简明英汉词典

husband
[5hQzbEnd]
n.
丈夫

美国传统词典[双解]

husband
hus.band
AHD:[h?z“b…nd]
D.J.[6h(zb*nd]
K.K.[6h(zb*nd]
n.Abbr. h., H.(名词)缩写 h.H.

(1)

A man joined to a woman in marriage; a male spouse.
丈夫:在婚姻中与女性结合的男子;男性配偶

(2)

Chiefly British A manager or steward, as of a household.
【多用于英国】 管家,总管:管理者或管家,如家庭中的

(3)

Archaic A prudent, thrifty manager.
【古语】 谨慎、节俭的经理
v.tr.(及物动词)
hus.band.edhus.band.inghus.bands

(1)

To use sparingly or economically; conserve:
节省:节俭或节省地使用;保存:
husband one's energy.
保存体力

(2)

Archaic To find a husband for.
【古语】 为(某人)找丈夫

语源

(1)

Middle English huseband
中古英语 huseband

(2)

from Old English h??nda}
源自 古英语 h??nda}

(3)

from Old Norse h??ndi}
源自 古斯堪的纳维亚语 h??ndi}

(4)

h?s [house]
h?s [房子]

(5)

b??andi} [householder] [present participle of] b?a [to dwell] * see bheu-
b??andi} [住户] [] b?a的现在分词 [居住] *参见 bheu-

注释
We gain an insight into the history of the word husband by considering the Old English word h??nde,} meaning “the mistress of a house.” If h??nde} had survived into Modern English, husband, its modern form, would have been very ambiguous. The fact that h??nde} could mean “mistress of a house” helps us see the elements that make up the Old English ancestor of our word husband. H?scorresponds to house. The element -b?e is the feminine form of -b?, the second element of Old English h??nda.} The entire Old English word is a borrowing of the Old Icelandic word h??ndi,} meaning “the master of a house.” The second element in h??ndi, b?ndi,} means “a man who has land and stock” and comes from the verb b?, meaning “to live, dwell, have a household.” The master of the house was of course usually the spouse of a wife as well, and it would seem that our main current sense of husband arises from this overlap.
考察一下古英语中husbonde 这个词,我们就会对 husband 这个词的历史有一定了解, 意思是“房子的女主人”。假如husbonde 这个词能留存在现代英语中, 作为husbonde 的现代形式, 它的意思会变得很模糊。husbonde 的意思是“房子的女主人”, 这有助于我们找出那些构成古英语中我们今天的husband这个词的前身。 Hus对应 house 。 -bonde 是 -bonda 的阴性形式, 古英语中 husbonda 的第二个部分。 这个古英语中的词整体上借自冰岛语中的 husbondi , 意思是“房子的男主人”。 husbondi, bondi 第二部分的意思是“一个拥有土地和牲畜的男子”, 它来自动词 bua ,意思是“生活、居住、拥有一个家”。 一座房子的男主人当然通常也是妻子的配偶,看起来今天husband 这个词的中心意思源于这种重叠

现代英汉词典

husband
[5hQzbEnd]
n.
丈夫
husband and wife
夫妻

词性变化

husband
vt.
节俭地使用
to husband one's resources
节约使用资金

现代英汉综合大辞典

husband
[5hQzbEnd]
n.

(1)

丈夫

(2)

[英]管家, 经理人

(3)

节俭的管理人; (=ship's husband)船舶管理人

词性变化

husband
[5hQzbEnd]
vt.

(1)

节用[俭, 省, 约]

(2)

[古]耕种

(3)

使某女子结婚

继承用法

husbandman
[`hQzbEndmEn]
n.
庄稼人

husbandage
[`hQzbEndIdV]
n.
商船主付与船务代表的酬金

husbander
n.

husbandless
adj.

husbandlike
[`hQzbEndlaIk]
adj.
善于管理农活的

husbandly
adj.

(1)

节俭的

(2)

农夫的, 耕作的

(3)

丈夫的, 丈夫般的

习惯用语

hook a husband
[口]找到丈夫

It is too late to husband when all is spent.
[谚]花光了再讲节约, 为时已晚。

用法词典

husband
来自古英语 husbonda< 古挪威语 hūsbondi 屋主

英文相关词典

husband
economize    keep    mate    preserve    reserve    save    scrimp    skimp    spouse    wife    

美国传统词典

husband
hus.band
AHD:[h?z“b…nd]
D.J.[6h(zb*nd]
K.K.[6h(zb*nd]
n.Abbr. h., H.

(1)

A man joined to a woman in marriage; a male spouse.

(2)

Chiefly British A manager or steward, as of a household.

(3)

Archaic A prudent, thrifty manager.
v.tr.
hus.band.ed, hus.band.ing, hus.bands

(1)

To use sparingly or economically; conserve:
husband one's energy.

(2)

Archaic To find a husband for.

语源

(1)

Middle English huseband

(2)

from Old English h??nda}

(3)

from Old Norse h??ndi}

(4)

h?s [house]

(5)

b??andi} [householder] [present participle of] b?a [to dwell] * see bheu-

注释
We gain an insight into the history of the word husband by considering the Old English word h??nde,} meaning “the mistress of a house.” If h??nde} had survived into Modern English, husband, its modern form, would have been very ambiguous. The fact that h??nde} could mean “mistress of a house” helps us see the elements that make up the Old English ancestor of our word husband. H?scorresponds to house. The element -b?e is the feminine form of -b?, the second element of Old English h??nda.} The entire Old English word is a borrowing of the Old Icelandic word h??ndi,} meaning “the master of a house.” The second element in h??ndi, b?ndi,} means “a man who has land and stock” and comes from the verb b?, meaning “to live, dwell, have a household.” The master of the house was of course usually the spouse of a wife as well, and it would seem that our main current sense of husband arises from this overlap.

英汉法学大词典

husband
n.夫 ,丈夫

英汉航海大词典

husband
n.管家

英汉化学大词典

husband
n.丈夫;vt.节约

英汉海运大词典

husband
船舶管理人,(停泊中)船舶管理员节俭地使用(或经营),委托

英汉经贸大词典

husband
n.管家

英汉计算机大词典

husband
n.丈夫;vt.节约

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