简明英汉词典

gloom
[^lu:m]
n.
阴暗, 阴沉
v.
(使)变阴暗, 优伤地说, 繁荣

美国传统词典[双解]

gloom
gloom
AHD:[gl?m]
D.J.[glu8m]
K.K.[glum]
n.(名词)

(1)

Partial or total darkness; dimness:
阴暗,黑暗;昏暗:
switched on a table lamp to banish the gloom of a winter afternoon.
打开台灯来赶走冬天傍晚的昏暗

(2)

A partially or totally dark place, area, or location.
黑暗处,阴暗处:部分或全都黑暗的地方、地区或位置

(3)

An atmosphere of melancholy or depression:
忧郁,低沉气氛,情绪低落:
Gloom pervaded the office.
低沉的气氛笼罩着办公室

(4)

A state of melancholy or depression; despondency.
忧郁,低沉的精神状态;消沉
v.(动词)
gloomedgloom.ingglooms
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To be or become dark, shaded, or obscure.
变黑,变暗,变得模糊

(2)

To feel, appear, or act despondent, sad, or mournful.
忧郁,沮丧,悲伤,忧伤
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To make dark, shaded, or obscure.
使变黑,变暗,使模糊

(2)

Archaic To make despondent; sadden.
【古语】 使忧伤,沮丧;使悲伤

语源
Probably from Middle English gloumen [to become dark, look glum]
可能源自 中古英语 gloumen [变黑暗,显得忧闷,阴郁]

现代英汉词典

gloom
[^lu:m]
n.

(1)

黑暗;阴暗
In the gloom of the thick forest, they nearly lost their way.
在密林的黑暗中,他们几乎迷了路。

(2)

忧愁;忧郁
He was deep in gloom because his girlfriend had gone away.
他深深地沉浸在忧伤中,因为他的女友离他而去了。

现代英汉综合大辞典

gloom
[^lu:m]
n.

(1)

幽[黑]暗, 朦胧

(2)

黑暗[阴暗]处

(3)

忧愁[郁]; 情绪低落; 沮丧

(4)

[苏]忧郁的面貌

(5)

不利的局面
The death of our beloved premier cast a gloom over the whole country.
我们敬爱的总理的逝世使得全国罩上了一层悲伤的气氛。

词性变化

gloom
[^lu:m]
vt.

(1)

使黑暗, 使朦胧

(2)

使忧愁[郁]

(3)

忧伤地说
Dark clouds gloomed the streets.
乌云使大街上阴沉沉地。

gloom
[^lu:m]
vi.

(1)

(天色等)变黑, 变阴暗[朦胧]

(2)

变忧愁[郁](over)

(3)

现愁容, 做苦脸(at, on)
Jack is still glooming over his coffee at the way he had been tricked.
杰克一边喝着咖啡, 一边还在闷闷不乐地回忆自己当时受骗的那种情况。

继承用法

glooming
n.
怒容; [诗]黎明

习惯用语

cast a gloom over
使忧郁[阴暗]

chase one's gloom away
消愁, 解闷

in the gloom
在幽暗中

参考词汇
sullen    

用法词典

gloom
来自中古英语gloum[b]en<北欧方言glome阴郁地盯着

美国传统词典

gloom
gloom
AHD:[gl?m]
D.J.[glu8m]
K.K.[glum]
n.

(1)

Partial or total darkness; dimness:
switched on a table lamp to banish the gloom of a winter afternoon.

(2)

A partially or totally dark place, area, or location.

(3)

An atmosphere of melancholy or depression:
Gloom pervaded the office.

(4)

A state of melancholy or depression; despondency.
v.
gloomed, gloom.ing, glooms
v.intr.

(1)

To be or become dark, shaded, or obscure.

(2)

To feel, appear, or act despondent, sad, or mournful.
v.tr.

(1)

To make dark, shaded, or obscure.

(2)

Archaic To make despondent; sadden.

语源
Probably from Middle English gloumen [to become dark, look glum]

英汉化学大词典

gloom
n.黑暗,阴暗,朦胧;vt.使...变暗,朦胧

英汉海运大词典

gloom
阴暗(能见度明显降低)

英汉计算机大词典

gloom
n.黑暗(阴暗,朦胧);vt.使...变暗(朦胧)

英汉机械大词典

gloom
n.干燥炉

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