简明英汉词典

frighten
[5fraitn]
vt.
使惊吓
vi.
惊恐

美国传统词典[双解]

frighten
fright.en
AHD:[frot“n]
D.J.[6fraitn]
K.K.[6fra!tn]
v.(动词)
fright.enedfright.en.ingfright.ens
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To fill with fear; alarm.
充满恐惧;惊恐

(2)

To drive or force by arousing fear:
用恐吓来强迫:
The suspect was frightened into confessing.
嫌疑犯在被逼供
v.intr.(不及物动词)
To become afraid.
变得害怕

继承用法

frightener
n.(名词)

frighteningly
adv.(副词)

参考词汇

(1)

frightenscarealarmterrifyterrorizestartlepanic

(2)

These verbs mean to cause a person to experience fear.
这些动词意思是使一个人感到害怕。

(3)

Frighten and the less formal scare are the most widely applicable terms:
Frighten 和不太正式用语scare 是最常用的词:
“Better be killed than frightened to death” (Robert Smith Surtees).
“被杀死也比被吓死强” (罗伯特·史密斯·瑟蒂斯)。
Don't let the size of the task scare you.
这么多任务,别吓坏了你。

(4)

Alarm implies the often sudden onset of fear or apprehension:
Alarm 暗示恐惧或焦虑的经常性的突然出现:
Her sudden and inexplicable loss of weight alarmed her doctor.
她的体重突然令人费解的减轻吓坏了她的医生。

(5)

Terrify implies overwhelming, often paralyzing fear:
Terrify 暗示了无法抵抗的、令人瘫痪的恐惧:
“The regulars, terrified by the yells of the Indians . . . gathered themselves into a body” (George Bancroft).
“正规兵们被印度人的怒吼吓坏了…缩成了一团” (乔治·班克罗夫特)。

(6)

Terrorize implies fear that intimidates; the word sometimes suggests deliberate coercion:
Terrorize 暗示受威胁而害怕;此词有时指有意的强制或高压统治:
“premeditated and systematized terrorizing of the civil populations” (Edith Wharton).
“有计划、有组织地控制国内人口” (伊迪丝·沃顿)。

(7)

Startle suggests fear that shocks momentarily and may cause a sudden, involuntary movement of the body:
Startle 指短时间内叫人震惊的恐惧,可能造成突然的不由自主的身体不能动弹:
The clap of thunder startled us.
雷鸣般的掌声惊呆了我。

(8)

Panic implies sudden frantic fear that often impairs self-control and rationality:
Panic 暗示突然出现的狂乱的恐惧常常影响到自控或理智:
The radio drama was so realistic that it panicked listeners who tuned in after it had begun.
这部广播剧如此逼近现实,它开播后使听众恐慌

现代英汉词典

frighten
[5fraIt(E)n]
vt.

(1)

吓唬;使惊惧
He was frightened of the fierce dog.
他让这只凶猛的狗吓怕了。
You'll find that these girls don't frighten easily now.
你会发现现在这些女孩子不会轻易感到害怕的。
He was frightened at the thought of his huge debts.
他一想到他背负的巨额债务便胆战心惊。

(2)

(常与away, off, out of, into连用)吓走
He frightened off his attacker by calling for the police.
她呼叫警察把袭击者吓走了。

(3)

(亦作: fright)
They frightened the white bird away by rising to their feet suddenly.
"他们突然站了起来,把那只白色的鸟吓跑了。"

现代英汉综合大辞典

frighten
[5fraitn]
vt.
使惊恐, 吓唬
frighten sb. into submission
把某人吓得服从
frighten sb. away
把某人吓走
be frightened out of one's life
吓得要命

词性变化

frighten
[5fraitn]
vi.
惊恐, 害怕
I don't frighten easily.
我不会轻易害怕 。

继承用法

frightened
[5fraIt(E)nd]
adj.

(1)

受惊吓的

(2)

害怕的

frightenedly
adv.

习惯用语

be frightened of
[口]害怕, 对...感到恐惧

frighten away
吓跑, 吓走

frighten off
吓跑, 吓走

frighten sb. into doing sth.
用恐吓手段迫使某人做[不做]某事

frighten sb. out of doing sth.
用恐吓手段迫使某人做[不做]某事

用法词典

frighten
fright惊骇 + -en动词后缀

参考词汇

(1)

frighten,scare,alarm,terify,horrify,intimidate,cow这组动词都有“恐吓”的意思。

(2)

是最普通的词,没有特殊的意义,仅表示“吓唬”或“使…害怕”
Not wanting to frighten the poor man, Mrs Richards quickly hid in the small store-room under the stairs.
理查夫人不想吓唬这可怜的人,所以她很快地藏到楼梯下的小贮藏室里。

(3)

在口语中的含义与frighten相同,可以通用;但是在文学作品中,用词准确的作家总是把它用于表示把某人“吓跑”
The dog scared the thief away.
那只狗把小偷吓跑了。
The firecrackers scared the cat.
爆竹声把那只猫吓跑了。

(4)

总用于表示不仅怕而且担心,很象汉语的“风声鹤唳,草木皆兵”所描绘的受到惊吓的情境
…it can absorb the atmosphere of its new home and see that nothing particularly alarming is happening to its companions.
…它(指新捕获的象)可以适应新居的气氛而且可以看到伙伴们并未出什么特别令人担惊受怕的事情。
Hearing the siren from the mine, all the miners' wives were greatly alarmed.
听到矿上的警报后,所有的矿工的妻子都受到极大的惊吓。

(5)

的含义是“使恐怖”,受到这种惊怕的人是不能自制的
Bruce engaged low gear and drove at a terrifying speed, keeping the front wheels astride the crack as he followed its zig-zag course.
布鲁斯接通了低速挡,开车速度快得令人害怕;他在使前轮分跨地裂的同时曲曲折折地前进。

(6)

horrify表示看到可怕的事情之后的心理反应,或者表示看到非常肮脏、使人厌恶的东西的一种心理反应
…and there they huddle, migrants in the favellas and barrios of Latin America,in shanty towns in Africa, in those horrifying encampments one sees on the outskirts of Calcutta and Bombay.
在那里,他们作为移民拥挤在拉丁美洲的贫民窟和郊外,在非洲的简陋的村镇里,在一些你可以在加尔各答和孟买郊区看到的那些可怕的难民营里。

(7)

的原义是使胆怯,现代英语中这个词的含义是由于别人施加暴力或采用强迫手段而受到恐吓,被恐吓者“屈服”是这个词的内涵
Aeroplanes have the reputation of being dangerous and even hardened travellers are intimidated by them.
飞机以危险而著名,即使久经锻炼的旅行家也为之胆怯。

(8)

不仅含有“吓”得屈服的意思,而且强调失去了一切勇气和胆量
…,in fact they did nothing of the kind, but children were then too cowed to let them know how they really felt.
……,事实上他们保持不了,只不过孩子们被吓得不敢让他们知道自己的真实情感而已。

英文相关词典

frighten
calm    compose    quiet    soothe    

美国传统词典

frighten
fright.en
AHD:[frot“n]
D.J.[6fraitn]
K.K.[6fra!tn]
v.
fright.ened, fright.en.ing, fright.ens
v.tr.

(1)

To fill with fear; alarm.

(2)

To drive or force by arousing fear:
The suspect was frightened into confessing.
v.intr.
To become afraid.

继承用法

frightener
n.

frighteningly
adv.

参考词汇

(1)

frighten, scare, alarm, terrify, terrorize, startle, panic

(2)

These verbs mean to cause a person to experience fear.

(3)

Frighten and the less formal scare are the most widely applicable terms:
“Better be killed than frightened to death” (Robert Smith Surtees).
Don't let the size of the task scare you.

(4)

Alarm implies the often sudden onset of fear or apprehension:
Her sudden and inexplicable loss of weight alarmed her doctor.

(5)

Terrify implies overwhelming, often paralyzing fear:
“The regulars, terrified by the yells of the Indians . . . gathered themselves into a body” (George Bancroft).

(6)

Terrorize implies fear that intimidates; the word sometimes suggests deliberate coercion:
“premeditated and systematized terrorizing of the civil populations” (Edith Wharton).

(7)

Startle suggests fear that shocks momentarily and may cause a sudden, involuntary movement of the body:
The clap of thunder startled us.

(8)

Panic implies sudden frantic fear that often impairs self-control and rationality:
The radio drama was so realistic that it panicked listeners who tuned in after it had begun.

英汉法学大词典

frighten
v.恫吓

英汉化学大词典

frighten
vt.使...吃惊,惊吓

英汉计算机大词典

frighten
vt.使...吃惊(惊吓)

英汉医学大词典

frighten
n.使惊吓,惊恐

英汉中医大词典

frighten
n.使惊吓,惊恐,吓唬

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