简明英汉词典

host
[hEust]
n.
主人, 旅馆招待 许多
vt.

(1)

当主人招待

(2)

主机

基本词义

Host
主机

美国传统词典[双解]

host
host 1
AHD:[h?st]
D.J.[houst]
K.K.[host]
n.(名词)

(1)

One who receives or entertains guests in a social or an official capacity.
主人,东道主:以社会身份或官方身份接待或款待客人的人

(2)

A person who manages an inn or a hotel.
酒店业主:经营酒馆或旅馆的人

(3)

One that furnishes facilities and resources for a function or an event:
主办国:为一庆典或事件提供设备和资源的人:
the city chosen as host for the Olympic games.
这个城市被选为举办奥运会的主办国

(4)

The emcee or interviewer on a radio or television program.
主持人:电台或电视节目中的主持人或采访者

(5)

Biology The animal or plant on which or in which another organism lives.
【生物学】 宿主,寄主:有另一种生物寄生其上的动植物

(6)

Medicine The recipient of a transplanted tissue or organ.
【医学】 移植接受体:移植组织或器官的接受体
v.tr.(及物动词)
host.edhost.inghosts【用法疑难】
To serve as host to or at:
作东,请客:
“the garden party he had hosted last spring”(Saturday Review)
“去年春天他主办的花园聚会”(星期六评论)

语源

(1)

Middle English [host, guest]
中古英语 [主人,客人]

(2)

from Old French
源自 古法语

(3)

from Late Latin hospes hospit- * see ghos-ti-
源自 后期拉丁语 hospes hospit- *参见 ghos-ti-

继承用法

hostly
adj.(形容词)

用法
Host was used as a verb in Shakespeare's time, but this usage was long obsolete when the verb was reintroduced (or perhaps reinvented) in recent years to mean “perform the role of a host.” The usage occurs particularly in contexts relating to institutional gatherings or television and radio shows, where the person performing the role of host has not personally invited the guests to his or her own establishment (thus it would be odd to say This evening we are hosting a dinner party at our house for my husband's cousins from New York ). Perhaps because the verb involves a suspect extension of the traditional conception of hospitality, it initially met with critical resistance. In a 1968 survey only 18 percent of the Usage Panel accepted the usage in the sentence The Cleveland chapter will host this year's convention. Over time, however, the usage has become increasingly well established and appears to serve a useful purpose in describing the activities of one who performs the ceremonial or practical role of a host (in arranging a conference or entertainment, welcoming guests, and so forth). In our most recent survey 53 percent of the Panelists accepted the usage in the phrase a reception hosted by the Secretary of State. The verb is less well accepted when used to describe the role of a performer who acts as a master of ceremonies for a broadcast or film, where the relation of the word to the notion of “hospitality” is stretched still further. Only 31 percent of the Panel accepted the use of the verb in the sentence Students have watched Sex, Drugs and AIDS, a graphic film hosted by actress Rae Dawn Chong. · The verb cohost has likewise become well established in its use to refer to those who collaborate in assuming responsibility for an occasion. Fifty-eight percent of the Usage Panel accepted this use in the sentence The Department of Architecture and the Department of History will be cohosting a reception for conference participants.
Host 一词在莎士比亚时代用作动词, 但自那时起这一用法很长时间不用了,直到近年来又被重新起用(或者可能重新创造),用来表示“担当主人的角色”。 这一用法尤其在学术聚会或电视、电台节目的情况下使用,在这些情况下,身为主人的人并没有以私人身份邀请客人去到他或她自己的家中,(这样的话,如果我们说今天晚上我们将在家中为我丈夫来自纽约的表兄妹‘主办’一个晚餐会 就会觉得有点别扭)。 也许是因为有人认为这一动词用法会扩大传统的“好客”概念,所以一开始它就遭到了批评性抑制。在1968年的一次调查中,用法专题使用小组中18%的成员在如下句子中的用法,即克利夫兰分会将主办本年度的大会。 但是,随着时间的推移,这一用法已逐渐被接受,并在描绘一个担当司仪或具体的主人任务(例如安排会议或娱乐活动,欢迎客人等等)时起到了很好的作用。在我们最近一次的调查中,用法专题使用小组中的53%的成员接受了短语由国务卿出面举办的招待会 中“host”一词的用法。 但当这一动词用法用来描绘作为广播节目或电影节目的主持人的主持工作时,人们就不太接受其用法,因为这样用,这个词与“好客”这一概念的关系就更松了。只有31%的用法专题使用小组成员接受host在句子学生们观摩了 由 演员雷·唐·宗主持解说的纪录片 ‘性、毒品与艾滋病’”中的动词用法。 同样,用来表示分工合作共同举办某一活动的动词cohost 也已被普遍接受。 58%的用法专题使用小组成员接受这一动词在如下句子中的用法:建筑系和历史系将共同为与会者举办一次招待会

基本词义

host
host 2
AHD:[h?st]
D.J.[houst]
K.K.[host]
n.(名词)

(1)

An army.
军队

(2)

A great number; a multitude.See Synonyms at multitude
许多;众多参见 multitude

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old French
源自 古法语

(3)

from Late Latin hostis
源自 后期拉丁语 hostis

(4)

from Latin [enemy] * see ghos-ti-
源自 拉丁语 [敌人] *参见 ghos-ti-

基本词义

host
host 3也作 Host
AHD:[h?st]
D.J.[houst]
K.K.[host]
n.Ecclesiastical (名词)【基督教会】
The consecrated bread or wafer of the Eucharist.
圣体:圣餐中献祭的面包和圣饼(未发酵的圆面包片)

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Latin hostia [sacrifice]
源自 拉丁语 hostia [奉献]

现代英汉词典

host 1
[hEJst]
n.
(常与of连用)一大群;许多
A whole host of difficulties has / have arisen.
出现了一大堆的困难。

基本词义

host 2
[hEJst]
n.

(1)

主人
Mr Brown was our host at the party.
布朗先生是我们晚会的主人。
"The host team and the guest team won each of the games, so they were even with each other."
"客队和主队各赢一场,现在他们两队打平了。"

(2)

旅店主人
mine host
旅店主人

(3)

〈生〉寄主,宿主

词性变化

host
vt.
作东,作为主人招待
The academic conference was hosted by our universtiy.
我们学校充当这次学术会议的东道主。

基本词义

host 3
[hEJst]
n.
(前面与the连用)[H-]〈宗〉(圣餐中的)圣饼

现代英汉综合大辞典

host
[hEust]
n.

(1)

主人(对宾客而言)

(2)

(广播, 电视的)节目主持人

(3)

旅馆老板

(4)

【生】寄主, 宿主

(5)

【物】晶核, 基质

(6)

[常Host ]【宗】圣饼, 圣餐用面包
a host country
东道国

词性变化

host
[hEust]
vt.
主办(宴会等); 款待, 作主人招待
The conference was hosted by that committee.
该委员会充当这个会议的东道主。

继承用法

host-crystal
n.
主晶

hostless
adj.

hostly
[`hEJsth]
adv.

hostship
n.

习惯用语

be at host
[废]寄宿(旅店等), 被招待, 作客; 与(某人)很熟, 与某人关系亲密(with)

lie at host
[废]寄宿(旅店等), 被招待, 作客; 与(某人)很熟, 与某人关系亲密(with)

play host to
招待, 接待

reckon without one's host
没有通知主人(或房东)自行结帐; 没有与主要有关人员磋商便做出决定; 忽视主要因素, 没有考虑到别人的反对; 自作主张; 错误估计

特殊用法

accidental host
偶见寄主

alternate host
轮换寄主

animal host
动物寄主

bridge host
过渡寄主; 中间宿主

congenial host
同质感病寄主

final host
最后寄主

intermediate host
中间寄主[宿主]

laser host
激光器基质

non-permissive host
非许可性寄主

permanent host
永久寄主

second intermediate host
第二中间寄主

用法词典

host
来自古法语 host,guest< 拉丁语 hospes

英文相关词典

host
army    flock    multitude    proprietor    quantity    receptionist    score    swarm    guest    

[七国语言]英汉地理大词典

host
宿主

[七国语言]英汉农业大词典

host
宿主寄主

[七国语言]英汉生物学大词典

host
宿主寄主

[七国语言]英汉医学大词典

host
宿主

美国传统词典

host
host 1
AHD:[h?st]
D.J.[houst]
K.K.[host]
n.

(1)

One who receives or entertains guests in a social or an official capacity.

(2)

A person who manages an inn or a hotel.

(3)

One that furnishes facilities and resources for a function or an event:
the city chosen as host for the Olympic games.

(4)

The emcee or interviewer on a radio or television program.

(5)

Biology The animal or plant on which or in which another organism lives.

(6)

Medicine The recipient of a transplanted tissue or organ.
v.tr.
host.ed, host.ing, hostsUsage Problem
To serve as host to or at:
“the garden party he had hosted last spring”(Saturday Review)

语源

(1)

Middle English [host, guest]

(2)

from Old French

(3)

from Late Latin hospes hospit- * see ghos-ti-

继承用法

hostly
adj.

用法
Host was used as a verb in Shakespeare's time, but this usage was long obsolete when the verb was reintroduced (or perhaps reinvented) in recent years to mean “perform the role of a host.” The usage occurs particularly in contexts relating to institutional gatherings or television and radio shows, where the person performing the role of host has not personally invited the guests to his or her own establishment (thus it would be odd to say This evening we are hosting a dinner party at our house for my husband's cousins from New York ). Perhaps because the verb involves a suspect extension of the traditional conception of hospitality, it initially met with critical resistance. In a 1968 survey only 18 percent of the Usage Panel accepted the usage in the sentence The Cleveland chapter will host this year's convention. Over time, however, the usage has become increasingly well established and appears to serve a useful purpose in describing the activities of one who performs the ceremonial or practical role of a host (in arranging a conference or entertainment, welcoming guests, and so forth). In our most recent survey 53 percent of the Panelists accepted the usage in the phrase a reception hosted by the Secretary of State. The verb is less well accepted when used to describe the role of a performer who acts as a master of ceremonies for a broadcast or film, where the relation of the word to the notion of “hospitality” is stretched still further. Only 31 percent of the Panel accepted the use of the verb in the sentence Students have watched Sex, Drugs and AIDS, a graphic film hosted by actress Rae Dawn Chong. · The verb cohost has likewise become well established in its use to refer to those who collaborate in assuming responsibility for an occasion. Fifty-eight percent of the Usage Panel accepted this use in the sentence The Department of Architecture and the Department of History will be cohosting a reception for conference participants.

基本词义

host
host 2
AHD:[h?st]
D.J.[houst]
K.K.[host]
n.

(1)

An army.

(2)

A great number; a multitude.See Synonyms at multitude

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old French

(3)

from Late Latin hostis

(4)

from Latin [enemy] * see ghos-ti-

基本词义

host
host 3also Host
AHD:[h?st]
D.J.[houst]
K.K.[host]
n.Ecclesiastical
The consecrated bread or wafer of the Eucharist.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Latin hostia [sacrifice]

[名词委审定]英汉动物学名词(1996)

host
宿主

[名词委审定]英汉化学名词(1991)

host
主体

[名词委审定]英汉昆虫学名词(2000)

host

(1)

宿主,寄主

(2)

寄主

[名词委审定]英汉农学名词(1993)

host
寄主

[名词委审定]英汉医学名词(六, 外科, 1997)

host
宿主

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

host
主(机)[H];= Houston Operations Simulation Technique,休斯敦操作模拟技术

英汉地质大词典

host
n.基质,主元素,主晶

英汉法学大词典

host
n.地主 ,主人

英汉环境大词典

host
n.寄主,宿主,基质,主元素,主晶

英汉航空大词典

host
n.基质,许多;n.主处理机;n.主人

英汉化学大词典

host
n.主人,基质,许多;vt.招待

英汉计算机大词典

host
n.主人(基质,许多);vt.招待

英汉机械大词典

host
n.基质,晶核

英汉建筑大词典

host
n.男主人,基质材料

英汉农牧林大词典

host
n.寄主,宿主,受移植者

英汉汽车大词典

host
n.基质,晶核,许多

英汉水利大词典

host
n.主人,原有居民,寄主

英汉心理学大词典

host
宿主

英汉冶金大词典

host
n.晶核,基质

英汉医学大词典

host
n.寄主,宿主

电子邮件: 版权所有 一切网及原始资料出版社Copyright © 2004