简明英汉词典

hinder
[5hindE]
adj.
后面的
v.
阻碍, 打扰

美国传统词典[双解]

hinder
hin.der 1
AHD:[h1n“d…r]
D.J.[6hind*]
K.K.[6h!nd+]
v.(动词)
hin.deredhin.der.inghin.ders
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To be or get in the way of.
妨碍,阻碍

(2)

To obstruct or delay the progress of.
阻碍或耽搁…的过程
v.intr.(不及物动词)
To interfere with action or progress.
阻碍:阻碍行动或进展

语源

(1)

Middle English hindren
中古英语 hindren

(2)

from Old English hindrian * see ko-
源自 古英语 hindrian *参见 ko-

继承用法

hinderer
n.(名词)

参考词汇

(1)

hinderhamperimpedeobstructblockdambar

(2)

These verbs mean to slow or prevent progress or movement. To
这些动词的意思是使进程、动作变得缓慢或困难。

(3)

hinder is to hold back, as by delaying:
Hinder 的意思是通过延迟的方法加以妨碍:
The travelers were hindered by storms throughout their journey. Often the word implies stopping or prevention:
旅行者们一路上被暴风雨所阻碍。 这个词经常意味着停止或阻止:
What is to hinder you from trying? To hamper is to hinder by or as if by fastening or entangling:
是什么阻止你尝试? Hamper 的意思是通过系紧或缠住而妨碍:
A suit and an overcoat hampered the efforts of the accident victim to swim to safety.
套装和大衣阻碍了事故受害者游到安全地带的努力。
She was hampered by ill health in building up her business. To impede is to slow by making action or movement difficult:
她糟糕的健康状况妨碍她建立自己的事业。 Impede 的意思是通过使活动、行动发生困难而延缓发展:
“Sentiment and eloquence serve only to impede the pursuit of truth” (Macaulay).
“感情用事和夸夸其谈只能阻碍对真理的追求” (麦考利)。

(4)

Obstruct implies the presence of obstacles that interfere with progress:
Obstruct 表示有干扰或阻止前进的障碍的存在:
A building under construction obstructs our view of the mountains.
正建的楼房挡住了我们眺望远山的视线。
One of the mugger's accomplices tried to obstruct the police officer from upholding the law.
抢劫犯的一个同伙企图阻挠警察维护法律。

(5)

Block refers to complete obstruction that prevents progress, passage, or action:
Block 表示完全阻挡了进程、通道或行动:
A huge snowdrift is blocking the entrance to the driveway.
大雪堆阻塞了汽车专用道的入口。
“Do not block the way of inquiry” (Charles S. Peirce).
“不要妨碍询问” (查尔斯·S·派尔斯)。

(6)

Dam suggests obstruction of the flow, progress, or release of something, such as water or emotion:
Dam 表示阻止某物的流动、进程或释放(如水或感情):
dammed the brook to form a swimming pool;
挡住小溪来建一个游泳池;
dammed up his emotions. To bar is to prevent entry or exit or prohibit a course of action:
克制住了他的情绪。 Bar 指阻止进口或出口,或制止行为过程:
mounted troops barring access to the presidential palace;
骑兵封锁了通往总统府的道路;
laws that bar price fixing.
禁止设置固定物价的法律

基本词义

hinder
hind.er 2
AHD:[hon“d…r]
D.J.[6haind*]
K.K.[6ha!nd+]
adj.(形容词)
Variant of hind 1
hind的变体1

现代英汉词典

hinder 1
[5hIndE(r)]
vt.

(1)

阻止;阻碍
I was hindered from getting here earlier.
我因受阻未能早些到达这里。

(2)

妨碍
Don't hinder him in his work.
不要妨碍他的工作。
That hindered him from going further.
这使他不能再继续向前了。
The noise hindered me in my writing.
嘈杂声妨碍了我的写作。

基本词义

hinder 2
[5haIndE(r)]
adj.
后面的

现代英汉综合大辞典

hinder
[5hindE]
vt.
妨碍, 阻止
Don't hinder me.
不要妨碍我。

词性变化

hinder
[5hindE]
vi.
妨碍, 阻止
Help out, don't hinder.
帮帮忙, 不要碍事。

用法词典

hinder
来自中古英语 hindren<古英语 hindrian 阻止

参考词汇

(1)

hinder,obstruct,bar,bolck,impede这组动词的一般含义是“阻碍”。

(2)

hinder(名词为hindrance)所表示的“阻碍”含有令人厌恶的意思。例如你想去做某事,有人却不让你去,你会觉得恼火。这个词的名词指“起阻碍作用的人或物”,其含义与动词相同
"Go and join the army," said his wife. "I won't hinder you."
“去参军吧,”他妻子说:“我不会阻拦你的。”
They went through the rooms,being careful to touch nothing,as they did not want to hinder the police in their search for fingerprints.
他们走遍了各个房间,小心翼翼不去碰任何东西,因为他们不想妨碍警察寻找指纹。

(3)

obstruct(名词为obstacle 和obstruction)的含义是“妨碍自由的或顺利的通行”。这个词所表示的阻碍有两层含义:对运动中的事物加以干预,在通道上设置障碍物。其名词之一 obstacle 可以指具体的障碍物,也可以指抽象概念,如起妨碍作用的情况
The fallen tree lying across the road is an obstacle.
横在大路上一棵倒下的树是障碍。
His poor health is an obstacle to the fulfilment of his plan.
他的身体不好,这是他完成计划的一个障碍。
The current must have been steady and strong, for the boat kept moving forward smoothly,without meeting any obstacle,as thought it were being steered by some invisible hand.
水流一定是平稳的,因为小船一直顺利地向前漂荡着,没有碰到任何障碍物, 好象有某种无形的手在操纵着它。

(4)

另一名词 obstruction 可以用于非物质的障碍,如:Any phrase repeated too often becomes an obstruction to the flow of thought and feeling. 任何一句话如果重复得太频繁了,也就变成了思想感情沟通的障碍。此句中的 obstruction 显然是一种比喻,如果用 obstacle 意思虽然一目了然,却没有 obstruction 生动。

(5)

bar(名词bar)有两层含义:既不允许进也不允许出,或者禁止通行。其名词与动词相同。这种含义与bar 的原义(栅栏、棒)有联系
The highway here is barred whenever the train passes.
每当火车通过时,这里的公路都要拦起来。

(6)

block 指短时间内使交通阻塞,进退都不可能,卡住了
The drifting snow has blocked our door.
漂荡下来的积雪把我们的门堵塞住了。

(7)

impede(名词为 impediment)并不表示阻塞通道,只表示“妨碍”,因为这个词从词源学角度上讲,其含义是“把脚缠住”的意思。因此这个词的确切含义是使得事物进展非常缓慢,而不是完全停止
The troops were impeded by the muddy road.
泥泞的道路使部队的行动受到了妨碍。

英文相关词典

hinder
check    curb    hold back    impede    obstruct    restrain    retard    stop    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

hinder
妨碍, 阻碍;挡住;制止

美国传统词典

hinder
hin.der 1
AHD:[h1n“d…r]
D.J.[6hind*]
K.K.[6h!nd+]
v.
hin.dered, hin.der.ing, hin.ders
v.tr.

(1)

To be or get in the way of.

(2)

To obstruct or delay the progress of.
v.intr.
To interfere with action or progress.

语源

(1)

Middle English hindren

(2)

from Old English hindrian * see ko-

继承用法

hinderer
n.

参考词汇

(1)

hinder, hamper, impede, obstruct, block, dam, bar

(2)

These verbs mean to slow or prevent progress or movement. To

(3)

hinder is to hold back, as by delaying:
The travelers were hindered by storms throughout their journey. Often the word implies stopping or prevention:
What is to hinder you from trying? To hamper is to hinder by or as if by fastening or entangling:
A suit and an overcoat hampered the efforts of the accident victim to swim to safety.
She was hampered by ill health in building up her business. To impede is to slow by making action or movement difficult:
“Sentiment and eloquence serve only to impede the pursuit of truth” (Macaulay).

(4)

Obstruct implies the presence of obstacles that interfere with progress:
A building under construction obstructs our view of the mountains.
One of the mugger's accomplices tried to obstruct the police officer from upholding the law.

(5)

Block refers to complete obstruction that prevents progress, passage, or action:
A huge snowdrift is blocking the entrance to the driveway.
“Do not block the way of inquiry” (Charles S. Peirce).

(6)

Dam suggests obstruction of the flow, progress, or release of something, such as water or emotion:
dammed the brook to form a swimming pool;
dammed up his emotions. To bar is to prevent entry or exit or prohibit a course of action:
mounted troops barring access to the presidential palace;
laws that bar price fixing.

基本词义

hinder
hind.er 2
AHD:[hon“d…r]
D.J.[6haind*]
K.K.[6ha!nd+]
adj.
Variant of hind 1

英汉法学大词典

hinder
v.阻碍 ,妨碍

英汉化学大词典

hinder
vt.防碍,阻止;adj.后面的

英汉计算机大词典

hinder
vt.防碍(阻止);adj.后面的

英汉建筑大词典

hinder
vt.防碍阻止

英汉农牧林大词典

hinder
n.后部的,阻碍

英汉中医大词典

hinder
n.障碍,防碍,阻止

电子邮件: 版权所有 一切网及原始资料出版社Copyright © 2004