简明英汉词典

give birth to
v.
产生

美国传统词典[双解]

give
give
AHD:[g1v]
D.J.[giv]
K.K.[g!v]
v.(动词)
gave[g3v] giv.en[g1v“…n] giv.inggives
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To make a present of:
赠予,送给:
We gave her flowers for her birthday.
我们送她一些花以庆祝她的生日

(2)

To place in the hands of; pass:
放在…手里;递给:
Give me the scissors.
给我剪刀

(3)

To deliver in exchange or recompense; pay:
付给:供给以做交换或回报;偿付:
will give five dollars for the book.
愿付五美元买这本书

(4)

To let go for a price; sell.
按价格卖掉;出售

(5)

To administer:
服药:
give him some cough medicine.
给他一些治咳嗽的药

(6)

To convey by a physical action:
用身体动作传达:
gave me a punch in the nose.
朝我鼻子打了一拳

(7)

To inflict as punishment:
作为惩罚给予:
gave the child a spanking; was given life imprisonment for the crime.
打孩子的屁股;因犯罪而判终身监禁

(8)

Law To accord by verdict:
【法律】 做出判决:
A decision was given for the plaintiff.
做出对原告有利的判决

(9)

To bestow, especially officially; confer:
给予(尤指官方的);授予:
The Bill of Rights gives us freedom of speech.
人权法案给予我们言论自由

(10)

To accord or tender to another:
给…某物:给予或提供给另一个:
Give him your confidence.
信任他

(11)

To put temporarily at the disposal of:
暂时交给…处置:
gave them the cottage for a week.
把小木屋暂让给他们一个星期

(12)

To entrust to another, usually for a specified reason:
交托,信托:委托另一个人,通常是为了一个具体的理由:
gave me the keys for safekeeping.
把钥匙交给我保管

(13)

To convey or offer for conveyance:
转达:为交流思想、感情等传达或提供:
Give him my best wishes.
向他传达我的美好祝愿

(14)

Law To execute and deliver. Used especially in the phrase give bond.
【法律】 实施和执行。尤被用于词组签订契约

(15)

To endure the loss of; sacrifice:
牺牲:忍受…的损失;牺牲:
gave her son to the war; gave her life for her country.
为了战争牺牲了她的儿子;她为国捐躯

(16)

To devote or apply completely:
奉献:专心致志或完全专心于:
gives herself to her work.
她献身于工作

(17)

To furnish or contribute:
提供,捐献:
gave their time to help others.
花费他们的时间去帮助别人

(18)

To offer in good faith; pledge:
作为保证提出;保证:
Give me your word.
你要向我保证

(19)

To allot as a portion or share.
分配:作为一部分或份额派定或分配

(20)

To bestow as a name.
作为名称给予

(21)

To attribute (blame, for example) to someone; assign.
指派:把(如过失)归咎于某人;指派

(22)

To award as due:
作为应得权益授予:
gave us first prize.
授予我们一等奖

(23)

To emit or utter:
吐露,发出:
gave a groan; gave a muted response.
发出呻吟声;作为沉默的反应

(24)

To submit for consideration, acceptance, or use:
表明:提交以便考虑、接受或使用:
give an opinion; give an excuse.
表明意见;给一个借口

(25)

To proffer to another:
提供给另一个人:
gave the toddler my hand.
把我的手伸给那学步的小孩

(26)

To consent to engage (oneself) in sexual intercourse with a man.
委身于:同意(自己)与一男子发生性关系

(27)

To perform for an audience:
为观众表演:
give a recital.
表演独奏

(28)

To present to view:
提请观看:
gave the sign to begin.
做一个开始的手势

(29)

To offer as entertainment:
举行:作为消遣提供:
give a dinner party.
举行晚宴

(30)

To propose as a toast.
干杯,祝酒

(31)

To be a source of; afford:
为…的来源;出产:
His remark gave offense. Music gives her pleasure.
他的话引起了反击;音乐带给她快乐

(32)

To cause to catch or be subject to (a disease or bodily condition):
传染,使患病:使感染上或(因疾病或身体状况而)患…:
The draft gave me a cold.
通风口的风使我感冒了

(33)

To guide or direct, as by persuasion or behavior. Used with an infinitive phrase:
促使,引起:通过劝说或行为来带领或指引。用于不定式词组中:
You gave me to imagine you approved of my report.
你使我认为你赞成我的报告

(34)

To yield or produce:
生产,产出:
Cows give milk.
母牛产乳

(35)

To bring forth or bear:
生产,结果实:
trees that give fruit.
结果实的树

(36)

To produce as a result of calculation:
计算产生出来得…:
5 × 12 gives 60.
5×12得60

(37)

To manifest or show:
展现出,呈现出:
gives promise of brilliance; gave evidence of tampering.
呈现出辉煌的前途;出示贿赂的证据

(38)

To carry out (a physical movement):
做(身体的运动):
give a wink; give a start.
眨眼;开始

(39)

To permit one to have or take:
规定:允许得到或带走:
gave us an hour to finish.
规定我们一个小时内完成

(40)

To take an interest to the extent of:
在乎:感兴趣到…的程度:
“My dear, I don't give a damn”(Margaret Mitchell)
“亲爱的,我根本不在乎”(玛格丽特·米切尔)
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To make gifts or donations:
赠送,捐赠:
gives generously to charity.
慷慨捐助慈善事业

(2)

To yield to physical force.
屈服于外力

(3)

To collapse from force or pressure:
下陷,断裂:在外力或压力下倒塌,塌陷:
The roof gave under the weight of the snow.
雪压得屋顶快塌了

(4)

To yield to change:
让步,妥协:屈服以改变:
Both sides will have to give on some issues.
在一些问题上双方都作了让步

(5)

To afford access to or a view of; open:
通向:提供…的通道或…的景观;开放:
The doors give onto a terrace.
门可通向阳台

(6)

Slang To be in progress; happen:
【俚语】 在进展中;发生:
What gives?
发生什么事了?
n.(名词)

(1)

Capacity or inclination to yield under pressure.
支持不住:在压力下屈服的能力或倾向

(2)

The quality or condition of resilience; springiness:
弹性:迅速恢复的质量或条件;弹性:
“Fruits that have some give . . . will have more juice than hard ones”(Elizabeth Schneider)
“弹性充足的水果会比那些硬的水果的液汁要多”(伊丽莎白·斯克尼德)

常用词组

give away

(1)

To make a gift of.
使成为礼物

(2)

To present (a bride) to the bridegroom at a wedding ceremony.
在婚礼上将(新娘)交给新郎

(3)

To reveal or make known, often accidentally.
泄露,揭发,经常是偶然地

(4)

To betray.
背叛

give back
To return:
归还:
gave me back my book.
把我的书还给我

give in

(1)

To hand in; submit:
递交;呈送:
She gave in her report.
她递交了报告

(2)

To cease opposition; yield.
停止反对;投降

give of
To devote or contribute:
奉献,贡献:
She really gave of her time to help. They give of themselves to improve the quality of education.
她确实抽出时间来帮忙。为了提高教育质量,他们奉献了自己

give off
To send forth; emit:
放出;散发出:
chemical changes that give off energy.
释放能量的化学变化

give out

(1)

To allow to be known; declare publicly:
允许被知道;公开宣布:
gave out the bad news.
宣告了这个坏消息

(2)

To send forth; emit:
放出;散发出:
gave out a steady buzzing.
发出持续的嗡嗡声

(3)

To distribute:
分发:
gave out the surplus food.
分发剩余食品

(4)

To stop functioning; fail.
停止行动;停止作用

(5)

To become used up or exhausted; run out:
用光,耗尽;用尽:
Their determination finally gave out.
他们最终没了决心

give over

(1)

To hand over; entrust.
托付;委托

(2)

To devote to a particular purpose or use:
投入特殊的目的或用途:
gave the day over to merrymaking.
整天纵情于寻欢作乐

(3)

To surrender (oneself) completely; abandon:
完全放纵(自己);放弃:
finally gave myself over to grief.
最后让自己完全陷入痛苦中

give up

(1)

To surrender:
投降:
The suspects gave themselves up.
这些嫌疑犯投降了

(2)

To devote (oneself) completely:
将(自己)完全奉献:
gave herself up to her work.
献身于她自己的工作

(3)

To cease to do or perform:
停止做或执行:
gave up their search.
停止他们的搜查

(4)

To desist from; stop:
停止;结束:
gave up smoking.
戒烟

(5)

To part with; relinquish:
让出;放弃:
gave up the apartment; gave up all hope.
让出公寓;放弃所有的希望

(6)

To lose hope for:
对…失去希望:
We had given the dog up as lost.
最后我们当那只狗已经走失了而不再存有指望

(7)

To lose hope of seeing:
没有希望见到:
We'd given you up an hour ago.
一个小时前我们就以为见不到你了

(8)

To admit defeat.
承认失败

(9)

To abandon what one is doing or planning to do. Often used with on :
中止:放弃某人正在做的或打算做的。常与on 一起用:
gave up on writing the novel.
放弃写小说了

习惯用语

give a good account of (oneself)
To behave or perform creditably.
举止或表现值得称赞

give birth to

(1)

To bear as offspring.
生孩子

(2)

To be the origin of:
引起,发生:
a hobby that gave birth to a successful business.
带来成功事业的业余爱好者

give ground
To yield to a more powerful force; retreat.
在优势兵力前撤退;撤退

give it to【非正式用语】
To punish or reprimand severely:
严厉惩戒或惩罚:
My parents really gave it to me for coming in late.
因晚归我父母将我臭骂一顿

give or take
Plus or minus a small specified amount:
增减一很小的数目:
The chalet is close to the road, give or take a few hundred yards.
这小屋靠近马路,增减几百码而无大变化

give rise to
To be the cause or origin of; bring about.
引起,来源于;带来

give (someone) the eye
To look at admiringly or invitingly.
羡慕地或被吸引地看着

give the lie to

(1)

To show to be inaccurate or untrue.
显现出虚假或不真实

(2)

To accuse of lying.
责备…说谎

give up the ghost
To cease living or functioning; die.
停止活着或行动;死了

give way

(1)

To retreat or withdraw.
退却或撤退

(2)

To yield the right of way:
让路:
gave way to an oncoming car.
给一辆即将过来的汽车让路

(3)

To relinquish ascendancy or position:
放弃优势或地位:
as day gives way slowly to night.
白天渐渐转为黑夜

(4)

To collapse from or as if from physical pressure:
倒塌:来自外界的压力或好象来自外界压力下倒塌:
The ladder gave way.
梯子塌了

(5)

To yield to urging or demand; give in.
放弃激励或要求;屈服,让步

(6)

To abandon oneself:
放纵自己:
give way to hysteria.
变得歇斯底里

语源

(1)

Middle English given
中古英语 given

(2)

from Old English giefan
源自 古英语 giefan

(3)

Old Norse gefa * see ghabh-
古斯堪的纳维亚语 gefa *参见 ghabh-

现代英汉综合大辞典

birth
[bE:W]
n.

(1)

出生; 诞生; 分娩

(2)

出身, 家系, 家世, 血统

(3)

起源, 开始, 创世
a still birth
死产, 死胎
a person of noble birth
出身高贵的人
birth control
节制生育
The child's birth occured at 2 a. m.
这孩子凌晨两点出生。
She gave birth to a girl last night.
昨晚她生了一个女孩。
Kill the cases at birth.
防微杜渐。

词性变化

birth
[bE:W]
vt.

(1)

造成, 产生, 带来

(2)

[方]生(孩子)
They provided the weapons that won the war and birthed the Atomic Age.
他们提供了赢得这场战争的武器并产生了原子时代。

birth
[bE:W]
vi.
[方]分娩; 生产

继承用法

birthday
[5b\:WdeI]
n.

(1)

生日, 诞辰

(2)

开始日

birthland
n.
出发地, 故乡

birthmark
[5b\:WmB:k]
n.

(1)

胎记, 胎痣

(2)

某人的特征

birthplace
[5b\:WpleIs]
n.
出生地, 故乡; 发源地

birth-rate
n.
出生率

birthroot
[`b\:WrU:t]
n.
延令草属组织

birthstone
n.
诞生石(象征出生月份的宝石)

birthwort
n.
马兜铃属植物

习惯用语

by birth

(1)

在血统上

(2)

生来

(3)

天生地

give birth to
生, 产生; 引起; 造成

second birth
复兴, 再生

Virgin B-
【宗】圣灵感动怀孕(基督认为童贞女玛利亚受圣灵感动而生耶稣)

特殊用法

crystal birth
晶体产生

multiple birth
多生

virgin birth
无配子生殖, 无融合生殖

美国传统词典

give
give
AHD:[g1v]
D.J.[giv]
K.K.[g!v]
v.
gave[g3v] giv.en[g1v“…n] giv.ing, gives
v.tr.

(1)

To make a present of:
We gave her flowers for her birthday.

(2)

To place in the hands of; pass:
Give me the scissors.

(3)

To deliver in exchange or recompense; pay:
will give five dollars for the book.

(4)

To let go for a price; sell.

(5)

To administer:
give him some cough medicine.

(6)

To convey by a physical action:
gave me a punch in the nose.

(7)

To inflict as punishment:
gave the child a spanking; was given life imprisonment for the crime.

(8)

Law To accord by verdict:
A decision was given for the plaintiff.

(9)

To bestow, especially officially; confer:
The Bill of Rights gives us freedom of speech.

(10)

To accord or tender to another:
Give him your confidence.

(11)

To put temporarily at the disposal of:
gave them the cottage for a week.

(12)

To entrust to another, usually for a specified reason:
gave me the keys for safekeeping.

(13)

To convey or offer for conveyance:
Give him my best wishes.

(14)

Law To execute and deliver. Used especially in the phrase give bond.

(15)

To endure the loss of; sacrifice:
gave her son to the war; gave her life for her country.

(16)

To devote or apply completely:
gives herself to her work.

(17)

To furnish or contribute:
gave their time to help others.

(18)

To offer in good faith; pledge:
Give me your word.

(19)

To allot as a portion or share.

(20)

To bestow as a name.

(21)

To attribute (blame, for example) to someone; assign.

(22)

To award as due:
gave us first prize.

(23)

To emit or utter:
gave a groan; gave a muted response.

(24)

To submit for consideration, acceptance, or use:
give an opinion; give an excuse.

(25)

To proffer to another:
gave the toddler my hand.

(26)

To consent to engage (oneself) in sexual intercourse with a man.

(27)

To perform for an audience:
give a recital.

(28)

To present to view:
gave the sign to begin.

(29)

To offer as entertainment:
give a dinner party.

(30)

To propose as a toast.

(31)

To be a source of; afford:
His remark gave offense. Music gives her pleasure.

(32)

To cause to catch or be subject to (a disease or bodily condition):
The draft gave me a cold.

(33)

To guide or direct, as by persuasion or behavior. Used with an infinitive phrase:
You gave me to imagine you approved of my report.

(34)

To yield or produce:
Cows give milk.

(35)

To bring forth or bear:
trees that give fruit.

(36)

To produce as a result of calculation:
5 × 12 gives 60.

(37)

To manifest or show:
gives promise of brilliance; gave evidence of tampering.

(38)

To carry out (a physical movement):
give a wink; give a start.

(39)

To permit one to have or take:
gave us an hour to finish.

(40)

To take an interest to the extent of:
“My dear, I don't give a damn”(Margaret Mitchell)
v.intr.

(1)

To make gifts or donations:
gives generously to charity.

(2)

To yield to physical force.

(3)

To collapse from force or pressure:
The roof gave under the weight of the snow.

(4)

To yield to change:
Both sides will have to give on some issues.

(5)

To afford access to or a view of; open:
The doors give onto a terrace.

(6)

Slang To be in progress; happen:
What gives?
n.

(1)

Capacity or inclination to yield under pressure.

(2)

The quality or condition of resilience; springiness:
“Fruits that have some give . . . will have more juice than hard ones”(Elizabeth Schneider)

常用词组

give away

(1)

To make a gift of.

(2)

To present (a bride) to the bridegroom at a wedding ceremony.

(3)

To reveal or make known, often accidentally.

(4)

To betray.

give back
To return:
gave me back my book.

give in

(1)

To hand in; submit:
She gave in her report.

(2)

To cease opposition; yield.

give of
To devote or contribute:
She really gave of her time to help. They give of themselves to improve the quality of education.

give off
To send forth; emit:
chemical changes that give off energy.

give out

(1)

To allow to be known; declare publicly:
gave out the bad news.

(2)

To send forth; emit:
gave out a steady buzzing.

(3)

To distribute:
gave out the surplus food.

(4)

To stop functioning; fail.

(5)

To become used up or exhausted; run out:
Their determination finally gave out.

give over

(1)

To hand over; entrust.

(2)

To devote to a particular purpose or use:
gave the day over to merrymaking.

(3)

To surrender (oneself) completely; abandon:
finally gave myself over to grief.

give up

(1)

To surrender:
The suspects gave themselves up.

(2)

To devote (oneself) completely:
gave herself up to her work.

(3)

To cease to do or perform:
gave up their search.

(4)

To desist from; stop:
gave up smoking.

(5)

To part with; relinquish:
gave up the apartment; gave up all hope.

(6)

To lose hope for:
We had given the dog up as lost.

(7)

To lose hope of seeing:
We'd given you up an hour ago.

(8)

To admit defeat.

(9)

To abandon what one is doing or planning to do. Often used with on :
gave up on writing the novel.

习惯用语

give a good account of (oneself)
To behave or perform creditably.

give birth to

(1)

To bear as offspring.

(2)

To be the origin of:
a hobby that gave birth to a successful business.

give ground
To yield to a more powerful force; retreat.

give it toInformal
To punish or reprimand severely:
My parents really gave it to me for coming in late.

give or take
Plus or minus a small specified amount:
The chalet is close to the road, give or take a few hundred yards.

give rise to
To be the cause or origin of; bring about.

give (someone) the eye
To look at admiringly or invitingly.

give the lie to

(1)

To show to be inaccurate or untrue.

(2)

To accuse of lying.

give up the ghost
To cease living or functioning; die.

give way

(1)

To retreat or withdraw.

(2)

To yield the right of way:
gave way to an oncoming car.

(3)

To relinquish ascendancy or position:
as day gives way slowly to night.

(4)

To collapse from or as if from physical pressure:
The ladder gave way.

(5)

To yield to urging or demand; give in.

(6)

To abandon oneself:
give way to hysteria.

语源

(1)

Middle English given

(2)

from Old English giefan

(3)

Old Norse gefa * see ghabh-

英汉航海大词典

give birth to
vt.产生,引起

英汉化学大词典

give birth to
vt.生,产生

英汉计算机大词典

give birth to
vt.引起(产生,造成)

英汉中医大词典

give birth to
n.生,产生

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