简明英汉词典

harden
[5hB:dn]
vt.
使变硬, 使坚强, 使冷酷
vi.
变硬, 变冷酷, 涨价

基本词义

Harden
[5hB:dn]
哈登(①姓氏 ②Sir Arthur, 1865 -1940, 英国化学家, 曾获1929年诺贝尔化学奖)

美国传统词典[双解]

harden
hard.en
AHD:[h?r“dn]
D.J.[6h$8dn]
K.K.[6h$dn]
v.(动词)
hard.enedhard.en.inghard.ens
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To make hard or harder.
使硬化:使变硬或更硬

(2)

To enable to withstand physical or mental hardship.
使经得起考验:使能经受住身体的或精神上的困苦

(3)

To make unfeeling, unsympathetic, or callous:
使无情:使没有感情、无同情心或冷酷:
“To love love and not its meaning hardens the heart in monstrous ways”(Archibald MacLeish)
“不是用爱的本质去爱,会使人在许多方面变得冷酷无情”(阿奇博尔德·麦克利什)

(4)

To make sharp, as in outline.
使轮廓鲜明

(5)

To protect (nuclear weapons) by surrounding with earth or concrete.
用围墙保护:用泥土或混凝土围住以保护(核武器)
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To become hard or harder.
变硬或更硬

(2)

To rise and become stable. Used of prices.
变稳定:上涨且变得稳定。用于价格

(3)

To become inured.
变习惯

参考词汇

(1)

hardenacclimateacclimatizeseasontoughen

(2)

The central meaning shared by these verbs is “to make resistant to hardship, especially through continued exposure”:
这些动词所共有的中心意思是“使对艰难困苦有抵抗力,尤指通过连续的暴露于困难面前”:
was hardened to life on the frontier;
顽强地面对前线的生活;
is becoming acclimated to the tropical heat;
对热带的高度逐渐适应;
was acclimatized by long hours to overwork;
由于长时间的磨炼而适应超负荷劳动;
became seasoned to life in prison;
对监狱的生活习以为常;
toughened by experience and criticism. soften
由于坎坷的经历和人们的指责而麻木不仁 soften

基本词义

Harden
Har.den
AHD:[h?r“dn] Sir Arthur (1865-1940)
D.J.[6h$8dn]
K.K.[6h$dn]
NONE(无词性)
British biochemist. He shared a 1929 Nobel Prize for research on the fermentation of sugars.
哈登,阿瑟:(1865-1940) 英国生物化学家,因在糖发酵上的研究而获1929年的诺贝尔奖

现代英汉词典

harden
[5hB:d(E)n]
vt., vi.

(1)

使坚强;使坚硬
The earth hardens under the hot sun.
土地让炎热的太阳晒硬了。
You may leave the jelly in a cool place to harden it.
"你可以把果子冻放在阴凉的地方,让它凝固。"
Their hands hardened when they worked on the farm.
"他们在农场工作的时候,双手变粗糙了。"

(2)

心肠变硬;变得冷酷 无情
I hardened my heart against him.
我硬下心肠对待他。
Don't harden your heart against your own relatives. (喻)
对自己的亲戚心肠不要太硬了。;对待自己的亲戚不要过于苛刻无情。

(3)

(价格等)停止下跌,停止波动

常用词组

harden off
使(植物)茁壮以便在露天生长

harden to
对…变得不在乎
He is becoming hardened to failure.
他对失败已变得不在乎了。
The southerners are quite hardened to the cold weather here now.
这几个南方人现在对这儿的寒冷气候已习以为常了。

现代英汉综合大辞典

harden
[5hB:dn]
vi.

(1)

变硬; 凝固

(2)

变坚强; 变果断

(3)

变刚毅; 变冷酷[麻木]

(4)

(意见等)坚定; (行情等)看涨; (市场)稳定
Her mind hardened at the thought of the difficulties awaiting her.
当她想到面临着许多困难时, 她的意志更坚定了。

词性变化

harden
[5hB:dn]
vt.

(1)

使变硬[硬化, 凝固, 坚固, 淬硬]

(2)

使变得坚强

(3)

[常用被动语态]使变冷酷, 使麻木

(4)

(把导弹基地等用水泥等加固或设在地下)使不受爆炸[热幅射]之害
harden the body
锻练身体

继承用法

hardened
[`hB:dEnd]
adj.

(1)

变硬的, 已定型的

(2)

(导弹等)有地下发射井的, 可以从地下发射的

习惯用语

harden off
使(幼苗)受冷而变得耐寒

基本词义

Harden
[5hB:dn]
n.
哈登(①姓氏 ②Sir Arthur, 1865 -1940, 英国化学家, 曾获1929年诺贝尔化学奖)

用法词典

harden
hard 硬+ -en 动词后缀,使…

英文相关词典

harden
soften    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

harden
使坚固

美国传统词典

harden
hard.en
AHD:[h?r“dn]
D.J.[6h$8dn]
K.K.[6h$dn]
v.
hard.ened, hard.en.ing, hard.ens
v.tr.

(1)

To make hard or harder.

(2)

To enable to withstand physical or mental hardship.

(3)

To make unfeeling, unsympathetic, or callous:
“To love love and not its meaning hardens the heart in monstrous ways”(Archibald MacLeish)

(4)

To make sharp, as in outline.

(5)

To protect (nuclear weapons) by surrounding with earth or concrete.
v.intr.

(1)

To become hard or harder.

(2)

To rise and become stable. Used of prices.

(3)

To become inured.

参考词汇

(1)

harden, acclimate, acclimatize, season, toughen

(2)

The central meaning shared by these verbs is “to make resistant to hardship, especially through continued exposure”:
was hardened to life on the frontier;
is becoming acclimated to the tropical heat;
was acclimatized by long hours to overwork;
became seasoned to life in prison;
toughened by experience and criticism. soften

基本词义

Harden
Har.den
AHD:[h?r“dn] Sir Arthur (1865-1940)
D.J.[6h$8dn]
K.K.[6h$dn]
NONE
British biochemist. He shared a 1929 Nobel Prize for research on the fermentation of sugars.

英汉船舶大词典

harden
n.硬化

英汉电力大词典

harden
n.硬化,淬火

英汉地质大词典

harden
n.硬化淬火

英汉广播大词典

harden
n.坚膜,硬化

英汉航海大词典

harden
n.上涨,价格趋稳

英汉化学大词典

harden
vt.使...变硬,加固

英汉海运大词典

harden
使硬,使坚固,变硬

基本词义

harden
使硬,使坚固,变硬,硬化凝固淬火

基本词义

harden
硬化,淬火

基本词义

harden
硬化,凝固,淬火使硬,使坚固,变硬

英汉经贸大词典

harden
n.上涨,价格趋稳

英汉计算机大词典

harden
vt.使...变硬(加固)

英汉机械大词典

harden
n.使...变硬,硬化

英汉建筑大词典

harden
vt.变硬淬火

英汉汽车大词典

harden
n.使...变硬,硬化

英汉水利大词典

harden
n.变硬,硬化,凝结

英汉冶金大词典

harden
n.硬化,变硬

英汉中医大词典

harden
n.硬化,变硬

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