简明英汉词典

gender
[5dVendE]
n.
[语法] 性, <口>性别, 性, 性交

美国传统词典[双解]

gender
gen.der
AHD:[jμn“d…r]
D.J.[6d9end*]
K.K.[6d9Wnd+]
n.Abbr. g., gen.(名词)缩写 g.gen.

(1)

Grammar
【语法】

(2)

A grammatical category used in the analysis of nouns, pronouns, adjectives, and, in some languages, verbs that may be arbitrary or based on characteristics such as sex or animacy and that determines agreement with or selection of modifiers, referents, or grammatical forms.
性:一种语法分类,用于名词、代词或形容词的分析,而且在某些语言中动词可能是任意的或基于一些特点的,例如性别和行为方式,来决定其与修饰成分、有关搭配及语法形式的一致性或选择性

(3)

One category of such a set.
性的类别:这样搭配的一种类别

(4)

The classification of a word or grammatical form in such a category.
有性别的字的区分:在这种类别中,一个单词或语法形式的分类

(5)

The distinguishing form or forms used.
性区别的形式:使用的一个或多个区别形式

(6)

Sexual identity, especially in relation to society or culture.
性别:性别同一性,尤指与社会与文化有关
n.attributive.(定语名词)
Often used to modify another noun:
通常用来修饰另外一个名词:
“Women entered graduate schools . . . and encountered gender discrimination when they applied for the few academic positions”(New York Times)
“女性考入了研究生班,但在她们申请为数不多的学术位置时,却遭到了性别歧视的问题”(纽约时报)
v.tr.(及物动词)
gen.deredgen.der.inggen.ders
To engender.
产生,酿成

语源

(1)

Middle English gendre
中古英语 gendre

(2)

from Old French [kind, gender]
源自 古法语 [种类,性别]

(3)

from Latin genus gener- * see gen-
源自 拉丁语 genus gener- *参见 gen-

继承用法

genderless
adj.(形容词)

用法
Traditionally, gender has been used primarily to refer to the grammatical categories of “masculine,” “feminine,” and “neuter”; but in recent years the word has become well established in its use to refer to sex-based categories, as in phrases such as gender gap and the politics of gender. This usage is supported by the practice of many anthropologists, who reserve sex for reference to biological categories, while using gender to refer to social or cultural categories. According to this rule, one would say The effectiveness of the medication appears to depend on the sex (not gender ) of the patient, but In peasant societies, gender (not sex ) roles are likely to be more clearly defined. This distinction is useful in principle, but it is by no means widely observed, and considerable variation in usage occurs at all levels.
传统地,gender 已被主要用来指“阳性”、“阴性”和“中性”的语法类别, 自近年来,这个单词已被人们普遍接受为指基于性别区分的类别,例如在词组性别差异 和 性别政治 中, 这种用法被许多人类学家所支持,他们把sex 局限为生物类别, 而用gender 来指社会和文化方面的类别。 根据这种规则,我们应该说医疗的有效性似乎取决于 (而不是 gender ) 病人的性别, 但是在农业国家中,性别的 (不是 sex ) 角色易于有更清楚的定义。 这种区分在原则上是有用的,但无法被人们广泛注意,而且大量变体出现于在不同水平的用法中

现代英汉词典

gender
[5dVendE(r)]
n.

(1)

〈语法〉性

(2)

性别

现代英汉综合大辞典

gender
[5dVendE]
n.

(1)

【语】性

(2)

(=sex)[口]性别

(3)

[古]种, 类
the common [neuter] gender
通[中]性
the masculine [feminine]gender
阳[阴]性
natural gender
自然的性 genderless

词性变化

gender
[5dVendE]
adj.

美国传统词典

gender
gen.der
AHD:[jμn“d…r]
D.J.[6d/end*]
K.K.[6d/Wnd+]
n.Abbr. g., gen.

(1)

Grammar

(2)

A grammatical category used in the analysis of nouns, pronouns, adjectives, and, in some languages, verbs that may be arbitrary or based on characteristics such as sex or animacy and that determines agreement with or selection of modifiers, referents, or grammatical forms.

(3)

One category of such a set.

(4)

The classification of a word or grammatical form in such a category.

(5)

The distinguishing form or forms used.

(6)

Sexual identity, especially in relation to society or culture.
n.attributive.
Often used to modify another noun:
“Women entered graduate schools . . . and encountered gender discrimination when they applied for the few academic positions”(New York Times)
v.tr.
gen.dered, gen.der.ing, gen.ders
To engender.

语源

(1)

Middle English gendre

(2)

from Old French [kind, gender]

(3)

from Latin genus gener- * see gen-

继承用法

genderless
adj.

用法
Traditionally, gender has been used primarily to refer to the grammatical categories of “masculine,” “feminine,” and “neuter”; but in recent years the word has become well established in its use to refer to sex-based categories, as in phrases such as gender gap and the politics of gender. This usage is supported by the practice of many anthropologists, who reserve sex for reference to biological categories, while using gender to refer to social or cultural categories. According to this rule, one would say The effectiveness of the medication appears to depend on the sex (not gender ) of the patient, but In peasant societies, gender (not sex ) roles are likely to be more clearly defined. This distinction is useful in principle, but it is by no means widely observed, and considerable variation in usage occurs at all levels.

英汉电信大词典

gender
n.性别

英汉化学大词典

gender
n.性别

英汉计算机大词典

gender
n.性别

英汉能源大词典

gender
n.性别

英汉医学大词典

gender
n.性,性别

英汉中医大词典

gender
n.性,性别

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