简明英汉词典

founder
[5faundE]
n.
铸工, 翻沙工, 创始人, 奠基人
vt.
使沉没, 使摔倒, 弄跛, 浸水, 破坏
vi.

(1)

沉没, 摔到, 变跛, 倒塌, 失败

(2)

方正集团, 中国最著名的电子照排系统的生产商

美国传统词典[双解]

founder
foun.der 1
AHD:[foun“d…r]
D.J.[6faund*]
K.K.[6fa&nd+]
v.(动词)
foun.deredfoun.der.ingfoun.ders
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To sink below the water:
沉没:沉到水下:
The ship struck a reef and foundered.
船触礁沉没了

(2)

To cave in; sink:
塌陷;沉没:
The platform swayed and then foundered.
月台晃动着塌陷了

(3)

To fail utterly; collapse:
崩溃;倒塌:
a marriage that soon foundered.
一场很快破裂的婚姻

(4)

To stumble, especially to stumble and go lame. Used of horses.
摔倒:跌倒,尤指绊倒并跌跛。常用于指马

(5)

To become ill from overeating. Used of livestock.
因过食而得病。用于家畜

(6)

To be afflicted wtih laminitis. Used of horses.
患蹄叶炎。用于指马
v.tr.(及物动词)
To cause to founder.
使沉没
n.(名词)
See laminitis
参见 laminitis

语源

(1)

Middle English foundren [to sink to the ground]
中古英语 foundren [昏倒在地]

(2)

from Old French fondrer
源自 古法语 fondrer

(3)

from Vulgar Latin *funder3e
源自 俗拉丁语 *funder3e

(4)

from *fundus .funder- [bottom]
源自 *fundus ·funder- [底部]

(5)

from Latin fundus fund-
源自 拉丁语 fundus fund-

用法
The verbs founder and flounder are often confused. Founder comes from a Latin word meaning “bottom” (as in foundation ) and originally referred to knocking enemies down; it is now used as well to mean “to fail utterly, collapse.” Flounder means “to move clumsily, thrash about,” and hence “to proceed in confusion.” If John is foundering in Chemistry 1, he had better drop the course; if he is floundering, he may yet pull through.
动词founder 和 flounder 常被混淆。 Founder 从拉丁语演变而来, 意为“底部”(如在foundation 中), 原指将敌人打倒在地;现在亦指“完全失败,崩溃”。Flounder 指“挣扎,踉跄”,并由此引申出“在困惑中进行”的意思。如果说约翰在化学1中失败, 他最好放弃这门功课; 如果他正在挣扎中, 他可能还能通过这门课

基本词义

founder
found.er 2
AHD:[found“…r]
D.J.[6faund*]
K.K.[6fa&nd+]
n.(名词)
One who establishes something or formulates the basis for something:
奠基者,创建者,缔造者:创立,建立或为…打基础的人:
the founder of a university; the founders of a new nation.
一所大学的创办人;一个新民族的奠基人

现代英汉词典

founder 1
[5faJndE(r)]
n.
创办人,创立者
Mohammed was the founder of the Muslian religon.
穆罕默德是伊斯兰教的创始人。
Dr Hardy was a founder member of the club.
哈迪博士是俱乐部的创始会员之一。

基本词义

founder 2
[5faJndE(r)]
vi., vt.

(1)

沉没

(2)

失败
The plan foundered for lack of support.
计划因缺少支持而失败。

现代英汉综合大辞典

founder
[5faundE]
n.
建立者; 创设者
founder 's shares
[英](公司等的)发起人股份
founder 's day
创始人纪念日

继承用法

founder-member
[`faJndE`membE(r)]
n.
(团体等的)创办人, 发起人

founder-president
n.
创始主席

用法词典

founder
found + -er人

英文相关词典

founder
author    break down    builder    collapse    creator    fail    fall    inventor    maker    originator    producer    sink    stumble    topple    tumble    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

founder
沉没

美国传统词典

founder
foun.der 1
AHD:[foun“d…r]
D.J.[6faund*]
K.K.[6fa&nd+]
v.
foun.dered, foun.der.ing, foun.ders
v.intr.

(1)

To sink below the water:
The ship struck a reef and foundered.

(2)

To cave in; sink:
The platform swayed and then foundered.

(3)

To fail utterly; collapse:
a marriage that soon foundered.

(4)

To stumble, especially to stumble and go lame. Used of horses.

(5)

To become ill from overeating. Used of livestock.

(6)

To be afflicted wtih laminitis. Used of horses.
v.tr.
To cause to founder.
n.
See laminitis

语源

(1)

Middle English foundren [to sink to the ground]

(2)

from Old French fondrer

(3)

from Vulgar Latin *funder3e

(4)

from *fundus .funder- [bottom]

(5)

from Latin fundus fund-

用法
The verbs founder and flounder are often confused. Founder comes from a Latin word meaning “bottom” (as in foundation ) and originally referred to knocking enemies down; it is now used as well to mean “to fail utterly, collapse.” Flounder means “to move clumsily, thrash about,” and hence “to proceed in confusion.” If John is foundering in Chemistry 1, he had better drop the course; if he is floundering, he may yet pull through.

基本词义

founder
found.er 2
AHD:[found“…r]
D.J.[6faund*]
K.K.[6fa&nd+]
n.
One who establishes something or formulates the basis for something:
the founder of a university; the founders of a new nation.

英汉地质大词典

founder
n.沉没,沉陷,创立者

英汉法学大词典

founder
n.创办人 ,创立人

英汉航海大词典

founder
n.创立人,奠基人

英汉海运大词典

founder
创立人沉没倒塌

基本词义

founder
铸工,翻砂工沉没

基本词义

founder
创立人沉没倒塌

基本词义

founder
铸工,翻砂工创立人沉没,倒塌(船)沉没

基本词义

Founder
发起人铸工,翻砂工,创立人,倒塌,(船)沉没

英汉经贸大词典

founder
n.创立人,奠基人,浸水沉没

英汉计算机大词典

founder
n.创立者(铸工);vt.沉没(失败,使...沉没

英汉农牧林大词典

founder
n.缔造者,创始者,铸工

英汉冶金大词典

founder
n.铸工,铸造工作者

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