简明英汉词典

frustrate
[frQs5treit]
v.
挫败, 阻挠, 使感到灰心, 阻止

美国传统词典[双解]

frustrate
frus.trate
AHD:[fr?s“tr3t”]
D.J.[6fr(s7treit]
K.K.[6fr(s7tret]
v.tr.(及物动词)
frus.trat.edfrus.trat.ingfrus.trates

(1)

To prevent from accomplishing a purpose or fulfilling a desire; thwart:
阻碍:使不能达到其目的或满足其愿望;阻挠:
A persistent wind frustrated my attempt to rake the lawn.
持续不停的风阻碍了我整理草坪的打算

(2)

To cause feelings of discouragement or bafflement in.
丧气:引起受挫或泄气的情绪

(3)

To make ineffectual or invalid; nullify.
使无效果或无用;使无效

语源

(1)

Middle English frustraten
中古英语 frustraten

(2)

from Latin fr?3ro} fr?str3t-
源自 拉丁语 fr?3ro} fr?str3t-

(3)

from fr?3} [in vain]
源自 fr?3} [徒劳的]

继承用法

frustrater
n.(名词)

frustratingly
adv.(副词)

参考词汇

(1)

frustratethwartfoilbalk

(2)

These verbs mean to prevent the attainment or fulfillment of a goal or purpose. To frustrate is to cause to be completely unavailing:
这些动词均意指阻碍某目标的达到或目的的获得。Frustrate 是使…完全徒劳的:
A poor memory frustrated her efforts to become an actress.
糟糕的记忆力阻碍了她成为女演员。

(3)

Thwart suggests defeat by direct opposition:
Thwart 表示被直接的反对力量击败:
“He was thwarted at every step by political obstacles” (William E.H. Lecky). To foil is to defeat by or as if by outwitting, confounding, or disconcerting:
“他每一步都受到政治阻力的阻挠” (威廉·E·H·莱基)。Foil 被或似乎被欺骗、混淆或惊慌击败:
The conspirators will be foiled in their intrigue.
阴谋家的阴谋将被挫败。

(4)

Balk implies the placing of barriers or hindrances in another's way:
Balk 暗示在别人的路上设置障碍:
“Time after time our hopes are balked” (Herbert Spencer).
我们的希望一次又一次的受挫” (赫伯特·斯宾塞)

现代英汉词典

frustrate
[frQ5streIt; (?@) 5frQstret]
vt.
-trated, -trating

(1)

挫败;破坏
The weather frustrated our plans.
天气破坏了我们的计划。

(2)

使失望;使沮丧
two hour's frustrating delay
两小时令人沮丧的拖延
"After three hours' frustrating delay, the train at last arrived."
"经过三个小时令人厌烦的耽搁后,火车终于到达了目的地。"

现代英汉综合大辞典

frustrate
[frQs5treit]
vt.

(1)

破坏; 挫败; 阻挠

(2)

使失败; 使泄气; 使落空
frustrate the plans of one's enemy
破坏敌人的计划(使不得逞)
He was frustrated by his poverty.
他因贫穷而灰心丧气。

词性变化

frustrate
[frQs5treit]
vi.
挫败
The trouble is that he frustrates much easily.
他的毛病是他很容易泄气。

frustrate
[frQs5treit]
adj.
[5frQstrit]

(1)

[古]无益的, 无效的

(2)

受挫折的; 被 破坏的; 失败了的

继承用法

frustrated
[frQ`streItId,`frQ-]
adj.
失败的; 失意的; 失望的

frustrater
n.

词性变化

frustratingly
adv.

frustrative
adj.

习惯用语

be frustrated in
在...方面归于失败

参考词汇
frustrate     thwart     baffle     balk    
都含“阻止某人做某事”、“阻挡...取得结果”的意思。

(1)

frustrate指“ 尽一切努力使计划等成为泡影”, 如:
The police frustrated the bandits' attempt to rob the bank.
警察挫败了匪徒抢劫银行的企图。

(2)

thwart 指“阻挠某人正在做的事”, 如:
The sudden storm thwarted the farmers getting in wheat.
突然而来的暴风雨使农民们不能把麦子都收进来。

(3)

baffle 指“通过混乱使别人受阻”, 如:
The absence of clues baffled the police.
缺乏线索使警察当局受阻。

(4)

balk 指“设置障碍、困难等以阻止某人做某事”, 如:
They balked the robber's plan.
他们使强盗的计划受到挫败。
help     assist    

英文相关词典

frustrate
defeat    foil    ruin    spoil    thwart    accomplish    encourage    fulfill    

美国传统词典

frustrate
frus.trate
AHD:[fr?s“tr3t”]
D.J.[6fr(s7treit]
K.K.[6fr(s7tret]
v.tr.
frus.trat.ed, frus.trat.ing, frus.trates

(1)

To prevent from accomplishing a purpose or fulfilling a desire; thwart:
A persistent wind frustrated my attempt to rake the lawn.

(2)

To cause feelings of discouragement or bafflement in.

(3)

To make ineffectual or invalid; nullify.

语源

(1)

Middle English frustraten

(2)

from Latin fr?3ro} fr?str3t-

(3)

from fr?3} [in vain]

继承用法

frustrater
n.

frustratingly
adv.

参考词汇

(1)

frustrate, thwart, foil, balk

(2)

These verbs mean to prevent the attainment or fulfillment of a goal or purpose. To frustrate is to cause to be completely unavailing:
A poor memory frustrated her efforts to become an actress.

(3)

Thwart suggests defeat by direct opposition:
“He was thwarted at every step by political obstacles” (William E.H. Lecky). To foil is to defeat by or as if by outwitting, confounding, or disconcerting:
The conspirators will be foiled in their intrigue.

(4)

Balk implies the placing of barriers or hindrances in another's way:
“Time after time our hopes are balked” (Herbert Spencer).

英汉法学大词典

frustrate
v.阻挠

英汉化学大词典

frustrate
vt.挫败;adj.受挫的

英汉计算机大词典

frustrate
vt.挫败;adj.受挫的

英汉水利大词典

frustrate
n.挫败,破坏,打击

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