简明英汉词典

habit
[5hAbit]
n.
习惯, 习性

美国传统词典[双解]

habit
hab.it
AHD:[h2b“1t]
D.J.[6h#bit]
K.K.[6h#b!t]
n.(名词)

(1)

A recurrent, often unconscious pattern of behavior that is acquired through frequent repetition.
习惯:一种由于不断的重复而形成的反复出现,经常是无意识的行为方式

(2)

An established disposition of the mind or character.
气质:一种固有的心灵或性格上的倾向

(3)

Customary manner or practice:
习性:习惯性的举止或做法:
a person of ascetic habits.
节欲苦行的人

(4)

An addiction, especially to a narcotic drug.
上瘾:上瘾,特别是对毒品上瘾

(5)

Physical constitution.
身体的素质

(6)

Characteristic appearance, form, or manner of growth, especially of a plant or crystal.
习性,特性:典型的外貌、形式或生长方式,尤指植物和晶体

(7)

A distinctive dress or costume, especially of a religious order.
宗教服装:独特的衣服或装束,尤指宗教教派所穿的

(8)

A riding habit.
妇女骑装:骑马时所穿的衣服
v.tr.(及物动词)
hab.it.edhab.it.inghab.its
To clothe; dress.
给…穿衣服;打扮

语源

(1)

Middle English [clothing]
中古英语 [衣服]

(2)

from Old French [clothing, behavior, custom]
源自 古法语 [衣服,行为,习惯]

(3)

from Latin habitus [from past participle of] hab?re [to have] * see ghabh-
源自 拉丁语 habitus [] 源自hab?re的过去分词 [有] *参见 ghabh-

参考词汇

(1)

habitpracticecustomusageusewonthabitude

(2)

These nouns denote patterns of behavior established by continual repetition.
这些名词都表示由于不断的重复而形成的行为方式。

(3)

Habit applies to a way of acting so ingrained in an individual that it is done without conscious thought:
Habit 用来指一个人根深蒂固的一种行为方式,它如此地根深蒂固,以致于人们不用有意识地去想就能完成这个动作。
trying to break the smoking habit;
试图戒掉烟瘾;
has a habit of closing his eyes when he tells a story.
他在讲故事的时候习惯于把眼晴闭上。
“Habit rules the unreflecting herd” (William Wordsworth).
“习惯驱使着没有思想的羊群” (威廉·华滋华斯)。

(4)

Practice denotes a customary, often chosen pattern of individual or group behavior:
Practice 指一种个体或群体的常规的,选择采取的行为方式:
It is our practice to eat an early dinner.
我们习惯于很早就吃晚饭。
“You will find it a very good practice always to verify your references, sir” (Martin Joseph Routh).
“先生,你会发现经常核对你的参考材料是一个很有益的习惯” (马丁·约瑟夫·劳斯)。

(5)

Custom is either individual or group behavior as established by long practice and especially by accepted conventions:
Custom 是指由于长时间的实践;尤其是公认传统确立的个人或群体的一种行为方式:
“No written law has ever been more binding than unwritten custom supported by popular opinion” (Carrie Chapman Catt).
“没有一条成文法令比受民意支持的未成文的习惯更有约束力” (卡利·查普曼·卡特)。

(6)

Usage refers to customary practice that has become an accepted standard for a group and thus regulates individual behavior:
Usage 是一种已成为被公众接受的群体行为准则,而能约束个人行为的习惯性作法:
“laws . . . . corrected, altered, and amended by acts of parliament and common usage” (William Blackstone).
“法律…通过议会的决议和普通接受的习俗而被更正、修改和修补” (威廉·布莱克斯通)。

(7)

Use and wont are terms for the customary and distinctive practice of an individual or a group:
Use 和wont 是描述个人或群体习惯性的独特行为的用语:
“situations where the use and wont of their fathers no longer meet their necessities” (J.A. Froude).
“他们父辈的习惯性作法无法解决他们的困难情况” (J·A·弗劳德)。

(8)

Habitude refers to an individual's habitual disposition to behave in a certain way rather than to a specific act:
Habitude 指个人以某种方式行事的习惯性倾向而不是指某一个具体的行为:
“His real habitude gave life and grace/To appertainings and to ornament” (Shakespeare).
“他的习惯是增添生机和光彩/对那些附属物和装饰物” (莎士比亚)

现代英汉词典

habit
[5hAbIt]
n.

(1)

(常与of和动名词连用)习惯;习性
to have habit of smoking during meals
有吃饭时吸烟的习惯
to change customs and habits
移风易俗
It is not easy to break off a bad habit.
要改掉一个坏习惯不容易。
It's a good habit to go for a walk after supper.
晚饭后散步是个好习惯。

(2)

(神职人员穿的)法服;衣服
a monk's habit
和尚的袈裟

(3)

心境;体质
a cheerful habit of mind
心情愉快
She was of lean habit.
她体质很瘦。

现代英汉综合大辞典

habit
[5hAbit]
n.

(1)

习惯, 习性, 癖好

(2)

脾性; 特性

(3)

举止, 行为

(4)

体质, 体格

(5)

习俗; 风尚, 惯例

(6)

(表示级别或宗教级别的)服装, [古]衣服; 法衣; 骑装

(7)

毒瘾
Habit cures habit.
[谚]新习惯可以改掉旧习惯。
He contracted a bad habit.
他养成一种恶习。

词性变化

habit
[5hAbit]
vt.

(1)

穿着, 装扮

(2)

[英古]居住在

习惯用语

be in the habit of
惯于, 有某种习惯

be in a habit of
惯于, 有某种习惯

break off the habit of
改掉...的习惯

break sb. of a habit
使某人改掉某习惯

by force of habit
由于习惯(势力)而做某事

from force of habit
由于习惯(势力)而做某事

out of force of habit
由于习惯(势力)而做某事

fall into the habit of
养成[染上]某习惯

get into the habit of
养成[染上]某习惯

form a habit of
养成[染上]某习惯

from habit
出于习惯

by habit
出于习惯

out of habit
出于习惯

get sb. into the habit of
使 某人染上某嗜好

get out of a habit
改掉某种习惯

kick the habit
[美俚]戒掉毒隐

knock the habit
[美俚]戒掉毒隐

make a habit of
使...形成一种习惯

off the habit
[美俚]已戒去癖瘾; 未处于麻醉毒品的影响下

take the habit
[废]出家, 当修道士

The habit doesn't make the monk.
穿上袈裟不一定就是和尚; [谚]不要以貌取人。

Habit is second nature.
[谚]习惯是第二天性。

habit of mind
习性, 心情

特殊用法

bearing habit
结果习性

breeding habit
繁殖[生育]习性

buying habit
购买习惯

civilized hygienic habit
文明卫生习惯

courtship habit
求偶习性

crystal habit
晶体惯态

dislocation habit
位错惯态

feeding habit
摄食习性, 食性

food habit
饮食习惯

fruit habit
结果习性

grazing habit
放牧环境

grouping habit
集合习性

growth habit
生长习性

living habit
生活方式[习性]

nocturnal habit
夜行性

position habit
位置习惯

social habit
社会习惯

study habits
学习习惯[方法]

work habit
劳动技巧[习惯]

参考词汇
habit     practice     custom    
都含“习惯”的意思。

(1)

habit 指 “个人由于自然条件、社会环境、爱好或经常接触而导致习以为常的行为或特性”, 如:
Smoking is a bad habit.
抽烟是种坏习惯。

(2)

practice 语气比 habit弱, 指“个人或大家都习惯了的做法或工作与生活的方式”, 如:
the practice of reading in bed
躺在床上看书的习惯。

(3)

custom 指“经过一段时期在某人、一国、一地区或一个社会中形成的传统的习惯或风俗”, 如:
In China the custom prevails in eating dumplings on New Year's Eve.
在中国, 除夕晚上吃饺子的风俗很盛行。

用法词典

habit
来自拉丁语habere(有)的过去分词habit(有了),由此转为习惯

参考词汇

(1)

habit,practice,custom,convention这组名词一般含义为“习惯”。

(2)

habit指个人的“习惯”,通常用于表示做事、思考问题或行为举止的不自觉的方式方法
That proved to be my undoing, for I soon got back to my old bad habit of dozing off in front of the screen.
这证明是我的失败,因为我不久就回到在电视屏幕前打瞌睡的坏习惯去了。

(3)

practice 既可表示个人的也可表示社会的“习惯”,这种“习惯”从性质上看是一种反复不断的或是有选择性的行为或者方法
On the other hand, your stomach would turn at the idea of frying potatoes in animal fat——the normally accepted practice in many northern countries.
在另一方面,一想到用动物油煎马铃薯,你便会作呕。然而在许多北欧国家里,这是为大家接受的通常习惯。
She walked slowly into the hall and at once noticed that all the room doors were open,yet following her general practice she had shut them before going out.
她慢慢地走进厅堂,并且立刻发现所有的房门都是开着的。但是按照她自己的一般习惯,她在外出前总是把门全部关好的。

(4)

custom 具有 habit 和 practice 的一切含义,此外,custom 还包含这样一层意思:长期而广泛采用的行为或方法,即风俗习惯,按照某地区人们共同生活及其行为的准则或规范,它不仅有指导意义,而且具有必须遵循的意义
Don't be a slave to custom.
不要做风俗习惯的奴隶。
From the moment of his birth the customs into which he is born shape his experience and behaviour.
一个人从诞生的那一时刻起,他降生后所处的风俗习惯便给他的阅历和行为定型。

(5)

convention 其实是其他3个词的近义词,它的含义为:固定的或公众一致承认的行事或表达思想的方法
They disregard social conventions without being conscious that they are doing anything extraordinary.
他们不顾社会习俗,并未意识到自己在做些与众不同的事。

英文相关词典

habit
addition    clothes    costume    custom    fashion    manner    nature    pattern    practice    routine    tendency    trait    

[七国语言]英汉地质大词典

habit
结晶外貌, 晶体外貌

[七国语言]英汉地理大词典

habit
习惯, 癖

[七国语言]英汉化学大词典

habit
习惯性

[七国语言]英汉农业大词典

habit
习性

[七国语言]英汉生物学大词典

habit
习性, 习惯

[七国语言]英汉医学大词典

habit
习惯, 习性

美国传统词典

habit
hab.it
AHD:[h2b“1t]
D.J.[6h#bit]
K.K.[6h#b!t]
n.

(1)

A recurrent, often unconscious pattern of behavior that is acquired through frequent repetition.

(2)

An established disposition of the mind or character.

(3)

Customary manner or practice:
a person of ascetic habits.

(4)

An addiction, especially to a narcotic drug.

(5)

Physical constitution.

(6)

Characteristic appearance, form, or manner of growth, especially of a plant or crystal.

(7)

A distinctive dress or costume, especially of a religious order.

(8)

A riding habit.
v.tr.
hab.it.ed, hab.it.ing, hab.its
To clothe; dress.

语源

(1)

Middle English [clothing]

(2)

from Old French [clothing, behavior, custom]

(3)

from Latin habitus [from past participle of] hab?re [to have] * see ghabh-

参考词汇

(1)

habit, practice, custom, usage, use, wont, habitude

(2)

These nouns denote patterns of behavior established by continual repetition.

(3)

Habit applies to a way of acting so ingrained in an individual that it is done without conscious thought:
trying to break the smoking habit;
has a habit of closing his eyes when he tells a story.
“Habit rules the unreflecting herd” (William Wordsworth).

(4)

Practice denotes a customary, often chosen pattern of individual or group behavior:
It is our practice to eat an early dinner.
“You will find it a very good practice always to verify your references, sir” (Martin Joseph Routh).

(5)

Custom is either individual or group behavior as established by long practice and especially by accepted conventions:
“No written law has ever been more binding than unwritten custom supported by popular opinion” (Carrie Chapman Catt).

(6)

Usage refers to customary practice that has become an accepted standard for a group and thus regulates individual behavior:
“laws . . . . corrected, altered, and amended by acts of parliament and common usage” (William Blackstone).

(7)

Use and wont are terms for the customary and distinctive practice of an individual or a group:
“situations where the use and wont of their fathers no longer meet their necessities” (J.A. Froude).

(8)

Habitude refers to an individual's habitual disposition to behave in a certain way rather than to a specific act:
“His real habitude gave life and grace/To appertainings and to ornament” (Shakespeare).

[名词委审定]英汉动物学名词(1996)

habit
习性

[名词委审定]英汉心理学名词(1999)

habit
习惯

英汉船舶大词典

habit
n.习惯

英汉地质大词典

habit
n.习性,常态,惯态

英汉纺织大词典

habit
n.制服,女式骑装,常态

英汉航海大词典

habit
n.特性

英汉环境大词典

habit
n.习性,癖好

英汉化学大词典

habit
n.习惯,晶形;vt.穿着

英汉进出口商品词汇大全

habit
女式骑装,服饰

英汉经贸大词典

habit
n.特性

英汉计算机大词典

habit
n.习惯(晶形);vt.穿着

英汉农牧林大词典

habit
n.习性,型,习性,常态,惯态

英汉能源大词典

habit
n.习性,惯态,常态

英汉心理学大词典

habit
习惯 : 习惯治疗所 : 习惯治疗所

英汉冶金大词典

habit
n.形态,外貌

英汉医学大词典

habit
n.嗜好,习惯

英汉中医大词典

habit
n.瘾,习?习性

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