简明英汉词典

gift
[^ift]
n.
赠品, 礼物, 天赋, 才能

美国传统词典[双解]

gift
gift
AHD:[g1ft]
D.J.[gift]
K.K.[g!ft]
n.(名词)

(1)

Something that is bestowed voluntarily and without compensation.
礼物,赠品:主动给予并不要报偿的东西

(2)

The act, right, or power of giving.
赠予,赠予权

(3)

A talent, an endowment, an aptitude, or a bent.
天才,天资,才能,爱好
v.tr.(及物动词)
gift.edgift.inggifts

(1)

Usage Problem To present with a gift.
【用法疑难】 赠送礼物

(2)

To endow with.
赋与

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old Norse * see ghabh-
源自 古斯堪的纳维亚语 *参见 ghabh-

用法
Gift has a long history of use as a verb meaning “to present as a gift; endow.” The practice appears to provide a useful distinction, in as much as the verb give can sometimes be ambiguous between “to transfer physical possession” and “to transfer ownership”; and in fact a verb analogous to gift is found in a number of other languages (for example, Italian regalare, “to give as a gift,” from regalo, “gift, present”). Unfortunately the verbal use of gift in Modern English is irredeemably tainted (as is its derivative giftable ) by its association with the language of advertising and publicity (as in Gift her with this copper warming plate ). In an earlier survey the usage was rejected by a large majority of the Usage Panel. Where clarity is required, substitutes such as give as a gift, bestow, or donate are recommended. · The phrase free gift should, of course, be considered redundant. But the increasing currency of its use is indicative mainly of the degree to which the word gift itself has been expropriated by advertisers to refer to merchandise offerings to which an obligation is attached—if not a direct price, then taking a test drive, sitting through a sales pitch, or enrolling in a book club. It is perhaps to this use of gift, rather than to the redundancy free gift, that critics ought most strenuously to object.
Gift 作动词意为“赠送礼物,赠予”的用法已有很长的历史了, 这种惯用法的出现提供了有用的区分,因为作为动词give 可能有时会在“传递有形财产“和”传递所有权“之间有模棱两可的意思; 但事实上类似于gift 的词是在其它语言上建立起来的 (如意大利语的regalare “作为礼物给予”来自于 regalo “礼物,礼品”)。 不幸的是gift 在现代英语中动词性质的用法由于广告语言和公众语言的联系而不可挽回地被污染了(如它的派生词 giftable )(又如在 给她这个铜暖盘作为礼物 )。 在较早的一个调查中,这种用法被大部分的用法专题使用小组的成员所反对。为了在此处的用法更清晰的一些替代词,如give as a gift, bestow 或 donate 被采纳了。 词组free gift 自然是应该被认为是多余的, 但是这种用法的迅速使用主要表示了gift 这个词被广告商所侵用而用来指提供商品优惠是一种附加的义务——如果不是直接的价格, 那么就参加一次竞赛活动,等待商品广告宣传或在一个读书俱乐部中报名登记。也许gift 的这种用法应该比冗余的 free gift 更为批评家所坚决反对

现代英汉词典

gift
[^Ift]
n.

(1)

礼品;赠品
gift coupon
赠券

(2)

天赋,天资;才能
He has a gift for poetry.
他有做诗的天赋。
a man of many gifts
多才多艺的人
gift of the gab
口才

(3)

廉价品
At $2 it's a gift!
只要两美元!可真是便宜得很!

现代英汉综合大辞典

gift
[^ift]
n.

(1)

礼物; 赠品

(2)

赠送; 赠予权

(3)

天才[赋, 资]
a birthday [Christmas] gift
生日[圣诞]礼物
a person of many gifts
多才多艺的人
have a gift for poetry [art, language]
有诗[艺术, 语言]的天才

词性变化

gift
[^ift]
vt.

(1)

赠送, 给予

(2)

具有天赋[权利, 才能等]
be gifted with talents
有才能

继承用法

gift-book
n.
赠阅本, 礼品书

giftware
[`^IftweE(r)]
n.
可做礼品的物品

gift-wrap
vt.
以丝带 、花结及华丽的纸张包装礼品

gifted
[5^IftId]
adj.
有天才的, 天赋的

giftless
adj.

习惯用语

a Greek gift
图谋害人的礼物

at a gift
白送

by free gift
免费赠送

of free gift
免费赠送

Christmas G-!
(美南部)恭贺圣诞!

Cordelia's gift
妇女温柔的声音

have a gift for
对...有天赋

have a flair for
对...有天赋

lndian gift
[美]指望别人还礼物; 指望别人还的礼物

in sb.'s gift
有赠与权; 为某人所赠与; 由某人安排处理

in the gift of sb.
有赠与权; 为某人所赠与; 由某人安排处理

Gifts from enemies are dangerous.
[谚]敌人的礼物是收不得的。

gift of (the)gab
口才, 辩才

gift of tongues
说外语的才能

特殊用法

charitable and similar gifts
慈善性及类似赠与

exempt gift
免税赠与

mutual gift
相互赠与

natural gift
天赋才能, 天资

taxable gifts
应税赠与

tax on gifts
赠与税

参考词汇
gift     present    
都含“礼物”的意思, 两词可以互换。

(1)

gift在语体上较为正式, 带有一定的感情色彩, 侧重送礼人的诚意, 有时含有“捐赠”的意思, 如:
This was given me as a birthday gift [present].
这是给我的生日礼物。

(2)

present 系普通用语, 一般指“值钱不多的礼物”, 表示下对上送礼的意思, 如:
Each child brought a little present to the mother.
每个孩子给母亲带来一件小礼物。

用法词典

gift
来自give给,送给

参考词汇

(1)

gift,genius,talent,faculty这组词的一般含义是“才能”或“天才”。

(2)

指“天才”或“天赋”而言,至于这种“天才”是怎么得到的,按照这个词的含义来讲,即使用自然法则,都是不容易解释的,通常被认为是上帝赐给的,是大自然授与的,是生来就有的。因此,gift在人群中是不多见的,即使奋力争取也是很难获得的
He has a gift for poetry.
他有诗歌的天才。
He is a man of many gifts.
他是一个多才多艺的人。
He is a man of genius.
他是一个有天赋的人。
She has a genius for music.
她有音乐才能。
He has a postive genius for putting his foot in his mouth.
他确实有说错话的才能。
I often have a midnight mare vision of a future world in which there are billions of people, all numbered and registered, with not a gleam of genius any where, not an original mind, a rich personality, on the whole packed globe.
我眼前往往浮现出一幅梦魇样的未来世界的幻象:亿万个编了号的、注了册的芸芸众生,栖身于整个拥挤不堪的地球上,那里没有一线天才,没有独创的才智之士,没有丰富多彩的个性。

(3)

talent“天才”或“天赋”这一含义是由《圣经》马太福音(Matthewxxv 14——39)中的譬喻引伸、演变而来的。马太福音里讲到仆人受主人的托付,持主人所给的钱(talents)买物品,为了“钱尽其用”,仆人应对钱(talents)加以控制。

(4)

由此可见,talent所表示的天赋与才能是应该加以控制的,以便使“天”赐之物得到应有的应用。也就是说,具有这种天赋的人应该把天赋掌管妥当,从而收到最佳效果。或者说具有talent的人应通过勤奋去获得知识及技能。

(5)

浪漫主义时期的具有genius的作家一旦有了灵感,他的“天赋”就象决了堤的洪水一样,汹涌澎湃,势不可当。因此,genius控制有genius的人,而有talent的人应当控制自己的talent
Vera's curious talent was brought to the notice of a scientific research institute in the town of Ulyanovsk, near where she lives,…
维拉的这一特异功能引起了离她家不远的乌里扬诺夫斯克城的一个科学研究所的注意。
Talent depends upon industry.
天才靠勤奋。(注:用gift或genius则不当)
She has a music talent.
她有音乐才能。
He has a talent for saying the wrong thing at the wrong time.
他有在不恰当的时候说不恰当的话的天才。

(6)

faculty一般用于褒义,但talent和genius有时可用于贬义
He has the faculty of saying the right thing at the right time.
他有在恰当的时候说恰当的话的才智。
He has a great faculty for learning foreign languages.
他有学习外语的天赋。
He has a good faculty of hearing.
他的听力生来就好。
He has the faculty for making friends.
他有交际能力。

英文相关词典

gift
ability    aptitude    endowment    offering    power    present    talent    

美国传统词典

gift
gift
AHD:[g1ft]
D.J.[gift]
K.K.[g!ft]
n.

(1)

Something that is bestowed voluntarily and without compensation.

(2)

The act, right, or power of giving.

(3)

A talent, an endowment, an aptitude, or a bent.
v.tr.
gift.ed, gift.ing, gifts

(1)

Usage Problem To present with a gift.

(2)

To endow with.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old Norse * see ghabh-

用法
Gift has a long history of use as a verb meaning “to present as a gift; endow.” The practice appears to provide a useful distinction, in as much as the verb give can sometimes be ambiguous between “to transfer physical possession” and “to transfer ownership”; and in fact a verb analogous to gift is found in a number of other languages (for example, Italian regalare, “to give as a gift,” from regalo, “gift, present”). Unfortunately the verbal use of gift in Modern English is irredeemably tainted (as is its derivative giftable ) by its association with the language of advertising and publicity (as in Gift her with this copper warming plate ). In an earlier survey the usage was rejected by a large majority of the Usage Panel. Where clarity is required, substitutes such as give as a gift, bestow, or donate are recommended. · The phrase free gift should, of course, be considered redundant. But the increasing currency of its use is indicative mainly of the degree to which the word gift itself has been expropriated by advertisers to refer to merchandise offerings to which an obligation is attached—if not a direct price, then taking a test drive, sitting through a sales pitch, or enrolling in a book club. It is perhaps to this use of gift, rather than to the redundancy free gift, that critics ought most strenuously to object.

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

GIFT
= General Internal FORTRAN Translator,内部通用FORTRAN翻译程序

英汉法学大词典

gift
n.馈赠 ,赠予,赠品

英汉航海大词典

gift
n.赠与,礼品

英汉航空大词典

gift
n.礼物

英汉化学大词典

gift
n.礼物,赋予,天才;vt.授与,赠送

英汉经贸大词典

gift
n.赠与,礼品

英汉计算机大词典

gift
n.礼物(赋予,天才);vt.授与(赠送)

英汉心理学大词典

gift
天资

英汉医学大词典

GIFT
n.克普特法

电子邮件: 版权所有 一切网及原始资料出版社Copyright © 2004