简明英汉词典

helicopter
[5helikCptE]
n.
直升(飞)机, 直升机

美国传统词典[双解]

helicopter
hel.i.cop.ter
AHD:[hμl“1-k?p”t…r]
D.J.[6heli7k%pt*]
K.K.[6hWl!7k$pt+]
n.(名词)
An aircraft that derives its lift from blades that rotate about an approximately vertical central axis.
直升机:螺旋桨叶围绕一根近似垂直的中心轴旋转而使其升高的飞机
v.intr.tr.(不及物动词和及物动词)
hel.i.cop.teredhel.i.cop.ter.inghel.i.cop.ters
To go or transport by helicopter.
乘直升飞机前往或旅行

语源

(1)

French hélicoptère
法语 hélicoptère

(2)

Greek helix helik- [spiral] * see helix
希腊语 helix helik- [螺旋线] *参见 helix

(3)

Greek pteron [wing] * see -pter
希腊语 pteron [机翼,翅膀] *参见 -pter

注释
The origin of the word helicopter is apparent only upon due recognition of its Greek ancestors. Helicopter was borrowed from the French word hélicoptère, a word constructed from Greek heliko- and pteron, “wing.” Heliko- is a form of helix, “spiral,” that combines with other words and word forms to create new words. The consonant cluster pt in pteron begins many Greek words but relatively few English words, so English speakers who are unfamiliar with Greek do not think of the word's elements as helico-pter. At least some English speakers have analyzed the word into the elements heli-copter, as is shown by the clipped form copter.
Helicopter 一词的来源正好可以明显地在希腊语的古代词汇中找到相对应的词。 Helicopter 一词是从法语中的 helicoptere 借用过来的, 这个词义是由希腊词heliko 和 pteron (翅膀之意)组成的, 而Heliko 正好是 helix (螺旋)的另一种形式, 用于与其它单词相拼合而产生新的词汇。Pteron 中的辅音群 pt 作为字首在希腊语中是很多的, 但在英语词汇中就相对少得多,所以,那些不熟悉希腊语的英语使用者就不会把该词的成分看作是helico-pter 。 至少有的英语使用者已经把该词分析成了heli-copter , 正如缩写形式copter 所示那样

现代英汉词典

helicopter
[5helIkRptE(r)]
n.
直升机

现代英汉综合大辞典

helicopter
[5helikCptE]
n.
直升飞机

词性变化

helicopter
[5helikCptE]
vt.
用直升飞机载送
helicopter sb. out of the sea
用直升飞机救某人出海(指海上遇难人员)
helicopter the President to London
用直升飞机送总统去伦敦

helicopter
[5helikCptE]
vi.
乘直升飞机
The president helicoptered to California yesterday.
总统昨天乘直升飞机赴加州。

特殊用法

dual-rotor helicopter
双旋翼式直升飞机

flying-crane helicopter
起重直升飞机

intermeshing rotors helicopter
交叉旋翼式直升飞机

pulsejet helicopter
脉动喷气式直升飞机

用法词典

helicopter
helix 盘旋 + pteron 翼

[七国语言]英汉机械大词典

helicopter
直升飞机

[七国语言]英汉机械工程大词典

helicopter
直升机

美国传统词典

helicopter
hel.i.cop.ter
AHD:[hμl“1-k?p”t…r]
D.J.[6heli7k%pt*]
K.K.[6hWl!7k$pt+]
n.
An aircraft that derives its lift from blades that rotate about an approximately vertical central axis.
v.intr.tr.
hel.i.cop.tered, hel.i.cop.ter.ing, hel.i.cop.ters
To go or transport by helicopter.

语源

(1)

French hélicoptère

(2)

Greek helix helik- [spiral] * see helix

(3)

Greek pteron [wing] * see -pter

注释
The origin of the word helicopter is apparent only upon due recognition of its Greek ancestors. Helicopter was borrowed from the French word hélicoptère, a word constructed from Greek heliko- and pteron, “wing.” Heliko- is a form of helix, “spiral,” that combines with other words and word forms to create new words. The consonant cluster pt in pteron begins many Greek words but relatively few English words, so English speakers who are unfamiliar with Greek do not think of the word's elements as helico-pter. At least some English speakers have analyzed the word into the elements heli-copter, as is shown by the clipped form copter.

英汉船舶大词典

helicopter
n.旋翼直升机,直升飞机

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

helicopter
直升飞机

英汉地质大词典

helicopter
n.直升飞机

英汉航海大词典

helicopter
n.直升飞机

英汉环境大词典

helicopter
n.直升飞机

英汉航空大词典

helicopter
n.直升机

英汉化学大词典

helicopter
n.直升飞机;vt.乘直升飞机

英汉海运大词典

helicopter
直升飞机

英汉进出口商品词汇大全

helicopter
直升飞机

英汉经贸大词典

helicopter
n.直升飞机

英汉计算机大词典

helicopter
n.直升飞机;vt.乘直升飞机

英汉机械大词典

helicopter
n.直升飞机

英汉建筑大词典

helicopter
n.直升飞机

英汉水利大词典

helicopter
n.直升飞机,乘直升飞机

英汉消防大词典

helicopter
直升机

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