简明英汉词典

get hold of
v.
抓住, 得到

美国传统词典[双解]

hold
hold 1
AHD:[h?ld]
D.J.[hould]
K.K.[hold]
v.(动词)
held[hμld] hold.ingholds
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To have and keep in one's grasp:
拿着,握着:
held the reins tightly.
紧握缰绳

(2)

To aim or direct; point:
瞄准或指向;指出:
held a hose on the fire.
把水龙管对准火

(3)

To keep from falling or moving; support:
托住以防止落下或移动;支持:
a nail too small to hold the mirror; hold the horse steady; papers that were held together with tape and glue.
钉子太小不能支持住镜子;稳住马;用胶带和胶水粘住的纸张

(4)

To sustain the pressure of:
支撑住:支持住…的压力:
The bridge can't hold that much weight.
那座桥不能负载那样的重量

(5)

To keep from departing or getting away:
使不走开,使不离开:
Hold the bus! Hold the dog until I find the leash.
稳住车子!我找到皮带以前抓好这条狗

(6)

To keep in custody:
拘留,扣留:
held the suspect for questioning.
拘留嫌疑犯以待审讯

(7)

To retain the attention or interest of:
保持注意,有…的兴趣:
The storyteller held the crowd spellbound. Televised sports can't hold my interest.
那个讲故事的人使观众听得入迷了。电视播放的体育比赛不能引起我的兴趣

(8)

To avoid letting out or expelling:
屏住:防止流出或放出:
The swimmer couldn't hold her breath any longer.
那个游泳的人再也不能屏住呼吸了

(9)

To be filled by; contain.
容纳;充满

(10)

To be capable of holding.See Synonyms at contain
装得下参见 contain

(11)

To have as a chief characteristic or quality:
具有…的主要特征或品质:
The film holds a number of surprises.
那部电影有许多惊异之处

(12)

To have in store:
贮藏,拥有:
Let's see what the future holds.
让我们看看未来会有什么

(13)

To have and maintain in one's possession:
拥有,保有:拥有并维持自己的财产:
holds a great deal of property.
拥有一大批财富

(14)

To have as a responsible position or a privilege:
担任职务或拥有权力:
held the governorship for six years.
担任了六年的州长

(15)

To have in recognition of achievement or superiority:
有成就或卓越之处:
holds the record for the one-mile race; holds the respect of her peers.
保持一英里赛跑的记录;受她同辈的尊重

(16)

To maintain control over:
对…保持控制:
The dam held the floodwaters. Thieves held the stolen painting for ransom.
水库控制着洪水。小偷用偷来的画索取赎金

(17)

To maintain occupation of by force or coercion:
通过武力或强制使拥有:
Students held the administrative building for a week.
学生强占行政大楼一星期

(18)

To withstand the efforts or advance of (an opposing team, for example).
抵抗:抵抗(如,反对者)的努力或前进

(19)

To maintain in a given condition, situation, or action:
保持:维持给定条件、状态或行为:
held himself as a gentleman at all times.
他总是保持绅士风度

(20)

To impose control or restraint on; curb:
控制,抑制:对…施加控制或抑制;阻挠:
She held her temper.
她控制住自己的脾气

(21)

To stop the movement or progress of:
制止:停止…的行动或进程:
Hold the presses!
制止新闻报道!

(22)

To reserve or keep back from use:
保留或停止…的使用:
Please hold two tickets for us. Please hold the relish on that hamburger.
请留两张票给我们。汉堡包请不要加调料

(23)

To defer the immediate handling of:
延迟:推迟…的立即处理:
asked the receptionist to hold all calls during the meeting.
叫接待员在会议期间不要接进电话

(24)

To be the legal possessor of.
成为…的合法占有者

(25)

To bind by a contract.
用契约约束

(26)

To adjudge or decree:
裁决或判决:
The court held that the defendant was at fault.
法庭宣判被告有罪

(27)

To make accountable; obligate:
使…承担义务;受…约束:
You certainly did hold me to my promise.
你当然可以使我实现诺言

(28)

To keep in the mind or convey as a judgment, conviction, or point of view:
心怀,表达:留在脑海里或表达…的判断、观点或论点:
hold a grudge; hold it a point of honor not to reveal one's sources; holds that this economic program is the only answer to high prices.
怀恨;认为不揭露消息来源是一个事关荣誉的问题;认为这个经济项目是引起物价高涨的唯一原因

(29)

To assert or affirm, especially formally:
尤指正式地声明或断言:
This doctrine holds that people are inherently good.
这种教义强调人性本善

(30)

To regard in a certain way:
视作:以某种方式认为:
I hold you in high esteem.
我对你有崇高的敬意

(31)

To cause to take place; carry on:
使发生;举行:
held the race in Florida; hold a yard sale.
在佛罗里达举行比赛;举办旧货出售

(32)

To assemble for and conduct the activity of; convene:
召集,聚会:集中并指导…的行为;聚会:
held a meeting of the board.
召集董事会

(33)

To carry or support (the body or a bodily part) in a certain position:
使(身体或身体某一部分)保持特定姿势:
Can the baby hold herself up yet? Hold up your leg.
宝宝能自己站立了吗?抬起腿

(34)

To cover (the ears or the nose, for example) especially for protection:
遮盖,掩住:通常为了保护而遮盖(例如,耳朵或鼻子):
held my nose against the stench.
掩住鼻子使不闻恶臭
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To maintain a grasp or grip on something.
握住,抓住:维持抓住或握住某物

(2)

To stay securely fastened:
被安全地系牢:
The chain held.
绳索很牢靠

(3)

To maintain a desired or accustomed position or condition:
维持:维持预期或习惯的状态或情形:
hopes the weather will hold.
希望天气不要变

(4)

To withstand stress, pressure, or opposition:
抗拒:抵抗紧张、压力或反对:
The defense held. We held firm on the negotiations.
防守严密。协商中我们的立场很坚定

(5)

To continue in the same direction:
在同一方向继续:
The ship held to a southwesterly course.
船继续沿西南方向前进

(6)

To be valid, applicable, or true:
使有效、可行或真实:
The theory holds. This is an observation that still holds true.
理论仍适用。这种观察仍很正确

(7)

To have legal right or title. Often used with of or from.
有合法权利或权益的。常与of 或 from 连用

(8)

To halt an intended action. Often used in the imperative.
停止本想做的事。常用于命令式

(9)

To stop the countdown during a missile or spacecraft launch.
停止读秒:在发射导弹或宇宙飞船时停止倒计时

(10)

Slang To have in one's possession illicit or illegally obtained material or goods, especially narcotics:
【俚语】 拥有非法物品:尤指拥有毒品等非法获得的东西或物品:
The suspect was holding.
那个嫌疑犯拥有非法物品
n.(名词)

(1)

The act or a means of grasping.
抓握:抓握的行为或方法

(2)

A manner of grasping an opponent, as in wrestling or aikido:
抓住对手:摔角或合气道中用的一种抓住对手的方法:
a neck hold; an arm hold.
抓颈;抓住胳膊

(3)

Something that may be grasped or gripped, as for support.
抓住或握住可用来支撑的东西

(4)

A bond or force that attaches or restrains, or by which something is affected or dominated:
威力,势力,支配力:吸引、遏制或使某物受影响或控制的契约或力量:
a writer with a strong hold on the reading public.
一位对读者有影响力的作家

(5)

Complete control:
完全的控制:
has a firm hold on the complex issues.
严格地控制了复杂的问题

(6)

Full understanding:
完全的理解:
has a good hold on physics.
对物理学掌握得很好

(7)

Music
【音乐】

(8)

The sustaining of a note longer than its indicated time value.
延长的音符:长于规定的节拍长短的音符维持

(9)

The symbol designating this pause; a fermata.
表停顿的音符;延长符号

(10)

A direction or an indication that something is to be reserved or deferred.
通知,指示:保留或推迟的事物的通知或指示

(11)

A temporary halt, as in a countdown.
短暂停止:倒计时中的短暂停止

(12)

A prison cell.
牢房

(13)

The state of being in confinement; custody.
被监禁的状态;拘留

(14)

Archaic A fortified place; a stronghold.
【古语】 堡垒;要塞

常用词组

hold back

(1)

To retain in one's possession or control:
保留,保持控制:在某人的占据或控制之下:
held back valuable information; held back my tears.
保留有价值的信息;忍住眼泪

(2)

To impede the progress of.
阻止…的发展

(3)

To restrain oneself.
抑制,自制

hold down

(1)

To limit:
限制:
Please hold the noise down.
请限制音量

(2)

To have (a job):
有(工作):
holds down two jobs.
有两份工作

hold forth
To talk at great length.
滔滔不绝地说

hold off

(1)

To keep at a distance; resist:
远离;抵制:
held the creditors off.
远离债权人

(2)

To stop or delay doing something:
制止或阻挠做某事:
Let's hold off until we have more data.
等到有更多资料时再做

hold on

(1)

To maintain one's grip; cling.
抓住…不放;依附

(2)

To continue to do something; persist.
继续做某事;坚持

(3)

To wait for something wanted or requested, especially to keep a telephone connection open.
稍待:尤指不挂上电话以等待想要的或要求的事物

hold out

(1)

To present or proffer as something attainable.
提供,提出:提供或显示可得到的东西

(2)

To continue to be in supply or service; last:
继续给予或提供;持续:
Our food is holding out nicely.
我们的食物还很多

(3)

To continue to resist:
继续反对:
The defending garrison held out for a month.
防卫部队已坚守了一个月

(4)

To refuse to reach or satisfy an agreement.
拒绝达成或履行协议

hold over

(1)

To postpone or delay.
延续或耽搁

(2)

To keep in a position or state from an earlier period of time.
继续维持:处于与以前同样状态或情形

(3)

To continue a term of office past the usual length of time.
超越正常时间续任

(4)

To prolong the engagement of:
延长…的期限:
The film was held over for weeks.
电影又继续放了几星期

hold to
To remain loyal or faithful to:
对…忠诚或忠实:
She held to her resolutions.
她很忠于自己的决定

hold up

(1)

To obstruct or delay.
阻挠或延迟

(2)

To rob while armed, often at gunpoint.
通常用枪威胁以抢劫

(3)

To offer or present as an example:
作为例子提供或展示:
held the essay up as a model for the students.
把这篇论文给学生作范例

(4)

To continue to function without losing force or effectiveness; cope:
制衡,应付:仍然有效或不失力量地继续下去;应付:
managed to hold up under the daily stress.
想办法应付每天的生活压力

hold with
To agree with; support:
同意;支持:
I don't hold with your theories.
我不同意你的理论

习惯用语

get hold of

(1)

To come into possession of; find:
拥有;找到:
Where can I get hold of a copy?
哪里可以找到复印件?

(2)

To communicate with, as by telephone:
通过电话交流:
tried to get hold of you but the line was busy.
想和你通电话,但总占线

(3)

To gain control of. Often used reflexively:
控制…。通常反身使用:
You must get hold of yourself
你必须控制住自己

hold a candle to
To compare favorably with:
与…相比较好:
This film doesn't hold a candle to his previous ones.
这部电影并不比他先前的几部好

hold (one's) own
To do reasonably well despite difficulty or criticism.
坚持住,不退让:无视批评和困难做得很好

hold out on (someone)
To withhold something from:
隐藏:
Don't hold out on me; start telling the truth.
不要瞒着我;告诉我真相

hold (someone's) feet to the fire
To pressure (someone) to consent to or undertake something.
强迫(某人)同意或做某事

hold sway
To have a controlling influence; dominate.
有控制性影响;统治

hold the bag【非正式用语】

(1)

To be left with empty hands.
一无所得:离开时两手空空

(2)

To be forced to assume total responsibility when it ought to have been shared.
背黑锅:在可分担时被迫承担全部责任

hold the fort【非正式用语】

(1)

To assume responsibility, especially in another's absence.
尤指在他人缺席时承担责任

(2)

To maintain a secure position.
保持安稳地位

hold the line
To maintain the existing position or state of affairs:
维持现状:维持事务现有的位置或状态:
had to hold the line on salary increases in the fourth quarter.
在第四季度时只好维持工资的涨幅了

hold the phone【俚语】
To stop doing what one is engaged in doing. Often used in the imperative:
停止正在做的事。常用于祈使句:
Hold the phone
停下!

hold water
To stand up to critical examination:
经受严厉考验:
Your theory does not hold water. The witnesses' conflicting stories held no water.
你的理论经不起考验。证人互相矛盾的证词站不住脚

no holds barred
Without limits or restraints.
没有限制或压制

on hold

(1)

Into a state of temporary interruption without total disconnection during a telephone call:
中断:打电话时短暂打断但仍接通的状态:
had to put me on hold for five minutes.
不得不让我中断5分钟

(2)

Informal Into a state of delay or indeterminate suspension:
【非正式用语】 悬念:进入一种推迟或不确定的悬疑状态:
had to put the romance on hold.
得让那个故事有点悬念

语源

(1)

Middle English holden
中古英语 holden

(2)

from Old English healdan
源自 古英语 healdan

基本词义

hold
hold 2
AHD:[h?ld]
D.J.[hould]
K.K.[hold]
n.Abbr. hld.(名词)缩写 hld.
The lower interior part of a ship or an airplane in which cargo is stored.
货舱,底舱:船或飞机里舱下半部用来载货的地方

语源

(1)

Alteration influenced by hold 1
hold1的影响

(2)

of Middle English hole [husk, hull of a ship]
中古英语 hole的变化 [外壳,船的外体]

(3)

from Old English hulu * see kel- 1
源自 古英语 hulu *参见 kel- 1

现代英汉综合大辞典

hold+[1]
[hEuld]
vt.
(held [held]; held,[古式过去分词] holden [5hEuldEn])

(1)

持; 拿; 握; 抓住; 夹住; 举起

(2)

支持; 维持

(3)

拥有; 占有; 保存(财产)

(4)

举行; 开(会等)

(5)

怀抱; 怀有

(6)

抑制; 约束; 阻止

(7)

相信; 认为; 主张; 持有(见解等)

(8)

容纳; 包含

(9)

掌管; 掌握

(10)

保留; 拘押; 使负(责任等)

(11)

依法裁决; 用契约约束

(12)

(13)

判决

(14)

(船等)沿...前进; 依...进行

(15)

【音】延长(发音)
hold+[1] sb. by the hand [sleeve]
握住某人的手[袖]
hold+[1] a ceremony
举行仪式
hold+[1] yourself in readiness for any emergency
随时防备着意外
They held their heads high.
他们趾高气扬。
H-your tongue !
不要讲话!
They held him in custody.
他们拘禁了他。
People once held that the world was flat.
从前人们认为地球是平的。
The room could hold+[1] fifty people.
房间里可容纳50人。

词性变化

hold+[1]
vi.

(1)

抓[握]着(on, to)

(2)

坚持; 保持; 维持

(3)

继续进行

(4)

抑制; 阻止

(5)

得; 享有; 保有(from, of, under)

(6)

忍耐

(7)

合用; 可适用; (条约等仍然)有效

(8)

[用于命令式]停止
hold+[1] to one's promise
坚守诺言
hold+[1] good [true]
有效; 适用; 有理
The weather held warm.
天气继续暖和。H-on !
I can't hear what you are saying.
等一等! 我听不清你的话。

hold+[1]
n.

(1)

握住; 掌握; 把持; 控制

(2)

支撑物; 可攀[踏]点; 线索; 端绪

(3)

监守; 监禁; 牢狱

(4)

城堡; 避难所; 住宅

(5)

势力; 理解力

(6)

【音】延长号

(7)

【律】所有权

(8)

容器

(9)

【物】同期; 同步; 威[势] 力

(10)

(拳击、摔交等)擒拿法

(11)

保留; 预约; 关于延迟的通知

(12)

[美](导弹的)延迟倒数; 延期发射
put a hold+[1] on a library book
预先向图书馆约定要借某本书
cry hold+[1]
命令停止; 控制住; 吸引

继承用法

hold+[1]all
n.
手提包[箱]

hold+[1]back
n.

(1)

障碍物

(2)

暂停; 被暂时扣下的东西(如工资等)

hold+[1]able
adj.

习惯用语

catch hold of
抓住; 得到

get hold of
抓住; 得到

lay hold of
抓住; 得到

seize hold of
抓住; 得到

take hold of
抓住; 得到

clap hold+[1] of
一把抓住, 急忙抓住

claw hold+[1] of
抓 住

get hold+[1] of

(1)

抓住, 拿到

(2)

找到

(3)

掌握, 理解

(4)

左右(某人)

get hold+[1] of oneself
控制住自己的感情

have a hold+[1] over sb.
控制某人, 支配某人

have a hold+[1] on sb.
控制某人, 支配某人

have a hold+[1] upon sb.
控制某人, 支配某人

keep a tight hold+[1] on
对...严加控制; 对...严加约束

keep a firm hold+[1] on
对...严加控制; 对...严加约束

keep hold+[1] of
紧紧抓住

lay hold+[1] of

(1)

握[抓]住

(2)

持有, 占有, 弄到手

(3)

掌握

(4)

了解

lay hold+[1] on

(1)

握[抓]住

(2)

持有, 占有, 弄到手

(3)

掌握

(4)

了解

leave hold+[1] of
松手, 放开

lose hold+[1] of
松手, 放开

loosen hold+[1] of
松手, 放开

lose one's hold+[1] on

(1)

对...失去控制; 不能再支配...

(2)

对...丧失理解力

lose one's hold+[1] over]

(1)

对...失去控制; 不能再支配...

(2)

对...丧失理解力

maintain one's hold+[1] over
保持对...的控制

neither to hold+[1] nor to bind
激动得无法控制

no hold+[1]s barred

(1)

(自由式摔跤)不禁擒拿

(2)

取消约束; 不受限制

relax one's hold+[1] [grip](on)
松手, 放开手; 不再抓紧

relinquish one's hold+[1] of sb. [sth.]
放弃对某人[某物]的控制

relinquish one's hold+[1] over sb. [sth.]
放弃对某人[某物]的控制

take a firm hold+[1] on oneself
振作起来; 冷静下来; 在困难的情况下克制自己

take a firm hold+[1] upon oneself
振作起来; 冷静下来; 在困难的情况下克制自己

take hold+[1]
接管, 掌握; 负责

take hold+[1] of

(1)

握住, 抓住

(2)

掌握; 获得

(3)

使...深受感动; 对...有影响力

take hold+[1] on

(1)

握住, 抓住

(2)

掌握; 获得

(3)

使...深受感动; 对...有影响力

There is no hold+[1]ing him.
(由于性格倔强或决心很大)简直无法阻止他

hold+[1] against
因(某事)对(某人)抱成见; 因...而歧视(某人)

hold+[1] aloof
对...保持疏远; 不参加; 不插手(某事)

hold+[1] aloof from
对...保持疏远; 不参加; 不插手(某事)

hold+[1] back

(1)

隐瞒; 扣留

(2)

阻挡, 抑制

(3)

踌躇; 退缩不前

hold+[1] by

(1)

坚持; 忠于

(2)

(=hold with)赞成, 同意

hold+[1] to

(1)

坚持; 忠于

(2)

(=hold with)赞成, 同意

hold+[1] down

(1)

使保持向下; 垂下(头部等)

(2)

压低; 克制

(3)

压制; 使屈服

(4)

[口]保住(工作, 职务等)

hold+[1] fast

(1)

紧紧抓住

(2)

紧持

hold+[1] fast to

(1)

紧紧抓住

(2)

紧持

hold+[1] forth

(1)

提出(意见); 提供(建议)

(2)

(常含贬意)大发议论; 演说

H-hard!
[口]停住! 别忙! 等一等!

hold+[1] in

(1)

克制; 抑制

(2)

控制自己; 强自忍住; 保持沉默

H-it! (=H-every thing!)
[口]就这样! 别动! 等一等 !

hold+[1]off

(1)

不使...接近; 抵挡住, 抗击

(2)

延缓; 迟迟不来

hold+[1]keep off

(1)

不使...接近; 抵挡住, 抗击

(2)

延缓; 迟迟不来

hold+[1] on

(1)

把...固定住; 抓住; 不放手

(2)

继续下去, 坚持下去; (交易中)熬价钱

(3)

[口]等一等; 停住; (打电话时)别挂上耳机

hold+[1] on to
保住, 抓住; 拉住

hold+[1] out

(1)

伸出; 拿出; 提供

(2)

提出(诺言等); 抱着(希望)

(3)

坚持; 顶住

(4)

支持; 维持

(5)

[美俚]扣留(应给的东西); 隐瞒(消息, 情况)

hold+[1] out for
坚决要求, 非要...不可

hold+[1] out on

(1)

向...隐瞒

(2)

拒绝给予支持; 拒绝回答

hold+[1] over

(1)

推迟(行动等); 延期

(2)

继续下去

(3)

继续留任

(4)

[美](以某事)威胁(某人)

hold+[1] sb. to sth.
要求某人履行某事(常指诺言、合同等)

hold+[1] to

(1)

坚持; 信守

(2)

使(某人)信守(诺言)

hold+[1] together
(使)团结; (使)结合在一起而不破裂

hold+[1] up

(1)

举起; 抬起, 拿起

(2)

(天气)继续放晴; (雨)停

(3)

支撑得住; 忍受得住

(4)

提出(做榜样)

(5)

拦住; 耽搁; 使停顿

(6)

[美]抢劫; 拦劫

(7)

[美](母牛)不出(奶)

hold+[1] with
[口][常用于否定句或疑问句]支持; 赞同; 同情

特殊用法

abdomen hold+[1]
抱肚子

anchor hold+[1]
锚抓力

ankle hold+[1]
握踝

automatic hold+[1]
自动保持

automatic horizontal hold+[1]
自动水平同步

backward hold+[1]
反向锁定

break hold+[1]s
(救生)解脱

cling hold+[1]
手握支点

craphics hold+[1]
图形同步拼接(屏幕上图形的不同彩色面积及图形与文字之间封闭地连接起来)

crotch hold+[1]
抱腿

data hold+[1]
数据保持

dry cargo hold+[1]
干货舱

finger hold+[1]
指孔

frame hold+[1]
摄象调节器

free hold+[1]
完全保有的地产或职位

ground hold+[1]s
跪撑

horizontal hold+[1]
行同步, 水平同步

illegal hold+[1]
不合法的握法

legal hold+[1]
合法的握法

lifting hold+[1]s
抱起

line hold+[1]
行同步

mains hold+[1]
帧扫与电源频率同步; 与电源同步

manual hold+[1]
用手握

mark hold+[1]
标记保持

roof hand hold+[1]
车顶扶手

sampling hold+[1]
(激光电视中光学黑电平)取样保持

side hand hold+[1]
侧墙扶手

standing hold+[1]
站立握抱

stationary hold+[1]
不动的空穴

strangle hold+[1]
卡脖子

toe hold+[1]
反踝关节扭脚趾(犯规动作)

tong hold+[1]
(夹)钳(器)用锻件凸出部

track hold+[1]
跟踪保持

vertical hold+[1]
垂直同步, 帧同步

welding electrode hold+[1]
焊条夹

zero-order hold+[1]
零阶保持

参考词汇
contain    

美国传统词典

hold
hold 1
AHD:[h?ld]
D.J.[hould]
K.K.[hold]
v.
held[hμld] hold.ing, holds
v.tr.

(1)

To have and keep in one's grasp:
held the reins tightly.

(2)

To aim or direct; point:
held a hose on the fire.

(3)

To keep from falling or moving; support:
a nail too small to hold the mirror; hold the horse steady; papers that were held together with tape and glue.

(4)

To sustain the pressure of:
The bridge can't hold that much weight.

(5)

To keep from departing or getting away:
Hold the bus! Hold the dog until I find the leash.

(6)

To keep in custody:
held the suspect for questioning.

(7)

To retain the attention or interest of:
The storyteller held the crowd spellbound. Televised sports can't hold my interest.

(8)

To avoid letting out or expelling:
The swimmer couldn't hold her breath any longer.

(9)

To be filled by; contain.

(10)

To be capable of holding.See Synonyms at contain

(11)

To have as a chief characteristic or quality:
The film holds a number of surprises.

(12)

To have in store:
Let's see what the future holds.

(13)

To have and maintain in one's possession:
holds a great deal of property.

(14)

To have as a responsible position or a privilege:
held the governorship for six years.

(15)

To have in recognition of achievement or superiority:
holds the record for the one-mile race; holds the respect of her peers.

(16)

To maintain control over:
The dam held the floodwaters. Thieves held the stolen painting for ransom.

(17)

To maintain occupation of by force or coercion:
Students held the administrative building for a week.

(18)

To withstand the efforts or advance of (an opposing team, for example).

(19)

To maintain in a given condition, situation, or action:
held himself as a gentleman at all times.

(20)

To impose control or restraint on; curb:
She held her temper.

(21)

To stop the movement or progress of:
Hold the presses!

(22)

To reserve or keep back from use:
Please hold two tickets for us. Please hold the relish on that hamburger.

(23)

To defer the immediate handling of:
asked the receptionist to hold all calls during the meeting.

(24)

To be the legal possessor of.

(25)

To bind by a contract.

(26)

To adjudge or decree:
The court held that the defendant was at fault.

(27)

To make accountable; obligate:
You certainly did hold me to my promise.

(28)

To keep in the mind or convey as a judgment, conviction, or point of view:
hold a grudge; hold it a point of honor not to reveal one's sources; holds that this economic program is the only answer to high prices.

(29)

To assert or affirm, especially formally:
This doctrine holds that people are inherently good.

(30)

To regard in a certain way:
I hold you in high esteem.

(31)

To cause to take place; carry on:
held the race in Florida; hold a yard sale.

(32)

To assemble for and conduct the activity of; convene:
held a meeting of the board.

(33)

To carry or support (the body or a bodily part) in a certain position:
Can the baby hold herself up yet? Hold up your leg.

(34)

To cover (the ears or the nose, for example) especially for protection:
held my nose against the stench.
v.intr.

(1)

To maintain a grasp or grip on something.

(2)

To stay securely fastened:
The chain held.

(3)

To maintain a desired or accustomed position or condition:
hopes the weather will hold.

(4)

To withstand stress, pressure, or opposition:
The defense held. We held firm on the negotiations.

(5)

To continue in the same direction:
The ship held to a southwesterly course.

(6)

To be valid, applicable, or true:
The theory holds. This is an observation that still holds true.

(7)

To have legal right or title. Often used with of or from.

(8)

To halt an intended action. Often used in the imperative.

(9)

To stop the countdown during a missile or spacecraft launch.

(10)

Slang To have in one's possession illicit or illegally obtained material or goods, especially narcotics:
The suspect was holding.
n.

(1)

The act or a means of grasping.

(2)

A manner of grasping an opponent, as in wrestling or aikido:
a neck hold; an arm hold.

(3)

Something that may be grasped or gripped, as for support.

(4)

A bond or force that attaches or restrains, or by which something is affected or dominated:
a writer with a strong hold on the reading public.

(5)

Complete control:
has a firm hold on the complex issues.

(6)

Full understanding:
has a good hold on physics.

(7)

Music

(8)

The sustaining of a note longer than its indicated time value.

(9)

The symbol designating this pause; a fermata.

(10)

A direction or an indication that something is to be reserved or deferred.

(11)

A temporary halt, as in a countdown.

(12)

A prison cell.

(13)

The state of being in confinement; custody.

(14)

Archaic A fortified place; a stronghold.

常用词组

hold back

(1)

To retain in one's possession or control:
held back valuable information; held back my tears.

(2)

To impede the progress of.

(3)

To restrain oneself.

hold down

(1)

To limit:
Please hold the noise down.

(2)

To have (a job):
holds down two jobs.

hold forth
To talk at great length.

hold off

(1)

To keep at a distance; resist:
held the creditors off.

(2)

To stop or delay doing something:
Let's hold off until we have more data.

hold on

(1)

To maintain one's grip; cling.

(2)

To continue to do something; persist.

(3)

To wait for something wanted or requested, especially to keep a telephone connection open.

hold out

(1)

To present or proffer as something attainable.

(2)

To continue to be in supply or service; last:
Our food is holding out nicely.

(3)

To continue to resist:
The defending garrison held out for a month.

(4)

To refuse to reach or satisfy an agreement.

hold over

(1)

To postpone or delay.

(2)

To keep in a position or state from an earlier period of time.

(3)

To continue a term of office past the usual length of time.

(4)

To prolong the engagement of:
The film was held over for weeks.

hold to
To remain loyal or faithful to:
She held to her resolutions.

hold up

(1)

To obstruct or delay.

(2)

To rob while armed, often at gunpoint.

(3)

To offer or present as an example:
held the essay up as a model for the students.

(4)

To continue to function without losing force or effectiveness; cope:
managed to hold up under the daily stress.

hold with
To agree with; support:
I don't hold with your theories.

习惯用语

get hold of

(1)

To come into possession of; find:
Where can I get hold of a copy?

(2)

To communicate with, as by telephone:
tried to get hold of you but the line was busy.

(3)

To gain control of. Often used reflexively:
You must get hold of yourself

hold a candle to
To compare favorably with:
This film doesn't hold a candle to his previous ones.

hold (one's) own
To do reasonably well despite difficulty or criticism.

hold out on (someone)
To withhold something from:
Don't hold out on me; start telling the truth.

hold (someone's) feet to the fire
To pressure (someone) to consent to or undertake something.

hold sway
To have a controlling influence; dominate.

hold the bagInformal

(1)

To be left with empty hands.

(2)

To be forced to assume total responsibility when it ought to have been shared.

hold the fortInformal

(1)

To assume responsibility, especially in another's absence.

(2)

To maintain a secure position.

hold the line
To maintain the existing position or state of affairs:
had to hold the line on salary increases in the fourth quarter.

hold the phoneSlang
To stop doing what one is engaged in doing. Often used in the imperative:
Hold the phone

hold water
To stand up to critical examination:
Your theory does not hold water. The witnesses' conflicting stories held no water.

no holds barred
Without limits or restraints.

on hold

(1)

Into a state of temporary interruption without total disconnection during a telephone call:
had to put me on hold for five minutes.

(2)

Informal Into a state of delay or indeterminate suspension:
had to put the romance on hold.

语源

(1)

Middle English holden

(2)

from Old English healdan

基本词义

hold
hold 2
AHD:[h?ld]
D.J.[hould]
K.K.[hold]
n.Abbr. hld.
The lower interior part of a ship or an airplane in which cargo is stored.

语源

(1)

Alteration influenced by hold 1

(2)

of Middle English hole [husk, hull of a ship]

(3)

from Old English hulu * see kel- 1

英汉航海大词典

get hold of
vt.握住,抓住

英汉环境大词典

get hold of
n.抓住,握住,占有

英汉化学大词典

get hold of
vt.抓住,握住,占有

英汉经贸大词典

get hold of
n.抓住,握住,占有

英汉计算机大词典

get hold of
vt.捉住

英汉能源大词典

get hold of
n.抓住,握住,占有

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