简明英汉词典

gruff
[^rQf]
adj.
(说话、态度等) 粗暴的, 生硬的, 脾气坏的, (声音)粗哑的

美国传统词典[双解]

gruff
gruff
AHD:[gr?f]
D.J.[gr(f]
K.K.[gr(f]
adj.(形容词)
gruff.ergruff.est

(1)

Brusque or stern in manner or appearance:
粗鲁的,生硬的:行为或外表粗暴的或生硬的:
a gruff reply.
生硬的答复

(2)

Hoarse; harsh:
粗糙的;粗哑的:
a gruff voice.
粗哑的嗓音

语源

(1)

Dutch grof
荷兰语 grof

(2)

from Middle Dutch
源自 中古荷兰语

(3)

or Middle Low German
或 中古低地德语

继承用法

gruffly
adv.(副词)

gruffness
n.(名词)

参考词汇

(1)

gruffbrusquebluntbluffcurtcrusty

(2)

These adjectives mean abrupt and sometimes discourteous in manner or speech.
这些形容词意为粗鲁,有时意为在行为或言语上无礼。

(3)

Gruff implies roughness or surliness of manner and often harsh speech but does not necessarily suggest rudeness:
Gruff 有举止粗鲁或暴躁、言语严厉的含义,但不一定意味着无礼:
Her answer was gruff, but her eyes twinkled.
她的回答很粗鲁,但她眨了眨眼睛。

(4)

Brusque emphasizes rude abruptness:
Brusque 强调无礼的粗暴:
Try to cultivate a less brusque manner.
尽量去培养不那么粗暴的举止。

(5)

Blunt stresses utter frankness and usually a disconcerting directness:
Blunt 则强调完全坦率,通常这种直率令人发窘:
I have to be blunt: you're not welcome here.
我必须直话直说,你在这里不受欢迎。

(6)

Bluff refers to unpolished, unceremonious manner but usually implies hearty good nature:
Bluff 指不拘礼仪的,唐突的态度,但通常出于热诚和好心:
He has a bluff but rather pleasant manner.
他举止粗鲁却可爱。

(7)

Curt denotes usually rude briefness and abruptness of speech:
Curt 含有简短无礼,言语生硬的意思:
I received a curt letter telling me I was in arrears on my mortgage payments.
我收到一封无礼的短信,说我拖欠了分期付款。

(8)

Crusty suggests a rough and forbidding manner that sometimes conceals benevolence of spirit:
Crusty 则指粗鲁,令人生畏的态度,有时暗含仁善之心:
He's a crusty old gentleman who feeds stray dogs and cats.
他是个令人生畏的老绅士,常喂食离群的狗和猫。

现代英汉词典

gruff
[^rQf]
adj.

(1)

声音粗哑的

(2)

粗暴的;生硬的;不友好的

现代英汉综合大辞典

gruff
[^rQf]
adj.

(1)

(态度)粗暴的, 脾气坏的

(2)

(声音)粗哑的
as gruff as a bear
粗暴

继承用法

gruffish
adj.

gruffly
adv.

gruffness
n.

英文相关词典

gruff
blunt    brusque    coarse    curt    deep    harsh    husky    rough    rude    unfriendly    

美国传统词典

gruff
gruff
AHD:[gr?f]
D.J.[gr(f]
K.K.[gr(f]
adj.
gruff.er, gruff.est

(1)

Brusque or stern in manner or appearance:
a gruff reply.

(2)

Hoarse; harsh:
a gruff voice.

语源

(1)

Dutch grof

(2)

from Middle Dutch

(3)

or Middle Low German

继承用法

gruffly
adv.

gruffness
n.

参考词汇

(1)

gruff, brusque, blunt, bluff, curt, crusty

(2)

These adjectives mean abrupt and sometimes discourteous in manner or speech.

(3)

Gruff implies roughness or surliness of manner and often harsh speech but does not necessarily suggest rudeness:
Her answer was gruff, but her eyes twinkled.

(4)

Brusque emphasizes rude abruptness:
Try to cultivate a less brusque manner.

(5)

Blunt stresses utter frankness and usually a disconcerting directness:
I have to be blunt: you're not welcome here.

(6)

Bluff refers to unpolished, unceremonious manner but usually implies hearty good nature:
He has a bluff but rather pleasant manner.

(7)

Curt denotes usually rude briefness and abruptness of speech:
I received a curt letter telling me I was in arrears on my mortgage payments.

(8)

Crusty suggests a rough and forbidding manner that sometimes conceals benevolence of spirit:
He's a crusty old gentleman who feeds stray dogs and cats.

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