简明英汉词典

hold water
v.
(理论、计划等)证明正确合理, 说得通, (容器)不漏水

美国传统词典[双解]

hold
hold 1
AHD:[h?ld]
D.J.[hould]
K.K.[hold]
v.(动词)
held[hμld] hold.ingholds
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To have and keep in one's grasp:
拿着,握着:
held the reins tightly.
紧握缰绳

(2)

To aim or direct; point:
瞄准或指向;指出:
held a hose on the fire.
把水龙管对准火

(3)

To keep from falling or moving; support:
托住以防止落下或移动;支持:
a nail too small to hold the mirror; hold the horse steady; papers that were held together with tape and glue.
钉子太小不能支持住镜子;稳住马;用胶带和胶水粘住的纸张

(4)

To sustain the pressure of:
支撑住:支持住…的压力:
The bridge can't hold that much weight.
那座桥不能负载那样的重量

(5)

To keep from departing or getting away:
使不走开,使不离开:
Hold the bus! Hold the dog until I find the leash.
稳住车子!我找到皮带以前抓好这条狗

(6)

To keep in custody:
拘留,扣留:
held the suspect for questioning.
拘留嫌疑犯以待审讯

(7)

To retain the attention or interest of:
保持注意,有…的兴趣:
The storyteller held the crowd spellbound. Televised sports can't hold my interest.
那个讲故事的人使观众听得入迷了。电视播放的体育比赛不能引起我的兴趣

(8)

To avoid letting out or expelling:
屏住:防止流出或放出:
The swimmer couldn't hold her breath any longer.
那个游泳的人再也不能屏住呼吸了

(9)

To be filled by; contain.
容纳;充满

(10)

To be capable of holding.See Synonyms at contain
装得下参见 contain

(11)

To have as a chief characteristic or quality:
具有…的主要特征或品质:
The film holds a number of surprises.
那部电影有许多惊异之处

(12)

To have in store:
贮藏,拥有:
Let's see what the future holds.
让我们看看未来会有什么

(13)

To have and maintain in one's possession:
拥有,保有:拥有并维持自己的财产:
holds a great deal of property.
拥有一大批财富

(14)

To have as a responsible position or a privilege:
担任职务或拥有权力:
held the governorship for six years.
担任了六年的州长

(15)

To have in recognition of achievement or superiority:
有成就或卓越之处:
holds the record for the one-mile race; holds the respect of her peers.
保持一英里赛跑的记录;受她同辈的尊重

(16)

To maintain control over:
对…保持控制:
The dam held the floodwaters. Thieves held the stolen painting for ransom.
水库控制着洪水。小偷用偷来的画索取赎金

(17)

To maintain occupation of by force or coercion:
通过武力或强制使拥有:
Students held the administrative building for a week.
学生强占行政大楼一星期

(18)

To withstand the efforts or advance of (an opposing team, for example).
抵抗:抵抗(如,反对者)的努力或前进

(19)

To maintain in a given condition, situation, or action:
保持:维持给定条件、状态或行为:
held himself as a gentleman at all times.
他总是保持绅士风度

(20)

To impose control or restraint on; curb:
控制,抑制:对…施加控制或抑制;阻挠:
She held her temper.
她控制住自己的脾气

(21)

To stop the movement or progress of:
制止:停止…的行动或进程:
Hold the presses!
制止新闻报道!

(22)

To reserve or keep back from use:
保留或停止…的使用:
Please hold two tickets for us. Please hold the relish on that hamburger.
请留两张票给我们。汉堡包请不要加调料

(23)

To defer the immediate handling of:
延迟:推迟…的立即处理:
asked the receptionist to hold all calls during the meeting.
叫接待员在会议期间不要接进电话

(24)

To be the legal possessor of.
成为…的合法占有者

(25)

To bind by a contract.
用契约约束

(26)

To adjudge or decree:
裁决或判决:
The court held that the defendant was at fault.
法庭宣判被告有罪

(27)

To make accountable; obligate:
使…承担义务;受…约束:
You certainly did hold me to my promise.
你当然可以使我实现诺言

(28)

To keep in the mind or convey as a judgment, conviction, or point of view:
心怀,表达:留在脑海里或表达…的判断、观点或论点:
hold a grudge; hold it a point of honor not to reveal one's sources; holds that this economic program is the only answer to high prices.
怀恨;认为不揭露消息来源是一个事关荣誉的问题;认为这个经济项目是引起物价高涨的唯一原因

(29)

To assert or affirm, especially formally:
尤指正式地声明或断言:
This doctrine holds that people are inherently good.
这种教义强调人性本善

(30)

To regard in a certain way:
视作:以某种方式认为:
I hold you in high esteem.
我对你有崇高的敬意

(31)

To cause to take place; carry on:
使发生;举行:
held the race in Florida; hold a yard sale.
在佛罗里达举行比赛;举办旧货出售

(32)

To assemble for and conduct the activity of; convene:
召集,聚会:集中并指导…的行为;聚会:
held a meeting of the board.
召集董事会

(33)

To carry or support (the body or a bodily part) in a certain position:
使(身体或身体某一部分)保持特定姿势:
Can the baby hold herself up yet? Hold up your leg.
宝宝能自己站立了吗?抬起腿

(34)

To cover (the ears or the nose, for example) especially for protection:
遮盖,掩住:通常为了保护而遮盖(例如,耳朵或鼻子):
held my nose against the stench.
掩住鼻子使不闻恶臭
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To maintain a grasp or grip on something.
握住,抓住:维持抓住或握住某物

(2)

To stay securely fastened:
被安全地系牢:
The chain held.
绳索很牢靠

(3)

To maintain a desired or accustomed position or condition:
维持:维持预期或习惯的状态或情形:
hopes the weather will hold.
希望天气不要变

(4)

To withstand stress, pressure, or opposition:
抗拒:抵抗紧张、压力或反对:
The defense held. We held firm on the negotiations.
防守严密。协商中我们的立场很坚定

(5)

To continue in the same direction:
在同一方向继续:
The ship held to a southwesterly course.
船继续沿西南方向前进

(6)

To be valid, applicable, or true:
使有效、可行或真实:
The theory holds. This is an observation that still holds true.
理论仍适用。这种观察仍很正确

(7)

To have legal right or title. Often used with of or from.
有合法权利或权益的。常与of 或 from 连用

(8)

To halt an intended action. Often used in the imperative.
停止本想做的事。常用于命令式

(9)

To stop the countdown during a missile or spacecraft launch.
停止读秒:在发射导弹或宇宙飞船时停止倒计时

(10)

Slang To have in one's possession illicit or illegally obtained material or goods, especially narcotics:
【俚语】 拥有非法物品:尤指拥有毒品等非法获得的东西或物品:
The suspect was holding.
那个嫌疑犯拥有非法物品
n.(名词)

(1)

The act or a means of grasping.
抓握:抓握的行为或方法

(2)

A manner of grasping an opponent, as in wrestling or aikido:
抓住对手:摔角或合气道中用的一种抓住对手的方法:
a neck hold; an arm hold.
抓颈;抓住胳膊

(3)

Something that may be grasped or gripped, as for support.
抓住或握住可用来支撑的东西

(4)

A bond or force that attaches or restrains, or by which something is affected or dominated:
威力,势力,支配力:吸引、遏制或使某物受影响或控制的契约或力量:
a writer with a strong hold on the reading public.
一位对读者有影响力的作家

(5)

Complete control:
完全的控制:
has a firm hold on the complex issues.
严格地控制了复杂的问题

(6)

Full understanding:
完全的理解:
has a good hold on physics.
对物理学掌握得很好

(7)

Music
【音乐】

(8)

The sustaining of a note longer than its indicated time value.
延长的音符:长于规定的节拍长短的音符维持

(9)

The symbol designating this pause; a fermata.
表停顿的音符;延长符号

(10)

A direction or an indication that something is to be reserved or deferred.
通知,指示:保留或推迟的事物的通知或指示

(11)

A temporary halt, as in a countdown.
短暂停止:倒计时中的短暂停止

(12)

A prison cell.
牢房

(13)

The state of being in confinement; custody.
被监禁的状态;拘留

(14)

Archaic A fortified place; a stronghold.
【古语】 堡垒;要塞

常用词组

hold back

(1)

To retain in one's possession or control:
保留,保持控制:在某人的占据或控制之下:
held back valuable information; held back my tears.
保留有价值的信息;忍住眼泪

(2)

To impede the progress of.
阻止…的发展

(3)

To restrain oneself.
抑制,自制

hold down

(1)

To limit:
限制:
Please hold the noise down.
请限制音量

(2)

To have (a job):
有(工作):
holds down two jobs.
有两份工作

hold forth
To talk at great length.
滔滔不绝地说

hold off

(1)

To keep at a distance; resist:
远离;抵制:
held the creditors off.
远离债权人

(2)

To stop or delay doing something:
制止或阻挠做某事:
Let's hold off until we have more data.
等到有更多资料时再做

hold on

(1)

To maintain one's grip; cling.
抓住…不放;依附

(2)

To continue to do something; persist.
继续做某事;坚持

(3)

To wait for something wanted or requested, especially to keep a telephone connection open.
稍待:尤指不挂上电话以等待想要的或要求的事物

hold out

(1)

To present or proffer as something attainable.
提供,提出:提供或显示可得到的东西

(2)

To continue to be in supply or service; last:
继续给予或提供;持续:
Our food is holding out nicely.
我们的食物还很多

(3)

To continue to resist:
继续反对:
The defending garrison held out for a month.
防卫部队已坚守了一个月

(4)

To refuse to reach or satisfy an agreement.
拒绝达成或履行协议

hold over

(1)

To postpone or delay.
延续或耽搁

(2)

To keep in a position or state from an earlier period of time.
继续维持:处于与以前同样状态或情形

(3)

To continue a term of office past the usual length of time.
超越正常时间续任

(4)

To prolong the engagement of:
延长…的期限:
The film was held over for weeks.
电影又继续放了几星期

hold to
To remain loyal or faithful to:
对…忠诚或忠实:
She held to her resolutions.
她很忠于自己的决定

hold up

(1)

To obstruct or delay.
阻挠或延迟

(2)

To rob while armed, often at gunpoint.
通常用枪威胁以抢劫

(3)

To offer or present as an example:
作为例子提供或展示:
held the essay up as a model for the students.
把这篇论文给学生作范例

(4)

To continue to function without losing force or effectiveness; cope:
制衡,应付:仍然有效或不失力量地继续下去;应付:
managed to hold up under the daily stress.
想办法应付每天的生活压力

hold with
To agree with; support:
同意;支持:
I don't hold with your theories.
我不同意你的理论

习惯用语

get hold of

(1)

To come into possession of; find:
拥有;找到:
Where can I get hold of a copy?
哪里可以找到复印件?

(2)

To communicate with, as by telephone:
通过电话交流:
tried to get hold of you but the line was busy.
想和你通电话,但总占线

(3)

To gain control of. Often used reflexively:
控制…。通常反身使用:
You must get hold of yourself
你必须控制住自己

hold a candle to
To compare favorably with:
与…相比较好:
This film doesn't hold a candle to his previous ones.
这部电影并不比他先前的几部好

hold (one's) own
To do reasonably well despite difficulty or criticism.
坚持住,不退让:无视批评和困难做得很好

hold out on (someone)
To withhold something from:
隐藏:
Don't hold out on me; start telling the truth.
不要瞒着我;告诉我真相

hold (someone's) feet to the fire
To pressure (someone) to consent to or undertake something.
强迫(某人)同意或做某事

hold sway
To have a controlling influence; dominate.
有控制性影响;统治

hold the bag【非正式用语】

(1)

To be left with empty hands.
一无所得:离开时两手空空

(2)

To be forced to assume total responsibility when it ought to have been shared.
背黑锅:在可分担时被迫承担全部责任

hold the fort【非正式用语】

(1)

To assume responsibility, especially in another's absence.
尤指在他人缺席时承担责任

(2)

To maintain a secure position.
保持安稳地位

hold the line
To maintain the existing position or state of affairs:
维持现状:维持事务现有的位置或状态:
had to hold the line on salary increases in the fourth quarter.
在第四季度时只好维持工资的涨幅了

hold the phone【俚语】
To stop doing what one is engaged in doing. Often used in the imperative:
停止正在做的事。常用于祈使句:
Hold the phone
停下!

hold water
To stand up to critical examination:
经受严厉考验:
Your theory does not hold water. The witnesses' conflicting stories held no water.
你的理论经不起考验。证人互相矛盾的证词站不住脚

no holds barred
Without limits or restraints.
没有限制或压制

on hold

(1)

Into a state of temporary interruption without total disconnection during a telephone call:
中断:打电话时短暂打断但仍接通的状态:
had to put me on hold for five minutes.
不得不让我中断5分钟

(2)

Informal Into a state of delay or indeterminate suspension:
【非正式用语】 悬念:进入一种推迟或不确定的悬疑状态:
had to put the romance on hold.
得让那个故事有点悬念

语源

(1)

Middle English holden
中古英语 holden

(2)

from Old English healdan
源自 古英语 healdan

基本词义

hold
hold 2
AHD:[h?ld]
D.J.[hould]
K.K.[hold]
n.Abbr. hld.(名词)缩写 hld.
The lower interior part of a ship or an airplane in which cargo is stored.
货舱,底舱:船或飞机里舱下半部用来载货的地方

语源

(1)

Alteration influenced by hold 1
hold1的影响

(2)

of Middle English hole [husk, hull of a ship]
中古英语 hole的变化 [外壳,船的外体]

(3)

from Old English hulu * see kel- 1
源自 古英语 hulu *参见 kel- 1

现代英汉词典

water
[5wC:tE(r)]
n.

(1)

(2)

潮位;水位
high water
高潮位
low water
低潮位

(3)

(pl) 海域
the distant waters
远海海域
the near waters
近海海域

(4)

(pl) 河水;湖水
the waters of the Huanghe River
黄河河水

(5)

(pl) 矿泉水

习惯用语

in deep water(s)
陷入困境 (= into deep water(s))

in hot water
遇到麻烦;处于困境 (= into hot water)

like water
大量地;无节制地
The wine flowed like water.
把酒像水一样地大量喝下去。

make water
小便 (= pass water)

hold water
滴水不漏;合情合理
Your story just doesn't hold water.
你说的不合情理。

throw cold water
泼冷水

water on the brain
脑部水肿

water on the knee
膝部水肿

词性变化

water
vt., vi.

(1)

浇水

(2)

给水喝,给饮水
to water the horses
给马饮水

(3)

流泪;流口水

(4)

有…(河流)流过; 得到…的灌溉
Liaoning Province is watered by many rivers.
辽宁省有许多河流流过。

常用词组

water down

(1)

搀水,兑水

(2)

冲淡;打折扣

现代英汉综合大辞典

water
[5wC:tE]
n.

(1)

水; [常用复]矿泉水

(2)

[常用复]大片的水; 海[河, 湖, 池]水

(3)

分泌液, 体液(如口水; 尿; 汗; 泪水)

(4)

(丝绸金属的)波纹; (宝石的)光泽、透明度

(5)

水深, 水位, 水面, 水路; [pl.]积水; 洪水

(6)

水彩颜料; 水彩画

(7)

潮讯

(8)

【商】(超过实际资产的)虚值

(9)

水色
fresh [salt, hot, cold] water
清[咸、热、冷]水
hard [soft] water
硬[软]水
soda water
汽水
heavy water
重水
cross the waters
渡过大海
mineral waters
矿泉水
high[low] water
高[低]潮
hold water
横浆停船

词性变化

water
vt.

(1)

浇[泼、洒]水, 灌溉

(2)

供水; 给......水喝

(3)

掺水, 冲淡; 使缺乏力量

(4)

使有波纹

(5)

【商】发行新股票增加名义资本
water a street
给街道上洒水
water the lawn
浇草地
water horses
饮马
The land is watered by these rivers.
这片土地受这些河流灌溉。
The milk has been watered (down).
牛奶已掺水了。

water
vi.

(1)

(动物)饮水

(2)

(轮船、引擎等)上水

(3)

流口[泪]水
A ship waters before sailing.
船在起航前先上水。
Smoke made her eyes water.
烟把她的眼泪都熏出来了。

继承用法

water-bark
n.
供水船

water-barrow
n.
洒水车

water-based
adj.
含水的; 水成的; 以水为稀释剂的

water-bath
n.
水浴; 水浴器[锅]; 热水锅

water-beech
n.
美国榛树

waterblast
v.
(淡)水冲

water-board
n.
水利管理机构

water-borne
adj.
水上运输的; 浮在水上的; 水上传染的

water-break
n.
破浪提, 防波提; 退水, 断水

waterbuck
[`wR:tEbQk, `wC-]
n.
非洲产的大羚羊

water-bus
n.
交通艇

water-caltrop
n.

watercart
n.
洒水车, 运水车

water-chrysolite
n.
【矿】捷克玻陨石

water-cool
[`wR:tEkU:l, `wC-]
vt.
用水冷却

watercourse
[5wC:tEkC:s]
n.
河[水、渠]道

watercraft
[`wR:tEkrB:ft, `wC-; -krAft]
n.
水上运动技术; 船舶

water-dipper
n.
船舶

waterdrain
n.
排水沟

waterdrainage
n.
放水; 排水

water-dropper
n.
水滴集电器, 滴水器

waterfall
[5wC:tEfC:l]
n.

(1)

瀑布

(2)

长而波浪型的女人发式

waterfast
adj.
(颜色、染料)不因水而变色的

waterfinder
[`wR:tE9faIndE(r), `wC-]
n.
探寻水[矿]脉的人; 试水器, 底部取样器

waterflood
[`wR:tEflQd, `wC-]
vt.
注水入(油井)

词性变化

water
n.
洪水; 油井水淹; 注水

waterfowl
n.
水鸟

water-girt
adj.
被水围绕的

watergas
n.
水煤气

watergate
水门[闸]

watergauge
n.
水标; 水位尺

waterglass
n.
盛水的玻璃器皿; 水玻璃, 可溶性玻璃; 计时玻璃水漏

water-guard
n.
(国外)水上缉私人员

water-hardening
n.
【冶】水淬硬化

waterindicator
n.
(汽锅)示水器

waterleaf
[`wR:tEli:f, `wC-]
n.
薄叶纸, 木叶(一种植物)

waterlocked
[`wR:tElCkt, `wC-]
adj.
被水包围的

waterlogged
[5wC:tElR^d]
adj.
(船等)浸满水的; (木材等)浸透水的

waterman
[5wC:tEmEn]
n.
船夫; 水手

watermanship
[`wR:tEmEnFIp, `wC-]
n.
水上职业; 划船技术; 水性

watermelon
[5wC:tEmelEn]
n.
西瓜

waterplane
n.
地下水(位)面, 水线(平)面; 水上飞机

waterpolo
n.
水球

waterpower
[5wC:tEpaJE(r)]
n.
水力

waterpress
n.
水压机

water-quencher
n.
水急[骤]冷器

water-quenching
n.
将热钢浸入水中的快速冷却法

water-race
n.
水道

waterrate
n.

(1)

自来水费

(2)

蒸气机的耗水[气]率

water-repellent
[`wR:tErI9pelEnt, `wC-]
adj.
防水的
n.
防水剂

water-resistant
[`wR:tErI9zIstEnt, `wC-]
adj.
抗水的

water-retaining
adj.
含水的; 保持水的

waterseal
n.
水封

watersick
adj.
受涝的

waterside
n.
海[湖、河]滨

water-skiing
n.
滑水竞赛

waterskin
[`wR:tEskIn, `wC-]
n.
皮囊水袋

watersoaked
adj.
用水浸湿的

water-sprayer
n.
喷水机, 洒水器

water-strainer
n.
滤水器

watersupply
n.

(1)

供水设备

(2)

水源, 供水

watertower
n.
水塔

water-tube
n.
水管

water-varnish
n.
假漆

waterwag(g)on
n.
送水车

waterwave
vt.
将头发烫成波浪型

waterwheel
[5wC:tEwi:l]
n.
水车

water-white
adj.
无色的, 透明如水的

water-work
n.
(用胶画颜料画的)壁画

waterage
[`wR:tErIdV, `wC-]
n.
[英](货物的)水运(费)

waterer
n.
饮水器, 供给饮水的人

waterish
[`wR:tErIF, `wC-]
adj.
水的, 含水的, 似水的, 与水有关的

waterless
adj.
无水的; 不需水的

习惯用语

a cup of cold water
施舍的象征

A lot of [Much] water has flown[run] under the bridge since.
自从那时起, 已经过了许多时间。

above water

(1)

在水面上的

(2)

脱离困境的

Allwaterruns to his mill.
他凡事顺利(指运气好, 无往不利)。

as unstable as water
象水一样不稳定, 变化无常

as weak as water
身体非常虚弱; 意志薄弱, 性格懦弱

back water

(1)

倒划浆(使船后退)

(2)

[美]从原有的立场倒退回去, 退缩

(3)

回水, 回流; [转]死气沉沉的状态, 文化落后的地方

blue water
大海, 外海

branch water
[美]小溪流的水

bring the water to sb.'s mouth(=make sb.'s mouthwater)
使某人垂涎

burn the water
(夜间)在火把照明下叉鲑鱼

by water
乘船, 由水路

don't cast out the foulwater till you bring in the clean (=Don't throw out your dirtywater until you get in fresh).
[谚]清水未来, 莫泼脏水; 好的东西没有到手, 不要抛弃坏的东西。

draw water in [with] a sieve(=pour water into a sieve).
[谚]竹篮打水一场空; 白费力气, 徒劳。

draw water to one's own mill
处处为自己打算; 谋取私利

fish in troubled[muddy] waters
混水摸鱼, 趁火打劫

get into deep [hot] water
陷入困境, 招致麻烦

get to [reach] smooth water
安然摆脱困境, 进入顺境

get [wring] water from a flint
缘木求鱼; 做不可能的事

He knows the water the best who has waded through it.
[谚]要知河深浅, 须问过来人。

high water
洪水; 涨潮, 高潮

hold water

(1)

(容器)盛水不漏

(2)

(论点等)站得住脚; 说得通

(3)

经得起考验

hot water
困境; 严重的麻烦; 尴尬的处境

in deep water(s)
处于困境

in low water
缺钱, 经济拮据

in rough [troubled] water
灾难深重

in smooth water
处于顺境中, 日子好过

keep oneself [one's head] above water
避免破产; 保住自己

like water
大量地, 无节制地

like water off a duck's back
不起作用, 毫无影响

limn on water
水上绘画, 瞬刻即逝, 徒劳无益

make water

(1)

【船】进[漏]水

(2)

(人)解小便

Much water runs by the mill that the miller knows not of.
[谚]我们眼前所发生的事情, 有许多是我们不知道的。

No safe wading in an unknow water (=Wade not in unknown waters).
[谚]不知水深浅, 千万莫轻涉。

on the water

(1)

在水上

(2)

在船上

pass water (=make water)
(人)解小便

pour [throw, dash] cold water on [over]
对...泼冷水

Salt water and absence wash away love.
[谚]远航久别恩情疏。

spend like water
挥霍无度

Still waters run deep (=Smooth waters run deep.)
[谚]静水流深; 沉默者深谋。

Stolen waters are sweet.
[谚]偷来的水特别甜; 偷欢最乐。

take (the) water

(1)

(动物、鸟、人)下水游泳

(2)

(船)下水

(3)

乘船出航

take(the) waters
在疗养地喝矿泉水

Too much water drowned the miller.
[谚]太多了反有害; 过犹不及。

tread water
(游泳)踩水

troubled waters
混乱状态; 纠纷, 骚扰; 争执不和(通常用于 fish in troubled waters或 pour oil on troubled waters调停[平息]纠纷, 息事宁人)

under water
(在生活中)失败, 潦倒

We never know the worth of water till the well is dry.
[谚]井干方知水可贵。

written in water
(名声、成就)转眼即逝的, 昙花一现的

water bewitched
淡茶; 搀水的酒; 稀释的混合饮料

water down

(1)

搀水, 加水冲淡

(2)

减弱... 力量

W-finds its (own) level.
水往低处流。

water of life
生命之水, 灵魂的振奋剂; 酒

waters of forgetfulness
忘川(俗传阴间有条河, 饮其水则忘掉生前的一切); 忘记; 死

特殊用法

acidulous water
酸性水

activated water
活化水; 受辐射作用的水

adherent water
粘化水

adhesive water
粘附水; 薄膜水

alkaline peptone water
碱性蛋白胨液(培养基)

ammonia water
氨水

anise water
茴香水

arabin water
阿糖胶水

baryta water
氧化钡水(壁画上色以前, 用来涂抹墙壁表面)

beverage water
饮料用水

bromine water
溴水

ceramic water
陶瓷片(印刷电路用)

chlorine water
氯水

connate water
原生水

cooling circulating water
冷却循环水

Copenhagen water
国际哥本哈根标准海水

deaerated water
经脱气的水

demineralized water
软化水

deuterated water
重水

distilled water
蒸馏水

enclosed waters
闭合水域; 孤立水域

enriched water
滋养水, 浓白水

filtered water
滤过水

first water
(专指钻石珍珠的)最好品质

funicular water
(粒子层的)索状水

glue water
胶水

heavy water
重水

hydroscopic water
吸湿水

imbibition water
吸浸水 impound 静水

infected water
含菌水, 染污的水 inlandwaters内陆水域 interconnectingwaters 连接(各岛屿的)水域 internationalwaters 国际海域, 公海

interstitial water
间隙水; 底质水

kremastic water
渗流水, 悬着水

land lockwater
内陆水域

lime water
石灰水

mean high water
平均高潮面

metabolic water
食物代谢[氧化]水

meteoric water
雨, 气象水

mother water
母液

muddy water
泥浆水; 浑水

natural cooling water
自然冷却水

natural mineral [naturally carbonated] water
天然矿泉水

neap low water
小潮低潮面

offshore water
近岸区

oil-reservoir water
油层水, 构成水

oligosaprobic waters
低污染水域, 低污染水体; 低腐生水体

physiological available water
生理有效水分

pit water
矿井水

pickling rinse water
(选矿)冲洗水; 洗(矿)水

process water
工艺用水

quarry water
矿泉水

quenching-in water
水冷韧化处理(高锰钢, 不锈钢), 固溶化淬火

run(ning)-off water
地表径流

sediment-free water
无沉积物水

seepage water
渗流水, 渗透水

sewage water
污水

sig water
稀碱液

strong waters
烈性饮料, 烈性酒

strontia water
氢氧化锶

sweet water
淡水, 饮用水; 甘油水; 洗水, 甜水

territorial waters
领海, 水域

toilet water
花露水, 香水

vaal water
无离子水

warm water
暖水海洋

yeast water
酵母水

美国传统词典

hold
hold 1
AHD:[h?ld]
D.J.[hould]
K.K.[hold]
v.
held[hμld] hold.ing, holds
v.tr.

(1)

To have and keep in one's grasp:
held the reins tightly.

(2)

To aim or direct; point:
held a hose on the fire.

(3)

To keep from falling or moving; support:
a nail too small to hold the mirror; hold the horse steady; papers that were held together with tape and glue.

(4)

To sustain the pressure of:
The bridge can't hold that much weight.

(5)

To keep from departing or getting away:
Hold the bus! Hold the dog until I find the leash.

(6)

To keep in custody:
held the suspect for questioning.

(7)

To retain the attention or interest of:
The storyteller held the crowd spellbound. Televised sports can't hold my interest.

(8)

To avoid letting out or expelling:
The swimmer couldn't hold her breath any longer.

(9)

To be filled by; contain.

(10)

To be capable of holding.See Synonyms at contain

(11)

To have as a chief characteristic or quality:
The film holds a number of surprises.

(12)

To have in store:
Let's see what the future holds.

(13)

To have and maintain in one's possession:
holds a great deal of property.

(14)

To have as a responsible position or a privilege:
held the governorship for six years.

(15)

To have in recognition of achievement or superiority:
holds the record for the one-mile race; holds the respect of her peers.

(16)

To maintain control over:
The dam held the floodwaters. Thieves held the stolen painting for ransom.

(17)

To maintain occupation of by force or coercion:
Students held the administrative building for a week.

(18)

To withstand the efforts or advance of (an opposing team, for example).

(19)

To maintain in a given condition, situation, or action:
held himself as a gentleman at all times.

(20)

To impose control or restraint on; curb:
She held her temper.

(21)

To stop the movement or progress of:
Hold the presses!

(22)

To reserve or keep back from use:
Please hold two tickets for us. Please hold the relish on that hamburger.

(23)

To defer the immediate handling of:
asked the receptionist to hold all calls during the meeting.

(24)

To be the legal possessor of.

(25)

To bind by a contract.

(26)

To adjudge or decree:
The court held that the defendant was at fault.

(27)

To make accountable; obligate:
You certainly did hold me to my promise.

(28)

To keep in the mind or convey as a judgment, conviction, or point of view:
hold a grudge; hold it a point of honor not to reveal one's sources; holds that this economic program is the only answer to high prices.

(29)

To assert or affirm, especially formally:
This doctrine holds that people are inherently good.

(30)

To regard in a certain way:
I hold you in high esteem.

(31)

To cause to take place; carry on:
held the race in Florida; hold a yard sale.

(32)

To assemble for and conduct the activity of; convene:
held a meeting of the board.

(33)

To carry or support (the body or a bodily part) in a certain position:
Can the baby hold herself up yet? Hold up your leg.

(34)

To cover (the ears or the nose, for example) especially for protection:
held my nose against the stench.
v.intr.

(1)

To maintain a grasp or grip on something.

(2)

To stay securely fastened:
The chain held.

(3)

To maintain a desired or accustomed position or condition:
hopes the weather will hold.

(4)

To withstand stress, pressure, or opposition:
The defense held. We held firm on the negotiations.

(5)

To continue in the same direction:
The ship held to a southwesterly course.

(6)

To be valid, applicable, or true:
The theory holds. This is an observation that still holds true.

(7)

To have legal right or title. Often used with of or from.

(8)

To halt an intended action. Often used in the imperative.

(9)

To stop the countdown during a missile or spacecraft launch.

(10)

Slang To have in one's possession illicit or illegally obtained material or goods, especially narcotics:
The suspect was holding.
n.

(1)

The act or a means of grasping.

(2)

A manner of grasping an opponent, as in wrestling or aikido:
a neck hold; an arm hold.

(3)

Something that may be grasped or gripped, as for support.

(4)

A bond or force that attaches or restrains, or by which something is affected or dominated:
a writer with a strong hold on the reading public.

(5)

Complete control:
has a firm hold on the complex issues.

(6)

Full understanding:
has a good hold on physics.

(7)

Music

(8)

The sustaining of a note longer than its indicated time value.

(9)

The symbol designating this pause; a fermata.

(10)

A direction or an indication that something is to be reserved or deferred.

(11)

A temporary halt, as in a countdown.

(12)

A prison cell.

(13)

The state of being in confinement; custody.

(14)

Archaic A fortified place; a stronghold.

常用词组

hold back

(1)

To retain in one's possession or control:
held back valuable information; held back my tears.

(2)

To impede the progress of.

(3)

To restrain oneself.

hold down

(1)

To limit:
Please hold the noise down.

(2)

To have (a job):
holds down two jobs.

hold forth
To talk at great length.

hold off

(1)

To keep at a distance; resist:
held the creditors off.

(2)

To stop or delay doing something:
Let's hold off until we have more data.

hold on

(1)

To maintain one's grip; cling.

(2)

To continue to do something; persist.

(3)

To wait for something wanted or requested, especially to keep a telephone connection open.

hold out

(1)

To present or proffer as something attainable.

(2)

To continue to be in supply or service; last:
Our food is holding out nicely.

(3)

To continue to resist:
The defending garrison held out for a month.

(4)

To refuse to reach or satisfy an agreement.

hold over

(1)

To postpone or delay.

(2)

To keep in a position or state from an earlier period of time.

(3)

To continue a term of office past the usual length of time.

(4)

To prolong the engagement of:
The film was held over for weeks.

hold to
To remain loyal or faithful to:
She held to her resolutions.

hold up

(1)

To obstruct or delay.

(2)

To rob while armed, often at gunpoint.

(3)

To offer or present as an example:
held the essay up as a model for the students.

(4)

To continue to function without losing force or effectiveness; cope:
managed to hold up under the daily stress.

hold with
To agree with; support:
I don't hold with your theories.

习惯用语

get hold of

(1)

To come into possession of; find:
Where can I get hold of a copy?

(2)

To communicate with, as by telephone:
tried to get hold of you but the line was busy.

(3)

To gain control of. Often used reflexively:
You must get hold of yourself

hold a candle to
To compare favorably with:
This film doesn't hold a candle to his previous ones.

hold (one's) own
To do reasonably well despite difficulty or criticism.

hold out on (someone)
To withhold something from:
Don't hold out on me; start telling the truth.

hold (someone's) feet to the fire
To pressure (someone) to consent to or undertake something.

hold sway
To have a controlling influence; dominate.

hold the bagInformal

(1)

To be left with empty hands.

(2)

To be forced to assume total responsibility when it ought to have been shared.

hold the fortInformal

(1)

To assume responsibility, especially in another's absence.

(2)

To maintain a secure position.

hold the line
To maintain the existing position or state of affairs:
had to hold the line on salary increases in the fourth quarter.

hold the phoneSlang
To stop doing what one is engaged in doing. Often used in the imperative:
Hold the phone

hold water
To stand up to critical examination:
Your theory does not hold water. The witnesses' conflicting stories held no water.

no holds barred
Without limits or restraints.

on hold

(1)

Into a state of temporary interruption without total disconnection during a telephone call:
had to put me on hold for five minutes.

(2)

Informal Into a state of delay or indeterminate suspension:
had to put the romance on hold.

语源

(1)

Middle English holden

(2)

from Old English healdan

基本词义

hold
hold 2
AHD:[h?ld]
D.J.[hould]
K.K.[hold]
n.Abbr. hld.
The lower interior part of a ship or an airplane in which cargo is stored.

语源

(1)

Alteration influenced by hold 1

(2)

of Middle English hole [husk, hull of a ship]

(3)

from Old English hulu * see kel- 1

英汉法学大词典

hold water
v.成立

英汉航海大词典

hold water
vi.有理,不漏水

英汉环境大词典

hold water
n.无懈可击,滴水不漏

英汉化学大词典

hold water
vi.盛得住水,站得住脚

英汉经贸大词典

hold water
n.无懈可击,滴水不漏;n.有理由

英汉计算机大词典

hold water
vi.盛得住水(站得住脚)

英汉能源大词典

hold water
n.无懈可击,滴水不漏

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