简明英汉词典

gutter
[5^QtE]
n.
水槽, 檐槽, 排水沟, 槽, 贫民区
vt.
开沟于
vi.
n.
装订线

美国传统词典[双解]

gutter
gut.ter
AHD:[g?t“…r]
D.J.[6g(t*]
K.K.[6g(t+]
n.(名词)

(1)

A channel at the edge of a street or road for carrying off surface water.
排水沟,阴沟:在街边或路边把地面的水排走的通道

(2)

A trough fixed under or along the eaves for draining rainwater from a roof.Also called Regional eaves spout Regional eaves trough Regional rainspout Regional spouting
檐槽:把雨水从房顶排走的水槽,装在屋檐边或檐下也作 【区域的】 eaves spout【区域的】 eaves trough【区域的】 rainspout【区域的】 spouting

(3)

A furrow or groove formed by running water.
犁沟:由流水形成的槽或小沟

(4)

A trough or channel for carrying something off, such as that on either side of a bowling alley.
沟槽:把某物排走的槽或沟,比如在保龄球道两边的球槽

(5)

Printing The white space formed by the inner margins of two facing pages, as of a book.
【印刷术】 两页间的空白:书中左右两页间的空白形成的一块大空处

(6)

A degraded and squalid class or state of human existence.
下等阶层:人类生活中一种堕落的,邋遢的阶层或状态
v.(动词)
gut.teredgut.ter.inggut.ters
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To form gutters or furrows in.
形成沟或槽于…

(2)

To provide with gutters.
装槽
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To flow in channels or rivulets.
在沟槽或小溪中流淌

(2)

To melt away through the side of the hollow formed by a burning wick. Used of a candle.
淌蜡:从一根灯芯燃烧形成的中空两边慢慢熔化。用于指蜡烛

(3)

To burn low and unsteadily; flicker.
摇曳:慢慢地,不稳定地燃烧;闪烁不定
adj.(形容词)
Befitting the lowest class of human life; vulgar, sordid, or unprincipled:
最低阶层的,下流的:属于最低级的人类生活的;粗俗的、肮脏的或无耻的:
gutter language; the gutter press.
下层社会的语言;下流的报纸

语源

(1)

Middle English goter, guter
中古英语 goter, guter

(2)

from Old French gotier
源自 古法语 gotier

(3)

from gote [drop]
源自 gote [滴]

(4)

from Latin gutta
源自 拉丁语 gutta

注释
Certain household words have proved important as markers for major U.S. dialect boundaries. The channels along the edge of a roof for carrying away rainwater (normally referred to in the plural) are variously known as eaves spouts or eaves troughs in New England and the Great Lakes states, spouting or rainspouts in New Jersey, eastern Pennsylvania, and the Delmarva Peninsula, and gutters from Virginia southward. The transition points mark unusually clear boundaries for the three major dialect areas—Northern, Midland, and Southern—traditionally acknowledged by scholars of American dialects. Atypically, Southern gutters seems to have become the standard U.S. term.
某些常用词作为区分美国各主要方言的标志是非常重要的。在新英格兰和五大湖区,这种装在屋顶边缘用来排走雨水的沟槽(一般都是用作复数)被叫做eaves spouts 或 eaves troughs , 而在新泽西,宾夕法尼亚州东部和德马华群岛被叫做spouting 或 rainspouts , 弗吉尼亚以南人们把它称为gutters 。 这些转变表明了美国方言三大区域通常中比较清楚的边界,这三个地区是北部,中部和南部地区,这通常已为美国的方言学者所确认。而南方人使用的gutters 似乎已经成为美国英语中正规的名称,这种情况是不太常见的

现代英汉词典

gutter
[5^QtE(r)]
n.

(1)

排水沟

(2)

(房檐上的)檐沟,水落管
The gutter took away the rain-water from the roof.
檐沟把从屋顶流下的雨水带走。

(3)

(前面与the连用)贫民区;贫民窟;贫困的生活

词性变化

gutter
vi.
(蜡烛)淌蜡

现代英汉综合大辞典

gutter
[5^QtE]
n.

(1)

沟, 槽

(2)

排水沟, 阴沟

(3)

【刷】排版上的隔条; (装订)左右两页间的空白

(4)

角形火焰稳定器

(5)

(喇叭形)焊管拉模

(6)

贫民区[窟]

(7)

整联邮票相连处的空白

(8)

保龄球道两旁的槽
children of the gutter
流浪儿
take a child out of the gutter
收养穷苦孩子; 使孩子离开贫困环境
vent gutter
通风道
rise from the gutter
从恶劣环境中奋斗出来

词性变化

gutter
[5^QtE]
vt.

(1)

在...开沟

(2)

为...装搭檐槽 gutter a new building 给新楼装导水槽
vi.
融流, 淌蜡, (烛火)融化而流下

继承用法

gutterbird
n.

(1)

麻雀

(2)

声名狼藉的人

gutter-man
n.
摊贩, 货郎

gutter-plough
n.
犁式挖沟机

guttersnipe
[5^QtEsnaIp]
n.
[贬]街头流浪儿, 穷途未路的人

gutterway
n.
排水沟

习惯用语

be born in the gutter
出身贫苦

lap the gutter
[俚]酩酊大醉; 拼命喝酒

rise from the gutter
从微贱中发迹

gutter out
逐渐变弱而熄灭; 默默无闻地死去[结束]

gutter down
逐渐变弱而熄灭; 默默无闻地死去[结束]

特殊用法

rim gutter
轮辋槽

英文相关词典

gutter
channel    ditch    groove    trench    

[七国语言]英汉机械工程大词典

gutter
放水沟

[七国语言]英汉建筑大词典

gutter
排水管

[七国语言]英汉矿业大词典

gutter

[七国语言]英汉农业大词典

gutter

[七国语言]英汉轻工业大词典

gutter
引水槽

[七国语言]英汉冶金大词典

gutter

美国传统词典

gutter
gut.ter
AHD:[g?t“…r]
D.J.[6g(t*]
K.K.[6g(t+]
n.

(1)

A channel at the edge of a street or road for carrying off surface water.

(2)

A trough fixed under or along the eaves for draining rainwater from a roof.Also called Regional eaves spout Regional eaves trough Regional rainspout Regional spouting

(3)

A furrow or groove formed by running water.

(4)

A trough or channel for carrying something off, such as that on either side of a bowling alley.

(5)

Printing The white space formed by the inner margins of two facing pages, as of a book.

(6)

A degraded and squalid class or state of human existence.
v.
gut.tered, gut.ter.ing, gut.ters
v.tr.

(1)

To form gutters or furrows in.

(2)

To provide with gutters.
v.intr.

(1)

To flow in channels or rivulets.

(2)

To melt away through the side of the hollow formed by a burning wick. Used of a candle.

(3)

To burn low and unsteadily; flicker.
adj.
Befitting the lowest class of human life; vulgar, sordid, or unprincipled:
gutter language; the gutter press.

语源

(1)

Middle English goter, guter

(2)

from Old French gotier

(3)

from gote [drop]

(4)

from Latin gutta

注释
Certain household words have proved important as markers for major U.S. dialect boundaries. The channels along the edge of a roof for carrying away rainwater (normally referred to in the plural) are variously known as eaves spouts or eaves troughs in New England and the Great Lakes states, spouting or rainspouts in New Jersey, eastern Pennsylvania, and the Delmarva Peninsula, and gutters from Virginia southward. The transition points mark unusually clear boundaries for the three major dialect areas—Northern, Midland, and Southern—traditionally acknowledged by scholars of American dialects. Atypically, Southern gutters seems to have become the standard U.S. term.

[名词委审定]英汉公路科技名词(1997)

gutter
天沟

[名词委审定]英汉建筑园林、城市规划名词(1998)

gutter
檐沟

英汉船舶大词典

gutter
n.槽沟,排水沟

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

gutter
沟,槽;【微软】装订线

英汉地质大词典

gutter
n.小沟,浅沟,埋藏的干河床

英汉纺织大词典

gutter
n.沟,槽,泄水槽

英汉航空大词典

gutter
n.稳定槽,沟

英汉化学大词典

gutter
n.小沟,通风口,角形火焰稳定器;vt.开沟,流

英汉海运大词典

gutter
槽沟,水沟,凹槽甲板排水沟,甲板水沟

基本词义

gutter
槽沟,水沟甲板排水沟

基本词义

gutter
槽沟,(甲板)水沟,凹槽甲板排水沟,甲板水沟,水沟,水槽,

基本词义

gutter
水沟,水槽凹槽

英汉计算机大词典

gutter
n.小沟(通风口,角形火焰稳定器);vt.开沟(流)

英汉机械大词典

gutter
n.槽,飞刺沟

英汉建筑大词典

gutter
n.排水沟檐槽,通风口,雨水口

英汉农牧林大词典

gutter
n.下唇槽

英汉汽车大词典

gutter
n.雨沟,落水沟

英汉水利大词典

gutter
n.槽,沟,引水槽

英汉消防大词典

gutter
排水沟

英汉心理学大词典

gutter
贫民区

英汉冶金大词典

gutter
n.飞边槽,槽

英汉中医大词典

gutter
n.排水沟,水槽

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