简明英汉词典

hold one's own
v.
坚持住, 支撑住

现代英汉词典

hold
[hEJld]
vt., vi.
held, holding

(1)

握住;拿着;抱着
She was holding a book (in her hand).
她(手里)拿着一本书。

(2)

使身体保持某种姿势
Hold yourself still.
身体不要动。

(3)

抑制;控制;约束
to hold one's breath
屏住气
We must hold ourselves in readiness for bad news. (喻)
我们应该对坏消息有心理准备。

(4)

容纳;装
The room can hold twenty people.
这屋子可容下20个人。
How much water does the jug hold?
那罐子能盛多少水?
This bottle holds one liter.
这个瓶子装一升。

(5)

占有;占据;坚守
to hold a position
坚守阵地
We must have the whole story; don't hold anything back.
"我们必须了解事情的全部经过,不要隐瞒任何事实。"

(6)

拥有,持有(金钱、土地、职位等)
He holds an important position at the bank.
他在这家银行里担任一个重要的职务。
My husband and I hold conflicting opinions on this matter.
"对于这件事,我和丈夫的意见相左。"

(7)

保持;维持
"Hold the line, please."
请不要挂断电话机!
Do you think the good weather can hold?
你认为好天气能持续下去吗?

(8)

支撑;按住
He will hold the paper steady while you draw.
你作画时他来按住纸。
The wooden bridge failed to hold and crashed into the river below.
"木桥顶不住了,倾坍到河里。"

(9)

认为,以为
I hold it for certain.
我以为那是确实的。
We hold that no country should interfere in the internal affairs of other countries.
我们认为一国不应干涉他国的内政。

(10)

继续
Can the good weather hold?
这样的好天气会继续下去吗?

(11)

(船、飞机等)沿着,循着

(12)

固定;支撑
The roof was held up by pillars.
屋顶用柱子支撑着。

(13)

举行;召开
to hold a debate
举行辩论会

习惯用语

hold court
接受朝拜;接待成批的崇拜者

hold good
有效

hold hands (with)
握手

Hold it!
不要动!

hold one's own
坚守;坚持立场

词性变化

hold
n.

(1)

握住;掌握;控制
Can you get hold of that rope?
你能抓住那根绳子吗?
(= take hold of, get hold of, catch hold of, lay hold of, keep hold of)

(2)

可攀抓的东西;支撑点
Can you find a hold for your hands?
你能不能找到手抓得住的地方?
Can you find a hold for your hands so that you can pull yourself up?
你能抓住什么东西攀登上来吗?

(3)

影响;妨碍;阻止

习惯用语

lose hold of
放弃

常用词组

hold against
归咎于;责怪
We mustn't hold against him that he has been in prison.
我们不要因为他过去坐过牢而对他有偏见。
We shouldn't hold his past mistakes against him.
我们不该因他过去的过错而歧视他。

hold back

(1)

阻止 (= keep back)
The villagers built banks of earth to hold back the flood waters.
"村民们筑起土坝,防止洪水泛滥。"
No one can hold back the wheel of history.
谁也无法阻止历史车轮的前进。

(2)

抑制(情感、情绪) (= hold in, keep back)
The boss was unable to hold back his anger any longer. (喻)
老板再也抑制不住怒火了。

(3)

阻碍发展 (= keep back)

(4)

退缩不前 (= hang back, hang behind)

(5)

保密;隐瞒

hold down

(1)

保有(一份工作)

(2)

压抑;压低;控制
to hold prices down
把物价压下来

hold forth
长篇大论地讲,滔滔不绝地讲

hold off

(1)

保持距离;不接近
Mary tends to hold off from people.
玛丽总是不接近人。
(= keep off)

(2)

拖延;延期 (= put off)
"The rain may hold off, but it won't hurt to take the raincoat with you."
"雨可能下不下来,不过把雨伞带去总没有坏处。"
The board of directors will hold off making a decision until next Wednesday.
董事会将推迟到下星期三才作出决定。

(3)

使离开;延缓到 (= keep off)
We must be ready to hold off the coming storm's attack.
我们必须准备好阻挡即将来临的暴风雨的袭击。
Will the rain hold off until after the game?
这场雨能拖到比赛结束之后再下吗?

hold on

(1)

(打电话时用语)请等一下,不要挂上
Could you hold on? I'll just see if the manager's in.
你不要挂断电话好吗?我去看一看经理在不在。

(2)

坚持

(3)

= hold out

hold out

(1)

给予;提供

(2)

支持;继续
Will the car hold out till we reach London?
这车能支持到我们抵达伦敦吗?
'How long will our fresh water supplies hold out?' captain asked.
"船长问道,'我们的淡水还能支持多久?"

(3)

坚持;忍耐 (= hang on, hold on)
He seems to hold out no hope of success.
他好象对成功不抱有希望。
I can't hold out much hope that the weather will improve.
对于天气会变好我们不能过于乐观。

(4)

伸出
He held out his hand.
他伸出了手.

hold out for
坚持要求
(= stick out for)

hold out on

(1)

隐瞒

(2)

扣压不复

hold over

(1)

延迟;延期

(2)

期满后继续上映

(3)

威胁;勒索

hold to
坚持;遵循
I shall hold to my decision.
我将坚持我的决定。
(= hold by, keep to)

hold up

(1)

使停滞

(2)

拦路抢劫

(3)

举起展示;提出(作榜样)
His son was held up as a model of hard work.
他的儿子被推举为勤奋工作的榜样。

(4)

hold out

(5)

keep up

(6)

举起来

hold with
同意,赞成

基本词义

hold 2
[hEJld]
n.
货舱

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