangle,” from Latin pedica, “fetter for the ankle, snare.” Thus we find that Middle English empechen, the ancestor of our word, means such things as “to cause to get stuck fast,” “hinder or impede,” “interfere with,” and “criticize unfavorably.” A legal sense of empechen is first recorded in 1384. This sense, which had previously developed in Old French, was “to accuse, bring charges against.” A further development of the sense had specific reference to Parliament and its formal accusation of treason or other high crimes, a process that the United States borrowed from the British. Although we have used it rarely at the federal level, impeachment stands as the ultimate snare for those who would take advantage of the public trust.
没有事能象弹劾那样会使总统陷入窘境了,这既有词源的原因,又有程序上的原因。impeach 这个词能够通过英国法语中的 empecher 追溯到后期拉丁语中的 impedicare , 意思为“抓住,牵连”,源自拉丁语中的pedica ,意思是“脚镣,圈套”。 于是我们发现中古英语中的empechen , 我们现在这个词的前身,有着诸如“使牢牢困住”,“妨碍或阻止”,“干涉”和“令人不利地批评”等意思。empechen 在法律方面的意思最早在1384年被记录下来。 这个意思,原先在古法语中有一定发展,意思是“控告,指控。”这个意思的进一步发展到议会和议会对叛国罪或其他重大罪行的指控,这一程序是美国从英国那里借鉴而来的。尽管我们在联邦一级上很少使用,但是弹劾对于那些滥用公众信任的人来说是最终的陷阱

现代英汉词典

impeach
[Im5pi:tF]
vt.
〈法〉控告(某人叛国)

现代英汉综合大辞典

impeach
[im5pi:tF]
vt.

(1)

控诉, 控告, 弹劾, 检举

(2)

非议, 指责, 挑剔, 怀疑
impeach sb.'s motives
怀疑某人动机
impeach sb. with [of] a crime
控告某人犯罪
be impeached for robbery
被告发犯有抢劫罪

继承用法

impeachable
[Im`pi:tFEbl]
adj.

英文相关词典

impeach
accuse    arraign    charge    denounce    indict    reproach    

美国传统词典

impeach
im.peach
AHD:[1m-p?ch“]
D.J.[im6pi8t.]
K.K.[!m6pit.]
v.tr.
im.peached, im.peach.ing, im.peach.es

(1)

To make an accusation against.

(2)

To charge (a public official) with improper conduct in office before a proper tribunal.

(3)

To challenge the validity of; try to discredit:
impeach a witness's credibility.

语源

(1)

Middle English empechen [to impede, accuse]

(2)

from Anglo-Norman empecher

(3)

from Late Latin impedic3e [to entangle]

(4)

Latin in- [in] * see in- 2

(5)

Latin pedica [fetter] * see ped-

继承用法

impeacher
n.

impeachment
n.

注释
Nothing hobbles a President so much as impeachment, and there is an etymological as well as procedural reason for this. The word impeach can be traced back through Anglo-Norman empecher to Late Latin impedic3, “to catch, entangle,” from Latin pedica, “fetter for the ankle, snare.” Thus we find that Middle English empechen, the ancestor of our word, means such things as “to cause to get stuck fast,” “hinder or impede,” “interfere with,” and “criticize unfavorably.” A legal sense of empechen is first recorded in 1384. This sense, which had previously developed in Old French, was “to accuse, bring charges against.” A further development of the sense had specific reference to Parliament and its formal accusation of treason or other high crimes, a process that the United States borrowed from the British. Although we have used it rarely at the federal level, impeachment stands as the ultimate snare for those who would take advantage of the public trust.

英汉法学大词典

impeach
v.怀疑 ,检举,弹劾,责问

英汉化学大词典

impeach
vt.控告,对...表示怀疑

英汉计算机大词典

impeach
vt.控告(对...表示怀疑)

电子邮件: 版权所有 一切网及原始资料出版社Copyright © 2004