简明英汉词典

impact
[5impAkt]
n.
碰撞, 冲击, 冲突, 影响, 效果
vt.
挤入, 撞击, 压紧, 对...发生影响

基本词义

IMPACT
=Implementation Planning and Control Technique (电子计算机)程序设计及操作控制技术

美国传统词典[双解]

impact
im.pact
AHD:[1m“p2kt”]
D.J.[6im7p#kt]
K.K.[6!m7p#kt]
n.(名词)

(1)

The striking of one body against another; collision.
碰击,撞击:一个物体对另一个物体的击打;碰撞

(2)

The force or impetus transmitted by a collision.
冲击力:由碰撞而传递的力量或动力

(3)

The effect or impression of one thing on another:
影响:一个事物对另一个事物的影响或印象:
still gauging the impact of automation on the lives of factory workers.
仍然在估测自动化对工厂工人生活的影响

(4)

The power of making a strong, immediate impression:
影响力:产生很快的、很深印象的力量:
a speech that lacked impact.
毫无影响力的演说
v.(动词)
im.pact.edim.pact.ingim.pacts[1m-p2kt“]
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To pack firmly together.
压紧

(2)

To strike forcefully:
用力撞击:
meteorites impacting the lunar surface.
陨石撞击月球表面

(3)

Usage Problem To have an effect or impact on.
【用法疑难】 在…产生影响
v.intr.Usage Problem (不及物动词)【用法疑难】
To have an effect or impact.
对…产生影响

语源
From Latin imp3s [past participle of] impingere [to push against] * see impinge
源自 拉丁语 imp3s [] impingere的过去分词 [推] *参见 impinge

继承用法

impaction
n.(名词)

参考词汇

(1)

impactrepercussion

(2)

The central meaning shared by these nouns is “a strong effect exerted by one person or thing on another”:
这些名词共有的中心意思为“一个人或物对另外一个人或物施加的强烈影响。”
the far-reaching impact of an oil embargo;
石油禁运的深远影响;
a strike that had dire repercussions. See also Synonyms at collision
反响可怕的罢工 参见同义词 collision

用法
Each generation of critics seems to select one particular usage to stand as the emblem of what they view as linguistic crassness. Thirty years ago it was the use of contact as a verb, but opposition to that form has more or less disappeared, and attention now focuses on the verbal use of impact meaning “have an effect, affect.” Eighty-four percent of the Usage Panel disapproves of the construction to impact on, as in the phrase social pathologies, common to the inner city, that impact heavily on such a community; and fully 95 percent disapproves of the use of impact as a transitive verb in the sentence Companies have used disposable techniques that have a potential for impacting our health. But even these figures do not reflect the degree of distaste with which critics view the usage: in their comments some Panelists labeled the usage as “bureaucratic,” “pretentious,” “vile,” and “a vulgarism.” · It may be that the particular pretentiousness associated with the verbal use of impact is caused by its derivation from an already questionable metaphoric use of the noun impact, as in phrases such as the political impact of the decision or the impact of the program on the community, in which no more is usually meant than might have been expressed by effects or consequences. But though impact may have begun life a generation ago as an inflated substitute for “affect significantly,” it has by now become so common in corporate and institutional contexts that younger speakers appear to regard it as wholly standard and straightforward usage. Within a few years, accordingly, the usage is likely to be no more objectionable than contact is now, since it will no longer betray any particular pretentiousness on the part of those who use it.See Usage Note at contact
每一代的批评家好象都挑了一个特别的用法作为他们认为的语言上的愚蠢行为的象征。三十年以前是contact 作为动词的用法, 但是对这种形式的反对或多或少已经消失了,注意力现在集中到了impact 意思为“有不好的影响、影响”的动词用法上。 用法专题小组成员中百分之八十四不同意to impact on 的结构, 如在短语对内城区来说很普通的社会病理学,对这样一个社区产生了很大影响的 当中; 百分之九十五的成员完全不同意impact 在句子 公司已经使用了可能会对我们的健康产生不良影响的易处理技术 中当作及物动词来使用。 但是即使是这些数字也没有反映出批评家们对这种用法厌恶的程度:在他们的评论当中有些成员把这种用法说成是“官僚主义的”、“装腔作势的”,“可耻的”,还说这是“粗鄙的语言。”也许和impact 的动词用法有关联的虚饰成份是由于它是从名词 impact 的一个早有争议的比喻用法衍变而来造成的。 如在短语这个决定在政治上的影响 或者 这个计划对公众的影响 中它的意思并没有比用 effects 或者 consequences 表达出来的意思要多。 尽管impact 作为“明显地影响”的夸大了的替代可能在一代人之前开始产生, 但是现在的年轻一代使用者看上去把它当成了完全标准的、直接的用法,这在共同的和惯例的文章中已经很普遍了。相应地在几年内,这种用法很有可能不比今天的contact 更引起反对, 因为对于那些使用它的人来说这不会再显得有点矫揉造作了参见 contact

注释
The often criticized use of impact, as in the passage “social pathologies, common to the inner city, that impact heavily on such a community,” illustrates how one part of speech can have an impact on another part of speech spelled the same way. The usage also reflects the role played by science in the formation of new senses of words. The noun impact comes from the past participle imp3s of the Latin verb impingere, which means “to bring into violent contact,” “to drive persons or other creatures onto or against,” and “to fix, fasten onto.” Our noun, first recorded in 1781, derived its sense from the “contact” sense of impingere. First recorded in a scientific context having to do with the collision of bodies, it was much used in scientific contexts and later, in the 19th century, took on a figurative sense, “the effect of one thing upon another.” The verb impact, on the other hand, also coming from Latin imp3, is found much earlier than the noun, that is, it is first recorded in 1601, deriving its sense from the “driving” and “fixing” senses of impingere and meaning “to press closely into something, pack in.” This old sense is still with us, but the later noun had an influence on the verb, giving us senses such as “to strike forcefully” and “to have an effect.”
经常遭受批评的impact 的象在短语“对内城区来说很普通的社会病理学,对这样一个社区产生了很大影响的”的用法显示了在拼法相同的情况下一个词性对另一个词性能产生怎么样的影响。 用法也反映了在单词新的意思的形成过程中科学所扮演的角色。名词impact 来自拉丁语动词 impingere 的过去分词 impactus , 意思为“带入激烈的接触当中”“驱赶人或其他生物抵住”和“固定,拴紧。”我们的名词用法,最早在1781年被记录下来,它的意思从“接触”的impingere 的意思衍变而来。 首次出现在一篇同物体碰撞有关的科技性文章当中后,在科技性文章中它经常被用到,后来在19世纪有了一个比喻的意义“一个事物对另一个事物的影响”。在另一方面,动词impact 也来自拉丁语 impactus , 比名词出现得要早得多,最早在1601年被记录下来,它的意思从impingere 的“驱赶”和“固定”的意思衍化而来, 意思是“很紧密地嵌入某物,挤进”。我们仍然在用这个古老的意思,但是后来的名词对动词产生了影响,我们又有了诸如“猛烈地打击”和“有不良的影响”等新的意思

现代英汉词典

impact
[5ImpAkt]
n.

(1)

冲击(力)

(2)

影响力

词性变化

impact
[Im5pAkt]
vt.

(1)

压紧

(2)

(常与on连用)对…施加影响

现代英汉综合大辞典

impact
[5impAkt]
n.

(1)

冲击(力); 碰撞; 冲突

(2)

效果; 影响

(3)

【军】弹着; (火箭的)着落[降落]
the tremendous impact of the shot
子弹的巨大冲击力
impact pressure
碰撞压力
stress under impact
冲击应力
impact of modern science upon society as a whole
现代科学对整个社会的影响
on impact
冲击[磁撞]时

词性变化

impact
[5impAkt]
vt.
[im5pAkt]

(1)

插紧; 压紧

(2)

撞击; 冲击; 击中

(3)

挤满; 塞满; 填 入
The war has impacted the area with military and defense workers.
战争使那个地区挤满了军队和防御工程人员。

impact
[5impAkt]
vi.

(1)

撞击

(2)

发生影响
How will the war impact on such a poet?
战争对这样一个诗人会产生什么影响?

继承用法

impact-model
n.
撞击模型

impact-modulator
n.
对冲型元件, 对冲型调制器

impactful
adj.

impactive
adj.

习惯用语

give an impact to
对....起冲击作用

make a strong impact on
对....有巨大影响

have a strong impact on
对....有巨大影响

have a great impact on
对....有巨大影响

make a great impact on
对....有巨大影响

have a full impact on
对....有巨大影响

make a full impact on
对....有巨大影响

特殊用法

berthing impact
锚泊冲击力

centric(al) impact
对心碰撞, 正碰; 中心冲击

direct impact
正碰

dynamic impact
动力冲击

eccentric impact
偏心碰撞

ecological impact
生态影响; 生态冲击

economic impact
经济影响

elastic impact
弹性碰撞

electron impact
电子冲击

hydraulic impact
水力[液压]冲击

load impact
负荷冲击

local impact
局部撞击

meteoroid impact
宇宙尘碰撞

normal impact
正碰撞

oblique impact
斜碰

pellet impact
球冲击

perfect elastic impact
完全弹性冲击

photo impact
光控脉冲, 光冲量

potential impact
潜在影响

relative impact
相对冲击

shunting impact
调车冲击

square impact
正冲

tensile impact
拉力冲击

impact of collision
纵向冲击

impact of recoil
反冲

基本词义

IMPACT

(1)

=Implementation Planning and Control Technique (电子计算机)程序设计及操作控制技术;

(2)

Information Management for Planning and Control at Tameside 泰姆塞德公司规划与控制情报管理;

(3)

Integrated Management Planning and Control Techniques 综合管理规划与控制技术;

(4)

Inventory Management Program And Control Technique 库存管理程序与控制技术

用法词典

impact
源自拉丁语 impingere←im- 往内 + pangere 击,打

英文相关词典

impact
brunt    bump    clash    collision    crash    shock    

[七国语言]英汉地质大词典

impact
冲击碰撞

[七国语言]英汉电子大词典

impact
冲击碰撞

[七国语言]英汉电子工程大词典

impact
冲击

[七国语言]英汉化学大词典

impact
冲击

[七国语言]英汉机械大词典

impact
冲击

[七国语言]英汉机械工程大词典

impact
撞击冲击

[七国语言]英汉建筑大词典

impact
冲击碰撞

[七国语言]英汉矿业大词典

impact
冲击

[七国语言]英汉物理大词典

impact
冲击

[七国语言]英汉冶金大词典

impact
冲击

[七国语言]英汉原子能大词典

impact
冲击

美国传统词典

impact
im.pact
AHD:[1m“p2kt”]
D.J.[6im7p#kt]
K.K.[6!m7p#kt]
n.

(1)

The striking of one body against another; collision.

(2)

The force or impetus transmitted by a collision.

(3)

The effect or impression of one thing on another:
still gauging the impact of automation on the lives of factory workers.

(4)

The power of making a strong, immediate impression:
a speech that lacked impact.
v.
im.pact.ed, im.pact.ing, im.pacts[1m-p2kt“]
v.tr.

(1)

To pack firmly together.

(2)

To strike forcefully:
meteorites impacting the lunar surface.

(3)

Usage Problem To have an effect or impact on.
v.intr.Usage Problem
To have an effect or impact.

语源
From Latin imp3s [past participle of] impingere [to push against] * see impinge

继承用法

impaction
n.

参考词汇

(1)

impact, repercussion

(2)

The central meaning shared by these nouns is “a strong effect exerted by one person or thing on another”:
the far-reaching impact of an oil embargo;
a strike that had dire repercussions. See also Synonyms at collision

用法
Each generation of critics seems to select one particular usage to stand as the emblem of what they view as linguistic crassness. Thirty years ago it was the use of contact as a verb, but opposition to that form has more or less disappeared, and attention now focuses on the verbal use of impact meaning “have an effect, affect.” Eighty-four percent of the Usage Panel disapproves of the construction to impact on, as in the phrase social pathologies, common to the inner city, that impact heavily on such a community; and fully 95 percent disapproves of the use of impact as a transitive verb in the sentence Companies have used disposable techniques that have a potential for impacting our health. But even these figures do not reflect the degree of distaste with which critics view the usage: in their comments some Panelists labeled the usage as “bureaucratic,” “pretentious,” “vile,” and “a vulgarism.” · It may be that the particular pretentiousness associated with the verbal use of impact is caused by its derivation from an already questionable metaphoric use of the noun impact, as in phrases such as the political impact of the decision or the impact of the program on the community, in which no more is usually meant than might have been expressed by effects or consequences. But though impact may have begun life a generation ago as an inflated substitute for “affect significantly,” it has by now become so common in corporate and institutional contexts that younger speakers appear to regard it as wholly standard and straightforward usage. Within a few years, accordingly, the usage is likely to be no more objectionable than contact is now, since it will no longer betray any particular pretentiousness on the part of those who use it.See Usage Note at contact

注释
The often criticized use of impact, as in the passage “social pathologies, common to the inner city, that impact heavily on such a community,” illustrates how one part of speech can have an impact on another part of speech spelled the same way. The usage also reflects the role played by science in the formation of new senses of words. The noun impact comes from the past participle imp3s of the Latin verb impingere, which means “to bring into violent contact,” “to drive persons or other creatures onto or against,” and “to fix, fasten onto.” Our noun, first recorded in 1781, derived its sense from the “contact” sense of impingere. First recorded in a scientific context having to do with the collision of bodies, it was much used in scientific contexts and later, in the 19th century, took on a figurative sense, “the effect of one thing upon another.” The verb impact, on the other hand, also coming from Latin imp3, is found much earlier than the noun, that is, it is first recorded in 1601, deriving its sense from the “driving” and “fixing” senses of impingere and meaning “to press closely into something, pack in.” This old sense is still with us, but the later noun had an influence on the verb, giving us senses such as “to strike forcefully” and “to have an effect.”

[名词委审定]英汉船舶工程名词(定义版, 1998)

impact
冲击

[名词委审定]英汉机械工程名词(一, 定义版, 2000)

impact

(1)

碰撞

(2)

又称“撞击”。两物体之间接触点的相对法向速度不为零的突然接触。

[名词委审定]英汉力学名词(1993)

impact
撞击

英汉船舶大词典

impact
n.冲击,冲力,弹着;n.碰撞

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

impact
冲[打]击,击打;影响

英汉电信大词典

impact
n.冲击

英汉地质大词典

impact
n.冲击,碰撞,撞击

英汉法学大词典

impact
n.影响 ,效力 ,影响力

英汉纺织大词典

impact
n.影响,冲击

英汉航海大词典

impact
n.影响

英汉航空大词典

impact
n.,冲击;n.碰撞温度

英汉化学大词典

impact
n.碰撞,脉冲,着陆,气流急剧滞止,影响;vt.碰撞,装紧

英汉海运大词典

impact
冲击冲力压紧塞满冲击,碰撞

基本词义

impact
冲击,冲力碰撞弹着影响,效果

基本词义

impact
冲击,冲力,碰撞压紧,塞满影响,效果撞击,弹着,

基本词义

impact
撞击,冲击冲力影响,效果(im

基本词义

impact
撞击压紧塞满冲击,冲力碰撞弹着影响,效果

英汉经贸大词典

impact
n.影响

英汉计算机大词典

impact
n.碰撞(脉冲,着陆;vt.碰撞(装紧);n.IMPACT,库存管理程序和控制技术

英汉机械大词典

impact
n.冲击,冲击的

英汉建筑大词典

impact
n.碰撞,动能,命中

英汉农牧林大词典

impact
n.掸击力,冲击,压紧,冲击,碰撞,撞击

英汉水利大词典

impact
n.冲击,压接,楔牢

英汉心理学大词典

impact
冲击

英汉冶金大词典

impact
n.碰撞,冲击

英汉医学大词典

impact
n.冲击,撞击

电子邮件: 版权所有 一切网及原始资料出版社Copyright © 2004