简明英汉词典

identify
[ai5dentifai]
vt.
识别, 鉴别, 把...和...看成一样
v.
确定

美国传统词典[双解]

identify
i.den.ti.fy
AHD:[o-dμn“t…-fo”]
D.J.[ai6dent*7fai]
K.K.[a!6dWnt*7fa!]
v.(动词)
i.den.ti.fiedi.den.ti.fy.ingi.den.ti.fies
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To establish the identity of.
建立一致性

(2)

To ascertain the origin, nature, or definitive characteristics of.
确认,验明:确定…的起源、性质或起决定作用的特征

(3)

Biology To determine the taxonomic classification of (an organism).
【生物学】 确定(有机体的)类别等级

(4)

To consider as identical or united; equate.
认为等同于或完全一致;使相等

(5)

To associate or affiliate (oneself) closely with a person or group.
融入:使(自己)与其他人或人群密切联系或依附于他们
v.intr.(不及物动词)
To establish an identification with another or others.
成为一体:与另一个人或其他人保持一致

语源

(1)

Medieval Latin identific3e [to make to resemble]
中世纪拉丁语 identific3e [使相象]

(2)

Late Latin identit3s [identity] * see identity
后期拉丁语 identit3s [一致性] *参见 identity

(3)

Latin -fic3e [-fy]
拉丁语 -fic3e [后缀,表“使”]

继承用法

identifiable
adj.(形容词)

identifiably
adv.(副词)

identifier
n.(名词)

用法
In the sense “to associate or affiliate (oneself) closely with a person or group,” identify has developed two distinct subsenses. In one, the verb suggests a psychological empathy with the feelings or experiences of another person, as in Most young readers readily identify (or identify themselves ) with Holden Caulfield. This usage derives originally from psychoanalytic writing, where it has a specific technical sense, but like other terms from that field, it was widely regarded as jargon when introduced into the wider discourse. In particular, critics seized on the fact that in this sense the verb was often used intransitively, with no reflexive pronoun. As Wilson Follett wrote in 1966, “The critic . . . could help restore the true notion in these words if he would give up identifying at large and resume identifying himself with Ivan Karamazov, Don Quixote, Mary Poppins, or whomever.” In recent years, however, this use of identify with without the reflexive has become a standard locution. Eighty-two percent of the Usage Panel accepts the sentence I find it hard to identify with any of his characters; whereas only 63 percent now accepts this same usage when the reflexive pronoun is used, as in I find it hard to identify myself with any of his characters. · Omission of the reflexive with this use of identify serves among other things to distinguish it from use of the verb to mean “to associate (oneself) with the goals, interests, or principles of a group.” This use of the verb can be traced back to the 18th century, but it is now somewhat less acceptable to the Panel than the first sense under discussion: 58 percent of the Panel accepts the sentence She identified herself with the campaign against drug abuse, and only 40 percent accepts She identified with the campaign against drug abuse, where no reflexive pronoun is used.
在“使(自己)密切联系或依附于别人”这一意思中的。identify 一词又有两种不同的含义。 第一,这个动词表现了对其他人的感情或经历在心理上的认同,例如大多数青年读者很快认同了 (或 identify themselves ) 霍尔顿·科尔菲德。 这种用法来源于有关心理分析的著作,在这些著作中,这个词具有特殊的科技含义,不过就象从该领域引入的其它词语一样,这个词在日常生活使用中还带有专业术语的痕迹。特别指出的是,批评家们在发现这个词常常作为不及物动词来用,后面不带反身代词。正如威尔逊·福勒特1966年写到的,“如果评论家们很早就全面放弃identifying 而重新使用 identifying himself with 伊万·卡拉玛佐夫、堂吉诃德、玛丽·波普斯等人物,那就会有助于探询出这些词的真实含意。” 不过,近年来使用identify with 中间不加反身代词已成为一种标准搭配。 用法专题小组中82%的成员认为我觉得很难认同于他小说中的人物 一句是正确的; 而现在只有63%的成员接受使用反身代词来表达同一意思的句子,即I find it hard to identify myself with any of his characters。 省略反身代词以及其它一些方法,使identify 这种用法区别于它作为动词在“与某个集团的目标、利益或原则相联系”一句中的意思。 它作为动词的用法可追溯到18世纪,不过对于用法专题小组来说它没有第一种解释那样被易于接受:58%的小组成员接受她支持反对滥用药物的运动 这一说法, 只有40%的成员接受不要反身代词的She identified with the campaign against drug abuse 这一说法

现代英汉词典

identify
[aI5dentIfaI]
vt.
-fied, -fying

(1)

认出;识别;鉴定
The markings are so blurred that it is difficult to identify.
标记模糊不清,难以识别。
I identified the jacket at once; it was my brother's.
"我立即认出了那件外套,它是我兄弟的。"

(2)

(与with连用)认为同一
He identifies beauty with goodness.
他认为美与善是一致的。

(3)

(与with连用)与…有关系
That politician is too closely identified with the former government to become a minister in ours.
"那位政客被认为与上届政府关系过于密切,不能成为本届政府里的部长。"

(4)

(常与with连用)同情;理解
She identified with foreign workers.
她同情并理解外籍工人。
"Reading this book, we can identify with the main character's struggle against evil."
"读了这本书,我们会对主人翁反对邪恶的斗争寄予同情。"

现代英汉综合大辞典

identify
[ai5dentifai]
vt.

(1)

使等同于; 认为一致(with)

(2)

认出; 识别; 鉴别; 验明

(3)

认为与...有关系; 参与;【生】确定....在分类学上的位置; 给...做出标志
identify the payee of a cheque
验明支票的受款人
identify handwriting
鉴定笔迹
The porters may be-fied by their red caps.
从他们戴的红帽子就可辨认出他们是行李搬运工。
Never identify opinions with facts.
永远不要把意见混同于事实。
That politician is closely-fied with the former government.
据认为那位政治家与前政府有非常密切的关系。

词性变化

identify
[ai5dentifai]
vi.

(1)

(成为)一致(with)

(2)

打成一片; 融为一体(with)

(3)

同情(with)
The play was so gripping that the audience quickly-fied with the actors.
那出戏如此扣人心弦, 以致观众很快和演员融为一体。
Reading this book, we can identify with the main character's struggle.
读这本书时, 我们会同情主要人物的斗争。

习惯用语

identify oneself with
支持; 参与; 与....密切结合; 和....打成一片

用法词典

identify
来自拉丁语 identificare

英文相关词典

identify
designate    distinguish    know    label    make out    nail    name    place    recognize    spot    tag    tell    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

identify
视为同一

英汉双解计算机词典

identify

【动】标识,识别;等同;[标示]
To assign a label to a file or data or to an item of data held in store.
将标号赋予存放在存储器中的文件、数据或数据项的动作。

美国传统词典

identify
i.den.ti.fy
AHD:[o-dμn“t…-fo”]
D.J.[ai6dent*7fai]
K.K.[a!6dWnt*7fa!]
v.
i.den.ti.fied, i.den.ti.fy.ing, i.den.ti.fies
v.tr.

(1)

To establish the identity of.

(2)

To ascertain the origin, nature, or definitive characteristics of.

(3)

Biology To determine the taxonomic classification of (an organism).

(4)

To consider as identical or united; equate.

(5)

To associate or affiliate (oneself) closely with a person or group.
v.intr.
To establish an identification with another or others.

语源

(1)

Medieval Latin identific3e [to make to resemble]

(2)

Late Latin identit3s [identity] * see identity

(3)

Latin -fic3e [-fy]

继承用法

identifiable
adj.

identifiably
adv.

identifier
n.

用法
In the sense “to associate or affiliate (oneself) closely with a person or group,” identify has developed two distinct subsenses. In one, the verb suggests a psychological empathy with the feelings or experiences of another person, as in Most young readers readily identify (or identify themselves ) with Holden Caulfield. This usage derives originally from psychoanalytic writing, where it has a specific technical sense, but like other terms from that field, it was widely regarded as jargon when introduced into the wider discourse. In particular, critics seized on the fact that in this sense the verb was often used intransitively, with no reflexive pronoun. As Wilson Follett wrote in 1966, “The critic . . . could help restore the true notion in these words if he would give up identifying at large and resume identifying himself with Ivan Karamazov, Don Quixote, Mary Poppins, or whomever.” In recent years, however, this use of identify with without the reflexive has become a standard locution. Eighty-two percent of the Usage Panel accepts the sentence I find it hard to identify with any of his characters; whereas only 63 percent now accepts this same usage when the reflexive pronoun is used, as in I find it hard to identify myself with any of his characters. · Omission of the reflexive with this use of identify serves among other things to distinguish it from use of the verb to mean “to associate (oneself) with the goals, interests, or principles of a group.” This use of the verb can be traced back to the 18th century, but it is now somewhat less acceptable to the Panel than the first sense under discussion: 58 percent of the Panel accepts the sentence She identified herself with the campaign against drug abuse, and only 40 percent accepts She identified with the campaign against drug abuse, where no reflexive pronoun is used.

[名词委审定]英汉航海科技名词(1996)

identify
识别

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

identify
【动】识别,鉴别,标识;等同[IDENT]

英汉电信大词典

identify
n.认明

英汉地质大词典

identify
n.识别,辨认,鉴定

英汉法学大词典

identify
v.辨认 ,认出,鉴别 ,鉴定,识别,指认

英汉航海大词典

identify
n.鉴别

英汉环境大词典

identify
n.识别,辨认,鉴定

英汉航空大词典

identify
n.识别,辨别;n.识别,查明

英汉化学大词典

identify
vt.识别,视为同一

英汉海运大词典

identify
识别,鉴定,验明

英汉经贸大词典

identify
n.鉴别

英汉计算机大词典

identify
vt.识别(视为同一)

英汉建筑大词典

identify
vt.识别,等同,标志

英汉心理学大词典

identify
识别

英汉医学大词典

identify
n.鉴别;n.鉴别,鉴定

英汉中医大词典

identify
n.辨证,认出,识别

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